Etude des facteurs écologiques influençant la croissance et le développement des Pectobacterium spp. infectant les tubercules de pomme de terre.
Moh, Ahoussi Augustin
Doctoral thesis (2012)
Pectobacterium atrosepticum (Pba) and Pectobacterium carotovorum subsp. carotovorum (Pcc) are the main cause of potato tuber decay (soft rot) in storage and stem rot in the field (blackleg). It has been ... [more ▼]
Pectobacterium atrosepticum (Pba) and Pectobacterium carotovorum subsp. carotovorum (Pcc) are the main cause of potato tuber decay (soft rot) in storage and stem rot in the field (blackleg). It has been reported that ecological parameters such as humidity and temperature, greatly influence the disease development. The objective of the present study was to evaluate and model the growth of two phytopathogens bacteria (Pba and Pcc) under various ecological conditions at the level of wounded potatoes tubers. To this purpose, we adopted two experimental approaches named in vitro approach and in vivo approach. We determined in vitro the effect of water activity (0.960, 0.980 and 0.997) and temperature (10, 15 and 20°C) and their interactions on the growth parameters and pectate lyases (PEL) specific activity of Pba and Pcc using optical density (OD) measurement. Statistical analysis showed a significant effect of aw and temperature on µmax. Our result showed an increase of PEL specific activity with the temperature whatever the bacterial strains. But contrary to the bacterial growth, this research did not show an increase of PEL specific activity with aw except the treatment at 15 and 20°C for the two bacteria strains. According to our results on growth and PEL production, we concluded that Pba and Pcc had the same behaviour in the range of the values of the two factors (aw and temperature) investigated here. The studies made in vivo were consisted to evaluate and model the influence of temperature (10, 15 and 20°C), relative humidity (86, 96 and 100%) and initial concentration of bacterial inoculum (105, 107 and 109 CFU/ml) on the population density of Pba and Pcc, and on the development of soft rot symptoms caused by these bacteria at the surface of wounded potatoes tubers. With both bacterial species, statistical analysis showed a significant effect of temperature, relative humidity and initially applied bacterial concentration on population dynamics and soft rot development at the surface of wounded potato tubers. Multiple regression analyses and the contour plots showed that the temperature is the most important factor, followed by the initially applied bacteria concentration and relative humidity. More than 64% of the variability of the soft rot symptoms observed could be explained by the presence of Pba and Pcc at the level of wounded potato tubers under the combined effect of tested factors. The quadratic polynomial models developed (in vitro and in vivo) in our research, by means of the response surface methodology, should integrate in further research the large genetic variation (which was not evaluated in this investigation) within Pectobacterium genus (Pba and Pcc) and Dickeya spp. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 216 (18 ULg)
Development of molecular tests for simultaneous detection of Erwinias spp infecting potato tubers in Belgium
Moh, Ahoussi Augustin ; ; et al
Poster (2005)Detailed reference viewed: 20 (3 ULg)