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See detailTime perspective and emotional future-oriented thoughts
Barsics, Catherine ULg

Conference (2017, May 12)

Time perspective —the tendency to focus on the past, present, and/or future— has a pervasive influence on many aspects of human cognition and behaviour, such as decision making, planning, motivation, self ... [more ▼]

Time perspective —the tendency to focus on the past, present, and/or future— has a pervasive influence on many aspects of human cognition and behaviour, such as decision making, planning, motivation, self-regulation, and sense of identity. Over the last decade, important progress has been made in understanding the representations and processes that support our ability to mentally explore possible futures. More particularly, many thoughts and mental images that people form about their personal future refer to emotionally significant events. Such emotional future-oriented thoughts (EmoFTs) were studied in natural settings and under laboratory conditions. The results showed that EmoFTs are frequent, occur in various contexts, and are perceived to fulfill important functions, mostly related to goal pursuit and emotion regulation. The phenomenological characteristics of EmoFTs (e.g., representational format) vary according to valence. When distinguishing between anticipatory and anticipated emotions (i.e., emotions experienced in the present versus emotions expected to occur in the future), a positivity bias in the frequency of EmoFTs is found to be restricted to anticipated emotions. These findings shed further light on the properties of future oriented-thoughts, and emphasize the importance of their affective components. [less ▲]

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See detailReduced specificity and enhanced subjective experience of future thinking in ageing: The influence of avoidance and emotion-regulation strategies
Jumentier, Sabrina; Barsics, Catherine ULg; Van der Linden, Martial ULg

in Memory (2017)

Future thinking in older adults is characterised by a lack of specificity of imagined events and by an equal or even higher subjective experience, compared to younger adults. We considered whether this ... [more ▼]

Future thinking in older adults is characterised by a lack of specificity of imagined events and by an equal or even higher subjective experience, compared to younger adults. We considered whether this lack of specificity stemmed partly from the avoidance of a somewhat disturbing future and then examined the extent to which certain types of emotion-regulation strategies, namely positive reappraisal and positive refocusing, contributed to the subjective experience of future thinking. Middle-aged and older adults completed an adapted version of the AMT, in which temporal distance and cue word valence were manipulated, thus resulting in future conditions assumed to represent varying degrees of discomfort. Results indicate that distant future and negative cues restricted both the specificity and the subjective experience of future thinking. In addition, the use of avoidance strategies predicted the nature of future thoughts in the context of a supposed uncomfortable future (i.e., a distant future induced by negative cues), although it followed quite different age-related patterns. Together with the findings that positive reappraisal and positive refocusing (to a lesser extent) contributed to the subjective experience of future thinking, this study indicates that how individuals imagine their personal future also relies on affect- and emotion-regulation strategies. [less ▲]

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See detailA French version of the Balanced Time Perspective Scale: Factor structure and relation to cognitive reappraisal.
Barsics, Catherine ULg; Rebetez, Marie; Rochat, Lucien et al

in Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science = Revue Canadienne des Sciences du Comportement (2017), 49(1), 51-57

A frequent and equal tendency to think positively about one’s past and future has been conceptualised as a balanced time perspective (TP). Such a dispositional temporal orientation has been associated ... [more ▼]

A frequent and equal tendency to think positively about one’s past and future has been conceptualised as a balanced time perspective (TP). Such a dispositional temporal orientation has been associated with higher life satisfaction and happiness. The aim of the present study was to develop and to validate a French version of the Balanced Time Perspective Scale (BTPS; Webster, 2011), which has been specifically designed to assess the combined use of positive future and past mental representations as resources for the self. Data were collected from an online survey in a sample of 622 French-speaking individuals from the general population. Results indicated that the French version of the BTPS replicated the 2-factor structure of the original questionnaire, and showed excellent internal consistency. External validity was supported by specific rela- tionships with measures of TP and positive affect. In addition, a high propensity to project oneself positively both in the future and the past was associated with greater use of cognitive reappraisal. [less ▲]

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See detailLa Perspective Temporelle Equilibrée: Validation d’un questionnaire et relation avec la régulation émotionnelle.
Barsics, Catherine ULg; Rebetez, Marie My Lien; Rochat, Lucien et al

