References of "Burny, Philippe"
     in
Bookmark and Share    
Full Text
See detailEtude d’impact et appui à la mise en œuvre de la nouvelle reforme de la PAC au niveau wallon : rapport final
Terrones Gavira, François ULg; Burny, Philippe ULg; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

Report (2016)

La PAC, définie dans le traité de Rome et mise en oeuvre depuis 1962, est soumise, depuis le début des années 90, à un processus de réforme afin de répondre aux nouveaux défis de l’agriculture européenne ... [more ▼]

La PAC, définie dans le traité de Rome et mise en oeuvre depuis 1962, est soumise, depuis le début des années 90, à un processus de réforme afin de répondre aux nouveaux défis de l’agriculture européenne mais également afin d’honorer les engagements pris par l'Union européenne (UE) dans le cadre de ses relations commerciales internationales. Le 18 novembre 2010, la Commission européenne a publié une communication sur la PAC de l’après 2013, suivie le 12 octobre 2011 de propositions législatives, lançant de longues négociations entre le Conseil européen des Ministres de l’Agriculture et, pour la première fois de l’histoire de la PAC, le Parlement européen, nouveau co-législateur pour cette matière. En parallèle aux négociations sur la PAC se déroulaient celles relatives au cadre financier pluriannuel 2014-2020 (CFP). Ce dernier fixe non seulement les montants des ressources financières pour chaque catégorie de dépenses de l’UE mais également inclut des décisions sur des éléments importants des politiques elles-mêmes dont celles relatives à la PAC. Après plus de 18 mois de négociations budgétaires, les chefs d’Etat de chaque Etat membre (EM) sont parvenus à un accord concernant le CFP 2014-2020 lors du conseil européen des 7 et 8 février 2013. Peu de temps après cet accord budgétaire, le Conseil Agriculture, le Parlement européen et la Commission européenne ont abouti à un accord sur les Règlements relatifs à la PAC le 26 juin 2013, complété le 24 septembre 2013. Un des résultats du nouveau Règlement « Paiements directs », négocié entre les 28 EM et le Parlement européen, est une nouvelle architecture des paiements directs ainsi qu’un nombre très important de choix stratégiques à prendre par les EM, et dans le cas de la Belgique, les Régions, qui doivent choisir parmi différentes options qui restent ouvertes par la réglementation européenne. La plupart des choix politiques des EM et régions ont dû être notifiées à la Commission européenne pour le 1er août 2014, certains choix un peu plus tardivement (les dernières décisions, plus techniques, devaient être notifiées pour le 31 janvier 2015). [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 15 (3 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailImplementation of the green payment within the scheme of the new Common Agricultural Policy (2015-2020): first results for 2015 in Wallonia (South of Belgium)
Burny, Philippe ULg; Terrones Gavira, François ULg

in Quality-Access to Success (2016), (Supplement), 10-14

At the end of 2013, a new Common Agricultural Policy was defined at the European level, including the implementation of the so-called “green payment”, which obliges farmers to respect three new conditions ... [more ▼]

At the end of 2013, a new Common Agricultural Policy was defined at the European level, including the implementation of the so-called “green payment”, which obliges farmers to respect three new conditions in order to get financial support through direct payments. The year 2015 being the first implementation year, the consequences on Walloon agriculture are examined. It appears that 50% of Walloon farmers are not obliged to practice crop diversification, while 16% are obliged to have at least two crops on their arable land and 33% are obliged to have at least three crops on their arable land. Less than 1% does not respect the new diversification rules. Concerning the obligation to have at least 5% of ecological focus area on the arable land, it appears that 54% of Walloon farmers are in conditions not to be obliged to respect the measure. When they implement the measure, the percentage of ecological focus areas in arable land reaches 6.9% as a mean and 2.4% do not reach the requested 5%. Finally, it can be said that the green payment does not represent a big constraint for Walloon farmers, though eventual economic consequences are still to be precised, while environmental benefits are strengthened. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 32 (14 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailImpact of the new Common Agricultural Policy (2015-2020) on the value of direct payments and on farmers’ income in Wallonia (South of Belgium)
Burny, Philippe ULg; Terrones Gavira, François ULg

in Kyriazopoulos, G.; Petropoulos, D. (Eds.) 1st International Conference of Development and Economy (ICODECON) 2-4 October 2015: The advantages and disadvantages of Economic Crises: Conference proceedings (2016)

