References of "Gautier, Axel"
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See detailStrategic bypass deterrence
Bloch, Francis; Gautier, Axel ULg

in Journal of Regulatory Economics (in press)

In liberalized network industries, competitors can either compete for service using the existing infrastructure (access) or deploy their own capacity (bypass). We revisit this make-or-buy problem making ... [more ▼]

In liberalized network industries, competitors can either compete for service using the existing infrastructure (access) or deploy their own capacity (bypass). We revisit this make-or-buy problem making two contributions to the literature. First we analyze both the profit maximizing behavior of an incumbent and the welfare maximizing behavior when the entrant chooses between access and bypass. Second, we extend the baseline model studied in the literature by allowing for fixed costs of network installation. By analogy to the literature on strategic entry deterrence, we distinguish three regimes of blockaded bypass, deterred bypass and accommodated bypass depending on the entrant's unit cost. We show that the make-or-buy decision of the entrant is not necessarily technologically efficient: when bypass is chosen, it is always the cheapest option but access may be chosen when it is not cost effective. [less ▲]

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See detailA Theory of Soft Capture
Agrell, Per; Gautier, Axel ULg

in Scandinavian Journal of Economics (2017), 119(3), 571-596

n this paper, wee propose a model for regulatory capture that is based on information transmission and asymmetric information. In a three-tier model, a regulator is charged by a political principal to ... [more ▼]

n this paper, wee propose a model for regulatory capture that is based on information transmission and asymmetric information. In a three-tier model, a regulator is charged by a political principal to provide a signal for the type of a regulated firm. Only the firm can observe his type and the production of a correlated signal with a given accuracy is costly for the regulator. The firm can costlessly provide an alternative signal of lower accuracy that is presented to the regulator. In a self-enforcing equilibrium, the regulator transmits the firm-produced signal, internalizes its own savings in information cost and the firm enjoys higher information rents. The main feature of soft capture is that it is not based on a reciprocity of favors but on a congruence of interests between the firm and the regulator. [less ▲]

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See detailThe exclusion of competing one-way essential complements: implications for net neutrality
Broos, Sébastien ULg; Gautier, Axel ULg

in International Journal of Industrial Organization (2017), 52

We analyze the incentives of internet service providers (ISPs) to break net neutrality by excluding competing one-way essential complements, i.e. internet applications competing with their own products. A ... [more ▼]

We analyze the incentives of internet service providers (ISPs) to break net neutrality by excluding competing one-way essential complements, i.e. internet applications competing with their own products. A typical example is the exclusion of VoIP applications by telecom companies offering internet and voice services. A monopoly ISP may want to exclude a competing internet app if it is of inferior quality and the ISP cannot ask for a surcharge for its use. Competition between ISPs never leads to full app exclusion but it may lead to a fragmented internet where only one ISP offers the application. We show that, both in monopoly and duopoly, prohibiting the exclusion of the app and surcharges for its use does not always improve welfare. [less ▲]

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See detailThe prosumers and the grid
Gautier, Axel ULg

Scientific conference (2017, April 25)

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See detailThe prosumers and the grid
Gautier, Axel ULg

Conference (2017, April)

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See detailThe prosumers and the grid
Gautier, Axel ULg; Jacqmin, Julien ULg; poudou, jean-christophe

Conference (2017, February 07)

Detailed reference viewed: 17 (1 ULg)
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See detailThe prosumers and the grid
Gautier, Axel ULg; Jacqmin, Julien ULg; Poudou, Jean-Christophe

E-print/Working paper (2017)

Prosumers are households that are both producers and consumers of electricity. A prosumer has a grid-connected decentralized production unit (DPU) and makes two types of exchanges with the grid: energy ... [more ▼]

Prosumers are households that are both producers and consumers of electricity. A prosumer has a grid-connected decentralized production unit (DPU) and makes two types of exchanges with the grid: energy imports when the local production is insufficient to match the local consumption and energy exports when local production exceeds it. There exists two systems to measure the exchanges : a net metering system that uses a single meter to measure the balance between exports and imports and a net purchasing system that uses two meters to measure separately power exports and imports. Both systems are currently used for residential consumption. We build a model to compare the two metering systems. Under net metering, the price of exports paid to prosumers is implicitly set at the price of the electricity that they import. We show that net metering leads to (1) too many prosumers, (2) a decrease in the bills of prosumers, compensated via a higher bill for traditional consumers, and (3) a lack of incentives to synchronize local production and consumption. [less ▲]

