References of "Maes, Josiane"
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See detailLong-Term Follow-up of Elderly Patients with Severe Aortic Stenosis Treated by Balloon Aortic Valvuloplasty. Importance of Haemodynamic Parameters before and after Dilatation
Legrand, Victor ULg; Maes, Josiane ULg; Fastrez, Maurice ULg et al

in European Heart Journal (1991), 12(3), 451-7

Early and late prognosis after percutaneous balloon aortic valvuloplasty (PBAV) was assessed in 38 consecutive elderly patients (mean age, 78.5 +/- 6.1 years). Significant valve opening was achieved in 35 ... [more ▼]

Early and late prognosis after percutaneous balloon aortic valvuloplasty (PBAV) was assessed in 38 consecutive elderly patients (mean age, 78.5 +/- 6.1 years). Significant valve opening was achieved in 35 patients. The hospital mortality was 8% (three patients); two other patients died within the first month and three underwent aortic valve replacement. At 2 years follow-up, there were 10 additional deaths (seven cardiac deaths) and five patients had symptom recurrence managed by aortic valve replacement (3) or repeat PBAV (2). Overall, six patients underwent surgery without untoward events and six had repeat PBAV. Only two out of six patients with repeat PBAV had sustained improvement; one was referred to surgery and the remaining three died soon after the second PBAV. One- and 2-year survival were respectively 72 and 62% and percentage of survivors with persistent improvement 68 and 41%. Although aortic valve area after PBAV was associated with outcome, predictors of poor long-term prognosis were primarily related to the pre-operative haemodynamic status. Patients with pulmonary resistances greater than 400 dynes cm-1 s-5 had the poorest outcome (chi 2 = 18.4-P less than 0.0001). Overall, signs of heart failure were predictors of poor long term follow-up. These data indicate that long-term success of PBAV is mainly related to the left ventricular dysfunction noted prior to intervention. [less ▲]

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