References of "Occhiuto, Rita"
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See detailRiver Talks behind the Urban Wall
Occhiuto, Rita ULg

Scientific conference (2015, September 29)

The growth of the city in Wallonia (BE) is often closely connected to the river traces (A.Corboz 2001). In the case of Liège, the Maas river and its tributaries narrate the history of a progressive ... [more ▼]

The growth of the city in Wallonia (BE) is often closely connected to the river traces (A.Corboz 2001). In the case of Liège, the Maas river and its tributaries narrate the history of a progressive control of the water. The industrialization, insinuating itself in the narrow valleys of the Ourthe and Vesdre and then along the banks of the Maas river, forms new artificial landscapes. These sites, built by the bourgeois society, offered dual sceneries: walls, harbors and chimneys among the smokes in the suburbs and parks with green walks and quality architecture in the center. From the cessation of the industrial activity, resurface canalized rivers. They flow in silence among the outlines of abandoned places. The river and its relationships with modern city seem to have been forgotten. Only operations of new observation, recognition and explanation of what is still present in places allow to recover elements that even the people have anymore the awareness to exist. The study of the equilibrium of the Maas river waters is presented in relation to the characters of the domination and the reconstruction of river artifacts that have already bent the natural elements in order to re-generate. The waterways, initially treated as normal infrastructure, at the same level of roads and railways, formed a network of rivers channeled used only for the transport, and new sites or islands that have often lost all connection with the river resource. Sometimes however, the rivers flow in residual spaces that line the back of long linear urban fronts. Here the character of the worker housing, now in decay, acts as an opaque forgetful scene of past narratives landscapes. The reinterpretation of the interrelations between river and lands or the infrastructural islands artificially created can bring out new reasons useful for the landscape project. We have to highlight the importance of observation and selective design of elements (A.FOXLEY 2010) that make up the landscape and serve to bring out the dormant memories and collective stories on which is possible to relaunch project practices (D.A.SCHÖN 2011) to share and to accompany over time: observation and explanation of the reasons which have led to the sedimentation and the mutation of the landscape within their formation process become the essential elements for making a lasting and sustainable recovery. [less ▲]

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See detailIndustrial Landscape between Modernity and Tradiion: What Meaning to Accompany Change by the Project?
Occhiuto, Rita ULg; Hautecler, Paul-Christian ULg

Scientific conference (2015, September 26)

The metaphor of the city as an organism, while referring to renowned and common urban interpretations, has produced a very diverse level of knowledge of the territory. The reading of tissues brought about ... [more ▼]

The metaphor of the city as an organism, while referring to renowned and common urban interpretations, has produced a very diverse level of knowledge of the territory. The reading of tissues brought about by the anthropization often seems outdated, or even inefficient by virtue of the complexity of materials which characterize the various spheres that nowadays escape us to the point that they become extraneous. Nebulae, emergences (R. Koolhaas), places of anthroposages (A. Corboz), sprawl or diffuse cities (B. Secchi), are the denominations given to the territories which have neither body nor time. These places are nothing more than the cumulative amounts of corporeality reduced to the status of the plan. This reduction of substance, in correlation with the condition of otherness which provokes a distancing of the contexts we have nonetheless had a part in creating intrigues us and constitutes the triggering event of our approach. Thus, the attention paid to what has emerged is too often limited to the simple description of the situational analysis. Based on this observation, we were interested in the case of the city of Liege, and more particularly in the dynamics between the city´s growth and the mutations of the geomorphologic characters of its location. The observation was primarily aimed at those parts of the territory that are nowadays rejected, also known as «junkspace» (R. Koolhaas). In reality, the research covers vast hybrid areas affected by the industrial decline, leaving them between a state of abandon and a state of future expectations at the same time. This situation today characterises the landscape of the Meuse Valley, upstream and downstream of the city of Liege (BE). Since the XVIIIth century, the human being has, in these places, accumulated materials, machines, different products, production surplus and waste as if he were seized with a fever of change or carried away on a path leading towards an ideal of modernity which becomes more and more elusive. The territory drawn by the rural patterns disappeared in line with the advancement of the industrial tissues which for a very long time represented an entire region´s pride over its economic prowess. However, when the production fever started fading away, and then vanished altogether, the loss of activity gave the landscape the appearance of an injured body, with certain parts amputated. It was soon filled with scattered objects, as ignorant witnesses of new incongruous spatial organisations. The diversity of theses tissues and their abundance of fragments, carrying past and forgotten logics, forced us to reinterpret the process of formation simply to understand what has happened. And hence, maybe also to understand the roots for the forgetfulness and the current lack of interest. This way of acquiring knowledge has helped us re-establish a narrative which nobody keeps the memory. It has also highlighted both the lack and the need for more open means of interpretation of urban and landscape materials. All this is done so as to stimulate reinvention which is essential to re-launch and nurture a transformation process which contains a plethora of new acceptable, distinctive and sustainable solutions for the future. [less ▲]