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See detailLa SNCB : prête pour la libéralisation totale du rail ?
Gautier, Axel ULg; Salem, Iman

in Regards Economiques (2016)

La SNCB n’a pas su s’adapter à la libéralisation du fret ferroviaire faute de rentabilité. Dans la perspective d’une libéralisation du transport de passagers annoncée pour 2023, nous évaluons les ... [more ▼]

La SNCB n’a pas su s’adapter à la libéralisation du fret ferroviaire faute de rentabilité. Dans la perspective d’une libéralisation du transport de passagers annoncée pour 2023, nous évaluons les performances de l’entreprise. Notre étude met en avant un déficit de productivité et une contribution faible des passagers aux coûts par rapport à d’autres opérateurs européens. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 54 (5 ULg)
See detailSSPPU: Why 1$ is not 1$
Gautier, Axel ULg

Scientific conference (2016, November 21)

Detailed reference viewed: 22 (0 ULg)
See detailHardware vs. software platforms: How to make the energy grid smarter?
Gautier, Axel ULg; Jacqmin, Julien ULg

Scientific conference (2016, November 04)

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Peer Reviewed
See detailCartels in the EU: who appeals and who wins?
Gautier, Axel ULg

Conference (2016, November)

Detailed reference viewed: 19 (0 ULg)
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See detailDéfi climatique: l'état et le marché
Gautier, Axel ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2016)

Detailed reference viewed: 18 (1 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe prosumers and the grid
Gautier, Axel ULg

Conference (2016, August)

Detailed reference viewed: 13 (1 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailCartels in the EU: who appeals and who wins?
Gautier, Axel ULg

Conference (2016, June)

Detailed reference viewed: 10 (1 ULg)
See detailOptimal Enforcement of Competition Policy: the Commitments Procedure under Uncertainty
Gautier, Axel ULg

Scientific conference (2016, April 07)

Detailed reference viewed: 8 (1 ULg)
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See detailUne nouvelle tarification des réseaux énergétiques
Gautier, Axel ULg

Article for general public (2016)

La transition énergétique est en marche. Nos manières de produire et de consommer de l'énergie sont en train de changer. Un des éléments les plus visible de cette transition est sans doute la production ... [more ▼]

La transition énergétique est en marche. Nos manières de produire et de consommer de l'énergie sont en train de changer. Un des éléments les plus visible de cette transition est sans doute la production décentralisée d'électricité au moyen de panneaux photovoltaïques. Partager sur Facebook Partager sur Twitter Partager sur Google+ Partager sur LinkedIn Envoyer par e-mail 132Fois partagé Axel Gautier Axel Gautier Professeur à l'Université de Liège Opinion 22/02/16 à 10:02 - Mise à jour à 10:08 Une nouvelle tarification des réseaux énergétiques La transition énergétique est en marche. Nos manières de produire et de consommer de l'énergie sont en train de changer. Un des éléments les plus visible de cette transition est sans doute la production décentralisée d'électricité au moyen de panneaux photovoltaïques. Nous pensons que la transition énergétique doit s'accompagner d'une transition tarifaire et que les relations financières entre consommateurs et réseaux doivent être repensées. [less ▲]

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See detailL'économie du partage
Gautier, Axel ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2016)

Detailed reference viewed: 362 (11 ULg)
See detailOptimal Enforcement of Competition Policy: The Commitments Procedure under Uncertainty
Gautier, Axel ULg

Scientific conference (2016, January 19)

Detailed reference viewed: 18 (1 ULg)
See detailCartels in the EU: Who Appeal and Who Wins?
Broos, Sébastien ULg; Gautier, Axel ULg

Scientific conference (2016)

Detailed reference viewed: 22 (1 ULg)