References of "Nguyen Dang, Delphine"
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See detailPulmonary rehabilitation and COPD: providing patients a good environment for optimizing therapy.
Corhay, Jean-Louis ULg; NGUYEN DANG, Delphine ULg; VAN CAUWENBERGE, Hélène ULg et al

in International journal of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (2014), 9

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is an obstructive and progressive airway disease associated with an important reduction in daily physical activity and psychological problems that contribute ... [more ▼]

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is an obstructive and progressive airway disease associated with an important reduction in daily physical activity and psychological problems that contribute to the patient's disability and poor health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Nowadays, pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) plays an essential role in the management of symptomatic patients with COPD, by breaking the vicious circle of dyspnea-decreased activity-deconditioning-isolation. Indeed the main benefits of comprehensive PR programs for patients with COPD include a decrease in symptoms (dyspnea and fatigue), improvements in exercise tolerance and HRQoL, reduction of health care utilization (particularly bed-days), as well as an increase in physical activity. Several randomized studies and meta-analyses greatly established the benefits of PR, which additionally, is recommended in a number of influential guidelines. This review aimed to highlight the impact of PR on COPD patients, focusing on the clinical usefulness of PR, which provides patients a good support for change. [less ▲]

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See detailShould we exclude elderly patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease from a long-time ambulatory pulmonary rehabilitation programme?
CORHAY, Jean-Louis ULg; NGUYEN DANG, Delphine ULg; DUYSINX, Bernard ULg et al

in Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine (2012), 44(5), 466-72

Objective: To assess the outcomes of a 6-month comprehensive multidisciplinary outpatient pulmonary rehabilitation programme in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease according to age. Design ... [more ▼]

Objective: To assess the outcomes of a 6-month comprehensive multidisciplinary outpatient pulmonary rehabilitation programme in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease according to age. Design: Prospective cohort study. Patients: A total of 140 patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) 3-4) admitted to our centre for pulmonary rehabilitation. Methods: Patients were divided into 3 groups: group A (< 65 years), group B (65-74 years) and group C (>/= 75 years). All the patients received an education and individualized training programme. Pulmonary rehabilitation efficacy was evaluated at 6 months of treatment and 12 months post-treatment. Results: A total of 116 patients completed the pulmonary rehabilitation programme: 59 in group A (85.5%), 40 in group B (80%) and 17 in group C (80.9%). All the parameters studied (number of sessions, 6-min walking distance, isometric quadriceps strength, health-related quality of life, maximal load, peak oxygen uptake, maximal inspiratory and expiratory pressures) were significantly improved in each of the groups at 3 and 6 months compared with baseline. Moreover, percentage changes from baseline at 6 months for all of the parameters studied were not significantly different between age-groups. Conclusion: Pulmonary rehabilitation is efficient in elderly patients with severe and very severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and their compliance with pulmonary rehabilitation was similar to that seen in younger groups. Therefore, elderly patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease should not be denied pulmonary rehabilitation. [less ▲]

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See detailDiagnostic value of neurotrophin expression in malignant pleural effusions
DUYSINX, Bernard ULg; PAULUS, Aurore ULg; HEINEN, Vincent ULg et al

in Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine (2011), 2(5), 941-946

Neurotrophins (NTs) modulate the growth of human malignancies, including lung cancers. Our prospective study evaluated the accuracy of pleural NTs [nerve growth factor, brain-derived neurotrophic factor ... [more ▼]

Neurotrophins (NTs) modulate the growth of human malignancies, including lung cancers. Our prospective study evaluated the accuracy of pleural NTs [nerve growth factor, brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), neurotrophin 3 (nT3) and 4 (nT4)] levels for differentiating benign from malignant pleural exudates. Levels of NTs were measured by ELISA in 170 patients with non-neutrophilic (<50%) exudative benign or malignant pleurisies diagnosed by pleuroscopy. Fifty-nine benign (9 infections and 50 inflammatory diseases) and 111 malignant (50 extrathoracic tumors, 51 lung cancers and 10 mesotheliomas) pleural exudates were diagnosed by thoracoscopy. Levels of BDNF were significantly higher in malignant than in benign effusions [17 pg/ml (0-367) vs. 8 pg/ml (0-51), p<0.05]. ROC analysis showed an area under the curve of 0.609 (p=0.012; best threshold 44 pg/ml). Pleural BDNF levels were significantly higher in pleural metastasis of pulmonary tumors and in mesothelioma than in pleural benign effusions. Finally, a higher proportion of pleural nT3 was detected in squamous cell lung carcinoma in comparison to that in non-squamous cell lung carcinoma (72.7 vs. 10%, p<0.0001). NTs and particularly BDNF may play a role in the pathogenesis of malignant pleural effusions. [less ▲]

