References of "Hendrickx, Kim"
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See detailBodies of Evidence: An Anthropology of the Health Claim
Hendrickx, Kim ULg

Doctoral thesis (2014)

How can a food or food ingredient be proven healthy, without calling it a drug? In this thesis, I make an attempt at understanding the stakes of a heated debate involving scientists from the food industry ... [more ▼]

How can a food or food ingredient be proven healthy, without calling it a drug? In this thesis, I make an attempt at understanding the stakes of a heated debate involving scientists from the food industry, academia, and the European regulatory authorities. The centrality and importance of 'science' in the debate is remarkable, and merits our full attention. The 'science' that is disputed between 'industry' and 'the regulatory authorities', and that serves as a vehicle for their credibility and authority respectively, consists of a very particular practice of putting molecules to the test in clinical trials. The clinical trial in drug testing allows for making a qualitative leap from a molecule's biological action to its therapeutic effect. In the case of food, it is not permitted to define the molecule's therapeutics in relation to pathology, otherwise the substance tips over and becomes a drug. The shared concern of all scientists involved in the debate is to avoid this 'tipping point'. What the debate shows, is not so much an opposition between 'corporate science' and 'regulatory science', but an uneasy relationship between the ecology of pharmaceutical drugs, and an ecology-yet-to-be-made for food therapeutics. Such an ecology rests upon a pattern of collaboration -or agencement- between materials and humans pertaining to different realms of production, regulation and science. As such, the terms of the debate on healthy food ingredients can be reformulated in more precise terms than 'industry' versus 'the authorities', or 'good science' versus 'bad science', which only come to exacerbate a deeper-lying tension that is technical and political at once. At stake are our conceptions of health and disease, cure and prevention, and the professionals that have the authority to talk about health in present-day Europe. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Silence of the Labs
Hendrickx, Kim ULg

in LIMN (2014), (4),

Is sugar a choice? Kim hendrickx explores how a sugar museum puts life and health in perspective

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See detailRivaling Evidence-Bases and Politics in Regulatory Science
Hendrickx, Kim ULg

in Food Science and Law (2013), 4

In line with contemporary political and sociological research on science and regulation, this article problematizes the notion of ‘scientific evidence’ as something independent from and prior to political ... [more ▼]

In line with contemporary political and sociological research on science and regulation, this article problematizes the notion of ‘scientific evidence’ as something independent from and prior to political values. The production of scientific or technical criteria supporting regulatory politics is referred to as ‘regulatory science’ in the fields of policy studies and the sociology of science and technology. Evidence-bases are an example of regulatory science and they illustrate the latter’s intimate relation with political values. I will briefly outline how evidence-bases are not a neutral basis for politics, but that they are constructed through politics and interested groups. Taking the European health claims debate as an example, I show that there exists no unitary notion of evidence, but a confrontation of two scientific frameworks, supported by different expert networks, and proposing different conceptions of what scientific 'evidence' is. In regulatory matters, scientific evidence alone cannot settle disputes once and for all because the evidence is precisely what's at stake. [less ▲]

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See detailCredibility of Evidence
Hendrickx, Kim ULg; penders, Bart

Diverse speeche and writing (2013)

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See detailBiotechnology, Controversy, and Policy: Challenges of the Bioeconomy in Latin America
Delvenne, Pierre ULg; Hendrickx, Kim ULg

Book published by Pergamon Press - An Imprint of Elsevier Science (2013)

This special issue explores cases from Latin American countries, studied in comparison to global trends in the arenas of public participation, scientific knowledge production, regulation and governance ... [more ▼]

This special issue explores cases from Latin American countries, studied in comparison to global trends in the arenas of public participation, scientific knowledge production, regulation and governance. The authors demonstrate the complexity of these cases, both in terms of regional differences and the different spaces of public, policy, and scientific knowledge production into which such innovations are inserted. The articles are based on rich empirical data collected in Argentina, Brazil, Chile and Paraguay. Authors show that the top-down circulation of policy narratives on biotechnology is challenged, complemented and even partly undermined by local bottom-up dynamics. Conversely, articles also focus on those grassroots dynamics and the ways they are influenced and conditioned by macro-sociological and political economic factors. Lastly, a great deal of attention is paid to the ways states and national actors actively contribute to their own insertion in globalized markets where bioengineered living resources are increasingly tasked with solving the most pressing economic and social issues. We believe that this collection of works challenges scholars, intellectuals, policy-makers and relevant stakeholders to open up their views of biotechnology as a dynamic construct that interacts with local situations in a variety of ways. From a more distanced perspective, the aggregated findings of the contributors to this special issue suggest that the important tasks for scholarly work on bioeconomy today become (1) to observe and critically assess the de-localization and re-localization of the concept of bioeconomy in Latin America where biological resources have become increasingly strategic over the last decades; (2) to analyze the bioeconomy as a site of struggles among countries and/or social groups who articulate strategic visions as part of narrating activities. [less ▲]

