References of "Crutzen, Nathalie"
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See detailMunicipalities’ understanding and importance of the concept of Smart Cities: an exploratory analysis in Belgium
Desdemoustier, Jonathan ULiege; Crutzen, Nathalie ULiege; Giffinger, Rudolf

Conference (2017, September 01)

Even if an increasing number of scientific publications are dealing with it, the concept of “smart city” is not yet well defined and it is not fully understood (Anthopoulos and Vakali 2012; Caragliu,Bo ... [more ▼]

Even if an increasing number of scientific publications are dealing with it, the concept of “smart city” is not yet well defined and it is not fully understood (Anthopoulos and Vakali 2012; Caragliu,Bo, and Nijkamp 2009; Lazaroiu and Roscia 2012). Due to the lack of a proper conceptualization, defined method or credentials for smart cities (Angelidou 2015; Nam and Pardo 2011), cities across the geographical spectrum claim themselves 'smart' with self-congratulatory note (Hollands 2008). Despite this increasing popularity of smart cities, there are few critical discourse and rigorous analytical or statistical analyses of the concept and its application on urban territories (Caragliu, Bo, and Nijkamp 2009; R G Hollands 2015; Kitchin 2015; Vanolo 2014). This paper aims at understanding where Belgian municipalities stand in the field of smart city in 2016. How Belgian municipalities approach the phenomenon smart city? Which focus in smart city -sustainable, technologic, creative and human-do attract Belgian municipalities? The paper answers to these questions thanks to a comprehensive territorial analysis of the country, a presentation of current trends on smart cities in the three Belgian regions, and the construction of a typology of municipalities’ understandings of the phenomenon. It also analyses how these understandings impact priorities and smart city developments of Belgian municipalities. It investigates how they affect municipal priorities in the six dimensions of the smart city and their state of development in some key smart city fields. Finally, it examines how do this typology is related to the municipal perception of difficulty to set up smart city projects and the relevance of the concept for their territories. The data used comes from the results of a quantitative research amongst Belgian municipalities carried out in 2016 by the Smart City Institute. The research points out key statistical observations around the smart city phenomenon in Belgium. A typology with four different understandings (technological, holistic, specialized and inexistent) emerged from the analyses. [less ▲]

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See detailThe development of sustainable mobility strategy in Belgian cities
Crutzen, Nathalie ULiege; Qian, Wei; Bounazef, Djida ULiege

Scientific conference (2017, June)

Nowadays, city local governments focus their strategic vision on the development of the urban sustainability. For this, they develop drivers, strategies, structures on green local improvements. To be ... [more ▼]

Nowadays, city local governments focus their strategic vision on the development of the urban sustainability. For this, they develop drivers, strategies, structures on green local improvements. To be sustainable, cities reinforce actions and plans on resource management, mobility, climate, building and public spaces. In order to be sustainable and smart, challenges are set to ensure successful implementation of sustainable mobility strategies through the development of appropriate policies, actions, decisions and controls. The development of sustainable mobility strategy requires the involvement of strategic actors, infrastructures, funding and socio-demographic parameters. To ensure this, sustainable mobility strategy has to be strengthen by an efficient management control system and a real measurement of institutional factors’ risk. The development of mobility controls ensures homogeneity between behaviours, decisions, objectives and strategies for mobility issues. In order to make the link between control, strategy and sustainability, new researches propose new frameworks and systems. These frameworks reinforce the strategic contribution of values, rules, monitoring and enhancing awareness and interactions. Based on that, the management control framework of Malmi and Brown is more and more associated with the implementation of sustainable strategies. This paper explores the development of sustainable mobility strategies in two Belgian cities (Namur and Leuven). To analyse how cilty local governments implement, control and develop mobility strategies and plans, this paper refers to Malmi and Brown’s model. The research proposes two hypotheses that set the importance of the integration of an adequate sustainable mobility control system and the institutional factors on the design and the use of mobility strategy control. This paper proposes a new conceptual model to support the development of sustainable mobility strategy. For this, the choice of two Belgian cities is made according to similarities (population size, explicit will to develop sustainable mobility strategy, focus on sustainable transport, initiation period of mobility issues’ implementation, number of person in charge of mobility, level of willingness to develop mobility system, focus on car free and strategic mobility challenges) and differences (region, language, regulative factors, normative factors and cognitive factors). To test our conceptual framework, an explorative qualitative case study is done in these two Belgian city local governments. The data collection requires a fieldwork of 12 weeks, 54 internal and external documents, and 20 semi-structured interviews (mobility managers, politicians, sustainability managers, policemen and administrative workers). Results shows differences between the implementation and development of Namur and Leuven. Leuven has an average quality of sustainable mobility control system. Leuven requires developing new adapted indicators to face new city challenges and more effective collaborations between involved departments and actors. The case of Namur shows that its sustainable mobility control system is weak because of the non-adapted indicators to strategy and the weakness of the formal structure of mobility strategy. Results identify different institutional factors that have a significant impact on the development of sustainable mobility strategy; the most relevant are formal regulations, political power, local cultures, support of direct and indirect actors and the sensitiveness on sustainable culture. The proposed conceptual model also highlights if the impact of mobility strategy controls and institutional influences have a weak, medium or strong impact on the development of mobility strategy. Results validate our proposed conceptual model. However, this model has to be tested on other sustainability issues (energy, green building, green housing, green and neutral climate), cities and regions. [less ▲]