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See detailRéhabilitation respiratoire dans la bronchopneumopathie chronique obstructive
CORHAY, Jean-Louis ULg; NGUYEN DANG, Delphine ULg; BURY, Thierry ULg et al

in EMC Pneumologie (2011)

Le traitement actuel de la bronchopneumopathie chronique obstructive (BPCO) doit comporter, outre un traitement médicamenteux optimal, une réhabilitation respiratoire (RR), de préférence ... [more ▼]

Le traitement actuel de la bronchopneumopathie chronique obstructive (BPCO) doit comporter, outre un traitement médicamenteux optimal, une réhabilitation respiratoire (RR), de préférence multidisciplinaire, et un programme de postrevalidation afin de maintenir les acquis. Il est en effet clairement démontré aujourd'hui que la RR permet d'améliorer la dyspnée, la tolérance à l'effort, l'activité physique et la qualité de vie des patients. De même, elle réduit le recours aux soins de santé et donc le coût de la maladie. Dans cette synthèse, nous présenterons ce qu'est la réhabilitation pulmonaire, ses indications et ses résultats, et la façon dont elle se déroule en ambulatoire. [less ▲]

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See detailLocal and systemic cellular inflammation and cytokine release in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
Moermans, Catherine ULg; HEINEN, Vincent ULg; NGUYEN DANG, Delphine ULg et al

in Cytokine (2011), 56(2), 298-304

BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a chronic airway inflammatory disease caused by repeated exposure to noxious gases or particles. It is now recognized that the disease also ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a chronic airway inflammatory disease caused by repeated exposure to noxious gases or particles. It is now recognized that the disease also features systemic inflammation. The purpose of our study was to compare airway and systemic inflammation in COPD to that seen in healthy subjects and to relate the inflammation with the disease severity. METHODS: Ninety-five COPD patients, encompassing the whole severity spectrum of the disease, were recruited from our outpatient clinic and rehabilitation center and compared to 33 healthy subjects. Induced sputum and blood samples were obtained for measurement of inflammatory cell count. Interleukin (IL)-4, IL-6, IL-10, TNF-alpha and IFN-gamma produced by 24h sputum and blood cell cultures were measured. RESULTS: Compared to healthy subjects, COPD exhibited a prominent airway neutrophilic inflammation associated with a marked IL-10, IL-6 and TNF-alpha release deficiency that contrasted with a raised IFN-gamma production. Neutrophilic inflammation was also prominent at blood level together with raised production of IFN-gamma, IL-10 and TNF-alpha. Furthermore, sputum neutrophilia correlated with disease severity assessed by GOLD stages. Likewise the extent of TNF-alpha release from blood cells also positively correlated with the disease severity but negatively with that of sputum cell culture. Blood release of TNF-alpha and IL-6 negatively correlated with body mass index. Altogether, our results showed a significant relationship between cellular marker in blood and sputum but poor relationship between local and systemic release of cytokines. CONCLUSIONS: COPD is characterized by prominent neutrophilic inflammation and raised IFN-gamma production at both bronchial and systemic level. Overproduction of TNF-alpha at systemic level correlates with disease severity and inversely with body mass index. [less ▲]

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See detailY a-t-il une place pour les β-bloquants dans les maladies pulmonaires obstructives ?
REITERS, Virginie; FRUSCH, Nicolas ULg; DUYSINX, Bernard ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2011), 66(12), 619-623

