Education du patient à domicile: une revue de la littérature
Heyden, Isabelle ; Bardiau, Françoise ; Gosset, Christiane
in Education Thérapeutique du Patient [=ETP] = Therapeutic Patient Education [=TPE] (2012), 4(2), 121-131Detailed reference viewed: 42 (14 ULg)
Prevention and management of violence in Belgian psychiatric institutions: do current practices respect international guidelines?
; ; Gillain, Nicolas et al
Poster (2007, October)Detailed reference viewed: 12 (4 ULg)
Difference in risk factors for postoperative nausea and vomiting.
; Bardiau, Françoise ; Seidel, Laurence et al
in Anesthesiology (2003), 98(1), 46-52
BACKGROUND: It is commonly stated that risk factors for postoperative nausea are the same as for vomiting. The authors designed a prospective study to identify and differentiate the risk factors for ... [more ▼]
BACKGROUND: It is commonly stated that risk factors for postoperative nausea are the same as for vomiting. The authors designed a prospective study to identify and differentiate the risk factors for postoperative nausea and vomiting in various surgical populations in a clinical audit setting. METHODS: The study included 671 consecutive surgical inpatients, aged 15 yr or more, undergoing various procedures. The study focused on postoperative nausea visual analog scale scores every 4 h and vomiting episodes within 72 h. Both vomiting and retching were considered as emetic events. Patient-, anesthesia-, and surgery-related variables that were considered to have a possible effect on the proportion of patients experiencing postoperative nausea and/or vomiting were examined. The bivariate Dale model for binary correlated outcomes was used to identify selectively the potential risk factors of postoperative nausea and vomiting. RESULTS: Among the 671 patients in the study, 126 (19%) reported one or more episodes of nausea, and 66 patients (10%) suffered one or more emetic episodes during the studied period. There was a highly significant association between the two outcomes. Some risk factors were predictive of both nausea and vomiting (female gender, nonsmoking status, and general anesthesia). History of migraine and type of surgery were mainly responsible for nausea but not for vomiting. The predictive effect of risk factors was controlled for postoperative pain and analgesic drugs. CONCLUSION: This study shows that differences exist in risk factors of postoperative nausea and vomiting. These could be explained by differences in the physiopathology of the two symptoms. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 12 (0 ULg)
An intervention study to enhance postoperative pain management.
Bardiau, Françoise ; ; Albert, Adelin et al
in Anesthesia and Analgesia (2003), 96(1), 179-85
This study, conducted before and after the implementation of an acute pain service (APS) in a 1000-bed hospital, describes the process of the implementation of an APS. The nursing, anesthesia, and surgery ... [more ▼]
This study, conducted before and after the implementation of an acute pain service (APS) in a 1000-bed hospital, describes the process of the implementation of an APS. The nursing, anesthesia, and surgery departments were involved. In this study we sought to evaluate the results of a continuous quality improvement program by defining quality indicators and using quality tools. A quality program in accordance with current standards of acute pain treatment (multimodal) was worked out to enhance pain relief for all surgical inpatients. A survey of nurses' knowledge with regard to postoperative pain was conducted, and a visual analog scale (VAS) was introduced to assess pain intensity. Both nurses and physicians became familiar with evidence-based guidelines concerning postoperative pain. The entire process was monitored in three consecutive surveys and enrolled 2383 surgical inpatients. Pain indicators based on VAS and analgesic consumption were recorded during the first 72 postoperative hours. After a baseline survey about current practices of pain treatment, a nurse-based, anesthesiologist-supervised APS was implemented. The improvement in pain relief, expressed as VAS scores, was assessed in two further surveys. A quality manual was written and implemented. A major improvement in pain scores was observed after the APS inception (P < 0.001). IMPLICATIONS: The implementation of an acute pain service, including pain assessment by a visual analog scale, standard multimodal pain treatment, and continuous quality evaluation, improved postoperative pain relief. Establishing teams of surgeons, anesthesiologists, and nurses is the prerequisite for this improvement. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 12 (0 ULg)
Tropisetron in the prevention of postoperative nausea and vomiting.
