References of "Gautier, Axel"
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See detailA Theory of Soft Capture
Agrell, Per; Gautier, Axel ULg

in Scandinavian Journal of Economics (in press)

n this paper, wee propose a model for regulatory capture that is based on information transmission and asymmetric information. In a three-tier model, a regulator is charged by a political principal to ... [more ▼]

n this paper, wee propose a model for regulatory capture that is based on information transmission and asymmetric information. In a three-tier model, a regulator is charged by a political principal to provide a signal for the type of a regulated firm. Only the firm can observe his type and the production of a correlated signal with a given accuracy is costly for the regulator. The firm can costlessly provide an alternative signal of lower accuracy that is presented to the regulator. In a self-enforcing equilibrium, the regulator transmits the firm-produced signal, internalizes its own savings in information cost and the firm enjoys higher information rents. The main feature of soft capture is that it is not based on a reciprocity of favors but on a congruence of interests between the firm and the regulator. [less ▲]

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See detailPromoting Competition at the Digital Age with an Application to Belgium
Copée, Pierre ULg; Gautier, Axel ULg; Lefevre, Mélanie ULg

in Crew, Michael; Brennan, Timothy (Eds.) The Future of the Postal Sector in a Digital World (in press)

In this paper, we develop a fully-fledged postal market model to assess the extent of competition in the mail market in a context of declining mail volumes due to e-substitution. Our focus will be on the ... [more ▼]

In this paper, we develop a fully-fledged postal market model to assess the extent of competition in the mail market in a context of declining mail volumes due to e-substitution. Our focus will be on the Belgian market situation that is interesting for at least two reasons. First, the homogenous nature of the country implies that the extent of the entrant's market coverage will be either limited to the few very densely populated areas or large covering the whole country at the exception of the few very sparely populated areas. Second, because strong licensing requirements -including coverage constraints- are imposed on competing postal operators and they may constitute barrier to entry. Our model allows us to estimate the extent of entry, the cost of meeting the licensing requirements for potential entrants and the impact of entry on the cost of the universal service. [less ▲]

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See detailUne nouvelle tarification des réseaux énergétiques
Gautier, Axel ULg

Article for general public (2016)

La transition énergétique est en marche. Nos manières de produire et de consommer de l'énergie sont en train de changer. Un des éléments les plus visible de cette transition est sans doute la production ... [more ▼]

La transition énergétique est en marche. Nos manières de produire et de consommer de l'énergie sont en train de changer. Un des éléments les plus visible de cette transition est sans doute la production décentralisée d'électricité au moyen de panneaux photovoltaïques. Partager sur Facebook Partager sur Twitter Partager sur Google+ Partager sur LinkedIn Envoyer par e-mail 132Fois partagé Axel Gautier Axel Gautier Professeur à l'Université de Liège Opinion 22/02/16 à 10:02 - Mise à jour à 10:08 Une nouvelle tarification des réseaux énergétiques La transition énergétique est en marche. Nos manières de produire et de consommer de l'énergie sont en train de changer. Un des éléments les plus visible de cette transition est sans doute la production décentralisée d'électricité au moyen de panneaux photovoltaïques. Nous pensons que la transition énergétique doit s'accompagner d'une transition tarifaire et que les relations financières entre consommateurs et réseaux doivent être repensées. [less ▲]

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See detailL'économie du partage
Gautier, Axel ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2016)

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See detailOptimal Enforcement of Competition Policy: The Commitments Procedure under Uncertainty
Gautier, Axel ULg

Scientific conference (2016, January 19)

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See detailRepenser la tarifaction de l'énergie
Gautier, Axel ULg

in Reflets et Perspectives de la Vie Economique (2015), LIV(1-2), 175-184

The distribution tariff is for historical reasons connected to the consumption level. Maintaining a tariff per KWh is in our view problematic for two reasons. First, it induces inefficient consumption or ... [more ▼]

The distribution tariff is for historical reasons connected to the consumption level. Maintaining a tariff per KWh is in our view problematic for two reasons. First, it induces inefficient consumption or production choices by consumers. Second, because of scale economies, a decrease in energy consumption leads to both a cost and a revenue decline with the latter being stronger than the former, thereby necessitating an increase in the tariff to compensate for the revenue losses and reinforcing the first effect. The distribution tariff should therefore be re-designed and de-connected, at least partially, from the consumption level. [less ▲]

