References of "Boulard, Aurore"
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See detailExploratory study of narratives in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
Boulard, Aurore ULg; Pignatiello, Laure ULg; Leclercq, Cédric

Poster (2015, July 21)

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See detailEnvironnement incertain et passage à l'acte violent à l'adolescence
Boulard, Aurore ULg; Gavray, Claire ULg

Conference (2015, June 04)

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See detailParental and romantic attachments in teen datings : different meanings in boys' and girls' intimacy
Courtain, Audrey ULg; Lepas, Jennifer; Boulard, Aurore ULg et al

Poster (2015, May 28)

First proposing a relational understanding of the child’s very first years, attachment theory has since then been taken into consideration in friendships and romantic relationships. Indeed, the internal ... [more ▼]

First proposing a relational understanding of the child’s very first years, attachment theory has since then been taken into consideration in friendships and romantic relationships. Indeed, the internal working models (IWM) built upon early interactions are to be used on and on in many other situations as guidelines to understand what is going on for the self, this particular other and their specific relationship. Different attachment styles are thus likely to develop: secure or insecure (anxious/preoccupied, avoidant/dismissive, fearful). Considering teen dating, attachment is deeply involved, especially for two reasons: first, a certain questioning, but also re-actualization, of the attachment to parents; second, a new kind of attachment, meaning the one to the romantic partner. These elements lead us to test hypotheses linking attachment to parents and attachment to romantic partners, but also linking these attachments to some teen dating characteristics, such as the age when first dating, the number of love relationships, the longest-lasting love relationship and the fear of intimacy. Our hypothesis was tested among 283 teenagers (mean age = 17.43) with two self-administered questionnaires (the Behavioral Systems Questionnaire and the Fear of Intimacy Scale). Our statistical analyses were made of Pearson Chi², Anova and Post-Hoc Fisher (LSD). We see three types of interesting results. First, there is a significant relationship between attachment (parental and romantic attachments) and the number of love relationships and the fear of intimacy. Second, these relationships are differently established once considered the attachment modalities. Third, gender differences appear, girls looking more influenced by their attachment style than boys. [less ▲]

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See detailCes années incroyables : Programme d’aide aux parents 
Boulard, Aurore ULg; Mathys, Cécile ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2015)

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See detailL'observation des interactions précoces mère-bébé ultérieurement diagnostiqué autsite
Boulard, Aurore ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2015)

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See detailExploratory Study of Depressed Adolescents’ Life Narratives
Boulard, Aurore ULg

in Psychologica Belgica (2015), 55(2), 87-100

The aim of this study was to explore the life stories of depressive adolescents and compare them with non-clinical adolescents’ life stories.

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See detailUn nouvel instrument d’évaluation des altérations du comportement auditif chez l’enfant avec autisme : l’échelle EACAA - E (Echelle Altérations Comportement Auditif Autisme - Enfant)
Filipova, Marina; Boulard, Aurore ULg; Blanc, Romuald et al

in Revue Francophone de Clinique Comportementale et Cognitive (2014), XIX(3), 57-69

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See detailLa dépression chez l'adolescent: Mieux comprendre pour mieux agir
Boulard, Aurore ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2014)

La dépression à l’adolescence fait depuis quelques années l’objet d’études épidémiologiques. Chez les adolescents, les taux de prévalence varient de 5 à 7% pour l’épisode dépressif majeur (EDM) et touche ... [more ▼]

La dépression à l’adolescence fait depuis quelques années l’objet d’études épidémiologiques. Chez les adolescents, les taux de prévalence varient de 5 à 7% pour l’épisode dépressif majeur (EDM) et touche deux fois plus de filles que de garçons. Selon une estimation, deux tiers d’entre eux ne seraient pas médicalement et/ou psychologiquement soignés. Pourtant les conséquences de ces épisodes dépressifs sont nombreuses et graves: troubles du caractère, échecs scolaires, conduites suicidaires. Un rapport récent de l’OMS montre qu’à l’heure actuelle, la dépression chez les adolescents âgés de 12 à 19 ans est la première cause de maladie et de handicap. Face à ce constat, il est de la plus haute importance de mieux comprendre cette maladie qui ne s’exprime pas de la même manière qu’à l’âge adulte et se confond régulièrement avec la « crise d’adolescence » afin de pouvoir prendre en charge ces adolescents et les aider. [less ▲]

