References of "Mouton, Alexandre"
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See detailEffets d'un prgramme d'activité physique intergénérationnel réunissant seniors et enfants d'âge préscolaire
Mouton, Alexandre ULg; M. Henrioulle; Cloes, Marc ULg

in Science et sports (2014, October), 29(Hors-série 1), 8

Pour la première fois dans notre histoire, la génération d'enfants actuelle pourrait avoir une espérance de vie inférieure à celle de ses parents. Ce constat est lié au manque d'activité sportive chez nos ... [more ▼]

Pour la première fois dans notre histoire, la génération d'enfants actuelle pourrait avoir une espérance de vie inférieure à celle de ses parents. Ce constat est lié au manque d'activité sportive chez nos enfants. [less ▲]

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See detailPhysical Therapists’ Knowledge, Attitudes, and Beliefs about Physical Activity: A Prerequisite to their Role in Physical Activity Promotion?
Mouton, Alexandre ULg; MUGNIER, Benoît ULg; Demoulin, Christophe ULg et al

in Journal of Physical Therapy Education (2014), 28(3), 120-127

Background. The promotion of physical activity (PA) is widely recognized as a major component of the prevention and management of several chronic diseases. As experts in human movement, physical ... [more ▼]

Background. The promotion of physical activity (PA) is widely recognized as a major component of the prevention and management of several chronic diseases. As experts in human movement, physical therapists (PTs) are logical agents for the promotion of PA. Nevertheless, to date only few studies have investigated factors that influence PA promotion. Objectives. This study aimed to analyze the relationships between physical therapist knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs about PA, and their own selfreported PA promotion. Design. A sample of 185 PTs (male = 102) completed a cross-sectional survey through an online questionnaire. It included 25 multiple choice, Likert scale, and open-ended questions related to (1) personal characteristics, (2) knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs about PA, and (3) self-reported PA promotion by PTs. A deductive and inductive content analysis of the openended questions was also performed. Results. The questionnaire revealed that 99% of PTs agreed (n = 30) or completely agreed (n = 154) with the fact that they have to contribute to PA promotion in their patients. Significant correlations were found between physical therapist knowledge of the definition of PA, the benefits of PA, and their self-reported PA promotion (0.251, P < .01 and 0.180, P < .05, respectively). Additional multivariate analysis of the predictors of the self-reported PA promotion exposed significant univariate effects of knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs about PA (P < .01). Conclusion. Although the role of PTs in PA promotion seems evident, this survey underlines important misconceptions about PA within this group of health care professionals. Significant relationships between physical therapist knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs about PA and self reported promotion of PA highlight the need for physical therapist education programs to emphasize teaching the fundamentals of PA. [less ▲]

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See detailEvaluation des effets à court terme de l’intervention « Bougerplus » sur les connaissances en matière d’activité physique des seniors
Mouton, Alexandre ULg; Rompen, Jérôme ULg; Cloes, Marc ULg

Poster (2014, July 03)

La littérature actuelle suggère qu’une meilleure connaissance en matière d’AP encouragerait à l’adoption d’un style de vie plus actif. L’objectif principal de cette étude était d’identifier les effets de ... [more ▼]

La littérature actuelle suggère qu’une meilleure connaissance en matière d’AP encouragerait à l’adoption d’un style de vie plus actif. L’objectif principal de cette étude était d’identifier les effets de trois interventions différentes sur la connaissance en matière d’AP chez les seniors d’une commune francophone belge. D’une durée de 3 mois, l’intervention se composait d’un site internet et d’un cours collectif. Quatre groupes de seniors provenant de la même commune ont été formés : contrôle (C), Internet (I), cours collectif (CC) et combiné (CCI). Des questionnaires ont été complétés par les participants avant l’intervention (T0), après l’intervention (T1) et après deux mois de suivi (T2). Une évolution significative des connaissances en matière d’AP a été constatée pour les groupe CCI et CC entre T0 et T2. L’intervention combinant un cours collectif ainsi qu’un outil Internet semble la plus efficace pour améliorer à court-terme les connaissances en matière d’AP chez les seniors. [less ▲]

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See detailEvaluation des effets à court terme de l’intervention « Bouger plus » sur la pratique d’activité physique des seniors
Rompen, Jérôme ULg; Mouton, Alexandre ULg; Grimont, Pierre et al

Poster (2014, July 03)