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See detailCity as Organism. New Vision for Urban Life
Occhiuto, Rita ULg

Scientific conference (2015, September)

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See detailNarrazioni fluttuanti tra distanziamento e recupero del Paesaggio della Mosa
Occhiuto, Rita ULg

Scientific conference (2015, April 17)

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See detailLire le futur du passé: villes et paysages de Meuse en projet
Occhiuto, Rita ULg

Conference (2015, April 03)

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See detailPAESAGGI INCISI: Recupero, riuso, rigenerazione
Occhiuto, Rita ULg

Scientific conference (2015, March 24)

The theme invites us to rediscover in landscape a text and/or a context already written, being able to read and rewrite it again cyclically, continuosly and even almost involuntarily. The urge to go back ... [more ▼]

The theme invites us to rediscover in landscape a text and/or a context already written, being able to read and rewrite it again cyclically, continuosly and even almost involuntarily. The urge to go back to read the places returns to the request for planned structures of equal thickness and complexity of the existing. Writing, leaving traces, leads us to reflect on the meaning of incision, which as in the metaphor of the palimpsest (A.Corboz) "support engraved on several occasions in which the succession of scriptures and cancellations car never completely eliminate the signs of pre-exesting", pusches to reconsider the persistence of actions that modify the materials of landscape. If building is meant to go beyond the simple process of organizing and shaping to integrate the knowledge of the transformation, every human action can aquire deeper meanings, refer to the will and man's ability to decide and act. [less ▲]

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See detailThe tourist flow between punctuations and new buildings and landscapes in progress: the interaction between the Station and San Giobbe
Occhiuto, Rita ULg; Szanto, Catherine

in Marzo, Mauro (Ed.) Cities of Art and Tourism (2015)

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See detailIl paesaggio come laboratorio: metodi, progetti, pratiche
Occhiuto, Rita ULg

Scientific conference (2015, January 07)

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See detailConseil Scientifique de la Recherche
Occhiuto, Rita ULg

Diverse speeche and writing (2015)

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See detailSeminar "Landscape Laboratory"
Occhiuto, Rita ULg; Szanto, Catherine

Scientific conference (2014, December 03)

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See detailLa vallée de la Meuse industrielle et Liège: dialectiques paysagères en réécriture continue...
Occhiuto, Rita ULg

Scientific conference (2014, November 14)

L'exposé après une introduction théorique qui gravite autour de la question de la "perte de liens ou de la distanciation entre Homme et Nature", propose une réflexion autour de la notion d'ECART, pouvant ... [more ▼]

L'exposé après une introduction théorique qui gravite autour de la question de la "perte de liens ou de la distanciation entre Homme et Nature", propose une réflexion autour de la notion d'ECART, pouvant s'accompagner à la réflexion autour des dimensions, apparemment opposées, de "trace-écart". Cette réflexion permet de reconsidérer les potentiels intrinsèques des lieux, aux moyens de "lecture et écriture" utilisés pour appréhender les caractères des milieux dans lesquels on agit. La lecture et l'écriture sont illustrées à travers des cas d'études qui ont permis de pénétrer plus en profondeur dans les couches multiples constituant les territoires, en faisant émerger les concepts clés qui deviennent les nouveaux principes de développement du projet. Cependant le projet, pratiqué à plusieurs échelles dans un contextes de désindustrialisation est utilisé comme un scénario évocateur de nouveaux possibles, nécessaire pour alimenter des nouveaux imaginaires. A travers un processus continu de questionnement-réponse qui conduit le concepteur à s'engager dans des cycles de lecture/écriture qui permettent de passer de la condition de l'être à distance à celle de l'être dedans (Distance and engagement pour Alice Foxley), l'observation acquiert un caractère épais ouvrant à des interprétations novatrices. Le projet s'offre alors comme un moyen et non plus comme une fin pour faire face à une complexité qui ne peut plus se satisfaire de réponses figées. Le projet devient ainsi un terrain de rencontre dialectique et non plus une image figée. Il sert à questionner et à accueillir des éléments nouveaux, comme dans un cycle de production continue. Pour mettre en oeuvre cette typologie d'action, la réflexion propose l'expérimentation à travers la mise en place de "sites-laboratoire" à utiliser comme des observatoires du paysage. Ils pourraient constituer un réseau de lieux pilotes, agissant comme des milieux "d'acupuncture paysagère" servant à observer, dialoguer et agir selon différents cycles temporels continus. Ainsi le projet pourrait jouer le rôle d'une langue pour interroger, chercher et relancer des hypothèses d'équilibres spatiaux diversifiés. Leur expérimentation continue permettrait d'accompagner la mutation et la comprendre jusqu'à pouvoir l’enflécher, voire re-diriger. Cette méthode de projet in situ, rejoint aussi d'une part l'expérimentation paysagère de Gunter Vögt et permet, d'autre part, de transposer dans des milieux différents l'idée de "Landscape Laboratory" développée par Roland Gustavsson [less ▲]