Poster (2016, November 26)

La Perspective Temporelle Equilibrée fait référence à une disposition individuelle caractérisée par le fait de se projeter mentalement dans le futur et dans le passé de manière positive et fréquente ... [more ▼]

La Perspective Temporelle Equilibrée fait référence à une disposition individuelle caractérisée par le fait de se projeter mentalement dans le futur et dans le passé de manière positive et fréquente. L’objectif de notre étude était de valider la version française d’une échelle, initialement conçue en anglais, évaluant cette orientation temporelle : la “Balanced Time Perspective Scale” (Webster, 2011). Une étude en ligne a permis de recueillir les données de 622 participants francophones issus de la population générale. Les résultats indiquent que la version française réplique la structure en deux facteurs du questionnaire original et plaident en faveur d’une bonne validité de construit. De surcroît, les résultats montrent qu’une tendance importante à se projeter mentalement dans le futur et dans le passé de manière positive et fréquente est associée à la réévaluation cognitive, une stratégie de régulation émotionnelle. En somme, ce questionnaire permet d’évaluer la perspective temporelle, qui est ici envisagée en tant qu’importante ressource pour le self, et ce, en étroite relation avec les capacités de régulation émotionnelle. [less ▲]

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See detailEmotional future-oriented thoughts: Characteristics and perceived functions
Barsics, Catherine ULg; Rebetez, Marie; D'Argembeau, Arnaud ULg et al

Conference (2016, July 19)

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See detailVers une approche multidimensionnelle de la procrastination.
Rebetez, Marie; Rochat, Lucien; Barsics, Catherine ULg et al

Poster (2016, June 10)

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See detailProcrastination as a self-regulation failure: The role of inhibition, negative affect, and gender.
Rebetez, Marie; Rochat, Lucien; Barsics, Catherine ULg et al

in Personality and Individual Differences (2016), 101

Procrastination is a widespread phenomenon described as the quintessence of self-regulatory failure. The aim of the present study was to explore the role of inhibition capacities (prepotent response ... [more ▼]

Procrastination is a widespread phenomenon described as the quintessence of self-regulatory failure. The aim of the present study was to explore the role of inhibition capacities (prepotent response inhibition and resistance to proactive interference), negative affect, and gender in this self-regulatory failure. One hundred thirteen partici- pants completed two tasks assessing prepotent response inhibition and resistance to proactive interference, as well as questionnaires measuring procrastination and trait negative affect. Three profiles of inhibitors were iden- tified through cluster analysis: the first had good capacities in both prepotent response inhibition and resistance to proactive interference, the second had good capacities in resisting proactive interference but lower capacities in inhibiting prepotent response, and the third had good capacities in inhibiting prepotent response but lower capacities in resisting proactive interference. Procrastination was higher in this last cluster, but only under par- ticular conditions (relatively higher level of negative affect) and in some participants (women). These results shed new light on the role of inhibition-related functions, negative affect, and gender in procrastination. [less ▲]

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See detailProcrastination, consideration of future consequences, and episodic future thinking
Rebetez, Marie My Lien; Barsics, Catherine ULg; Rochat, Lucien et al

in Consciousness & Cognition (2016), 42

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See detailCharacteristics and functions of emotional future thinking in everyday life
Barsics, Catherine ULg

Conference (2015, September 08)

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See detailEfficacy and cost-effectiveness: A study of different treatment approaches in a tertiary pain centre
VANHAUDENHUYSE, Audrey ULg; Gillet, Aline ULg; MALAISE, Nicole ULg et al

in European Journal of Pain (London, England) (2015)

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See detailPerson recognition is easier from faces than from voices
Barsics, Catherine ULg

in Psychologica Belgica (2014), 54(3), 244254

This article reviews a number of recent studies that systematically compared the access to semantic and episodic information from faces and voices. Results have showed that semantic and episodic ... [more ▼]