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See detailLa dépression à l'adolescence: Quels signes ? Quand s'inquiéter ?
Boulard, Aurore ULg

in Eduquer : Tribune Laïque (2014), 109

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See detailRécits de vie d’adolescents. Humeur dépressive et figures parentales
Poudat, Céline; Boulard, Aurore ULg

in 4ème Congrès Mondial de Linguistique Française (2014, July 22)

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See detailAre expectancies and peers involved in the relation between depressive mood, anxiety and cannabis use in adolescence?
Schmits, Emilie ULg; Quertemont, Etienne ULg; Boulard, Aurore ULg

Poster (2014, July 15)

Background: Cannabis is the most commonly used illicit drug among teenagers and depression is one of the most common psychopathologies in adolescence. The specific symptom of depressive mood is present in ... [more ▼]

Background: Cannabis is the most commonly used illicit drug among teenagers and depression is one of the most common psychopathologies in adolescence. The specific symptom of depressive mood is present in 30% to 40% of adolescents in regular school settings. Links between cannabis use and depression have been highlighted, especially in adolescence. But questions remain about the strength of the association between lifetime cannabis use, depressive mood and anxiety, and about the mechanism underpinning the link. Aim: The aim of this study was to clarify the relationship between depressive mood and lifetime cannabis use in adolescents, particularly through the mediating role of anxiety and cannabis use effect expectancies, and the moderating role of peer cannabis use. Methods: A questionnaire was administered to 1,246 Belgian teenagers aged 16–17 years. ANOVA, chi-square, logistic regressions and mediation/moderation analyses were carried out to model lifetime cannabis use. Results: Depressive mood was positively correlated with lifetime cannabis use. Social anxiety, trait-anxiety and cognitive impairment effect expectancies mediated the effect of depression on lifetime cannabis use. The direct effect of depression on lifetime cannabis use increased when mediators were introduced into the relation, revealing their suppressive effects. The number of peer cannabis users moderated this model. Conclusion: Findings are discussed in terms of potential risk factors (depressive mood) or protective factors (anxiety and expectancies) for lifetime cannabis use, including the self-medication hypothesis. [less ▲]

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See detailStudies of early interactions among infants aged 4 to 6 months furtherly diagnosed with autistic spectrum disorder and their developmental trajectories and outcome at 4 years old.
Boulard, Aurore ULg; Wolff, Marion; Morange-Majoux, Françoise et al

Poster (2014, July 14)

The purpose of this study is to observe and analyze the social skills of infants aged 4 to 6 months later diagnosed with autism. Through the family films collected, we compared 28 children later diagnosed ... [more ▼]

The purpose of this study is to observe and analyze the social skills of infants aged 4 to 6 months later diagnosed with autism. Through the family films collected, we compared 28 children later diagnosed with autism to 28 typically developing children strictly matched on chronological age and sex. To do this, we used the social behavior assessment scale (SBAS). This scale measures the behavior of the infant (turning his head, looking, smile, vocalize ...) in response to 5 parental stimuli (1.calling by her / his name, 2.saying peek-a-boo, a vocal sound 3.Producing , 4.filmed in silent 5.simultaneous interactions with one or more persons). Then we analyzed the responses behaviors of these children with the software "the observer". Results show evidence that, contrary to infants with typical development, infants later diagnosed as autistic made less visual contact, smile or vocalize less in response to parental stimuli. However, even if the responses of autistic children are statistically different in quantity (compared to the control group), responses to parental stimuli are still present. In a second step, we studied the developmental trajectories of children with autism. Our hypothesis was that children with a low score at the SBAS would have a lower global development score than the children with a high score at the SBAS at 3 years old. Our results validate our hypothesis. [less ▲]

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See detailExploration du récit de vie d’adolescents
Poudat, Céline; Boulard, Aurore ULg

in Née, Emilie; Daube, Jean-Michel; Valette, Mathieu (Eds.) et al Proceedings-actes des 12èmes journées d'analyse statistique de données textuelles (2014, June 05)

The present paper follows on from the research we presented in previous JADT (Boulard, Poudat, Gauthier 2012). We still focus on the development of narrative competence (Habermas et Bluck 2000) in ... [more ▼]

