References of "Cabrera Quispe, Juan Edson"
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See detailFragmentation urbaine à travers les réseaux techniques
Cabrera Quispe, Juan Edson ULg

Doctoral thesis (2015)

Since about three decades ago, the networking services (water, energy, transport and telecommunications) are the subject of studies and mainly reforms (liberalization, privatization and concessions to ... [more ▼]

Since about three decades ago, the networking services (water, energy, transport and telecommunications) are the subject of studies and mainly reforms (liberalization, privatization and concessions to private companies, etc.) and also an important economic policy issue. However the possible effects of these reforms on the fragmentation or integration of urban societies are still poorly studied, although some studies (mainly on developing cities) support the thesis that there would be a growing urban fragmentation, reinforced by the dominant modes of implementing reforms network services. One of the most important theses about the subject is in a relatively recent development of the English authors Stephen Graham and Simon Marvin (2001). Their work generalizes the motion of fragmentation (splintering Urbanism) to all network services and a set of economic regions in the world. While this thesis presents consistency and validity - since it is known that the application of models of decentralization and liberalization of services has an effect on the fragmentation - the position of fragmentation due to centralized networks is inside a new analysis framework and still incomplete considering the absence of more empirical evidence. The thesis of fragmentation from centralized networks suggests that powerful factors are contributing to the disintegration of infrastructure, favoring the fragmentation of the social structure and material of cities. In fact, this breakdown of infrastructures makes possible many strategies of evasion; they are addressed to connect powerful users and valorized spaces, preventing the connection with less powerful users and poor spaces. These processes lead to the creation of spaces from different social networks, resulting in social elites living every day in places disconnected from the urban structure of the set (in gated communities, new complex people and other planned communities), as well as the lower classes, but the latter with the worst conditions. The main hypothesis of the "splintering Urbanism" argues that network services have an integrated character and are precisely the privatization and liberalization of services that contribute to the breakdown of network infrastructure and urban fragmentation feed. The control of networks from powerful coalitions of actors, separation and segmentation boost infrastructure in different network elements and service pack (2001: 141). This separation would occur across strategies "bypass" or "wrap" seeking to connect users, valuable or powerful places, and through discarding or dodge weaker users and worthless places. Our thesis "Urban Fragmentation through technical networks," confirms and reinforces the thesis made by Graham & Marvin, across expounding on the Cochabamba Bolivian context, a set of technical networks of small-scale or micro decentralized networks which are managed by autonomous social organizations that also fragment the territory without the need for "by pass" and the socio-spatial differentiation, but through the realization of strategies linked to autonomous administration and management of common and basic goods like water. This thesis demonstrates the existence of processes of spatial dislocation and loss of solidarity (main evils of urban fragmentation) across the dynamics of technical devices and decentralized networks infrastructure services from private-community water and small scale. However, our work describes in its urban development, territorial and environmental problems inside the phenomenon. The paper first presents a set of theories that attempt to explain the fragmentation and its particularities, then describes the socio-spatial formation of the study area whose characteristics allow this type of phenomenon, to arrive to a section that exposes all the particularities of the management water from public and local actors, analyzed from the environmental logic of urban water cycle, including the specifics of the main stage of study of this thesis, the municipality of Quillacollo in Cochabamba. From a spatial perspective, the thesis exhibits the characteristics of urban fragmentation across technical networks, exposing the details related to the organization of urban space as a result of processes of spatial dislocation, loss of solidarity and exercise of territoriality in small networks. It is concluded in a discussion about the validity of the strategies in terms of access to the resource, the possibilities of intervention and reflections about the power relationships among fragments and for water control. Finally, as a supplement, urban fragmentation through small technical networks, also allows to display the tensions between two ways of managing the territory (centralized view from the public sector and decentralized vision from local communities) highlighting the uncomfortable and marginalized urban planning position, but challenging the urbanism to recover to action on the highly fragmented contemporary cities with complex scenarios of governance and sometimes rare or endangered resources. [less ▲]

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See detailPENSANDO LA CIUDAD SOSTENIBLE MÁS ALLÁ DE LA DICOTOMÍA ECOLOGÍA URBANA Y MEDIOAMBIENTE URBANO: EL CASO DE LA GOBERNANZA DEL AGUA EN COCHABAMBA
Cabrera Quispe, Juan Edson ULg; Farah, Jihad ULg

Conference (2014, November 24)