A new Common Agricultural Policy was defined in 2013, with a new structure for direct payment. In Wallonia, the government implemented the following scheme: 30% for the green payment, 29.9% for the basic ... [more ▼]

A new Common Agricultural Policy was defined in 2013, with a new structure for direct payment. In Wallonia, the government implemented the following scheme: 30% for the green payment, 29.9% for the basic payment, 17% for the additional payment for the first 30 ha, 1.8% for young farmers and 21.3% for couple payments. Due to convergence, the mean support through direct payments will decline from 21,900 € in 2014 to 19,283 € in 2019. The number of losers will be equivalent to the number of gainers. Regions where cereals and sugar beet are produced will lose the most, where the region suitable for cattle raising will gain somewhat. There will be a better distribution of direct payments among farmers: the Gini index will decline from 0.55 to 0.49. The highest negative impact on income will occur for the specialties “green crops”, “crops and dairy cattle” and “crops and non-dairy cattle”: the least negative impact will be observed within the specialties “dairy cattle”, “meat cattle” and “dairy and meat cattle”. The reform will be more profitable for the farms from 30 to 50 ha and will mainly impact the largest farms. Finally, the CAP reform implemented in Wallonia guarantees a smooth evolution to 2020. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 17 (8 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailA new index to measure the human well-being in Wallonia and its communes (South of Belgium)
Burny, Philippe ULg

in Petropoulos, D.; Kyriazopoulos, G. (Eds.) 1st International Conference of Development and Economy (ICODECON) 2-4 October 2015: The advantages and disadvantages of Economic Crises: Conference proceedings (2016)

In 2012, the Walloon Government ordered the Walloon Institute for Prospective, Evaluation and Statistics (IWEPS) to calculate five indexes in order to guide and evaluate the public actions, together with ... [more ▼]

In 2012, the Walloon Government ordered the Walloon Institute for Prospective, Evaluation and Statistics (IWEPS) to calculate five indexes in order to guide and evaluate the public actions, together with the GDP. The index for the conditions of human well-being (CWBI) is presently the first step in the elaboration of the wellbeing index. The methodology is the one used by the Council of Europe. Actually, the CWBI is calculated by using 60 basic indicators, gathered into 8 families. After normalisation, the CWBI is the arithmetic mean of the 60 basic indicators, each of them having the same weight. The CWBI was calculated for the 262 communes of Wallonia and varies from 0.428 to 0.674, with a regional mean of 0.572. An opposition between urban and rural communes clearly appears, the last ones having the best scores. Communes along the borders of Germany and Luxemburg have the highest indexes, while communes in the old industrial areas have the lowest scores. Employment, income, family relations and security are the factors which are the most narrowly linked to the CWBI. At the communal level, social and security expenses per capita have a significant and negative correlation coefficient with the CWBI. In the future, in order to elaborate a finer index, new data, up to now not directly available, will be collected at the communal level, about quantitative and qualitative aspects. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 15 (2 ULg)
Full Text
See detailPeut-on réformer le secteur laitier ? [Interviews de Philippe Burny et Erwin Schöpges par Charline Cauchie]
Burny, Philippe ULg

Article for general public (2015)

Comprendre « comment on en est arrivé là », dépasser les modèles en place, proposer de nouvelles solutions. Voici l’analyse et les pistes proposées par les experts, universitaires et acteurs de terrain ... [more ▼]

Comprendre « comment on en est arrivé là », dépasser les modèles en place, proposer de nouvelles solutions. Voici l’analyse et les pistes proposées par les experts, universitaires et acteurs de terrain, du secteur laitier belge francophone. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 8 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailGainers and losers of the implementation of the new Common Agricultural Policy in Wallonia
Burny, Philippe ULg; Terrones Gavira, François ULg

in Agriculture and Agricultural Science Procedia (2015), 7

The new Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) defined in 2013 is implemented since 2015. It offers several options to the Member States/Regions. This paper describes the choices which have been made in ... [more ▼]