Des outils basés sur un site internet sont efficaces pour promouvoir l’activité physique (AP) chez les seniors (Ammann et al., 2013). Cette étude avait pour but d’évaluer les effets de l’intervention « ... [more ▼]

Des outils basés sur un site internet sont efficaces pour promouvoir l’activité physique (AP) chez les seniors (Ammann et al., 2013). Cette étude avait pour but d’évaluer les effets de l’intervention « Bouger plus » sur la pratique d'AP de sujets de 50 ans et plus, au sein d’une commune. Quatre groupes ont reçu une intervention différente pendant trois mois : un site internet (I), un cours collectif (CC), une combinaison des deux (CCI) et pas d'intervention (CO). Des questionnaires ont permis d’évaluer les résultats. Ceux-ci montrent une évolution positive du stade de changement de comportement vis-à-vis de l’AP, au cours de l’intervention, pour les groupes I et CCI. De plus, le niveau de pratique est resté stable malgré la période hivernale pour les groupes CC et CCI alors qu’il a chuté pour le groupe CO. L’intervention a donc eu des effets positifs à court terme sur les comportements en matière d’AP, particulièrement quand le site internet et les cours collectifs étaient combinés. [less ▲]

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See detailExploitation du concept de 'physical literacy' dans le cadre d'une séance d'ergonomie et de manutention
Laurent, Charlotte; Mouton, Alexandre ULg; Cloes, Marc ULg

in Revue de l'Education Physique (2014), 54(2), 43-53

Cet article présente une leçon d'éducation physique proposée à une classe de filles engagées dans une formation professionnelle en puériculture. Après une description du contexte d'enseignement, les ... [more ▼]

Cet article présente une leçon d'éducation physique proposée à une classe de filles engagées dans une formation professionnelle en puériculture. Après une description du contexte d'enseignement, les auteurs décrivent les contenus proposés aux élèves et illustrent les principes didactiques qui ont été appliqués dans cette séance au cours de laquelle la participation a été optimale en raison du sens donné aux activités. [less ▲]

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See detailOlder adults, physical activity and the internet: Exploring their behaviours, beliefs and opinions
Mouton, Alexandre ULg; Cloes, Marc ULg

in International Journal of Physical Education (2014), 51(1), 18-29

Despite the numerous health benefits, population physical activity (PA) levels are low and decline with age. As the population grows older, with some major implications in terms of public health cost ... [more ▼]

Despite the numerous health benefits, population physical activity (PA) levels are low and decline with age. As the population grows older, with some major implications in terms of public health cost, innovative interventions to promote PA in older adults are of major interest. The Internet holds potential for delivering effective PA interventions and older adults are the largest-growing group of Internet users. Therefore, the main purpose of this study was to explore the older adults’ behaviours, beliefs and opinions about PA and Internet. At baseline, 75 older adults participated in the two stages of the study: (1) an assessment of their behaviours and beliefs about PA and web-based PA promotion; and (2) the experimentation of a single session of home-exercising followed by an interview regarding their opinion on this session. Results exposed that a minority of the participants were regularly active according to the stage of change for PA. Depending on their knowledge of PA, participants mainly perceived social and health aspects as barriers or motivators for their practice of PA. Senior adults considered home-exercising delivered via the Internet sufficiently relevant, acceptable, original, appreciated and reproducible only if it goes along with a reinforced social support and a community-centred PA promotion. [less ▲]

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See detailLaura. Enduring – or enjoying – endurance training.
Cloes, Marc ULg; Hody, Stéphanie ULg; Jidovtseff, Boris ULg et al

in Armour, Katheleen (Ed.) Pedagogical cases in physical education and youth sport (2014)

This chapter presents a pedagogical case presenting a 15-year-old girl who met some episodes of drop in blood pressure in the morning when beginning school. Her physical education (PE) teacher has to find ... [more ▼]

This chapter presents a pedagogical case presenting a 15-year-old girl who met some episodes of drop in blood pressure in the morning when beginning school. Her physical education (PE) teacher has to find a way to deal with such situation. Three scientists from physiology, fitness training and psychology analyze the scenario and underline the knowledge that should be used by the PE teacher in order to implement appropriate lessons. Sport pedagogists propose then a concrete contribution based on this interdisciplinary analysis. Such paper is a fantastic adventure for scholars who are invited to exchange their representations, knowledge et ideas in order to develop strong approaches. The refective process is an example for preservice education but also for all practioneers and PE teacher educators. [less ▲]