In this article, we go back on two ways of taking into account the environmental dimension in urban planning and governance. We stress the difficult articulation between these two approaches – “urban ... [more ▼]

In this article, we go back on two ways of taking into account the environmental dimension in urban planning and governance. We stress the difficult articulation between these two approaches – “urban ecology” and “urban environment” – and the actual impasse the discipline of urban planning finds itself in in its quest of the sustainable city. These two approaches for acting on the city by considering the complexity of its milieu build on different representations of this milieu and different modes of action legitimation. Negating each other, they can difficultly coexist, even less articulate. Through the example of water management in Cochabamba, we stress the tensions between these approaches. We point also to the awkward and marginalized position of urban planning and challenges it must face to regain a capacity of action in contemporary fragmented cities that know complex governance landscapes and rare or endangered resources. [less ▲]

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See detailBridging the gap between Do-It-Yourself urban practices and urban systems
Farah, Jihad ULg; Cabrera Quispe, Juan Edson ULg; Teller, Jacques ULg

in Schoonjans, Yves; Scheerlinck, Kris; Pinheiro, Denise (Eds.) et al Creative Adjacencies (2014)

In contemporary fragmented cities, DIY urbanism is seen as a way to insure inclusiveness and cohesion by mobilizing citizens and improving urban space. However, the capacity of DIY to go beyond local ... [more ▼]

In contemporary fragmented cities, DIY urbanism is seen as a way to insure inclusiveness and cohesion by mobilizing citizens and improving urban space. However, the capacity of DIY to go beyond local epiphenomena and contribute to a systemized way of city making is still an open question that is gaining increasing interest in literature and practice. In this article, we differ from answers provided in the literature to this question in that we are interested in the ways DIY practices could contribute to build from the bottom-up large-scale territories. We rely on Lévy-Strauss oppositions of the bricoleur vs. the engineer and the “savage” vs. the scientist to stress that DIY is instrumental and political. This leads us to consider DIY as a process of problem-solving and domos building where the operational and socio-spatial aspects of DIY are intrinsically linked and evolving together. It is by understanding both these aspects that we can understand the possibilities of, and limitations facing, the development of DIY on a larger territorial scale. We build on case studies in Cochabamba, Bolivia and Beirut, Lebanon. We argue that though it is possible to succeed to build on DIY to develop local territories and rely on these experiences to trace larger ones, the operational and political modes would invariably move towards more top-down comprehensive engineer-like approaches. [less ▲]

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See detailUn acercamiento conceptual a los instrumentos de Planificación Territorial en Bolivia
Cabrera Quispe, Juan Edson ULg

in Apre(he)nder Territorios (2013), 01(01), 137-163

The text presented below is a preview of the research content of "The evolution of spatial planning in Bolivia", which aims to bridge the technical conceptual and legal gaps of spatial planning in the ... [more ▼]

The text presented below is a preview of the research content of "The evolution of spatial planning in Bolivia", which aims to bridge the technical conceptual and legal gaps of spatial planning in the country, through a systematic background of the Bolivian planning experience. From a descriptive approach, this document shows the set of planning instruments used in the country in the past 60 years, as well as its most significant features. It comes from the study and analysis of a set of plans and technical frameworks produced within and outside the country, in order to try to characterize and differentiate each of the instruments according to areas and scales of intervention. [less ▲]

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See detailAgua, poder y territorio: Estrategias Locales de Gestión Urbana
Cabrera Quispe, Juan Edson ULg; Teller, Jacques ULg

in Caracciolo, Roman (Ed.) La metrópolis iberoamericana en sus propios términos:Opciones al crecimiento infinito y a la crisis internacional (2013)

We report on results derived from investigations related with vicinal strategies on water management and their effects on the territorial configuration of Cochabamba (Bolivia) metropolitan area. These ... [more ▼]

We report on results derived from investigations related with vicinal strategies on water management and their effects on the territorial configuration of Cochabamba (Bolivia) metropolitan area. These strategies and their effects are determined by several factors namely, water resources scarcity, accelerated urban growth, self-management legal possibilities and important levels of public investment in both municipal as well as metropolitan scales. The approach is done firstly by describing the features of the studied zone and the problematic of water in the region. Secondly, through the show and analysis of the different forms and strategies of water management, we pay special attention to their effects on the morphology of neighborhoods and the urban networks. The results show the generation of a different territorial ordering which, differing from the one usually adopted in the literature, seems to exhibit how certain types of networks create fragments instead of articulations. [less ▲]

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See detailAGUA, PODER Y TERRITORIO: Estrategias locales de Gestión Territorial
Cabrera Quispe, Juan Edson ULg

Conference (2012, October 31)

Expone la forma de gestión local de agua a través de operadores locales y su efecto en la morfología urbana.