The new Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) defined in 2013 is implemented since 2015. It offers several options to the Member States/Regions. This paper describes the choices which have been made in Wallonia and their consequences on direct payments. It appears that 42% of the farmers will lose between 2014 and 2019, while 44% will gain and a quasi-status quo is observed for the remaining 14%. Finally, the new situation is politically acceptable and gives more support to small farms, young farmers and cattle breeders, though the global envelope for direct payments will decline in Wallonia. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 6 (4 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailManagement of Environmental Security Through Organic Agriculture. Contribution of Consumer Behavior
Petrescu, Dacinia Crina; Petrescu-Mag, Ruxandra Malina; Burny, Philippe ULg

in Environmental Engineering and Management Journal (2015), 14(11), 2625-2636

The general goal of the research was to integrate organic food consumer behavior into the topic of the management of environmental security. The detailed objectives were to determine Romanian consumers’ ... [more ▼]

The general goal of the research was to integrate organic food consumer behavior into the topic of the management of environmental security. The detailed objectives were to determine Romanian consumers’ beliefs about organic food and its role for environmental security, to identify consumers’ judgement of environmental problems, to establish the influence that demographic and social variables have on consumers’ beliefs and to emphasize the relationship between these. A random survey on 413 organic food consumers from North-Western Development Region of Romania was developed. A set of positive beliefs of organic food consumers regarding organic food and its contribution to environmental security are displayed by the present research: organic food is consumed because it is healthy (80% of tested consumers believe so) and it helps to protect the environment (75% of consumers). The study reveals there is a statistically significant difference between consumers who believe humanity faces threatening environmental problems and those who do not, concerning the strength of belief that organic food helps protecting the environment more than conventional food (p<0.05). An original aspect of the paper is the investigation of the Romanian organic food consumers’ beliefs from the perspective of environmental security. The set of variables selected to characterize consumers’ beliefs from the environmental security point of view may be considered the novelty of the paper. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 4 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe Common Agricultural Policy at the crossroad
Burny, Philippe ULg

in Gazinsky, Benon (Ed.) European essays. European Union vs. contemporary challenges (2015)

This paper briefly presents the history of the CAP and in some more details the topics of importance which are discussed to define the new CAP.

Detailed reference viewed: 29 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailCosts and Added Value in the Marketing of Charcoal in Bujumbura
Sabuhungu, Emery Gaspard ULg; Ndimanya, Patrice; Bogaert, Jan ULg et al

in Global Journal of Emerging Trends in e-Business, Marketing and Consumer Psychology (2015), 1(2), 328-336

This study analysed the costs, the added value and its components in the marketing of charcoal in Bujumbura to identify areas in which interventions could improve efficiency in the charcoal marketing ... [more ▼]

This study analysed the costs, the added value and its components in the marketing of charcoal in Bujumbura to identify areas in which interventions could improve efficiency in the charcoal marketing system. The study surveyed 100 retailers and 30 wholesale traders of charcoal. The information on their business was collected using a standardized questionnaire. The structure of marketing costs shows that transport and rental to civil servants are the main items in which significant efficiency gains could be achieved. Charcoal marketing is a wealth-creating activity as it generates positive added value. Our results suggest that any improvement in transport infrastructure in rural areas will benefit market efficiency. ___________________________________________________________________________ [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 23 (5 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailScaling up the Benefits of Smallholder Forestry beyond Timber: Success story of Teak (Tectona grandis L.f.) Leaves Marketing in Southern Benin
Aoudji, A.K.N.; Burny, Philippe ULg; Adégbidi, A. et al

in Tropicultura (2015), 33(4), 322-332

The marketing of teak (Tectona grandis L.f.) leaves was studied in southern Benin, in order to seek out opportunities for increased financial returns in smallholder tree growing. A survey was carried out ... [more ▼]

