Gamma-probe-directed lymphatic mapping and sentinel lymphadenectomy in primary cutaneous melanoma.
; Pierard, Gérald ; Gielen, Jean-Louis et al
in Dermatology : International Journal for Clinical & Investigative Dermatology (2002), 204(4), 355-61
BACKGROUND: Radiotracer and blue-dye lymphatic mapping is a recommended combined method to guide sentinel lymphadenectomy and full regional lymph node dissection in selected patients with cutaneous ... [more ▼]
BACKGROUND: Radiotracer and blue-dye lymphatic mapping is a recommended combined method to guide sentinel lymphadenectomy and full regional lymph node dissection in selected patients with cutaneous melanoma. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy and the prognostic value of gamma-probe-directed lymphatic mapping in cutaneous melanomas. METHODS: Sixty-five stage I and II melanoma patients underwent gamma-probe-directed lymphatic mapping. Sentinel lymph nodes were studied by both conventional and immunohistochemical stainings. The median follow-up was 11 months. RESULTS: Sensitivities of preoperative and intraoperative sentinel lymph node detection were 100 and 98%, respectively. Only 1 failure of detection and 1 missed same-basin metastasis were experienced in the axillary and cervical areas, respectively. Eleven patients (16.9%) had sentinel node metastases leading to adjuvant therapy. CONCLUSION: Gamma-probe-directed lymphatic mapping is useful for staging melanoma. However, in the expectation of a more specific identification of the sentinel lymph node, the standard protocol remains recommended for exploring the axillary and cervical areas. The histological examination supported in some cases by immunohistochemistry remains mandatory in all cases. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 27 (0 ULg)
Staging of regional nodes in AJCC stage I and II melanoma: 18FDG PET imaging versus sentinel node detection.
; Pierard, Gérald ; et al
in Oncologist (2002), 7(4), 271-8
PRIMARY PURPOSE: The staging of regional nodes by means of sentinel node detection has been shown to accurately detect subclinical nodal metastases from cutaneous melanoma. On the other hand, the ... [more ▼]
PRIMARY PURPOSE: The staging of regional nodes by means of sentinel node detection has been shown to accurately detect subclinical nodal metastases from cutaneous melanoma. On the other hand, the oncological applications of 18F-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose positron emission tomography (18FDG PET) are, nowadays, firmly established. However, the sensitivity of such metabolic imaging for staging the regional nodes in primary melanoma remains debatable. We prospectively assessed the actual value of PET for detecting sentinel node metastases in 21 consecutive patients presenting with early-stage melanoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-one melanoma patients scheduled for lymphatic mapping and sentinel lymphadenectomy underwent fully corrected whole-body PET using 18FDG. In all cases, the disease was initially classified as either stage I or II, from the latest version of the American Joint Committee on Cancer staging system. The sentinel node detection was systematically performed within the week following the PET scan. Serial sections of the sentinel nodes were analyzed by both conventional pathology and immunohistochemical staining. Metastatic sentinel nodes were also assessed for the size of tumor deposits and the degree of nodal involvement (focal, partial, or massive). The median follow-up time was 12 months. RESULTS: Six of the 21 patients (28.5%) had an involved sentinel node. PET was positive in only one case with a sentinel node >1 cm. In the five other cases, the sentinel nodes missed by PET were <1 cm with focal and/or partial involvements. One patient, free of regional nodal metastases in both sentinel node detection and PET imaging, had, however, a same-basin recurrence 3 months later. In another case, PET had one false positive result. Overall, the sentinel detection of subclinical nodal metastases had a sensitivity of 86%. PET detected only 14% of sentinel node metastases. CONCLUSIONS: Sentinel node detection remains the procedure of choice for detecting subclinical lymph node involvement from primary cutaneous melanoma. Owing to its limited spatial resolution, PET appears insufficiently sensitive to identify microscopic nodal metastases. As a practical consequence, metabolic imaging is not recommended as a first-line imaging strategy for staging regional lymph nodes in patients with stage I or II melanoma. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 47 (0 ULg)
Maxillary reconstruction with parietal bone grafts before implants placement: an histomorphometrical study.
Mainjot, Amélie ; Thiry, Albert ; et al
Poster (2001, September)Detailed reference viewed: 37 (4 ULg)
Maxillary reconstruction by cortical bone grafts before implant placement.
Rompen, Eric ; Lecloux, Geoffrey ; Mainjot, Amélie et al
Poster (1999)Detailed reference viewed: 22 (5 ULg)
; Stevenaert, Achille ; et al
in Acta Chirurgica Belgica (1988), 88(2, Mar-Apr), 89-94
Facio-craniostenosis. Facio-craniostenosis is associated with premature stenosis of one or several cranial sutures. The clinical variety is defined by the affected suture. In the complex forms, major ... [more ▼]
Facio-craniostenosis. Facio-craniostenosis is associated with premature stenosis of one or several cranial sutures. The clinical variety is defined by the affected suture. In the complex forms, major disturbances of the anterior fossa of the cranial base are observed. Intracranial hypertension sometimes observed may lead to impairment of the function of the brain or the eyes. The authors have observed 73 children with craniostenosis and have operated upon 49 of them. Three types of methods have been used. The stress is made on the latest one combining advancement of the orbito-frontal "bandeau" and the regularization of the vault. Operating early is essential for prevention of functional sequellae. The optimal age for surgical treatment seems to be between 3 and 6 months. Complications have been remarkable benign. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 10 (0 ULg)