References of "Guillaume, Ludovic"
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See detailSizing models and performance analysis of waste heat recovery organic Rankine cycles for heavy duty trucks
Guillaume, Ludovic ULg; Legros, Arnaud ULg; Quoilin, Sylvain ULg et al

in Proceedings of the ASME ORC 2013 second international seminar on ORC power systems (2013, October 07)

This paper attempts to address this problematic of selecting the architecture, the expander and the working fluid for a waste heat recovery organic (or non-organic) Rankine cycle on a truck engine. It ... [more ▼]

This paper attempts to address this problematic of selecting the architecture, the expander and the working fluid for a waste heat recovery organic (or non-organic) Rankine cycle on a truck engine. It focuses especially on three expander technologies: the scroll, the piston and the screw expanders, and three working fluids: R245fa, ethanol and water. [less ▲]

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See detailSizing models and performance analysis of volumetric expansion machines for waste heat recovery through organic Rankine cycles on passenger cars
Guillaume, Ludovic ULg; Legros, Arnaud ULg; Quoilin, Sylvain ULg et al

Scientific conference (2013, September 09)

This paper aims at helping designers of waste heat recovery organic (or non-organic) Rankine cycles on internal combustion engines to best select the expander among the piston, scroll and screw machines ... [more ▼]

This paper aims at helping designers of waste heat recovery organic (or non-organic) Rankine cycles on internal combustion engines to best select the expander among the piston, scroll and screw machines, and the working fluids among R245fa, ethanol and water. The first part of the paper presents the technical constraints inherent to each machine through a state of the art of the three technologies. The second part of the paper deals with the modeling of such expanders. Finally, in the last part of the paper, performances of the various Rankine systems are compared and a decision array is built to select the most appropriate couple of fluid and expander. [less ▲]

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See detailInvestigation on a scroll expander for waste heat recovery on internal combustion engines
Legros, Arnaud ULg; Guillaume, Ludovic ULg; Lemort, Vincent ULg et al

Scientific conference (2013, September 09)

In the present article, a model of scroll expander will be introduced. This model is able to evaluate the performance of a given machine with influence of the geometry. Several losses are also included by ... [more ▼]

In the present article, a model of scroll expander will be introduced. This model is able to evaluate the performance of a given machine with influence of the geometry. Several losses are also included by the model such as internal leakages, heat transfers or mechanical losses. The forces generated by the gas pressure on the involutes can also be calculated. That expander model is used in order to demonstrate its potential and provide some guidelines to the design of a new expander suitable for the application. [less ▲]

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See detailExperimental study on an open-drive scroll expander integrated into an ORC (Organic Rankine Cycle) system with R245fa as working fluid
Declaye, Sébastien ULg; Quoilin, Sylvain ULg; Guillaume, Ludovic ULg et al

in Energy (2013), 15

The present paper focuses on the experimental characterization of an open-drive scroll expander integrated into an Organic Rankine cycle using R245fa as working fluid. The expander is a commercially ... [more ▼]

The present paper focuses on the experimental characterization of an open-drive scroll expander integrated into an Organic Rankine cycle using R245fa as working fluid. The expander is a commercially available air compressor that was modified to operate in expander mode. The ORC (Organic Rankine Cycle) system is designed for a nominal heat input of 20 kW and a nominal net power output of 1.8 kW. A total of 74 steady-state operating points are measured to evaluate the expander performance over a wide range of conditions. The operating parameters that are varied include the inlet pressure (from 9 to 12 bar), outlet pressure (from 1.5 to 4 bar) and rotational speed (from 2000 to 3500 rpm). The maximum isentropic efficiency and shaft power are, respectively, 75.7% and 2.1 kW. A maximum cycle efficiency of 8.5% is reached for evaporating and condensing temperatures of 97.5 °C and 26.6 °C respectively. For most of the tests, hot water is produced in the condenser and the system therefore behaves as a CHP (combined heat and power). Depending on the water temperature requirement, a power to heat ratio varying between 1.9% and 11.8% is obtained. Water over 50 °C can be produced with a power to heat ratio higher than 8%. The experimental data points are then used to generate a performance map of the expander. This performance map allows for simulation of the use of such an expander in other ORC system [less ▲]

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See detailA comparison of piston, screw and scroll expanders for small scale Rankine cycle systems
Lemort, Vincent ULg; Guillaume, Ludovic ULg; Legros, Arnaud ULg et al

in Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Microgeneration and Related Technologies (2013, April)

This paper aims at helping the designer of micro-scale Rankine Cycle heat engines to best select the expander among piston, screw and scroll machines. The first part of the paper presents a state of the ... [more ▼]

This paper aims at helping the designer of micro-scale Rankine Cycle heat engines to best select the expander among piston, screw and scroll machines. The first part of the paper presents a state of the art of these three technologies of positive displacement machines. The technical constraints inherent to each machine (rotational speed, pressure ratios, maximum temperatures, volumetric expansion ratios, etc.) are listed and the performance mentioned in the open technical and scientific literature is presented. The second part of the paper deals with the modeling of such expanders. Different simulation models are proposed: black-box, grey-box and white-box models. These three categories of modeling are specifically adapted to different purposes: design of the expander, design of the micro-CHP system, and dynamic simulation/control of the CHP unit. The last part of the paper presents a graphical methodology of selection of expansion machines and working fluids based on operating maps. It is stressed that the selections of both the expansion machine and working fluid should be conducted simultaneously. [less ▲]

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See detailWorking fluid selection and operating maps for Organic Rankine Cycle expansion machines
Quoilin, Sylvain ULg; Declaye, Sébastien ULg; Legros, Arnaud ULg et al

in Proceedings of the 21st International Compressor Conference at Purdue (2012)

Fluid selection for the Organic Rankine Cycle has been the object of an abundant literature. Most of the scientific publications focus on the cycle thermodynamic efficiency in order to select the best ... [more ▼]

Fluid selection for the Organic Rankine Cycle has been the object of an abundant literature. Most of the scientific publications focus on the cycle thermodynamic efficiency in order to select the best candidate. However, other thermodynamics properties, such as molar mass, or vapor density condition the whole design of the cycle, and its cost. For example, the molar mass influences the number of stages required in the case of an axial turbine; the volume ratio between expander supply and exhaust conditions the possibility to use a volumetric expander (whose internal volume ratio is limited); the vapor density at the expander exhaust determine the size of the expander, and of the condenser; etc. This paper considers a whole range of ORC applications, in terms of power (from the kW-scale to the multi-MW plants), heat source temperature (from 90°C to more than 300°C) or heat source nature (solar, biomass, waste heat recovery, geothermy, etc.). For each of these applications, a screening of the available fluids is performed, and their thermodynamics performance are compared with respect to the foreseen application. A detailed analysis of the most common expansion machines is then conducted, by comparing their respective operating maps for each fluid and for each application type. The considered expansion machines are the radial-inflow turbine, the screw expander, and the scroll expander, since they are the most widely used in commercial applications and/or in scientific literature. [less ▲]

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