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See detailLa construcción del territorio plurinacional. Bolivia 1950-2010
Cabrera Quispe, Juan Edson ULg

in Territorios : Revista de Estudios Regionales y Urbanos (2011), XXIV(2011), 13-58

As a result of a set of public policies and of the emergence of various social movements as of 1952 and especially in the years 1994 to 2006, Bolivia has known one of the most important processes of ... [more ▼]

As a result of a set of public policies and of the emergence of various social movements as of 1952 and especially in the years 1994 to 2006, Bolivia has known one of the most important processes of territorial restructuring and re organization of all its state structures. This article tackles the specific characteristics of the major transformations of the country in a period of more than 50 years; a period that led to the rise of what is now called the “Plurinational State of Bolivia”. This is done by analyzing the most important effects of certain public policies implemented between 1950 and 2010. [less ▲]

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See detailPensar e intervenir el territorio a traves de la Teoria del Actor-Red
Cabrera Quispe, Juan Edson ULg

in Athenea Digital : Revista de Pensamiento e Investigación Social (2011), 11(1), 346

The purpose of this essay is to reflect on the similarities between some theoretical positions on the concept of territory, and its articulation with the actor-network theory. The reflection focuses on ... [more ▼]

The purpose of this essay is to reflect on the similarities between some theoretical positions on the concept of territory, and its articulation with the actor-network theory. The reflection focuses on proposing a way to understand the relationships between actors inside a dynamic of territorial intervention in public policies through the guidance of ANT [less ▲]

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See detailLa sociología de las ciencias y técnicas aplicada a estudios urbanos
Cabrera Quispe, Juan Edson ULg

Scientific conference (2010, October 22)

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See detailLa teoria del actor-red, las políticas públicas y la intervención territorial
Cabrera Quispe, Juan Edson ULg

Scientific conference (2010, June 18)

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See detailEl derecho de propiedad, la función social del suelo y la normativa urbana
Cabrera Quispe, Juan Edson ULg

in Dimensiones (2008), 1(winter), 120-134

Cuál es el origen de la planeación urbana? del ordenamiento del territorio? de la reglamentación urbana? Sin duda desde que los derechos de propiedad se han constituido, ha sido necesario un conjunto de ... [more ▼]

Cuál es el origen de la planeación urbana? del ordenamiento del territorio? de la reglamentación urbana? Sin duda desde que los derechos de propiedad se han constituido, ha sido necesario un conjunto de herramientas diferentes, algunas llamadas planes. Las cuales tienen la función de intervenir sobre las libertades y derechos de propiedad a fin de evitar el abuso absoluto de ellos. En ese marco la posibilidad de ejercer derechos sobre la propiedad también implica responsabilidades, siendo una de las más importantes la función social. Ella es interpretada desde el urbanismo como la llave fundamental para promover instrumentos de gestión viable y eficiente, traducidos en legislaciones sobre el suelo, normas urbanas y otros. La posibilidad de reformar la normativa urbana de la ciudad de Cochabamba es una ocasión importante y fundamental para considerar la oportunidad que nos brinda la función social constituida en nuestro marco jurídico fundamental, expresado en la CPE y el Código Civil. Finalmente la función social y también la función ecológica de la propiedad inmobiliaria y su reconocimiento ontológico, permite el rediseño elemental de una nueva norma urbana sin la necesidad expresa de reformas constitucionales o marcos legales específicos como la tan demandada ley de urbanismo. [less ▲]

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See detailHacinamiento en el área urbana central de Shinahota - Bolivia
Cabrera Quispe, Juan Edson ULg

in Erba, Diego Alfonso (Ed.) Sistemas de Información Geográfica aplicados a estudios urbanos: Experiencias latinoamericanas (2006)

The present volume presents case studies corresponding to applications of GIS which results collaborate with the (re)definition of urban land policy. The 19 chapters correspond to work developed in 9 ... [more ▼]

The present volume presents case studies corresponding to applications of GIS which results collaborate with the (re)definition of urban land policy. The 19 chapters correspond to work developed in 9 Latin American countries and were selected based on their geographic distribution, replicability and relevance. The topics were grouped in 3 areas: informal settlements, urban cadastre and urban studies. [less ▲]

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