The marketing of teak (Tectona grandis L.f.) leaves was studied in southern Benin, in order to seek out opportunities for increased financial returns in smallholder tree growing. A survey was carried out across the commercialization system. Seventy-six traders were interviewed in nine markets purposely selected, based on their functions in the commercialization system. Respondents provided information on their marketing functions, the costs borne, and their revenues. The marketing system was led by women who controlled the main functions. Three categories of traders were identified, namely collectors-wholesalers-retailers, collectors-retailers, and retailers. The commercialization of teak leaves increases the return from tree growing. Traders' monthly revenue was XOF 4,659-15,927 (USD 9.3-31.9) during the rainy season and XOF 6,621-21,655 (USD 13.2-43.3) during the dry season. As substitute for polyethylene bags in food packaging, teak leaves offer a potential to tackle environmental pollution in southern Benin. The study shows the necessity to consult beneficiaries to ensure the proper selection of tree species in farm forestry programmes. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 19 (3 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailImpact of value chain governance on the development of small scale shrimp farmers in Vietnam
Ho, Thi Minh Hop; Burny, Philippe ULg

in Petropoulos, D.; Kyriazopoulos, G. (Eds.) 1st International Conference of Development and Economy (ICODECON) : The advantages and disadvantages of Economic Crises : Book of abstracts (2015)

Detailed reference viewed: 37 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailA new index to measure the human well-being in Wallonia and its communes (South of Belgium)
Burny, Philippe ULg

in Petropoulos, D.; Kyriazopoulos, G. (Eds.) 1st International Conference of Development and Economy (ICODECON) : The advantages and disadvantages of Economic Crises : Book of abstracts (2015)

Detailed reference viewed: 20 (3 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailImpact of the new Common Agricultural Policy (2015-2020) on the value of direct payments and on farmers' income in Wallonia (South of Belgium)
Burny, Philippe ULg; Terrones Gavira, François ULg

in Kyriazopoulos, G.; Petropoulos, D. (Eds.) 1st International Conference of Development and Economy (ICODECON) : The advantages and disadvantages of Economic Crises : Book of abstracts (2015)

Detailed reference viewed: 23 (4 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe EU membership vs regional development : a case study of Eastern Poland
Burny, Philippe ULg; Gazinski, Benon

in Opalski, Krzysztof; Gorski, Jaroslaw (Eds.) Strategie Gospodarcze I Spoleczne Unii Europejskiej (2015)

This paper examines some indicators regarding performance of the economy, agriculture, employment, wealth, education and quality of life, during the period 2003-2013 (when data are available), comparing ... [more ▼]

This paper examines some indicators regarding performance of the economy, agriculture, employment, wealth, education and quality of life, during the period 2003-2013 (when data are available), comparing the situation for the Warmia and Mazury voivodship, Eastern Poland and Poland's average as a reference. It is observed that the situation in the poorest Polish regions improved in absolute terms, though the gap with the rest of the country is still remaining. So, the development programmes, including the EU policies dealing with Eastern Poland, can be considered a half-success. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 22 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe Common Agricultural Policy in a changing world. Reforming and adjustment
Burny, Philippe ULg; Gazinski, Benon

in Maluszynska, Ewa; Idczak, Piotr; Mazur, Grzegorz (Eds.) Unia Europejska Wobec Wyzman Przyszlosci. Aspekty spoleczne, gospodarcze I srodowiskowe (2015)

In this work, the authors brief the story of the beginnings of the CAP and achievements and shortcomings of former reforms to deal with present day debate, the need of some changes in the overall approach ... [more ▼]

In this work, the authors brief the story of the beginnings of the CAP and achievements and shortcomings of former reforms to deal with present day debate, the need of some changes in the overall approach and the perspectives of further reforms [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 24 (3 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailНОВАЯ ЕДИНАЯ ЭКОДОГИЧЕСКАЯ СЕДЬСКОХОЗЯЙСТВЕННАЯ ПОДИТИКА НА 2015-2020 гг. И ЕЕ РЕАДИЗАЦИЯ В ВАДДОНИИ
Burny, Philippe ULg

in Scientific notes of Orel State University (2015), 2(65), 42-44

For realization of the new uniform agricultural policy coordinated in 2013, the government of Wallonia made some decisions left for coordination to EU member states or regions in them as in Belgium. In ... [more ▼]

For realization of the new uniform agricultural policy coordinated in 2013, the government of Wallonia made some decisions left for coordination to EU member states or regions in them as in Belgium. In July 2014, the decision on introduction of the obligatory “green” payment proportional to the main payment, obligatory payment to young farmers (1,8% of the total amount of direct payments), additional payment for the first 30 hectares was made (the size is established by the member state or the region), the connected payment (21,3% of the total amount of direct payments), and obligatory main payment (29,9 % of the total amount of regional direct payments only in Wallonia). [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 11 (1 ULg)
Full Text
See detailThe principle of environmental integration under scrutiny. An analytical legal framework on how EU policies are becoming green
Petrescu-Mag, Ruxandra Malina; Burny, Philippe ULg

