References of "Servais, Véronique"
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See detailLe chien des sciences de l'homme
Servais, Véronique ULg

Book published by Le bord de l'eau (2015)

L'ouvrage est divisé en deux parties. La première confronte différentes perspectives théoriques permettant de faire entrer le chien en sciences sociales. La seconde partie présente des études empiriques ... [more ▼]

L'ouvrage est divisé en deux parties. La première confronte différentes perspectives théoriques permettant de faire entrer le chien en sciences sociales. La seconde partie présente des études empiriques documentant la présence des chiens auprès des humains. [less ▲]

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See detailEnchanting gods and dolphins. A cross cultural analysis of uncanny encounters
Halloy, Arnaud; Servais, Véronique ULg

in Ethos (Berkeley, Calif.) (2015), 43(1),

Drawing on first–hand accounts of possession experiences in an Afro–Brazilian cult and Dolphin encounters at sea, we compare the two settings in order to identify the common features in people’s ... [more ▼]

Drawing on first–hand accounts of possession experiences in an Afro–Brazilian cult and Dolphin encounters at sea, we compare the two settings in order to identify the common features in people’s experiences, but also in the technologies of enchantment that make them possible. By “technology of enchantment”, we mean a space of practice, neither totally material, nor totally subjective, that supports “revelation”–like encounters with real or imagined intentional entities. Our analysis suggests that both types of experiences share at least five common traits: the presence of a prolific imagination marked by ontological and epistemological uncertainty; uncanny feelings; attentional focus on inner bodily and mental states; trance–like states; and an intentional shift from active to passive. The immersion of the individual in a sensorily organized environment (sensescape), made of distributed perceptual saliences, is found to play a central role in the merging of unusual body states with the imagination, which in turn enables the production of “new” embodied meanings belonging to enchantment. [less ▲]

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See detailA place holder: the social sciences of monkeys and apes
Servais, Véronique ULg

in Revue de primatologie (2013), 5

With the rise of cognitive sciences, the nature/culture debate has been reignited, and this debate often takes the form of a discussion about the opportunities and dangers of the naturalization of the ... [more ▼]

With the rise of cognitive sciences, the nature/culture debate has been reignited, and this debate often takes the form of a discussion about the opportunities and dangers of the naturalization of the social. Faced with what they perceive as a threat and an invasion of their discipline by the natural sciences, social science researchers often react by denying that natural sciences have any relevance for their own discipline, as though the biological and cultural aspects of human beings were separate entities, each one being a subject for individual study. This only serves to widen the gulf between two sister-disciplines, increases the polarization of the nature/culture duality and makes it even more difficult to connect the two. The point of view put forward in this paper shifts the emphasis of these discussions slightly. It does not take account of the contributions, whether desirable or not, made by natural sciences to sociology or anthropology, but rather argues in favor of a sociology of primates. By using examples drawn from cooperation studies, this paper aims to point to some problems that demonstrate the limitations of biological explanations for social behavior in primates. If we look beyond these limitations, there lies an unnamed world ripe for exploration by social science. This involves the invention of new methods and the definition of new objects (such as “affective cultures” for example) that appear to be composites of nature and culture. An empirical study of these composites would perhaps pave the way for a future understanding of the way in which biological and social determinants are woven into the reality of individual and collective histories. This would, in turn, make it possible to better identify the innate elements of the social skills of primates and to limit the importation of adaptationist theories into social sciences. In other words, the issue here is to replace an ideological debate with empirical questions. [less ▲]

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See detail“Divinités incarnées et dauphins télépathes: Ethnographie de deux dispositifs d’enchantement
Halloy, Arnaud; Servais, Véronique ULg

in Colon, Paul-Louis (Ed.) Rencontres sensorielles : approches sociologiques et anthropologiques des sens (2013)

Drawing on first–hand accounts of possession experiences in an Afro–Brazilian cult and Dolphin encounters at sea, we compare the two settings in order to identify the common features in people’s ... [more ▼]