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See detailWinged Promises: Exploring the Discourse on Transgenic Mosquitoes in Brazil
Reis-Castro, Luisa; Hendrickx, Kim ULg

in Technology in Society (2013), 35(2),

The bioeconomy is a strategic program strongly promoted within OECD countries. This paper discusses an example of how the purposes and promises of the bioeconomy are enacted in Brazil, in line with local ... [more ▼]

The bioeconomy is a strategic program strongly promoted within OECD countries. This paper discusses an example of how the purposes and promises of the bioeconomy are enacted in Brazil, in line with local environmental and political specificities. We focus on scientific and political discourse portraying a technological solution to fight dengue disease as a public health problem. The technology involves genetically modified mosquitoes that are released into the environment in order to suppress populations of disease-carrying mosquitoes. We show how the promise of fighting dengue, through technical and scientific arguments, becomes connected to political discourse about the welfare and 'progress' of Brazil as a nation. We argue that this connection comes about through two types of rhetoric devices that downplay risk and uncertainties in favor of the promises inscribed in laboratory-bred mosquitoes. In line with a basic tenet in the field of Science and Technology Studies, it becomes clear that science and politics are intertwined in both discourse and practice. In addition, we highlight the experimental and political character of public health interventions from a spatial perspective. The mosquitoes are set free in an environment that is considered a natural environment while at the same time responding to certain laboratory conditions such as relative isolation. In addition, the genetically modified mosquitoes, as bio-objects, are expected to act like natural mosquitoes in the wild. With these types of proximity between technology and nature in mind, we argue that the mosquitoes are meant not only to enact the pest management program they have been designed for, but also a political program claiming an avant-garde position of Brazil in a global bioeconomy. [less ▲]

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See detailThe multifaceted struggle for power in the bioeconomy
Delvenne, Pierre ULg; Hendrickx, Kim ULg

in Technology in Society (2013), 35(2),

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See detailBio-Objects' Political Capacity: A Research Agenda
Maeseele, Pieter; Hendrickx, Kim ULg; Pavone, Vincenzo et al

in Croatian Medical Journal (2013), 54

This article explores the merits of foregrounding the dichotomy of politicization vs de-politicization for our understanding of bio-objects in order to study their production, circulation, and governance ... [more ▼]

This article explores the merits of foregrounding the dichotomy of politicization vs de-politicization for our understanding of bio-objects in order to study their production, circulation, and governance in European societies. By asking how bio-objects are configured in science, policy, public, and media discourses and practices, we focus on the role of socio-technical configurations in generating political relations. The bio-object thereby serves as an entry point to approach and conceptualize “the political” in an innovative way. Drawing from our previous work, which uses the concepts of de-politicization and (re-)politicization, this paper puts forward a research agenda for studying the political relations generated by specific socio-technical configurations of bio-objects. [less ▲]

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See detailLa gestion de la qualité de l’air en Belgique : une gouvernance multiniveau entre incertitudes politiques et techniques
Vanhaeren, Stéphanie ULg; Feron, Pauline ULg; Hendrickx, Kim ULg et al

in Telescope (2013), 19(hiver),

La gouvernance de l’État belge est caractérisée par un double processus de reconfiguration : vers le haut, par les dynamiques d’européanisation, et vers le bas, par un processus de régionalisation ... [more ▼]