The present paper follows on from the research we presented in previous JADT (Boulard, Poudat, Gauthier 2012). We still focus on the development of narrative competence (Habermas et Bluck 2000) in children and adolescents. Although children develop narrative skills, life narratives only emerge in adolescence. On the basis of a corpus made of spontaneous oral speech, we had empirically demonstrated that pre-adolescents aged of 12 had developed stabilized narrative skills enabling them to produce life narratives. Here, we propose a first exploration of the overall structure of adolescent life stories, thanks to a corpus of 268 oral self narratives completed with a questionnaire. [less ▲]

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See detailLa psychopathologie à la lumière des histoires de vie : Etude de la fonction narrative d’adolescents obèses et dépressifs.
Jadin, Aurore ULg; Gauthier, Jean-Marie ULg; Boulard, Aurore ULg

in Née, Emilie; Daube, Jean-Michel; Valette, Mathieu (Eds.) et al Proceedings-Actes des 12èmes journées internationales d'analyse statistique de données textuelles (2014, June 05)

Obesity in adolescence is a complex chronic illness with havy consequences in short, medium and long terms, both in terms of physical health and mental health, disturbing the body and identity of these ... [more ▼]

Obesity in adolescence is a complex chronic illness with havy consequences in short, medium and long terms, both in terms of physical health and mental health, disturbing the body and identity of these youngs (High Authority of Health, 2011; Nietsen and Bruwier, 2007). The literature mentions depression as a pathology associated with obesity. Some researchers consider obesity as a cause of depressive symptoms while others researchers see depression like a risk factor for excessive weight gain (Blaine, 2008). Depression in adolescence has been the subject of epidemiological studies for some years. In adolescents, the prevalence rates vary from 5 to 7 % for major depressive episode (MDE) with a prevalence of 2 girls for one boy (Alvin and Marcelli, 2005). The specific symptoms of depressed mood are present in 30-40 % of schooled adolescents (Boulard et al., 2012). During adolescence, the individual acquires the ability to link the various elements of one’s life and build a coherent life story. The adolescent will write one’s story in a personal context. According to Habermas et al. (2008), both the form and the content of life stories show how the individual integrates the lived experiences in a coherent whole. Based on the statistical analysis of textual data, we compared the life stories of 28 obese adolescents, depressed schooled adolescents, depressed hospitalized adolescents and control ones. The first results show specific structures and particular contents depending on these groups. The use of pronouns, temporal markers and the reported events differ by groups. Beyond clinical results, this research also highlights the interest of statistical analysis of textual data (ADT) to improve the understanding of adolescent’s psychopathology. [less ▲]

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See detail« De l’humeur dépressive à la dépression chez l’adolescent : quels symptômes ? » 
Boulard, Aurore ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2014)

La dépression à l’adolescence fait depuis quelques années l’objet d’études épidémiologiques. Chez les adolescents, les taux de prévalence varient de 5 à 7% pour l’épisode dépressif majeur (EDM) et touche ... [more ▼]

La dépression à l’adolescence fait depuis quelques années l’objet d’études épidémiologiques. Chez les adolescents, les taux de prévalence varient de 5 à 7% pour l’épisode dépressif majeur (EDM) et touche deux fois plus de filles que de garçons. Selon une estimation, deux tiers d’entre eux ne seraient pas médicalement et/ou psychologiquement soignés. Pourtant les conséquences de ces épisodes dépressifs sont nombreuses et graves: troubles du caractère, échecs scolaires, conduites suicidaires. Elle peut également devenir récurrente et chronique (Evans, 2005), particulièrement lorsque le premier épisode dépressif se déclenche pendant la période de l’adolescence. Bien que des traitements efficaces (psychothérapies, antidépresseurs) soient disponibles, seulement 10% des patients déprimés reçoivent des soins optimaux. Ce manque de traitement peut s’expliquer par un manque de connaissances concernant le repérage et le traitement de la dépression particulièrement à l’adolescence où les symptômes indicateurs de la dépression se confondent avec le « mal de vivre » caractéristique de ce stade du développement (Marcotte, 1995). Une autre difficulté dans le diagnostic de la dépression à cet âge réside dans la difficulté de s’identifier à un jeune dépressif. [less ▲]

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See detailExploration du récit de vie chez les adolescents: A la croisée du qualitatif et du quantitatif
Boulard, Aurore ULg

Scientific conference (2014, January 27)

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