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See detailProjet de Pay[S]age:vecteur de connaissance
Occhiuto, Rita ULg

Conference (2014, October 07)

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See detailSéminaire International "UNISCAPE En-Route" - Paysages blessés: réemploi et recyclage
Occhiuto, Rita ULg

Scientific conference (2014, October)

Ces sites oubliés, usés, d’abord envahis lourdement, exploités jusqu’au bout de leurs entrailles et souvent recouverts des déchets d’une société insouciante, alimentent la double face des paysages: la ... [more ▼]

Ces sites oubliés, usés, d’abord envahis lourdement, exploités jusqu’au bout de leurs entrailles et souvent recouverts des déchets d’une société insouciante, alimentent la double face des paysages: la face visible, riante, bucolique et apaisante contre la face cachée, non visible, souffrante, asphyxiée et déchirée. Ces blessures, tout autant que les regards sélectifs dont ces paysages sont les victimes, nous intéressent. Les thèmes à traiter partent de questions liées à la dés-affectation, à la dis-location, à la dis-jonction (B. Goetz), à la perte d’identité, mais aussi à la mémoire, au temps, aux pratiques de réappropriation et de sensibilisation dont l’objectif premier est de remettre, dans un nouveau circuit de production, les lieux blessés dont on a profondément transformé les structures et les équilibres. Les réflexions et les pratiques de relance concernant les cohérences paysagères assoupies sont aujourd’hui à la base de méthodologies et expérimentations qui permettent à des contextes usés d’acquérir le rôle de lieux porteurs de « nouvelles chaînes signifiantes » (U. Eco). Le séminaire offre l’occasion de faire ré-émerger des potentiels novateurs à partir de territoires qui ont perdu toute visibilité et capacité d’assurer le maintien de conditions d’équilibre et qui souffrent encore aujourd’hui de dynamiques de dis-sociation coupant toute relation entre l’homme et son milieu. Revenir à s’intéresser aux matériaux qui constituent le caractère et la structure des contextes paysagers en s’intéressant aux raisons qui en ont marqué aussi bien les phases cohérentes que les autres, permet de redécouvrir les processus et les dynamiques encourues ou en cours. Le retour à la lecture fine des lieux pour lequel le séminaire plaide donne des clefs permettant d’esquisser des voies de rétablissement de consciences actives pour réenclencher des aptitudes proactives indispensables pour le dépassement des phases critiques atteintes en matière de réaffectation de territoires en crise. Les échanges pourront ainsi toucher à des questions relatives à la réinsertion d’un lieu dans un nouveau cycle de vie, au regard de sa capacité à réacquérir reconnaissance et dignité à partir de son histoire, détenant déjà les éléments nécessaires pour une nouvelle phase de relance. [less ▲]

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See detailLab Pay(S)Age: A Landscape Observatory for the Research Project
Occhiuto, Rita ULg

in Occhiuto, Rita (Ed.) ECLAS CONFERENCE PORTO 2014 - LANDSCAPE: A PLACE OF CULTIVATION - Proceedings (2014, September 23)

Mutations of Nature paradigm in Wallonia founds a geomorphological approach learning from landscape and urban types of configurations, in order to understand the "reasons of landscape" and the ... [more ▼]

Mutations of Nature paradigm in Wallonia founds a geomorphological approach learning from landscape and urban types of configurations, in order to understand the "reasons of landscape" and the "inhabitants' will" having transformed environments over time. Important change replaced the original Meuse valley, first into a thriving rural countryside and finally through voracious industrialization. This palimpsest reflects the contemporary distress of society forced to find itself again. The LabVTP with VERDIR (Ulg research) focuses on crisis of post-industrial landscape. Readings and Action Research could make visible landscape's transformations, in order to: reveal relations, existing and forgotten, between Nature and Culture; intervene on key sites (acupuncture); redesign cultural and landscape texture; redesign cultural and landscape texture; use the project as a tool for interaction between specialized and common knowledge. [less ▲]