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See detailEmotional intelligence and self-efficacy among physical education teachers
Mouton, Alexandre ULg; Hansenne, Michel ULg; Delcour, Romy et al

in Journal of Teaching in Physical Education (2013), 32(4), 342-354

Research has documented a positive association between Emotional Intelligence (EI) and well-being, performance and self-efficacy. The purpose of the current study was to examine potential associations ... [more ▼]

Research has documented a positive association between Emotional Intelligence (EI) and well-being, performance and self-efficacy. The purpose of the current study was to examine potential associations between EI and self-efficacy among physical education teachers. The Trait Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire (TEIQue) and the Teacher Sense of Efficacy Scale (TSES) were administered to a sample of 119 physical education teachers. The main results show a positive association between EI and self-efficacy, and more particularly that the sociability factor of EI predicted the TSES total score. Moreover, neither age nor teaching time experience was related to EI or self-efficacy scores. These results both confirm and extend previous findings on the association between EI and self-efficacy. Suggestions are provided for specific EI training for physical education teachers. [less ▲]

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See detailSpecific caring for overweight students in physical education : Implementation of teaching strategies identified during an interdisciplinary meeting
Cloes, Marc ULg; Gianquinto, Joseph ULg; Mouton, Alexandre ULg

Conference (2013, July 05)

Literature shows that the number of overweight/obese youth grows irreparably since several decades. Their increasing presence in PE classes implies that PE teachers need to adapt their lessons, which ... [more ▼]

Literature shows that the number of overweight/obese youth grows irreparably since several decades. Their increasing presence in PE classes implies that PE teachers need to adapt their lessons, which seems not to be an easy challenge. It appeared that they lack of knowledge about the specific topic of obesity while professionals working with the people affected by weight problems are not aware about the characteristics of the teaching context. This paper is a part of a bigger study aiming to provide lines of action to the PE teachers. Based on the recommendations suggested through a half day meeting gathering physical educators and specialists of obesity, six PE teachers – five females, one male, all volunteers – agreed to implement freely teaching strategies in order to deal with their overweight/obese students. During three months, they had to fulfill a diary. At the half of this period, they were interviewed in order to explain how they were coping. At the end of this period, they attended to a track report meeting in order to share their experiences with the specialists. All teachers underlined that writing in the diary was a hard task (lack of time, difficulty to recall all events or to identify interesting information). However, the analysis of the diaries, interviews, and last interdisciplinary meeting showed that PE teachers implemented six main categories of actions: ‘Adapted endurance activities’; ‘Guidance of the adolescents to out-of-school sports activities’; ‘Contact with physicians and medical certificates’; ‘Contact with the psycho-medico-social centers of the schools’; ‘Nutrition aspects’; ‘Activities that enhance the student’. A large inter individual variability has been identified. Reported actions are divided in ‘little’ interactive decisions relying on opportunities, and projects that need a real involvement of the teacher. All actions were not effective but exchange between the subjects was hailed by each of them. [less ▲]

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See detailWeb-based interventions to promote physical activity by older adults: promising perspectives for a public health challenge
Mouton, Alexandre ULg; Cloes, Marc ULg

in Archives of Public Health (2013), 71

Regular physical activity is associated with a wide range of health benefits. As population age, promotion of physical activity should specifically target older adults, an expanding group involving ... [more ▼]

Regular physical activity is associated with a wide range of health benefits. As population age, promotion of physical activity should specifically target older adults, an expanding group involving potential higher health care costs in the near future. Innovative interventions focusing on physical activity behaviors of senior adults exposed promising results, most recently through the use of the Internet. If seniors and Internet are generally considered as two opposite concepts, arguments in favour of bringing them together in a public health perspective have been identified by the recent literature. Older adults are the fastest growing group of Internet users and are more prone than younger to use it for health-related subjects. Web-based interventions are effective in many health promotion sectors, including physical activity. This is particularly true when interventions target the environmental determinants of each senior citizen and are specifically designed for this population. Those early research findings must clearly be extended, particularly regarding to the long term effects of Webbased physical activity interventions. Solutions that will reduce the high dropout rate recorded in the existing literature must also be considered as a priority in order to ensure the development of this forward-looking field of research. [less ▲]