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See detailApport de la greffe pulmonaire dans les pathologies respiratoires terminales.
PIRSON, J.; DUYSINX, Bernard ULg; NGUYEN DANG, Delphine ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2011), 66(7-8), 434-9

Lung transplantation is an established treatment of pulmonary diseases at an advanced stage. The purpose of our study is to present the benefits, indications and complications of this surgical procedure ... [more ▼]

Lung transplantation is an established treatment of pulmonary diseases at an advanced stage. The purpose of our study is to present the benefits, indications and complications of this surgical procedure in the CHU of Liege. The cohort includes 14 patients transplanted between 2005 and 2009, and who were inserted in a pulmonary rehabilitation programme at the university hospital of Liege. The criteria of assessment are the values of respiratory function tests at rest and exercise, and quality of life. Inherent complications related to this type of surgical operation have been collected. We found a dramatic improvement in pulmonary function tests performed at rest both immediately after the transplantation and after 6 months. Likewise exercise capacity was already increased shortly after the transplantation and further improved 6 months later. As for health related quality of life, parameters that improved the most were dyspnoea and global quality of life, and the improvement was already maximal immediately after the transplantation. Our retrospective study confirms the data of the literature, namely an improvement of respiratory function, effort capacity and quality of life after lung transplantation. [less ▲]

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See detailEchographie endobronchique: une nouvelle technique d'investigation du mediastin
DUYSINX, Bernard ULg; HEINEN, Vincent ULg; Mobarak Zadeh, K. et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2010), 65 Spec no.

Mediastin pathology includes primary lesion and lymph node invasion. The exploration of this anatomical region remains difficult and even hazardous, particularly to obtain histological biopsies. No ... [more ▼]

Mediastin pathology includes primary lesion and lymph node invasion. The exploration of this anatomical region remains difficult and even hazardous, particularly to obtain histological biopsies. No invasive diagnostic exploration (thorax tomodensitometry and positron emission tomography) allows a histological precision, so mediastinoscopy remains the gold standard in the mediastinum investigation. However, it is not deprived of risk. Recently, guided biopsies and real-time transbronchial needle aspiration by endobronchial ultrasonography (EBUS) have been shown to increase the diagnostic yield over conventional bronchoscopic techniques. Therefore, EBUS is a suitable alternative to mediastinoscopy in the diagnosis of pulmonary or extra-thoracic malignancy, in the staging of mediastinal lymphadenopathy, and in the evaluation of mediastinal response after induction therapy. In the present paper, we present this new diagnostic approach and clarify the current indications of EBUS. [less ▲]

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See detailLeukotriene B4 Contributes to Exhaled Breath Condensate and Sputum Neutrophil Chemotaxis in COPD.
Corhay, Jean-Louis ULg; Henket, Monique ULg; Nguyen Dang, Delphine ULg et al

in CHEST (2009), 136(4), 1047-1054

Background Neutrophils have been implicated in the pathogenesis of COPD. Several chemoattractants for neutrophils have been measured in exhaled breath condensate (EBC) and induced-sputum (IS) from ... [more ▼]

Background Neutrophils have been implicated in the pathogenesis of COPD. Several chemoattractants for neutrophils have been measured in exhaled breath condensate (EBC) and induced-sputum (IS) from patients with COPD. Objectives The aims of this study were to compare EBC and IS supernatant neutrophil chemotactic activity from ex-smoking COPD and healthy ex-smokers, and to assess the contribution of LTB(4) to this activity. Methods 34 COPD were compared to 24 controls. EBC and IS chemotactic activity for neutrophils were assessed by using Boyden microchambers. Chemotactic index (CI) was used to evaluate cell migration. LTB(4) was measured by a specific enzyme immunoassay. Contribution of LTB4 to EBC and sputum neutrophil chemotaxis was assessed by an LTB(4) receptor antagonist (U-75302: Cayman Chemical Company, Ann Arbor, MI, USA). Results EBC and IS from both COPD and healthy subjects displayed significant neutrophil chemotactic activity but this activity was raised in COPD compared to healthy subjects. Chemotactic activity contained in sputum, however, failed to correlate with that in EBC. In COPD there was a significant correlation between EBC neutrophil chemotactic activity and sputum neutrophil counts. LTB(4) levels were raised in EBC, but not in sputum, from COPD as compared to healthy subjects. LTB(4) receptor antagonist (2.5 10(-4) M) reduced by 44.6% and by 44.4% chemotactic activity contained in EBC and sputum respectively. Conclusions EBC and IS from COPD patients have a raised neutrophil chemotactic activity to which LTB4 contributes. [less ▲]