La gouvernance de l’État belge est caractérisée par un double processus de reconfiguration : vers le haut, par les dynamiques d’européanisation, et vers le bas, par un processus de régionalisation approfondi. Par exemple, le domaine de l’environnement est aujourd’hui régionalisé, mais de nombreuses décisions sont prises au niveau de l’Union européenne, dont les instances décisionnelles n’intègrent pas pleinement le fait régional. Cet article s’appuie sur une étude menée auprès des instances fédérales et régionales chargées de la gestion de la qualité de l’air en Belgique. La traduction du cadre européen demanderait le déploiement d’une approche transversale environnement-santé associant tous les niveaux de pouvoir, mais les répondants dénoncent l’absence d’intégration de ces politiques aux niveaux régional et fédéral. Chaque niveau de pouvoir développe une dynamique propre pour réinterpréter la politique et les instruments définis au niveau européen. [less ▲]

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See detailRéguler par la science: le cas des aliments fonctionnels
Hendrickx, Kim ULg

Conference (2013, March 08)

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See detailLa qualité de l’air comme politique transversale : une analyse participative de l’espace de gestion publique
Fallon, Catherine ULg; Hendrickx, Kim ULg; Vanhaeren, Stéphanie ULg

in Brunet, Sébastien; Fallon, Catherine; Claisse, Frédéric (Eds.) La participation à l'épreuve (2013)

Cet article s’appuie sur une étude menée auprès des instances fédérales et régionales chargées de la gestion de la qualité de l’air en Belgique. Grâce à des entretiens préliminaires suivis d'une ... [more ▼]

Cet article s’appuie sur une étude menée auprès des instances fédérales et régionales chargées de la gestion de la qualité de l’air en Belgique. Grâce à des entretiens préliminaires suivis d'une application informatisée de la méthode Delphi (logiciel Mesydel), nous avons pu déterminer que la traduction du cadre européen demanderait le déploiement d’une approche transversale environnement-santé associant tous les niveaux de pouvoir. Mais, les répondants dénoncent l’absence d’intégration de ces politiques aux niveaux régional et fédéral: chaque niveau de pouvoir développe une dynamique propre pour réinterpréter la politique et les instruments définis au niveau européen. Cet article montre que le Delphi a mis en évidence l'adéquation de l'outil au secteur administratif, dont les membres semblent plus prompts à répondre que les scientifiques. [less ▲]

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See detailContesting Frames in Public Health
Hendrickx, Kim ULg

Scientific conference (2012, December 05)

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See detailHet Licht van Vlaanderen
Hendrickx, Kim ULg

Article for general public (2012)

A metaphorical reflection on police control in Flanders, and the creation of a suspicious Other

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See detailWho has the guts to make health claims? Good and Bad Scientists in Europe
Hendrickx, Kim ULg

Conference (2012, October 18)

How can scientific statements be made in which molecules or bacterial strains figure as active food constituents, contributing to human health beyond basic nutrition? This paper traces the specific ... [more ▼]

How can scientific statements be made in which molecules or bacterial strains figure as active food constituents, contributing to human health beyond basic nutrition? This paper traces the specific historical and political circumstances that gave rise to the above question, and how the issue is played out in the EU at present. Special attention goes to the European health claims regulation that is in the course of being implemented today. Often referred to as a 'learning process', this implementation has proven to be very difficult and sometimes conflictual, especially regarding claims related to the human intestinal flora. Here, the nature of scientific evidence and the boundary between food and medicine have become the stakes in discussions and contestations between the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), new emerging groups such as 'gut health' scientists, and scattered critical voices throughout the Member States. Next to a subject of actual research, the 'gut' becomes a space of symbolic investment where 'good' and 'bad' bacteria echo the rivaling conceptions of good and bad science between the actors involved in the production and evaluation of health claims. It will be shown that in addition to the rise of new professional identities, these frictions are also changing the meanings of 'nutrition' and the clinical trial. [less ▲]

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See detailQu'est-ce q'un alicament? Débat scientifique et étranges familiarités
Hendrickx, Kim ULg

Scientific conference (2012, October 16)

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See detailWelke waarheid over eten?
Van Oudheusden, Michiel ULg; Hendrickx, Kim ULg

Article for general public (2012)

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See detailLes aliments fonctionnels à la quête d'une science
Hendrickx, Kim ULg

Conference (2012, June 01)

Comment peut-on montrer qu'un aliment, ou un de ses composants, confère un effet bénéfique à la santé humaine, outre sa valeur nutritionnelle? L'histoire de cette question et les débats qui l'entourent au ... [more ▼]