This article reviews a number of recent studies that systematically compared the access to semantic and episodic information from faces and voices. Results have showed that semantic and episodic information is easier to retrieve from faces than from voices. This advantage of faces over voices is a robust phenomenon, which emerges whatever the kind of target persons, might they be famous, personally familiar to the participants, or newly learned. Theoretical accounts of this face advantage over voice are finally discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailPerson recognition is easier from faces than from voices
Barsics, Catherine ULg

Conference (2013, November 22)

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See detailL'apprentissage d'auto-hypnose dans un problème de douleur chronique
FAYMONVILLE, Marie-Elisabeth ULg; Barsics, Catherine ULg; VANHAUDENHUYSE, Audrey ULg et al

Conference (2013, May 16)

La douleur est une expérience éminemment subjective et intime vécue par la personne qui la ressent et rapportée à l’autre qui l’entend… s’il écoute. Chaque douleur est simultanément une sensation, une ... [more ▼]

La douleur est une expérience éminemment subjective et intime vécue par la personne qui la ressent et rapportée à l’autre qui l’entend… s’il écoute. Chaque douleur est simultanément une sensation, une émotion, une cognition et un comportement. Ces composantes sont profondément intriquées, d’où la difficulté pour certains soignants d’accepter que la réalité de l’expérience douloureuse puisse être remise en cause en l’absence de lésion tissulaire objectivable. A la problématique de la douleur qui perdure dans le temps (au-delà de six mois) s’ajoutent des aspects socioculturels et les croyances que chacun y attache. Les conséquences d’une douleur qui persiste dans le temps sont nombreuses : dysfonctionnement du système nerveux qui transmet l’information « douleur » vers le cerveau, évitement d’activité, hyperfocalisation sur la douleur, dysfonctionnements émotionnels et troubles du sommeil. Ces modifications entraînent le patient « douloureux chronique » vers un cercle vicieux où le retrait socioprofessionnel, la focalisation sur la douleur, l’anticipation négative et le catastrophisme isolent le patient. La complexité de la douleur chronique requiert souvent une approche multidisciplinaire et multimodale, avec en plus une collaboration étroite et active soigné/soignant afin de cibler au mieux les besoins des patients. Pour arriver à un programme de traitement intégré, il reste utile que le patient lui-même se fixe des objectifs concrets qui seront pour lui des signes d’amélioration de son problème « douleur ». Les soignants, dans une communication ciblée et orientée, proposent ensuite des stratégies de meilleure gestion du problème que les patients doivent effectivement tester concrètement dans leur vie de tous les jours. Lors des séances d’apprentissage d’auto-hypnose, ces stratégies sont intégrées tout à fait naturellement. L’utilisation régulière de l’auto-hypnose permet au patient une autonomie de gestion du problème, le valorise et le responsabilise. [less ▲]

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See detailPerson recognition from faces and voices: A face advantage.
Barsics, Catherine ULg

Scientific conference (2013, May 14)

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See detailDoes drawing faces make you a super-expert of faces? An investigation of face perception and recognition abilities in visual artists.
Devue, Christel ULg; Barsics, Catherine ULg; Brédart, Serge ULg

Poster (2012, September 01)

Face recognition abilities might constitute a continuum with developmental prosopagnosia and outstanding face recognition capacity at each extreme. 'Super-recognizers' display better face processing ... [more ▼]

Face recognition abilities might constitute a continuum with developmental prosopagnosia and outstanding face recognition capacity at each extreme. 'Super-recognizers' display better face processing abilities than controls and show a larger face inversion effect (FIE) [Russell et al, 2009, Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 16 (2), 252-257]. Hence, FIE could reflect a specific visual experience/expertise with faces compared to other objects rather than a qualitatively different kind of processing. In this experiment we tested face processing abilities of visual artists who practice portraiture, as well as more general visual perception and recognition skills, in order to contribute to the long-lasting debate about a possible special status of faces. If some special processing faces benefit from is due to expertise, artists' practice might lead to better perceptual and possibly recognition performance with upright faces compared to controls, while increasing the FIE. Because they need to take both configural and featural information into account to reach a satisfactory likeness, artists might also make a differential use of these facial cues compared to controls. Preliminary data indicate that face processing performance might indeed be linked to perceptual expertise with faces. [less ▲]

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