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See detailA Target Projector for Videogrammetry under Vacuum Conditions
Roose, Stéphane ULg; Mazzoli, Alexandra ULg; Barzin, Pascal ULg et al

Scientific conference (2012, March 21)

Videogrammetry is a 3-dimensional co-ordinate measuring technique that (now) uses digital image capture as the recording method. Images are taken from at least two different locations and the light-rays ... [more ▼]

Videogrammetry is a 3-dimensional co-ordinate measuring technique that (now) uses digital image capture as the recording method. Images are taken from at least two different locations and the light-rays from the camera to the measurement object are intersected by triangulation into 3D point coordinates. With a large number of images, the camera orientation and 3D point locations are accurately determined with the use of a full mathematical model (bundle adjustment). Adhesive targets are commonly used for point materialization. Those targets consist of a retro-reflective material, with an adhesive backing for sticking to the structure under investigation. A drawback of these types of targets is that they can lose their adhesion and shape during thermal vacuum cycling, especially when cryogenic temperatures are involved. In addition the operation of placing and removing targets is a critical procedure that can lead to undesirable contamination and damage to the test item. Because they require to be physically attached to the surface to be measured, this can also compromise the quality assurance of the test object. Such problems were encountered during cryogenic thermal vacuum qualification testing of the ESA Planck Surveyor mission telescope reflectors. In the development described here the aim was to replace the use of adhesive targets by projected dots. The idea is not fundamentally new. Indeed a US company, Geodetic Systems Inc. (GSI) proposes already a commercial target projector for videogrammetry which uses a flashlamp and is adequate for workshop and laboratory applications. Dot projection videogrammetry is also suggested as a shape measurement method of Gossamer structures, membrane reflectors, etc…Note that there are fundamental differences in use and applications of retro-reflective targets and dot projection: • Retro-reflective targets are materialized on the test article. They appear as fiducials attached to the test article. Any relative distortion of the materialized point can be tracked with respect to the test article itself. • Projected dots are not materialized on the object. Practically a specific point cannot be tracked by this method. The dense cloud of projected dots allows sampling the surface or the shape in an arbitrary way.The Target Projector System (TPS), described here (Fig.1), was designed and manufactured to operate in the Large Space Simulator (LSS) of ESAof ESA under thermal vacuum conditions and to have a minimized temperature exchange with its environment. It is operational over a temperature range of 90K to 350 K, and has a wavelength of 808 nm.Qualification tests and results under vacuum, along with an assessment of the videogrammetric accuracy achievable for various configurations of this unique device are presented. [less ▲]

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See detailDynamic holographic interferometry for dilatation measurements in vacuum-thermal conditions
Thizy, Cédric ULg; Barbier, Christian ULg; Barzin, Pascal ULg et al

in Lehmann, Peter (Ed.) Proc. SPIE Vol 7398 on Optical Measurement Systems for Industrial Inspection VI (2009, June)

Detailed reference viewed: 44 (16 ULg)
See detailA Test Cryostat for Herschel-PACS Mechanism
Renotte, Etienne ULg; Barzin, Pascal ULg; Guiot, Marc ULg et al

in SCHÜRMANN B. (Ed.) ESA-SP-467 (2001, September)

The PACS Grating Assembly consists of a flat ruled grating of 320x80 mm²; its positioning mechanism; and launch-locking system. The Grating Assembly is part of the PACS Focal Plane Unit (FPU) and is ... [more ▼]

The PACS Grating Assembly consists of a flat ruled grating of 320x80 mm²; its positioning mechanism; and launch-locking system. The Grating Assembly is part of the PACS Focal Plane Unit (FPU) and is operated at liquid helium temperature (4K). It is remote-controlled from the Detector & Mechanism Controller (DEC/MEC), which is located on the Herschel Service Module. The grating shall be capable of accurate positioning (4 arcsec) within a large angular throw (40 arcdeg) and restricted dissipation to the 4K heat sink (< 5 mW). The development of the Grating mechanism controller has urged the need for a cryogenic simulator of the Grating Assembly with regard to the large change in value of mechanical and electrical characteristics between room temperature and liquid helium temperature. The simulator consists of a functional prototype of the Grating Assembly and a dedicated helium cryostat with appropriate interfaces. The test cryostat is a homemade facility (CSL) designed to cool down the prototype (and subsequent models) to liquid helium temperature. The test set-up also provides relevant instrumentation such as cryogenic temperature read-out, electrical feedthroughs toward the payload and optical viewport. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 38 (7 ULg)