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See detailPAESAGGI INCISI: RIUSO & RICICLO
Occhiuto, Rita ULg

in NIP MAGAZINE (2014), 21

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See detailProposal for a “Landscape Laboratory” in the Meuse Valley in Liège (Belgium)
Szanto, Catherine ULg; Occhiuto, Rita ULg

Conference (2014, June 12)

In an article untitled „Landscape Laboratory as a Scandinavian Concept“, R. Gustavsson describes the experiment he set up in the 1990s at Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences in Alnarp. The ... [more ▼]

In an article untitled „Landscape Laboratory as a Scandinavian Concept“, R. Gustavsson describes the experiment he set up in the 1990s at Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences in Alnarp. The Landscape Laboratory is an ongoing full scale afforestation experiment that brings together the different theoretical and practical traditions of forestry, ecology and landscape architecture. It is based on the epistemological paradigm of case study analysis, and involves “slow learning”, combining design and management, in phase with the living processes it studies. As such, it is necessarily open, responsive to the site-specific dynamics that it started and accompanies through time. By introducing the idea of “creative management”, it proposes a time-based conceptual framework that can be used in the on-going study and experimentation of different urban and landscape issues. The idea was taken on in projects in different contexts in Scandinavia and elsewhere in Europe. The research led by the unit “Ville-Territoire-Paysage” (LabVTP) of the Faculty of Architecture at the Liège University for the requalification of industrial sites in the Meuse valley offers an opportunity to confront the laboratory approach to yet another context, that of a post-industrial urban site in search of (landscape) meaning. The aim of LabVTP is to set up a permanent landscape observatory, aimed at regaining “landscape literacy” through a series of iterative, local landscape projects throughout the city, that articulate small-scale landscape elements with long-term place- and time-contextual investment. Each of these interventions can turn into a small “landscape laboratory” involving local stakeholders, and supporting teaching and research on themes such as vegetal reuse of industrial sites, participative urbanism, time-based design and “creative management”. Through the landscape laboratory approach applied as “landscape acupuncture”, our aim is to help rebuild the coherence of the apparently chaotic territory, and thus imagine a vision for its future. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Wooded Hillsides of the Meuse Valley in Liège (Belgium): An Unbeknownst Potential Urban Woodland?
Szanto, Catherine ULg; Occhiuto, Rita ULg

Poster (2014, June)

The location and urban morphology of the city of Liège in the Meuse (Maas) valley, later the development of its industries and its port, were all conditioned by the natural geography of its site. Yet ... [more ▼]

The location and urban morphology of the city of Liège in the Meuse (Maas) valley, later the development of its industries and its port, were all conditioned by the natural geography of its site. Yet today the site itself and its natural characteristics are seldom perceptible from within the city. The drastic transformations of the site itself during the 19th century (the diversion and canalization of the river Meuse), the development of the infrastructures that along the valley and across the very center of the city (railways in the 19th century, highways in the 20th century), make the site difficult to perceive and to read. Overall, while the city is located in a beautiful site – as is well shown on early engraving and in written descriptions – the first impression of many visitors today is that of chaos and meaninglessness. However, there are a few rare areas within the city and in its close surroundings where the landscape that surrounds the city can be embraced in one glance – with the canalized river in the center, lined with infrastructure, industry and housing, copped on both side by wooded hills. Indeed it is today the view of these wooded hills that defines the valley and makes its geomorphology understandable. But the woods are recent: 18th and 19th century maps, and even postcards from the beginning of the century show most of the hillsides to be agricultural fields, interspersed with some stone quarries. The woods therefore are young, the result of the recent abandoning of agricultural practice. Read as “abandonment”, as places of “no care”, they are today psychologically invisible, not thought of as part do the urban landscape. Yet woods give a strong added value to an urban environment: the importance of wood for recreation and biodiversity is well known. The wooded hillsides of the Meuse valley could therefore become a strong asset for the city of Liège. The question then is: how to make these woods “visible”? What landscape architectural (design) tools to invent and to use in order to integrate them into the urban landscape as “urban forests”? – indeed, how to use them as a means to recreate a vision of Liège and the Meuse valley as “that quality that we call landscape” (Zagari)? This paper doesn’t present “measurable” results. Rather, it presents a design-led thought experiment, as a prerequisite for actual experiments to be conducted in the spirit of R. Gustavsson’s “landscape laboratory” in Alnarp (Sweden). [less ▲]

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