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See detailComment j'explore...une pathologie pleurale?
Duysinx, Bernard ULg; Corhay, Jean-Louis ULg; Nguyen Dang, Delphine ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2008), 63(10), 615-23

Pleural involvements are common and various respiratory diseases including inflammatory, infectious, occupational, or neoplastic pathological entities...Pleural thickening and pleurisy are usual ... [more ▼]

Pleural involvements are common and various respiratory diseases including inflammatory, infectious, occupational, or neoplastic pathological entities...Pleural thickening and pleurisy are usual radiological presentation. Etiological diagnosis imposes a vast and sometimes difficult exploration and it, especially since the conventional imaging by radiology, ultrasound, scanning and nuclear magnetic resonance has no specific diagnostic criteria for pleural malignancy. The metabolic imaging by positron emission tomography (PET) has been gradually positioned in the decision-making algorithm exploration of the pleural disease due to its excellent sensitivity in the diagnosis of malignant pleurisy (88.8%-100%). The analysis of chemistry, bacteriology and cytology pleural fluid makes a significant contribution to the diagnostic approach. However, although inescapable, thoracocentesis has a diagnostic sensibility not exceeding 62%. Moreover, the sensibility of the pleural blind needle biopsies does not exceed 51%. So, thoracoscopy, more invasive, is often justified to precise pleural disease with a diagnostic sensitivity greater than 95%. Finally, despite the diagnostic arsenal available, over 10% of pleurisies remain unknown etiology. [less ▲]

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See detailLa rehabilitation pulmonaire dans la bronchopneumopathie chronique obstructive.
Corhay, Jean-Louis ULg; Nguyen Dang, Delphine ULg; Schees, Pierre ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2008), 63(11), 677-83

The current treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients must comprise, in addition to an optimal pharmacological treatment, a pulmonary rehabilitation, if possible multidisciplinary ... [more ▼]

The current treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients must comprise, in addition to an optimal pharmacological treatment, a pulmonary rehabilitation, if possible multidisciplinary, and a program of post-rehabilitation in order to maintain the outcomes. Today pulmonary rehabilitation has proved to be effective in improving dyspnoea, exercise capacity and quality of life in COPD patients, and reducing the use of health services and thus the cost. In this article we want to present pulmonary rehabilitation, its indications and results, and the way by which it is held in the CHU of Liege. [less ▲]

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See detailPrognostic value of metabolic imaging in non-small cell lung cancers with neoplasic pleural effusion.
Duysinx, Bernard ULg; Corhay, Jean-Louis ULg; Larock, Marie-Paule ULg et al

in Nuclear Medicine Communications (2008), 29(11), 982-6

BACKGROUND: The intensity of the [F]fluorodeoxyglucose (F-FDG) uptake is an independent prognostic indicator in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). We evaluate the relationship between the metabolic ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: The intensity of the [F]fluorodeoxyglucose (F-FDG) uptake is an independent prognostic indicator in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). We evaluate the relationship between the metabolic activity of the primary and the pleurisy in T4 NSCLC. METHODS: 25 patients (16 males, nine females, mean age 63 years, performance status 1) with pathology-proven, T4 NSCLC and malignant pleurisy were included. All were treated by a platinum salt-based chemotherapy regimen. Positron emission tomography (F-FDG-PET) was performed before treatment, according to a routine procedure. Regions of interest were placed over the primary and the pleural effusion on the transaxial slice showing the highest activity. The maximum pixel standard uptake values (SUVs) were calculated. Overall survival was determined by standard Kaplan-Meier survival analysis. All patients were followed up until death. RESULTS: The median survival for the entire population was 83 days (7-988). The SUVs were higher in the primary than in the pleurisy (9.2+/-5.6 and 5.5+/-2.2, respectively). There was no correlation between primary and pleurisy SUVs (r=0.3, P>0.05). The metabolic activity of the primary tumor did not predict the outcome: the median survival was 77.5 days (range 7-988) and 87 days (19-454) in the groups with SUVs lower and higher than the median value (8.7), respectively (P>0.05). By contrast, the metabolic activity of the pleurisy was significantly correlated with the median survival, which was 196 days (40-988) when the SUVs were lower than the median value (5) and 74 days (7-170) when they were higher (P=0.0096). CONCLUSION: Among patients with T4 NSCLC, those with high metabolic activity in the pleural effusion have a dire prognosis, whereas the metabolic activity of the primary fails to predict the survival. [less ▲]