; Bardiau, Françoise ; Seidel, Laurence et al
in Journal of Clinical Anesthesia (2000), 12(5), 402-8
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy of tropisetron, a selective 5-HT(3) receptor antagonist, in preventing nausea and vomiting in high-risk inpatients undergoing various surgical procedures. DESIGN ... [more ▼]
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy of tropisetron, a selective 5-HT(3) receptor antagonist, in preventing nausea and vomiting in high-risk inpatients undergoing various surgical procedures. DESIGN: Prospective, open, nonrandomized, observational, interventional study. SETTING: Postanesthesia care unit, and surgical wards of the University Hospital Center, Charleroi. PATIENTS: A total of 1,132 elective surgical inpatients (>15 years of age) in two separate surveys. The first prospective survey covered all surgical adult inpatients (n = 671) after various surgical procedures over a 3-month period. A new 3-month survey was performed to assess the effectiveness of the preventive measure and included another 461 patients. INTERVENTIONS: Risk factors associated with nausea and vomiting were recorded in the first survey and used to establish an antiemetic policy. This consisted in the administration of tropisetron 2 mg intravenously after anesthesia induction, if two patient-related risk factors associated with high-risk surgery and general anesthesia were present. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Nausea frequency and intensity, assessed every 4 hours using a visual analog scale (VAS), frequency and times of vomiting episodes and the need for rescue medication were recorded for 72 hours postoperatively. Nausea was experienced by 18.8% and vomiting by 9.8% of the patients in the first survey (211 high risk-patients of 671). In the second survey, 137 patients of 461, considered at high-risk received prophylactic tropisetron. The proportion of patients having nausea decreased to 11.1% (p,178 0.01) and vomiting episodes to 2.8% (p < 0.001). Twenty-six of the tropisetron-treated patients (19%) suffered subsequent postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV). Patient satisfaction with tropisetron was high. CONCLUSION: Prophylactic tropisetron can reduce the incidence of PONV in selected high-risk inpatients undergoing various types of surgical procedures. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 2 (0 ULg)
Assessment of postoperative nausea using a visual analogue scale.
; ; Seidel, Laurence et al
in Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica (2000), 44(4), 470-4
BACKGROUND: Assessment of postoperative nausea intensity is difficult because nausea is a subjective and unpleasant sensation. We propose using the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) device to increase the ... [more ▼]
BACKGROUND: Assessment of postoperative nausea intensity is difficult because nausea is a subjective and unpleasant sensation. We propose using the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) device to increase the efficiency and precision in the assessment of nausea. We carried out a pilot study on postoperative patients suffering from nausea to measure the degree of agreement between the VAS scores and those given on a 4-point verbal descriptive scale (VDS). METHODS: Postoperative nausea was evaluated by means of a classical VAS (0-10 cm) device and a 4-point VDS (0=no nausea, 1=mild, 2=moderate, 3=severe) in 128 surgical spontaneously complaining patients. Evaluation was repeated 45 min after rescue medication given if nausea was intractable, lasted more than 10 min or at the request of the patient. Ordinal logistic regression was used to measure the association between VAS and VDS and to determine cut-off points on the VAS. RESULTS: The VAS device was easily understood and used by patients. VAS scores decreased significantly from 5.5+/-2.3 to 1.4+/-1.8 after rescue medication (P=0.002). Application of ordinal logistic regression to pre- and post-medication data combined yielded an agreement of 86% between VAS and VDS and the cut-off points on the VAS were estimated as follows: 0-1 (no nausea), 1+/-4 (mild), 4+/-7 (moderate) and 7+/-10 (severe). CONCLUSION: The VAS method proved to be useful for assessing quantitative nausea intensity and for testing the efficacy of rescue medication. It was found that a cut-off value of 4 on the VAS may be considered as a critical threshold triggering anaesthesiologists or nurses to administer rescue medication. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 4 (0 ULg)
Effectiveness of an acute pain service inception in a general hospital
Bardiau, Françoise ; ; SEIDEL, Laurence et al
in Journal of Clinical Anesthesia (1999), 11(7), 583-589
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of an Acute Pain Service (APS) inception on postoperative pain management in a general teaching hospital using pain indicators as performance measures. DESIGN: Open ... [more ▼]
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of an Acute Pain Service (APS) inception on postoperative pain management in a general teaching hospital using pain indicators as performance measures. DESIGN: Open, prospective, nonrandomized, observational study. SETTING: Postanesthesia Care Unit, surgical wards of University Hospital Center of Charleroi. PATIENTS: 1304 patients in the pre-APS inception phase and 671 patients after its implemention who have undergone various types of surgery (orthopedics, gynecology, urology, neurosurgery, stomatology, ear, nose, and throat, ophthalmic, abdominal, vascular-thoracic, plastic, and maxillofacial). INTERVENTIONS: An APS, nurse-based, anesthesiologist-supervised model was devised, based on the concept that postoperative pain relief can be greatly improved by providing in-service training for surgical nursing staff and optimal use of systemic analgesics. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Postoperative pain was assessed using a visual analog scale (VAS) every 4 hours for 72 hours in the two phases. Analgesic consumption was registered at the same time. Time-related VAS scores were summarized using several pain indicators. There was an overall improvement in the pain scores after APS inception. The differences were most pronounced, around 50%, in patients undergoing vascular, maxillofacial, gynecologic, and urologic surgeries, and stomatology. Regular administration of paracetamol and nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs decreased morphine consumption in the second phase. CONCLUSION: This study validates the benefits of a formal APS, using continuous monitoring of rest pain intensity and analgesic consumption in the postoperative period. Results not only support previous research findings but also offer outcome-based tools to evaluate current practices as compared with desired outcomes. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 5 (2 ULg)
Relationships between pain indicators derived from VAS measurements and analgesics consumption
; SEIDEL, Laurence ; Albert, Adelin et al
in Anesthesiology (1999)Detailed reference viewed: 3 (0 ULg)