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See detailInternet-based physical activity promotion: Are older adults ready for this?
Mouton, Alexandre ULg; Cloes, Marc ULg

Poster (2013, July)

Despite the numerous health benefits, population physical activity (PA) levels are low and decline with age. In Belgium, people older than 60 years will represent more than a third of the entire ... [more ▼]

Despite the numerous health benefits, population physical activity (PA) levels are low and decline with age. In Belgium, people older than 60 years will represent more than a third of the entire population in 2050, with some major implications in terms of public health cost. Faced with this issue, innovative interventions to promote PA in older adults are of major interest. The Internet holds potential for delivering effective PA interventions. Besides, older adults are the largest-growing group of Internet users. Therefore, the main purpose of this study was to explore the opinion of older adults about Internet-based PA promotion. First, 75 older adults (73.75 ± 5.77 years) fulfilled a questionnaire about their PA stage of change, motivation about PA and opinion about several elements that could be included in an Internet-based PA website. Then, they were asked to participate in an unique session of “home exercising”. Finally, in a subsequent interview, they had to give their opinion about the inclusion of this kind of session in an Internet-based PA website. Only 48% of the participants met the official guidelines for PA. A regular access to the Internet was observed for 57.3% of the participants, with a significantly higher access for the younger ones (p = .014). Based on a 4-point Likert scale, the most popular topics for an Internet-based intervention were “PA social forum” (3.3/4), “PA local opportunities” (3.2/4), “PA local agenda” (3.1/4), “Benefits of PA” (3.1/4) and “PA programs” (3.1/4). According to the participants, the inclusion of “home exercising” in an internet-based PA website would be appreciated (7.85/10), adapted (8.78/10) and likely to be self-implemented at home (6.96/10). Findings suggest that an internet-based PA promotion may be acceptable for older people. Social and neighborhood environment elements appear to be essential in order to support the motivation for a regular PA practice. [less ▲]

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See detailPhysical activity promotion among older adults: Short term effects of a neighbourhood environment internet-based intervention
Mouton, Alexandre ULg; Rompen, Jérôme ULg; Cloes, Marc ULg

Poster (2013, May)

Purpose. Recent research suggests that internet-based physical activity interventions can be suitable and effective, even for older adults. Besides, neighbourhood environment internet-based interventions ... [more ▼]

Purpose. Recent research suggests that internet-based physical activity interventions can be suitable and effective, even for older adults. Besides, neighbourhood environment internet-based interventions are currently considered as more effective than traditional motivational interventions. Therefore, the main purpose of this study was to explore the effects of a neighbourhood environment internet-based intervention on physical activity behaviours of older adults. Methods. At baseline, 87 older adults (60.69 ± 7.85 years) from the same district were assigned to an intervention (n = 41) or a control (n = 46) group. The two months intervention was composed of a comprehensive physical activity promotion website, with an emphasis on neighbourhood environment contents, and a monthly personalized email based on the stage of change theory. Physical activity behaviours were assessed by the IPAQ short-form and the stage of change questionnaire at baseline, after one and two month of the intervention, and after one month follow-up. Results. Significant improvements were observed for the stage of change questionnaire in the intervention group from baseline to the end of the intervention (p = 0.003), they remained at follow-up (p = 0.012) while the control group remained unchanged. Physical activity level declined progressively in the control group as it remained constant in the intervention group, with as significant difference between groups after two months intervention (p = 0.027). Conclusions. These findings suggest that a neighbourhood environment internet-based intervention can improve physical activity behaviours in older adults. Further research on this topic is needed to examine longer term effects with larger sample. [less ▲]

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See detailWhich characteristics for an internet-delivered intervention to promote physical activity? Opinions and usages of older adults
Rompen, Jérôme ULg; Mouton, Alexandre ULg; Cloes, Marc ULg

Poster (2013, May)

Purpose. Developing, in a Belgian French-speaking community, an internet-based intervention to promote physical activity among adults over 50 years old. Determining which mediators of this intervention ... [more ▼]