Drawing on first–hand accounts of possession experiences in an Afro–Brazilian cult and Dolphin encounters at sea, we compare the two settings in order to identify the common features in people’s experiences, but also in the technologies of enchantment that make them possible. By “technology of enchantment”, we mean a space of practice, neither totally material, nor totally subjective, that supports “revelation”–like encounters with real or imagined intentional entities. Our analysis suggests that both types of experiences share at least five common traits: the presence of a prolific imagination marked by ontological and epistemological uncertainty; uncanny feelings; attentional focus on inner bodily and mental states; trance–like states; and an intentional shift from active to passive. The immersion of the individual in a sensorily organized environment (sensescape), made of distributed perceptual saliences, is found to play a central role in the merging of unusual body states with the imagination, which in turn enables the production of “new” embodied meanings belonging to enchantment [less ▲]

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See detailComment diviniser son dauphin. Modèles de relation, régimes d'interactivité et savoirs anthropo-zoologiques.
Servais, Véronique ULg

in Roux, Jacques; Charvolin, Florian; Dumain, Aurélie (Eds.) Passions cognitives. L'objectivité à l'épreuve du sensible (2013)

The paper describes three interactivity regimes in human-animal interactions: scholar, ordinary and enchanted. They differ according the the emotional, sensorial and affective engagement of the observer ... [more ▼]

The paper describes three interactivity regimes in human-animal interactions: scholar, ordinary and enchanted. They differ according the the emotional, sensorial and affective engagement of the observer, and according to the type of human-animal communication that takes place. We examine each of these interactive situations as well as the specific knowledge that they offer - or not [less ▲]

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See detailComment étudier la communication entre dauphins captifs et soigneurs ?
Servais, Véronique ULg; Delfour, Fabienne ULg

in Grandgeorge, Marine; Le Pevedic, Brigitte; Pugniere, Frédéric (Eds.) Interactions et Intercompréhension : une approche comparative (2013)

Cet article présente la manière dont nous avons abordé la communication interspécifique dans le cas d’une étude toujours en cours sur les systèmes de communication formés par des soigneurs et leurs ... [more ▼]

Cet article présente la manière dont nous avons abordé la communication interspécifique dans le cas d’une étude toujours en cours sur les systèmes de communication formés par des soigneurs et leurs dauphins au Parc Astérix de Paris. La première partie aborde les principales difficultés théoriques et méthodologiques qui se sont posées à nous pour la description de ce système de communication hétérogène. La seconde partie présente le cadre théorique mobilisé, les choix méthodologiques et les résultats attendus (les analyses sont toujours en cours). La troisième partie pose la question de l’intercompréhension sous la forme d’une compréhension sociale qui n’exclut pas le malentendu. [less ▲]

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See detailFaut-il faire la sociologie des singes ?
Servais, Véronique ULg

in SociologieS (en ligne) (2012)

Drawing its examples from the field of ethology and primatology, this paper brings three points to the debate on the naturalization in sociology. The first one insists on the importance of telling apart ... [more ▼]

Drawing its examples from the field of ethology and primatology, this paper brings three points to the debate on the naturalization in sociology. The first one insists on the importance of telling apart what is innate and what is not in the “innate social abilities” that are hypothesized by Kaufmann & Cordonier. The second one shows that when scientists see the animal communication as purely informative, they miss the fact that animals are first of all real beings engaged in affective interactions. They consequently wrongfully end up with animals that “calculate” or “make choices”. The third point looks at some recent work about cooperation in Apes and shows that behavioural scientists tend to assign to the animals themselves social knowledge that is actually situated in the situation. The paper concludes about the boundaries and limitations of biology when it comes to explain social facts in animals. It suggests that social sciences should begin to explore empirically this no man’s land where social and biological facts interact. Doing so, social sciences could go towards specifying “what” is inherited in social competences, and limiting the evolutionary hold on social facts. [less ▲]

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See detailL'animal dans le soin : entre théories et pratiques
Delfour, Fabienne ULg; Servais, Véronique ULg

in ANAE : Approche Neuropsychologique des Apprentissages chez l'Enfant (2012), 24 - tome II(117), 199-205

In this small form of clear text, we propose an argument that could allow our view to develop scientific research less mutilating and more fruitful in the vast area of the animal care. Having highlighted ... [more ▼]