Book published by Accent (2015)

This study was intended : - to analyse PEI over time as reflected in EU, international and national documents (Romanian and Belgian) : x-raying the nature and the legal dimension of this principle ; - to ... [more ▼]

This study was intended : - to analyse PEI over time as reflected in EU, international and national documents (Romanian and Belgian) : x-raying the nature and the legal dimension of this principle ; - to provide a literature review of PEI in order to offer a conceptual clarification and, in view of its shortcomings, the paper highlights selected conclusions/suggestions to enhance the importance of the concept ; - the paper aims at providing inspiration of environmental considerations in agricultural policy and legislation, and also in EU transport and energy policies ; - to explore the extent to which policy learning over the time has brought us closer to consumption patterns which integrate environment into energy policy in a compatible way with the sustainable development vision and aspirations of EU Stakeholders. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 49 (3 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailFew remarks regarding some unnatural aquarium fish breeds and improper fish maintenance
Eşanu, Valentin O.; Gavriloaie, Claudiu; Oroian, Ian G. et al

in Aquaculture, Aquarium, Conservation & Legislation (2015), 8(2), 236-243

Ornamental fish were kept in captivity from ancient times. Gradually, the ornamental fish industry became a profitable enterprise. Color, size and shape are important traits when we describe a fish as a ... [more ▼]

Ornamental fish were kept in captivity from ancient times. Gradually, the ornamental fish industry became a profitable enterprise. Color, size and shape are important traits when we describe a fish as a phenotypically uniform line, strain or breed. Numerous varieties of aquarium fish have been artificially modified regarding their body shape or coloration. Several varieties of fish are being artificially colored by painting and tattooing to improve their marketability. All these practices cause many health problems for fish. Education of the customers is a very important thing, because artificially modified fish continue to exist because of demand. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 41 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailSome considerations concerning the artificially colored aquarium fish trade
Eşanu, Valentin O.; Gavriloaie, Claudiu; Oroian, Ioan G. et al

in Aquaculture, Aquarium, Conservation & Legislation (2015), 8(1), 116-121

Humans kept ornamental fish in their homes from ancient times. During time, the ornamental fish industry became a profitable enterprise. Color, size and shape are important traits when we describe a fish ... [more ▼]

Humans kept ornamental fish in their homes from ancient times. During time, the ornamental fish industry became a profitable enterprise. Color, size and shape are important traits when we describe a fish as a phenotypically uniform line, strain or breed; a standardized color, shape and size describe better a fish population and thus it is promoted better on the market. Several varieties of fish are being artificially colored to improve marketability. Painted, dyed or tattooed fish are terms for a new variety of pet fish whose scales have been transformed from monochrome silver into vivid pigmentations using artificial colors or lasers. These practices produce many health problems for fish. We should not to put money above the life and welfare of any living thing. Education of the customers is a very important thing, because artificially colored fish continue to exist because of demand. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 114 (4 ULg)
Full Text
See detailDéveloppement récent de la culture de l'épeautre en Belgique
Burny, Philippe ULg

in Watillon, Bernard; Bodson, Bernard (Eds.) Livre Blanc "Céréales", édition février 2015 (2015)

L'épeautre est une culture ancienne, pratiquée depuis des siècles, et qui a été progressivement remplacée, comme le seigle, par le froment. Il s'est cependant maintenu modestement dans quelques régions ... [more ▼]

L'épeautre est une culture ancienne, pratiquée depuis des siècles, et qui a été progressivement remplacée, comme le seigle, par le froment. Il s'est cependant maintenu modestement dans quelques régions aux sols plus pauvres et au climat plus rigoureux que ceux qui conviennent le mieux au froment. Les aspects "santé" prenant de plus en plus d'importance dans les pays riches, la bonne réputation de l'épeautre en ce domaine a permis un récent regain d'intérêt pour cette culture, dont les prix se sont envolés au cours de l'année 2014. Cette évolution est-elle durable ou ne sera-t-elle qu'un feu de paille ? [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 30 (4 ULg)