Purpose. Developing, in a Belgian French-speaking community, an internet-based intervention to promote physical activity among adults over 50 years old. Determining which mediators of this intervention are the most used by participants and which mediators are the most useful to improve their physical activity level. Methods. At baseline, 87 older adults (60.69 ± 7.85 years) from the same district were assigned to two groups that have received the intervention. This intervention comprised a comprehensive physical activity promotion website, with an emphasis on neighbourhood environment contents, and a monthly personalized e-mail based on the stages of change theory. Assessment tools included a post-satisfaction questionnaire and the measure of the number of visits of each page of the website. Results. According to participants, all parts of the intervention were useful. Indeed, all components received a score above 3/6. The most useful parts of the website, according to participants, were the following topics: “Hiking trails maps” (4.46/6), “Set your goals” (4.14/6) and “Tips for beginning” (4.1/6). The most consulted pages of the website were the pages “My activity log” (163), “News” (137) and “Activity programs examples” (114). Conclusions. In future actions, all parts of this intervention could be preserved. However, some elements could be added, like an online forum or regular sessions of physical activity with a coach. [less ▲]

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See detailKnowledge about physical activity among older adults: Short term effects of a neighbourhood environment internet-based intervention
Mouton, Alexandre ULg; Rompen, Jérôme ULg; Cloes, Marc ULg

Poster (2013, May)

Purpose. Despite the numerous health benefits, population physical activity levels are low and decline with age. Few studies exposed that a better knowledge about physical activity could encourage people ... [more ▼]

Purpose. Despite the numerous health benefits, population physical activity levels are low and decline with age. Few studies exposed that a better knowledge about physical activity could encourage people to become physically active, which constitute a critical health challenge for older people. Moreover, neighbourhood environment internet-based interventions are recommended to promote physical activity. Therefore, the main purpose of this study was to explore the effects of a neighbourhood environment internet-based intervention on knowledge about physical activity among older adults. Methods. At baseline, 87 older adults (60.69 ± 7.85 years) from the same district were assigned to an intervention (n = 41) or a control (n = 46) group. The two months intervention was composed of a comprehensive physical activity promotion website, with an emphasis on neighbourhood environment contents, and a monthly personalized email based on the stage of change theory. Physical activity knowledge was assessed by questionnaires at baseline, after one and two month of the intervention, and after one month follow-up. Results. After the intervention, knowledge of the physical activity recommendations significantly improved in the intervention group (p = 0.032), while the control group remained unchanged. Besides, knowledge about environmental opportunities for physical activity increased slightly only in the intervention group. Conclusions. These findings suggest that a neighbourhood environment internet-based intervention can result in modest improvements of the physical activity knowledge in older adults. Further research should focus on alternative ways to improve the knowledge about local opportunities for physical activity and its relationship with long term effects on behaviour change. [less ▲]

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See detailLa promotion de l’activité physique chez les 50+ au sein d’une commune : Evaluation des effets à court terme d’une intervention via Internet
Rompen, Jérôme ULg; Cloes, Marc ULg; Mouton, Alexandre ULg

in Revue de l'Education Physique (2013), 53(3), 78-93

Les auteurs présentent les résultats d'une rechreche qui avait pour objectifs de développer et d'évaluer les effets de l'intervention "Bouger plus". Celle-ci reposait sur un projet de promotion de l ... [more ▼]

Les auteurs présentent les résultats d'une rechreche qui avait pour objectifs de développer et d'évaluer les effets de l'intervention "Bouger plus". Celle-ci reposait sur un projet de promotion de l'activité physique basé sur un site Internet. Il visait les personnes de 50 ans et plus habitant la commune d'Esneux. [less ▲]

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See detailA “start to swim” program for health-enhancement purpose: a Delphi study
Mouton, Alexandre ULg; Warnotte, Josie; Cloes, Marc ULg

Conference (2012, July)

Introduction Popularity of “start to run” or “start to cycle” programs increases with the evidence that regular physical activity contributes to the prevention and management of a wide range of chronic ... [more ▼]

