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See detailThe IGF system in in-vitro human decidualization
Ganeff, Corinne ULg; Chatel, G.; Munaut, Carine ULg et al

in Molecular Human Reproduction (2009), 15(1), 27-38

Decidualization of endometrial stromal cells (ESCs) is critical for a successful pregnancy but the molecular mechanisms of the process are poorly understood. In this study, we investigated whether the ... [more ▼]

Decidualization of endometrial stromal cells (ESCs) is critical for a successful pregnancy but the molecular mechanisms of the process are poorly understood. In this study, we investigated whether the insulin-like growth factor (IGF) network is involved in this cellular process. Expression kinetics of members of the IGF system was examined at both mRNA and protein levels during in-vitro decidualization of cultured human ESCs. We found a significant up-regulation of IGF-II as well as of IGF-I receptor and the A and B insulin receptor (InsR) isoforms. In addition, levels of the key adaptor proteins insulin receptor substrate 1 (IRS-1) and IRS-2 increased, suggesting a potential involvement of the IGF signalling pathway in the decidualization process. Expression of two IGF binding proteins, IGFBP-1 and IGFBP-4, which can inhibit IGF action, also increased. In order to determine whether IGF signalling was activated during decidualization, the phosphorylation status of the receptors and the adaptor proteins was estimated. Only IRS-2 was slightly phosphorylated in decidualized cells and was further activated by the addition of exogenous IGF-II. These results suggest that the IGF signalling pathway could play a crucial role in the functions of decidualized endometrial cells [less ▲]

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See detailHedgehog signaling pathway is inactive in colorectal cancer cell lines
Chatel, Guillaume; Ganeff, Corinne ULg; Boussif, Naima et al

in International Journal of Cancer = Journal International du Cancer (2007), 121(12), 2622-2627

The Hedgehog (Hh) signaling pathway plays an important role in human development. Abnormal activation of this pathway has been observed in several types of human cancers, such as the upper gastro ... [more ▼]

The Hedgehog (Hh) signaling pathway plays an important role in human development. Abnormal activation of this pathway has been observed in several types of human cancers, such as the upper gastro-intestinal tract cancers. However, activation of the Hh pathway in colorectal cancers is controversial. We analyzed the expression of the main key members of the Hh pathway in 7 colon cancer cell lines in order to discover whether the pathway is constitutively active in these cells. We estimated the expression of SHH, IHH, PTCH, SMO, GLI1, GLI2, GLI3, SUFU and HHIP genes by RT-PCR. Moreover, Hh ligand, Gli3 and Sufu protein levels were quantified by western blotting. None of the cell lines expressed the complete set of Hh pathway members. The ligands were absent from Colo320 and HCT116 cells, Smo from Colo205, HT29 and WiDr. GLI1 gene was not expressed in SW480 cells nor were GLI2/GLI3 in Colo205 or Caco-2 cells. Furthermore the repressive form of Gli3, characteristic of an inactive pathway, was detected in SW480 and Colo320 cells. Finally treatment of colon cancer cells with cyclopamine, a specific inhibitor of the Hh pathway, did not downregulate PTCH and GLI1 genes expression in the colorectal cells, whereas it did so in PANC1 control cells. Taken together, these results indicate that the aberrant activation of the Hh signaling pathway is not common in colorectal cancer cell lines. (c) 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc. [less ▲]

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