Exome sequencing of tumors: relevance in copy-number alteration (CNA) analysis and fixed tissue samples.
Wenric, Stéphane ; JOSSE, Claire ; Fasquelle, Corinne et al
Poster (2013, March 15)
Genomic DNA has been extracted from both cryopreserved and formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded forms of 2 different tumor samples (triple negative, and Her2+). Exome sequencing has been performed on all 4 ... [more ▼]
Genomic DNA has been extracted from both cryopreserved and formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded forms of 2 different tumor samples (triple negative, and Her2+). Exome sequencing has been performed on all 4 forms, as well as SNP and CNA detection. A comparison of the various metrics and results related to the sequencing, mapping, and variants detection has been done, outlining what can, and can’t be done with exome data sequenced from cryopreserved and FFPE tissue. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 14 (2 ULg)
Outcome of pregnancy in women with inflammatory bowel disease treated with antitumor necrosis factor therapy.
Schnitzler, François ; ; Boukerroucha, Meriem et al
in Inflammatory Bowel Diseases (2011), 17(9), 1846-1854
BACKGROUND:: Infliximab (IFX) and adalimumab (ADA) are attractive treatment options in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) also during pregnancy but there is still limited data on the benefit ... [more ▼]
BACKGROUND:: Infliximab (IFX) and adalimumab (ADA) are attractive treatment options in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) also during pregnancy but there is still limited data on the benefit/risk profile of IFX and ADA during pregnancy. METHODS:: This observational study assessed pregnancy outcomes in 212 women with IBD under antitumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF) treatment at our IBD unit. Pregnancy outcomes in 42 pregnancies with direct exposure to anti-TNF treatment (35 IFX, 7 ADA) were compared with that in 23 pregnancies prior to IBD diagnosis, 78 pregnancies before start of IFX, 53 pregnancies with indirect exposure to IFX, and 56 matched pregnancies in healthy women. RESULTS:: Thirty-two of the 42 pregnancies ended in live births with a median gestational age of 38 weeks (interquartile range [IQR] 37-39). There were seven premature deliveries, six children had low birth weight, and there was one stillbirth. One boy weighed 1640 g delivered at week 33, died at age of 13 days because of necrotizing enterocolitis. A total of eight abortions (one patient wish) occurred in seven women. Trisomy 18 was diagnosed in one fetus of a mother with CD at age 37 under ADA treatment (40 mg weekly) and pregnancy was terminated. Pregnancy outcomes after direct exposure to anti-TNF treatment were not different from those in pregnancies before anti-TNF treatment or with indirect exposure to anti-TNF treatment but outcomes were worse than in pregnancies before IBD diagnosis. CONCLUSIONS:: Direct exposure to anti-TNF treatment during pregnancy was not related to a higher incidence of adverse pregnancy outcomes than IBD overall. (Inflamm Bowel Dis 2011;). [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 58 (24 ULg)
Effects of haptoglobin polymorphisms and deficiency on susceptibility to inflammatory bowel disease and on severity of murine colitis.
; ; et al
in Gut (2011), 61(4), 528-534
BackgroundHaptoglobin (Hp) is a haemoglobin-binding protein with immunomodulatory properties. Its gene (16q22) harbours a common polymorphism with two different alleles: Hp1 and Hp2. Genotype Hp22 has ... [more ▼]
BackgroundHaptoglobin (Hp) is a haemoglobin-binding protein with immunomodulatory properties. Its gene (16q22) harbours a common polymorphism with two different alleles: Hp1 and Hp2. Genotype Hp22 has been shown to be over-represented in different immune diseases. Results in Crohn's disease (CD) are contradictory.AimsTo determine whether Hp plays a role in inflammatory bowel disease, both genetically and functionally.Methods1061 patients with CD, 755 with ulcerative colitis (UC) and 152 with primary sclerosing cholangitis, as well as 452 healthy controls, were genotyped using touch-down PCR. To confirm association results, 464 CD trios and 151 UC trios were genotyped. Serum Hp concentrations were determined in 62 individuals of different genotype. Colitis was induced in mice with dextran sulphate sodium (DSS) and oxazolone (Oxa). Cytokine production was evaluated by mRNA quantification in colonic tissue and ELISA on supernatants of mesenteric lymph node cells.ResultsPrevalence of Hp2 was higher in CD and UC than in controls. In the confirmatory cohorts, Hp2 was over-transmitted to the affected offspring. Serum Hp concentrations were higher in individuals with genotypes Hp11 and Hp21 than in those with Hp22 (1.38 vs 0.89 g/l). DSS- and Oxa-induced colitis were more severe in Hp-deficient mice than in control mice and accompanied by higher concentrations (although not statistically significantly different) of tissue mRNA for cytokines. Interleukin-17 production was significantly higher in the presence of Hp-deficient serum compared with wild-type serum.ConclusionsThe Hp gene may play a role in susceptibility to inflammatory bowel disease. Its implication in other immune diseases underscores the common pathways between these diseases. Experimental models of colitis showed that Hp has a protective role in inflammatory colitis, most likely by inhibiting the production of Th1 and Th17 cytokines. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 41 (6 ULg)
Aspects moléculaires du cancer du sein triple négatif et les implications thérapeutiques
COLLIGNON, Joëlle ; Struman, Ingrid ; Tabruyn, Sébastien et al
in Revue Médicale de Liège (2011), 66(5-6), 393-396Detailed reference viewed: 174 (35 ULg)