Introduction Popularity of “start to run” or “start to cycle” programs increases with the evidence that regular physical activity contributes to the prevention and management of a wide range of chronic diseases (Rippe and Angelopoulos, 2010). Nevertheless, start to swim programs could lead to even more health-enhancing outcomes (Chase et al., 2008). The aim of this study was to obtain a “start to swim” model program by means of a two-round Delphi study. Methods In the first round, 10 key-experts in sport physiology (n=4) or in swimming coaching (n=6) outlined possible relevant components of the “start to swim” program in a semi-structured interview. Initial exclusion criterion, program set-up, program key principles, program progression and final goals were interrogated. Then, a facilitator provided an anonymous summary of the experts’ suggestions from the previous round as well as the arguments they provided for their choice. In the second round, experts were asked to comment on this summary before providing a final form to this program. Results After two rounds, the experts agreed on a collective and coached intervention with 2 sessions per week and a progressive replacing of the coach by a group leader during a 4 months program. People without medical contraindication and able to swim 25 meters could take part to this program. The final goal-setting is personal and based on each individual progression and motivation. Sessions are endurance-oriented and divided between traditional swimming sessions and diversified aquatic activities. In order to support this active lifestyle in a long-term basis, referring to swimming clubs or other aquatic activities associations are performed by the coach at the end of the program. Discussion The start to swim program take into consideration behavioural and social aspects necessary for a successful adoption and maintenance of physical activity (Khan et al, 2002). Consistent with previous findings, a group-based program (Cox et al., 2008) with individually adapted-goals (Marcus and Forsyth, 2003) could lead to a long-term adherence to exercise. Future studies should include systematic evaluation of the “start to swim” program before translation into the community. [less ▲]

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See detailExploration de l’activité physique au sein d’une communauté : représentations et habitudes des habitants
Mouton, Alexandre ULg; Lucas, Guillaume ULg; Wilkin, Céline et al

Conference (2012, May 24)

Au moins 60% de la population mondiale ne pratique pas le niveau quotidien d’activité physique (AP) recommandé pour qu’en découle des avantages sur la santé. Face à cette problématique, le modèle ... [more ▼]

Au moins 60% de la population mondiale ne pratique pas le niveau quotidien d’activité physique (AP) recommandé pour qu’en découle des avantages sur la santé. Face à cette problématique, le modèle écologique de promotion de l’AP révèle les différents leviers d’actions qui inciteront chaque citoyen à s’engager dans un style de vie plus actif au sein de leur communauté (Sallis et al., 2005). Ce modèle reconnait l’influence des représentations, habitudes et comportements des individus à l’égard de l’AP qui, en tant que déterminants modifiables, devraient être une des cibles des actions de promotion de l’AP dans chaque communauté (Kahn et al., 2002). Notre étude s’inscrit dans un projet visant à promouvoir l’activité physique au sein d’une commune de la région liégeoise. Elle porte plus spécifiquement sur l’identification des habitudes des habitants en matière d’activité physique et sur la notoriété des activités existantes. Un questionnaire a été complété par 141 personnes. Il portait sur certaines caractéristiques sociodémographiques, sur la pratique d’activité physique (IPAQ) et sur les initiatives proposées par la communauté. Par ailleurs, un entretien semi-structuré avec les individus les moins actifs de l’échantillon (n = 21) a été réalisé afin d‘affiner les données disponibles. Les principaux résultats montrent que 52% des habitants interrogés au sein de cette commune n’atteignent pas les recommandations actuelles en matière d’AP. En moyenne, ils ont connaissance de la présence de 1,48 organisation sportive dans leur communauté. Le sexe, l’âge et la saison influencent les résultats obtenus. Les personnes interviewées ont montré une méconnaissance des principaux concepts en rapport avec l’AP. La discussion des résultats met en avant la nécessité d’intervenir auprès de certains publics cible (femmes, ainés) mais également de changer les représentations des habitants quant à l’AP (bienfaits, recommandations, etc.) et d’améliorer la notoriété des opportunités de pratique par une communication mieux adaptée. [less ▲]

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See detailExploration de l’activité physique au sein d’une communauté : l’offre des acteurs locaux du sport
Mouton, Alexandre ULg; Simar, Renaud; Cloes, Marc ULg

Conference (2012, May 24)

Les Belges font actuellement partie des Européens les moins actifs physiquement (EORG, 2010). Il semble dès lors important de s’interroger sur l’efficacité des démarches actuellement entreprises par les ... [more ▼]