In this small form of clear text, we propose an argument that could allow our view to develop scientific research less mutilating and more fruitful in the vast area of the animal care. Having highlighted and commented on the most prominent of the various oral and written presentations that are likely to contribute to this change, we discuss the merits of the use of anthropology and constructivist ethology in their situated perspective. What we propose involves three major changes from the previously dominant research traditions: a true recognition of the animal as a subject, the return of their voice to practitioners and the development of attentive and creative methods of observation and investigation. [less ▲]

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See detailEt pourtant ils coopèrent. Regard des sciences sociales sur la coopération animale
Servais, Véronique ULg

in Terrain : Revue d'Ethnologie de l'Europe (2012), 58

Behavioural bioloigists find it difficult to explain the evolution of cooperation among non kin from a strict natural selection point of view. Rather than questionning the paradigm itself, even though it ... [more ▼]

Behavioural bioloigists find it difficult to explain the evolution of cooperation among non kin from a strict natural selection point of view. Rather than questionning the paradigm itself, even though it only involves a part of the theroy of evolution, they add variables to the theory as, for example, the fact that cheaters will be found out and punished. By contrast, on the basis of the studies of cooperation among primates, and in terms of the resonses of monkeys in the tests to which they are subjected, I stress how difficult it is to study cooperation among primates outiside the social and emotional context which, in turn, it serves to define. Finally, I prpose that primatology should be open to social science approaches, so that it considers monkeys and apes as actors in interactions rather than as organisms simply carrying out strategis which have been inscribed in them by evolution. [less ▲]

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See detailLa visite au zoo et l'apprentissage de la distinction humaine
Servais, Véronique ULg

in Revue d'Anthropologie des Connaissances (2012), 6(3), 157-184

The zoo might be regarded as a cultural device that structures the relationships between human beings and captive animals. In this study we searched to identify the patterns that connect visitors and ... [more ▼]

The zoo might be regarded as a cultural device that structures the relationships between human beings and captive animals. In this study we searched to identify the patterns that connect visitors and captive animals during the zoo visit experience. We recorded and analysed the speech and interactions of visitors in front of the cages of two primate species: Orangutans (Pongo pygmaeus) and braza monkeys (Cercopithecus neglectus) with the aim of understanding how the human/non human boundary is practically accomplished. [less ▲]

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See detailCommunication et télépathie dans les rencontres avec des dauphins
Servais, Véronique ULg

Article for general public (2011)

L'article part de témoignages de rencontres "enchantées" et de communication télépathiques avec des dauphins pour aborder la communication homme-animal. Il suggère que les expériences non ordinaires ... [more ▼]

L'article part de témoignages de rencontres "enchantées" et de communication télépathiques avec des dauphins pour aborder la communication homme-animal. Il suggère que les expériences non ordinaires rapportées ne sont pas de "simples" illusions dues à l'anthropomorphisme mais s'expliquent en partie par la structure de l'interaction humain-dauphin et les propriétés de la communication non verbale. [less ▲]

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See detailCatherine Remy. La fin des bêtes. Une ethnographie de la mise à mort des animaux
Servais, Véronique ULg

in Annales : Histoire, Sciences Sociales (2010), 4

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See detailUne pragmatique de la souffrance animale
Servais, Véronique ULg

in Guichet, Jean-Luc (Ed.) Douleur animale, douleur humaine. Données scientifiques, perspectives anthropologiques, questions éthiques (2010)

How do we infer pain in an animal ? Could animal signals and anthropomorphism be particularly misleading when it comes to evaluate suffering in another species ? The paper discusses this questions on the ... [more ▼]

How do we infer pain in an animal ? Could animal signals and anthropomorphism be particularly misleading when it comes to evaluate suffering in another species ? The paper discusses this questions on the basis of a model of human-animal communication. [less ▲]

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See detailManagement strategies in urban green spaces: Models based on an introduced exotic pet turtle
Teillac-Deschamps, Pauline; Lorillière, Romain; Servais, Véronique ULg et al

in Biological Conservation (2009), 142(10), 2258-2269

A number of recent authors have emphasised the increasing disconnection from conservation issues among urban dwellers. In a global increase of urbanisation, this disconnect can have an impact on ... [more ▼]