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See detailDiagnostic value of interleukine-6, transforming growth factor-beta 1 and vascular endothelial growth factor in malignant pleural effusions.
Duysinx, Bernard ULg; Corhay, Jean-Louis ULg; Hubin, Laurent et al

in Respiratory Medicine (2008), 102(12), 1708-14

STUDY OBJECTIVES: We evaluate the accuracy of pleural interleukine-6 (IL-6), transforming growth factor-beta 1 (TGF-beta1), and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) levels for differentiating benign ... [more ▼]

STUDY OBJECTIVES: We evaluate the accuracy of pleural interleukine-6 (IL-6), transforming growth factor-beta 1 (TGF-beta1), and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) levels for differentiating benign from malignant pleural exudates. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Levels of IL-6, TGF-beta1, and VEGF were measured by ELISA in 103 patients with non neutrophilic (<50%) exudative pleurisy including both benign and malignant effusions. Pleurisies were split into benign and malignant according to the pathological diagnosis. RESULTS: Thirty-nine benign (seven infections; 32 inflammatory diseases) and 64 malignant (34 extrathoracic tumors; 25 lung cancers; five mesotheliomas) pleural exudates were diagnosed by thoracoscopy. Pleural reticulo-monocyte count, protein Light's ratio and lactic dehydrogenase Light's ratio were significantly higher in malignant than in benign effusions (p<0.05, p<0.001 and p<0.001, respectively). The median (range) level of VEGF was significantly higher in malignant than in benign effusions (664.50 pg/ml [10-40,143] vs 349 pg/ml [10-8888]) (p<0.05). VEGF levels correlated with pleural LDH (r=0.41, p<0.0001), glucose (r=-0.30, p<0.01) and red cell count (r=0.57, p<0.0001). No significant difference was found between malignant and benign effusions with respect to IL-6 (26.8 ng/ml [1.8-421] vs 18.4 ng/ml [0.45-400], respectively) and TGF-beta1 (1079 pg/ml [18-6206] vs 1123 pg/ml [34-5447]) levels. ROC analysis between benign and malignant pleurisies for VEGF showed an area under the curve of 619 (p=0.03) with a value of 382 pg/ml as the best threshold for distinguishing benign from malignant effusions. CONCLUSIONS: Malignant effusions may enhance the release of VEGF in pleural space and its measurement may help in the diagnosis of malignant effusion. [less ▲]

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See detailPrognostic value of metabolic imaging in locally advanced non small cell lung cancers.
DUYSINX, Bernard ULg; LAROCK, Marie-Paule ULg; CORHAY, Jean-Louis ULg et al

in Journal of Nuclear Medicine (The) (2007), 48(SUPPL), 358

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See detailLes exacerbations dans la BPCO: un fardeau a reduire
Corhay, Jean-Louis ULg; Nguyen Dang, Delphine ULg; Louis, Renaud ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2006), 61(10), 691-6

Exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) play a very important role. Unfortunately they were neglected a long time in the therapeutic tests. However exacerbations influence the ... [more ▼]

Exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) play a very important role. Unfortunately they were neglected a long time in the therapeutic tests. However exacerbations influence the decline of the respiratory function over time, cause important deterioration of the quality of life of the patients, increase morbidity and mortality of COPD, and finally represent a burden for health care. Reducing the number of exacerbations could potentially slow down the progression of the disease. Thus the prevention of exacerbations should be the "corner stone" of the maintenance treatment of the COPD. In this review we propose to recall the importance of exacerbations in COPD and to present the treatment which have been shown to reduce exacerbation rate in COPD. [less ▲]