Les Belges font actuellement partie des Européens les moins actifs physiquement (EORG, 2010). Il semble dès lors important de s’interroger sur l’efficacité des démarches actuellement entreprises par les acteurs de promotion de l’activité physique (AP), particulièrement au niveau local puisque la commune est considérée comme une véritable plaque tournante en la matière. Dans le cadre d’une approche écologique, notre objectif consistait donc à identifier la place que tient le développement d’un style de vie actif dans le discours des responsables sportifs. Dans cette perspective, 40 responsables d’associations sportives ainsi que les autorités communales ont été interrogés afin de caractériser plus précisément la politique sportive au sein d’une commune belge francophone. Par l’intermédiaire d’entretiens structurés, la collecte des données a permis de préciser les activités proposées, la philosophie, le public cible, l’encadrement, l’accessibilité ou encore les relations entretenues par chacun des acteurs locaux du sport auprès des autorités politiques locales. Notre démarche s’inscrit dans l’analyse des décisions pré-interactives de tout processus visant à intervenir sur le terrain. L’offre sportive proposée dans cette communauté semble quantitativement suffisante lorsque l’on observe le nombre et la diversité des activités sportives proposées. Cependant, une approche plus qualitative permet de rendre compte d’un certain déficit dans la prise en charge spécifique de publics à risque (ainés, femmes), d’un manque de formation pédagogique chez les encadrants sportifs ainsi que d’une accessibilité réduite de plusieurs infrastructures. Enfin, malgré des opinions analogues relatives à la politique locale en matière d’AP, la communication entre les différents responsables d’organisations sportives semble déficiente. Face aux problématiques rencontrées dans cette communauté, les perspectives de développement de stratégies de promotion de l’activité physique selon une approche écologique sont discutées. Les approches multisectorielles mises en place dans d’autres pays européens (HEPA) peuvent notamment servir d’exemples de « bonnes pratiques » (Martin et al., 2006). [less ▲]

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See detailIntervention visant à modifier la perception des gymnastes féminines à l’égard de la préparation physique
Laurent, Charlotte; Mouton, Alexandre ULg; Cloes, Marc ULg

in Revue de l'Education Physique (2012), 52(4), 100-113

Cette étude s'est réalisée auprès d'un groupe de sept gymnastes "espoirs" âgées de 12 à 16 ans dans un club de la région liégeoise. Ces jeunes filles s'entraînent entre 12 et 15 heures par semaine. Selon ... [more ▼]

Cette étude s'est réalisée auprès d'un groupe de sept gymnastes "espoirs" âgées de 12 à 16 ans dans un club de la région liégeoise. Ces jeunes filles s'entraînent entre 12 et 15 heures par semaine. Selon la période de l'année, parmi les séances d'entraînement, 2 à 7 heures sont consacrées chaque semaine à la musculation et à la préparation physique. Nous avons constaté qu'à cet âge, entrant en crise d'adolescence, les gymnastes osent se rebeller et commencent à adopter de nouveaux centres d'intérêt, notamment les sorties et les amis. Le maintien de la motivation pour le sport à cet âge est donc un défi permanent. L'étude réalisée visait à expérimenter une approche destinée à améliorer l'attitude des gymnastes à l'égard de cette partie importante de leur formation sportive. Les résultats indiquent que, en proposant des activités diversifiées et en expliquant aux filles les raisons de l'entraînement physique, elles tendent à réagir favorablement et à mieux accepter le travail physique. Dans les limites du travail, nous pouvons considérer que les entraîneurs de gymnastique pourraient introduire davantage d'approches adaptées aux attentes des adolescentes afin de maintenir l'intérêt de leurs sportives. [less ▲]

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See detailStudents and staff’s opinions about the reflective practice process implemented in a pre-service physical education teacher programme
Cloes, Marc ULg; Mouton, Alexandre ULg

in Asian Journal of Exercise and Sports Science (2012), 9(1), 67-84

Teachers' reflection is considered as a determining factor in physical education teacher education (PETE). Despite the emphasis that is provided to this approach, it is noteworthy that it is not proposed ... [more ▼]

Teachers' reflection is considered as a determining factor in physical education teacher education (PETE). Despite the emphasis that is provided to this approach, it is noteworthy that it is not proposed systematically in higher education. A specific unit focusing on reflective practice was developed at the University of Liege (Wallonia, Belgium). This paper reports the opinions of the preservice PE teachers' n = 18) as well as involved staff members (n = 3) about the process. Students completed a questionnaire after completion of their preservice programme. Staff members' reports (n =22) of their reflective practice sessions (RPS) as well as one final report focusing on the whole process were analysed. Findings showed that the opinions are mainly positive, with the staff members rating the process at a higher level than the students. If the latter emphasized the interest of the RPS, they underlined the organisational constraints and regretted the requirements dealing with the formalizing of the reflections. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 62 (14 ULg)