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See detailMarchés énergétiques en transition : le cas de la Belgique
Agrell, Per; Gautier, Axel ULg

in Reflets et Perspectives de la Vie Economique (2015), LIV(1-2), 5-6

Foreword by Per Agrell and Axel Gautier

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See detailLe coût de l'énergie verte en Wallonie 2003-2012
Boccard, Nicolas; Gautier, Axel ULg

in Reflets et Perspectives de la Vie Economique (2015), LIV(1-2), 71-85

In 2003, the Walloon region has installed a tradable green certificate mechanism to support the production of ‘green’ electricity. In this paper, we estimate that the total cost of the mechanism amounts ... [more ▼]

In 2003, the Walloon region has installed a tradable green certificate mechanism to support the production of ‘green’ electricity. In this paper, we estimate that the total cost of the mechanism amounts to 1,871 billion € for the period 2003-2012, corresponding to a support of 107 €/MWh produced, with important differences between production technologies, the solar photovoltaic receiving up to 588 €/MWh. International comparisons indicate that the Walloon mechanism is particularly generous. We also show that the induced carbon savings are extremely costly with an implicit price of avoided CO2 of 425 € per ton. [less ▲]

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See detailCompeting one-way essential complements: the forgotten side of net neutrality
Gautier, Axel ULg

Conference (2015, August 28)

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See detailCompeting one-way essential complements: the forgotten side of net neutrality
Gautier, Axel ULg

Conference (2015, June)

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See detailOptimal Enforcement of Competition Policy: The Commitments Procedure under Uncertainty
Gautier, Axel ULg

Scientific conference (2015, April 09)

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See detailOptimal Enforcement of Competition Policy: The Commitments Procedure under Uncertainty
Gautier, Axel ULg; Petit, Nicolas ULg

E-print/Working paper (2015)

Since the introduction of a commitments procedure in EU antitrust policy (Article 9 of Council Regulation 1/2003), the European Commission has extensively settled cases of alleged anticompetitive ... [more ▼]

Since the introduction of a commitments procedure in EU antitrust policy (Article 9 of Council Regulation 1/2003), the European Commission has extensively settled cases of alleged anticompetitive practices. In this paper, we use a formal model of law enforcement (Bebchuk, 1984; Shavell, 1988) to identify the optimal procedure to resolve cases in a context of uncertainty related to the law (L-uncertainty) and to the facts (F-uncertainty). We show that commitments are suboptimal when L-uncertainty is high. Furthermore, the generalized use of commitments creates an additional risk of under-enforcement when F-uncertainty is significant. [less ▲]

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See detailInvestir et gérer le transport public urbain ?
Gautier, Axel ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2015)

Detailed reference viewed: 33 (2 ULg)
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See detailFaut-il payer le train plus cher à l'heure de pointe ?
Gautier, Axel ULg

Article for general public (2015)

La semaine dernière, la presse faisait écho du projet de la SNCB d'introduire des tarifs plus élevés pour les voyages effectués à l'heure de pointe. Concrètement, celui qui prendrait le train dans les ... [more ▼]

La semaine dernière, la presse faisait écho du projet de la SNCB d'introduire des tarifs plus élevés pour les voyages effectués à l'heure de pointe. Concrètement, celui qui prendrait le train dans les tranches 6h-9h et 15h-18h paierait un supplément. La SNCB motive son projet par le fait que le prix actuel est un des plus faible d'Europe. La proposition a –comme on s'en doute- reçu un accueil glacial de la part des usagers du rail. Dans ce focus de Regards économiques, Axel Gautier livre les réflexions d'un économiste (qui est aussi navetteur) à propos de ce projet de la SNCB. [less ▲]

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See detailCurrent challenges in the regulation of utilities in Belgium
Bouckaert, Jan; Gautier, Axel ULg

in Cantillon, Estelle (Ed.) Economic regulation in today’s Belgium (2015)

This contribution to the Re-thinking of Belgium attempts to share our position on the current and future regulation of utilities in our country. We deliberately opt not to offer an exhaustive list of ... [more ▼]

This contribution to the Re-thinking of Belgium attempts to share our position on the current and future regulation of utilities in our country. We deliberately opt not to offer an exhaustive list of regulatory challenges based on thorough economic analysis. Our main goal is to participate in a welcomed open reform debate. The main messages are that we need (i) more stable and thought- through policy visions resulting from sound economics, clearer roles for all actors involved, more coordination between regulators and (ii) less dependent regulators, less regulatory creep and fewer unnecessary low-powered incentive schemes. [less ▲]

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See detailOptimal Enforcement of Competition Policy: The Commitments Procedure under Uncertainty
Gautier, Axel ULg

Scientific conference (2015, January 08)

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See detailLe coût de l’énergie verte en Wallonie, 2003-2012
Gautier, Axel ULg

Conference (2015)

Detailed reference viewed: 17 (0 ULg)
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See detailThe prosumer and the grid
Gautier, Axel ULg

Conference (2015)

Detailed reference viewed: 12 (0 ULg)