A number of recent authors have emphasised the increasing disconnection from conservation issues among urban dwellers. In a global increase of urbanisation, this disconnect can have an impact on conservation practices. Here, we discuss how managers of public green spaces can contribute to global biodiversity preservation, through combined efforts to preserve local biodiversity and educate the public about conservation issues. We compared several management strategies, including those that mixed direct action on local biodiversity with public education and those that did not. Two kinds of one-way communication were considered as well as a two-way communication process, which take into account different perceptions and practices of nature. We based our model on the introduction of the red-eared slider turtle, Trachemys scripta elegans, into urban French freshwater ecosystems. We found that direct actions only had a limited, short term effect on the abundance of feral turtles in green spaces and had no effect on the level of public concern about environmental questions. We also showed that a mix of different communication strategies improved people’s awareness and altered behaviour with respect to introduced species issues. Finally, we showed the importance of a two-way communication that takes into account the diversity of personal perceptions and practices as regards nature in urban areas in order to achieve sustainable conservation measures and objectives [less ▲]

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See detailLe malentendu comme structure de la communication
Servais, Christine ULg; Servais, Véronique ULg

in Questions de Communication (2009), 15

Dans les modèles télégraphiques,on considère que la communication fonctionne si les messages de départ et d’arrivée sont identiques.Sinon, cela signifie que le récepteur a mal compris ou que l’émetteur ... [more ▼]

Dans les modèles télégraphiques,on considère que la communication fonctionne si les messages de départ et d’arrivée sont identiques.Sinon, cela signifie que le récepteur a mal compris ou que l’émetteur s’est mal fait comprendre. Dans ce cadre, la pathologie de la communication est l’incompréhension. Ce que nous proposons ici, à partir de l’analyse de situations de communication très particulières (des rencontres enchantées avec des dauphins sauvages), c’est que, à l’inverse, la structure fondamentale de la communication est le malentendu. Or, c’est le refus de reconnaître ce fait (dû notamment au désir vain et désastreux de contrôler le partenaire) qui engendre des pathologies.Admettre au contraire qu’émetteur et récepteur disposent nécessairement de versions différentes de l’interaction et qu’il n’y a pas de version plus objective qu’une autre, c’est replacer l’altérité au coeur d’une communication qui est réussie parce qu’on accepte de mal se comprendre. [less ▲]

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See detailLes dauphins ont-il un "pouvoir thérapeutique"?
Servais, Véronique ULg

Article for general public (2008)

Le texte propose une synthèse critique des études sur l'efficacité de la delphinothérapie et cherche à comprendre pourquoi, en dépit de résultats pour la plupart négatifs, tout le monde continue à croire ... [more ▼]

Le texte propose une synthèse critique des études sur l'efficacité de la delphinothérapie et cherche à comprendre pourquoi, en dépit de résultats pour la plupart négatifs, tout le monde continue à croire à l'efficacité thérapeutique de ces pratiques. [less ▲]

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See detailLa ville. Un dénominateur commun.
Prévôt-Julliard, Anne-Caroline; Servais, Véronique ULg

in Garnier, Lisa (Ed.) Entre l'Homme et la nature, une démarche pour des relations durables. (2008)

Common sense reprensent nature as wild places, apart and far from human influence. But fauna and flora are present in cities. The paper asks whether it is possible to use the relationship with this ... [more ▼]

Common sense reprensent nature as wild places, apart and far from human influence. But fauna and flora are present in cities. The paper asks whether it is possible to use the relationship with this ordinary nature to have people living in cities more interested in conservation. [less ▲]

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See detailNi mécanique, ni rationnel. Un point de vue interactionnel sur la communication animale
Servais, Véronique ULg

in Wittezaele, Jean-Jacques (Ed.) La double contrainte. L'influence des paradoxes de Bateson en sciences humaines (2008)

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See detailRed-eared Slider Turtles (Trachemy scripta elegans) Introduced to French Urban Wetlands . An Intergrated Research and Conservation Program.
Teillac-Deschamps, Pauline; Delmas, Virginie; Lorrillière, Romain et al

in Herpetological Conservation (2008), 3

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See detailConférence introductive : La recherche en SIC aujourd'hui
Servais, Christine ULg; Servais, Véronique ULg

Conference (2007, May 21)

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