Comment peut-on montrer qu'un aliment, ou un de ses composants, confère un effet bénéfique à la santé humaine, outre sa valeur nutritionnelle? L'histoire de cette question et les débats qui l'entourent au sein de l'Union Européenne à l'heure actuelle seront discutés lors de cette présentation. Notre analyse se concentrera sur un débat qui a eu lieu en mars dernier à l'Académie Royale des Sciences à Amsterdam. À l'aide d'une analyse des discours, nous évoquerons les grandes lignes d'argumentation des acteurs qui se trouvent confrontés dans ce débat: le European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) et les acteurs de l'industrie alimentaire. À son tour, cette analyse nous aidera à mieux comprendre les controverses et les enjeux autour de la régulation européenne sur les allégations de santé (CE n°1924/2006) dans un contexte politique plus général. Notre approche est anthropologique dans la mesure où nous cherchons à comprendre les argumentations sur la nature de la preuve scientifique du point de vue des acteurs mêmes. Le but de notre présentation n'est donc pas d'arriver à un jugement quelconque concernant la valeur scientifique des argumentations respectives. Le plan analytique de notre approche se trouve ailleurs: il s'agira d'expliciter non la valeur scientifique des positions prises, mais la forme politique et les enjeux professionnels de ces positions différentes. Se trouvent confrontés dans le débat autour des allégations de santé: la 'raison' de la science médicale/pharmaceutique et la 'raison' des sciences de la nutrition. En effet, les acteurs ne cessent d'évoquer cette dualité qui se traduit en deux programmes politico-scientifiques: evidence-based medicine (EBM) versus evidence-based nutrition (EBN). Bien que la EBN se veut distincte de la EBM, elle se définit néanmoins par rapport à cette dernière, ce qui mène à des ambiguïtés autour du sens et du rôle des essais cliniques randomisés, des indicateurs biologiques (biomarkers), des types de sujets à recruter pour les essais cliniques, et, finalement, de la définition de la 'santé' même. C'est ici, dans le lien entre un programme scientifique et la définition de la santé, que la science soulève la question non de sa propre vérité, mais bien qui, quelle profession, aura le droit de parler vrai. Ici, encore, nous voyons comment surgit dans un contexte tout à fait contemporain un thème central et fondemental dans les traditions de l'anthropologie et de la sociologie médicale: les quêtes de pouvoir et de légitimité entre science, politique et corps professionnels. Notre étude fait partie d'une recherche doctorale visant à explorer les relations historiques et contemporaines entre les sciences de la nutrition, la politique et la société en Europe. Nous suivons une méthodologie qualitative pour analyser des entretiens, nos participations à des colloques scientifiques, des textes juridiques et scientifiques, des newsletters dans le domaine de la nutrition, et de la littérature secondaire, principalement en anthropologie et en histoire. [less ▲]

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See detailFood safety body is bound to draw fire
Hendrickx, Kim ULg; Penders, Bart

in Nature (2012), 485(31 May 2012), 582

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See detailReflections on the notion of 'consumer behaviour'
Hendrickx, Kim ULg

Conference (2012, April 20)

Today, consumer behavior has become a key concept in scientific publications and in international public health strategies. Both 'behavior' and the 'consumer' are in the title of the 3rd annual conference ... [more ▼]

Today, consumer behavior has become a key concept in scientific publications and in international public health strategies. Both 'behavior' and the 'consumer' are in the title of the 3rd annual conference of the Belgian Nutrition Society. This paper proposes a reflection on these concepts, and invites for further discussion. Firstly, the 'consumer' and his attributes will be briefly explored through an analysis of the Health Claims Regulation EC No 1924/2006. This document, intended to protect consumers from misleading information, uses a model of the consumer rooted in rational choice theory. Secondly, as medical sociologist David Armstrong (2009) has shown, the term 'behavior' has been brought in relation to health outcomes only relatively recently in medicine and public health. As such, it has come to be defined as a modifiable risk factor. I argue that European public health strategies have integrated this definition of behavior and the related idea of 'lifestyle' into rational choice theory. As such, 'behavior' and 'lifestyle' frame problems of health and disease in a specific way. The third section of this paper will confront this model of problem-framing with different understandings of 'behavior' coming from historical and contemporary sociological research. [less ▲]

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See detailMore Than a Phrase on a Food Label. The Health Claims as a Topological Space
Hendrickx, Kim ULg

Conference (2012, February 29)

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