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See detailBusiness Models for Smart City – a means to achieve sustainability?
Bleus, Hélène ULiege; Crutzen, Nathalie ULiege

Scientific conference (2017, June)

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See detailSmart cities et la participation des citoyens
Crutzen, Nathalie ULiege; Bounazef, Djida ULiege; Bleus, Hélène ULiege

Conference given outside the academic context (2017)

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See detailSustainability Accounting and Control for Smart City - Special Issue - Call for Papers
Crutzen, Nathalie ULiege; Van Bockhaven, Jonas; Schaltegger, Stefan et al

in sustainability accounting, management and policy journal (2017)

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See detailThe Belgian Smart City Barometer
Crutzen, Nathalie ULiege

Conference given outside the academic context (2017)

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See detailThe Role of Companies in Smart City Initiatives: The Case of Belgium
Andre, Anne-Marie; Crutzen, Nathalie ULiege

in Economia (2017)

Detailed reference viewed: 80 (9 ULiège)
See detailSmart City: Le Guide Pratique
Nguyen, Catherine Thanh-Linh; Bleus, Hélène ULiege; Van Bockhaven, Jonas ULiege et al

Book published by Smart City Institute (2017)

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See detailDeveloping Mobility Management Controls by local governments: A case of Belgium
Crutzen, Nathalie ULiege; Qian, Wei; Bounazef, Djida ULiege

Scientific conference (2017)

Purpose This study aims at exploring the current development of management control practice in support of local government mobility strategy. More specifically, we use institutional theory as our ... [more ▼]

Purpose This study aims at exploring the current development of management control practice in support of local government mobility strategy. More specifically, we use institutional theory as our theoretical lens to analyze how social institutional pressures and structures (such as regulation, culture or norms) have influenced (either enabled or constrained) the development of management controls for mobility in local government. Research method An exploratory case study method was applied for the purpose of this study. The package of mobility controls developed by local governments in Belgium is explored with reference to the model proposed by Malmi and Brown (2008). Semi-structured interviews were conducted with senior manager(s) responsible for mobility issues and secondary data were collected in two local governments in Belgium. Findings The research shows that the package of mobility controls is still underdeveloped in Belgian local governments. There are significant diversities between the two regions (Wallonia and Flanders) in terms of implementation, execution and development of mobility controls. Although regulatory, cultural and social normative influences are either enabling or constraining the development of mobility controls, local cultural support and mobility actors’ collaboration appear to be the most important institutional factors for mobility development. Contribution/implication Prior studies suggest that management controls play a key role in strategy implementation and formulation. While the public sector such as local government organisations are encouraged to use sustainability management accounting and control tools, understanding of their management control practices and the inherent difficulties in operationalizing EMCS remains limited. A timely exploration of institutional enablers/ constraints and similarities/differences of Flemish and Walloon mobility controls contributes to our understanding of EMCS issues in practice. It also provides policy implications for future improvement of EMCS development. [less ▲]

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See detailHow do we understand smart cities? An evolutionary perspective
Kummitha, Rama; Crutzen, Nathalie ULiege

in Cities : The International Journal of Urban Policy and Planning (2017), 67

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See detailSustainability and management control. Exploring and theorizing control patterns in large European firms
Crutzen, Nathalie ULiege; Zvezdov, Dimitar; Schaltegger, Stefan

in Journal of Cleaner Production (2017), 143

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See detailThe Epoch of Smart Cities and Innovation.
Crutzen, Nathalie ULiege; Marolla, Cesar

in Marolla, Cesar (Ed.) Climate Health Risks in Megacities: Sustainable Management and Strategic Planning (2017)

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See detailSustainability and management control. Exploring and theorizing control patterns in large European firms
Crutzen, Nathalie ULiege; Zvezdov, Dimitar; Schaltegger, Stefan

in Journal of Cleaner Production (2016), Online version

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See detailSpecial Volume: The Integration of Corporate Sustainability Assessment, Management Accounting, Control, and Reporting
Maas, Karen; Schaltegger, Stefan; Crutzen, Nathalie ULiege

in Journal of Cleaner Production (2016), 136

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See detailReprint of Advancing the integration of corporate sustainability measurement, management and reporting
Maas, Karen; Schaltegger, Stefan; Crutzen, Nathalie ULiege

in Journal of Cleaner Production (2016), 136

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See detailIntegrating corporate sustainability assessment, management accounting, control, and reporting
Maas, Karen; Schaltegger, Stefan; Crutzen, Nathalie ULiege

in Journal of Cleaner Production (2016), 136

Detailed reference viewed: 62 (5 ULiège)
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See detailAdvancing the integration of corporate sustainability measurement, management and reporting
Maas, Karen; Schaltegger, Stefan; Crutzen, Nathalie ULiege

in Journal of Cleaner Production (2016), 133

Detailed reference viewed: 92 (6 ULiège)
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See detailHow do we understand Smart City? An Evolutionary Perspective
Crutzen, Nathalie ULiege; Kummitha, Rama

Conference (2016, August 25)

Detailed reference viewed: 47 (10 ULiège)