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See detailDysfonction des muscles respiratoires
Close, Patricia ULg; Nguyen Dang, Delphine ULg; Bury, Thierry ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2006), 61(4), 227-232

Le fonctionnement des muscles respiratoires peut être altéré par différents facteurs. En particulier, une faiblesse des muscles respiratoires, un déséquilibre mécanique du système thoraco-pulmonaire ou ... [more ▼]

Le fonctionnement des muscles respiratoires peut être altéré par différents facteurs. En particulier, une faiblesse des muscles respiratoires, un déséquilibre mécanique du système thoraco-pulmonaire ou encore une charge imposée majorée induisant une inadéquation entre la capacité de la pompe musculaire respiratoire et les besoins ventilatoires. A un stade ultime, ces différents facteurs génèrent une hypoventilation menant à l’insuffisance respiratoire de type II. [less ▲]

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See detailSéquestration pulmonaire intralobaire.
Radermecker, Maurice ULg; De Bast, Y.; Nguyen Dang, Delphine ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2005), 60(11), 839-841

Les malformations congénitales du parenchyme pulmonaire forment un ensemble d\'anomalies rares protéiformes au plan clinique, et variables quant à leur origine embryologique. Nous présentons un cas de ... [more ▼]

Les malformations congénitales du parenchyme pulmonaire forment un ensemble d\'anomalies rares protéiformes au plan clinique, et variables quant à leur origine embryologique. Nous présentons un cas de séquestration intralobaire, lequel est le prétexte à la revue de la nosologie de ces lésions, de leur présentation clinique, de leur imagerie et de leur traitement. [less ▲]

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See detailL'abord coelioscopique des pheochromocytomes est-il acceptable? Reflexions a propos d'une etude prospective de 6 cas personnels.
Hamoir, Etienne ULg; Defechereux, Thierry ULg; Nguyen Dang, Delphine ULg et al

in Annales d'Endocrinologie (1997), 58(1), 65-74

Today, laparoscopy is for us the technique of choice for approaching presumed benign adrenal tumors. With regards to pheochromocytoma however, two major questions must be addressed. First, is it ... [more ▼]

Today, laparoscopy is for us the technique of choice for approaching presumed benign adrenal tumors. With regards to pheochromocytoma however, two major questions must be addressed. First, is it acceptable to resect potentially multifocal tumors with such a targeted approach? Second, can peroperative hemodynamic changes be anticipated and controlled by the anesthetist, taking into account the additional effects of pneumoperitoneum and catecholamine release on the cardiovascular system? The present prospective study attempts to answer these two questions. From November 1993 to November 1995 we operated on four women and two men, with ages ranging from 33 to 71 years (mean of 47) and a mean Body Mass Index of 25 kg/m2 (range 17-35). Four patients were assigned ASA (American Society of Anesthesiologists) physical status 2, one grade 1 and one grade 3. Comprehensive preoperative work-up, including a CT scan and an I131 MIBG Scan in all, a C11 Hydroxyephedrine PET Scan in 4 and a MRI in one patient, showed a solitary lesion in each case. There were four right-sided and two left-sided tumors, ranging from 30 to 60 mm in diameter. Laparoscopy was always performed transperitoneally. Systemic and pulmonary hemodynamics were thoroughly assessed. Epinephrin and norepinephrin concentrations were measured at the 10 key-time of surgery. Use of continuous intravenous infusion of nicardipine allowed tight control of hemodynamics despite impressive increases in circulating catecholamines. The mean operative time was 76 minutes (range 59-130). Blood loss was minimal. We observed neither mortality nor morbidity. Mean hospital stay ranged from 3 to 13 days (median = 3). All patients are normotensive without drug after a follow-up of 9 to 33 months. In conclusion, we think that laparoscopic removal of selected cases of pheochromocytoma may be performed safely from both the hemodynamical and oncological standpoints. [less ▲]

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