References of "Pierre, Alexia"
     in
Bookmark and Share    
Full Text
See detailSerious violations of international humanitarian rules, a collective acting out?
Pierre, Alexia ULg

Conference (2011, April 01)

The serious offenses against civilian populations perpetrated by governmental and non-governmental armed forces are illegal view to the internationally established norms. These acts need primary support ... [more ▼]

The serious offenses against civilian populations perpetrated by governmental and non-governmental armed forces are illegal view to the internationally established norms. These acts need primary support of the perpetrators and groups involved. As regards armed forces, processes of obedience to authority can explain breaking of War Law. Concerning mass violations due to civilians, an adhesion process to ideology of destruction is needed. Contributions of Freud in the field of leadership, the inversion of moral values and social desirability to this new order, as well as emotional manipulation of people, are elements of explanation of collective and massive acting out. To prevent these mass crimes, a study of the component parts which support them could allow us to understand the mechanisms in play. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 11 (1 ULg)
Full Text
See detailTowards international criminology and victimology
Pierre, Alexia ULg

Conference (2010, September 10)

Classical criminology was mostly developed in the field of local penal law. Thus, protective and repressive measures taking part in these judicial systems are often limited to local aims. In this ... [more ▼]

Classical criminology was mostly developed in the field of local penal law. Thus, protective and repressive measures taking part in these judicial systems are often limited to local aims. In this criminology, the State is protective, the care for victims is institutionalized. Moreover, the relation between criminology and penal qualification of the act against the victim as a crime is essential to access the status of victim. This entails an epistemological presupposition in victimology, science considered as a specialized field of criminology. Indeed, this presupposition makes the victim of serious violations of penal Law the prototype of victims of serious offenses. Furthermore, crime is not only a matter of individuals but also of structural possibilities, as is the case in criminal organizations. In the subject matter of organized criminality, the sides taking in concern in classical criminology are mostly related to economical delinquency. State or governmental army criminality is rarely explored by researchers. Previously, these topics seemed to be unreachable, but the nature of the recent armed conflicts, and the present evolution of International penal Law, entailed to the visibility of massive atrocities during wars. Today, criminology must face new fields of involvement, larger than these investigated in classical criminology. Presently, an international criminology is emerging, which is different and liberated from classical criminology. In this international criminology, a special kind of criminality is studied, due to its massiveness, its extent and is systematic nature. In addition, a strong war victimology is emerging as well, victimology tends thus to be an autonomous discipline. The challenge is now to turn crisis criminology and victimology into a strong scientific discipline. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 78 (7 ULg)
Full Text
See detailPopulations vulnérables en temps de conflit armé
Pierre, Alexia ULg

in Guedah, Mohamed (Ed.) Délinquance et changements sociaux – dialogue nord/sud (2009)

De nombreux textes conventionnels et internationaux prévoient des dispositions de protection des populations non combattantes en temps de conflit armé. Parmi ces populations civiles, certains groupes sont ... [more ▼]

De nombreux textes conventionnels et internationaux prévoient des dispositions de protection des populations non combattantes en temps de conflit armé. Parmi ces populations civiles, certains groupes sont considérés comme plus vulnérables, dont les femmes et les enfants, pour lesquels des protections spéciales sont prévues. Malgré ces dispositions particulières, ces populations continuent de subir des exactions en temps de guerre, par exemple le viol systématique et massif, ou l'utilisation d'enfants dans les combats. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 25 (3 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailLe rôle de l’idéologie politique dans la construction des antagonismes communautaires au Kosovo
Pierre, Alexia ULg

in Manço, Altay (Ed.) Antagonismes communautaires et dialogues interculturels (2009)

La guerre du Kosovo voit s'affronter les communautés Serbes et Albanaises. Ce conflit armé fait suite à une décennie de politique ségrégationniste envers les Albanais du Kosovo menée par Milosevic alors ... [more ▼]

La guerre du Kosovo voit s'affronter les communautés Serbes et Albanaises. Ce conflit armé fait suite à une décennie de politique ségrégationniste envers les Albanais du Kosovo menée par Milosevic alors Président de la Serbie dont faisait partie le Kosovo. Cette politique a entraîné le développement de structures parallèles albanaises au sein même du Kosovo. Après l'intervention de l'Otan en 1999, la situation s'inverse et ce sont désormais les Serbes du Kosovo qui vivent parallèlement aux structures kosovares nouvellement établies à travers l'administration internationale onusienne. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 21 (3 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailVictimes de crimes de Droit international humanitaire et justice pénale internationale
Pierre, Alexia ULg

in Revue Internationale de Criminologie et de Police Technique et Scientifique [= RICPTS] (2008), 3/2008

Tout d'abord envisagées et créées pour régler les différents entre Etats, les institutions du Droit pénal international s'intéressent désormais aux victimes de violations du Droit international ... [more ▼]

Tout d'abord envisagées et créées pour régler les différents entre Etats, les institutions du Droit pénal international s'intéressent désormais aux victimes de violations du Droit international humanitaire. Près d'un demi-siècle après les Tribunaux militaires internationaux chargés de régler les contentieux liés à la Seconde guerre mondiale, le Droit pénal international s'est doté d'outils dont l'évolution permet désormais aux victimes de crimes de droit international humanitaire d'être visible et représentées sur la scène pénale internationale. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 36 (3 ULg)