References of "Antoine, Mélanie"
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See detailFast and not furious: an inquiry into the current low-risk/high-gain configuration of public participation
Rosskamp, Benedikt ULg; Delvenne, Pierre ULg; Charlier, Nathan ULg et al

Conference (2016, June 29)

For several years scholars pointed at the development of a “participatory turn” in science, technology and innovation (STI). Decisively informed by STS, “public involvement” and then “public engagement” ... [more ▼]

For several years scholars pointed at the development of a “participatory turn” in science, technology and innovation (STI). Decisively informed by STS, “public involvement” and then “public engagement” with STI have been enacted in a broad array of participatory experiments across Europe. These experiments were usually informed by rhetoric of citizen empowerment and distributed governance, against the limitations of technocratic approaches and traditional innovation processes, in order to “enrich”, “deepen”, “broaden” the knowledge base of our democracies. As “embarked researchers”, STS scholars played a crucial role in facilitating and legitimizing the organization of participatory events engaging a variety of publics. This paper will rely on the knowledge and expertise we gathered when organizing multiple participatory events over the last decade, while still trying maintain a critical distance with regard to our own engagement and the types of participation we contributed to enact. More specifically, we propose to draw on the lessons learnt from two recent projects, the organization of a citizens’ summit (Europe Wide Views on Sustainable Consumption) and a prospective study to gauge the potential of involving users in a Living Lab in the health sector in Wallonia. These two projects produced different publics (“citizens-consumers” or “users”), were informed by different political rationales (“sustainability” or “inclusive innovation”), took place in diverse settings (a European FP7 project or a project funded by the Walloon Region) and connected to several narratives of public empowerment through participation (“being heard in policymaking” or “accelerating and improving health”). Our contribution maps and compares the different instrumental and strategic framings of the engagement of publics in those two projects, emphasizing the roles attributed to fabricated publics but also the construction of categories such as the “state” and the “economy”. It unpacks some critical issues related to the methods and techniques used in the concrete implementation of participatory exercises such as, for example, the relation between the assigned tasks, the allowed forms of dialogue between the participants, the room for engagement with the issue(s) at stake and the broader understanding of processes these inputs were supposed to contribute to. Our analysis highlights a tension between the justificatory rationales for public engagement and its specific enactments. In these fast and optimized exercises, participants and their inputs become resources that need to be methodologically maximized and from which “value” may be extracted for instrumental use, i.e. innovation or policy-making. In this configuration in which, we argue, most participation experiments are stuck, the increasing involvement of publics in either policy-making or innovation will only be likely to produce low risk and high gain for powerful actors, who manage to take the best advantage of unpaid and uncritical labour from participants. Due attention (including self-reflexive critique) will be paid to alternative framings and critical insights, which were methodologically eliminated or ‘tamed’ to avoid threatening the design of the overall participatory exercise. By externalizing critique to favour unconditional compliance with imposed notions of the “greater good”, we scrutinize the risk for participation to become a mere space of experimentation for the sake of innovation and economic growth. Furthermore, we argue that critical scholarly work should help to move beyond this particular division of labour and responsibilities between the spheres of science, society and the state in order to avoid re-enacting traditional conceptions of the policy-making process and innovation pathways. [less ▲]

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See detailInvolvement of end-users in innovation processes: toward a user-driven approach of innovation. A qualitative analysis of 20 Livings Labs
Vanmeerbeek, Perrine; Vigneron, Lara ULg; Delvenne, Pierre ULg et al

Conference (2015)

Initially developed to bridge the gap between research and market, a Living Lab can be described as an open, innovative and collaborative process based on three core characteristics: user involvement in ... [more ▼]

Initially developed to bridge the gap between research and market, a Living Lab can be described as an open, innovative and collaborative process based on three core characteristics: user involvement in the innovation process, experimentation in real-life context and the gathering of stakeholders in public-private-people partnerships. The paper focuses on user involvement and provides an insight on how this principle is put in practice, through the qualitative analysis of interviews conducted with twenty Living Labs in Europe and Canada. Our results interestingly point out that practice of user-driven approach, unlike what is promoted in Living Lab theory, is rather limited. Indeed, many Living Labs do not involve users for the ideation phase at all, and those ones usually use a user-centered approach for the following steps. Besides, when observed, user-driven approach is often restricted to the ideation phase. We can though ask ourselves the question of what is, or should be, living in a Living Lab? Furthermore, our results suggest that a user-driven approach seems more suitable when a Living Lab aims to create social value than when its objective is to create economic value. [less ▲]

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See detailInnovativité et Modes de Coopération des Projets Inter-organisationnels Développés dans le Cadre d'une Politique Publique
Antoine, Mélanie ULg

in Bo, D.; Huron, D.; Spindler, J. (Eds.) Les pôles de compétitivité se décrètent-ils? Une comparaison européenne (2011)

Nous nous intéressons à la nature de l’innovation poursuivie par les projets inter-organisationnels initiés dans le cadre d'une politique publique, plus précisément à leur innovativité, ainsi qu'aux modes ... [more ▼]

Nous nous intéressons à la nature de l’innovation poursuivie par les projets inter-organisationnels initiés dans le cadre d'une politique publique, plus précisément à leur innovativité, ainsi qu'aux modes de coopération qui s’y développent. Une littérature émergente présente l'adéquation entre ces variables comme un facteur clé de succès des projets d'innovation multi-partenaires. Chaque type de projet appellerait un mode de pilotage approprié, les activités radicalement innovantes ne pouvant être gérées comme le développement d'innovations incrémentales. Dans cette étude, nous nous interrogeons sur la marge de manœuvre dont disposent les acteurs pour innover et organiser leurs actions lorsqu'ils répondent à l'initiative des autorités politiques. La recherche s'appuie sur deux études de cas de projets financés dans le cadre des Pôles de Compétitivité wallons. Alors qu'ils font face à des contraintes similaires, ces cas illustrent des configurations variées, tant en ce qui concerne la nature de l'innovation que les modes de coopération. L'analyse révèle en outre que les critères utilisés pour appréhender l'innovativité des projets, plutôt que de former un ensemble homogène, prennent des orientations différentes. Nous tentons alors d'identifier les principaux enjeux du pilotage des projets étudiés. [less ▲]

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See detailUnderstanding the controversies of inter-organizational ambidexterity with actor-network theory
Antoine, Mélanie ULg; Degré, Julie ULg

Conference (2009, July)

Generally considered at an intra-organisational level, ambidexterity can also be found at inter-organisational level where organisations decide to collaborate by sharing between them activities of ... [more ▼]

Generally considered at an intra-organisational level, ambidexterity can also be found at inter-organisational level where organisations decide to collaborate by sharing between them activities of exploration and exploitation, according to their core competence. In this paper, we examine these collaborations, which are often presented as win-win solutions. In two case studies of R&D partnerships receiving public financing, we show the tensions that run through these alliances and the controversies that set the partners against each other. Our analysis, based on the actor-network theory, indicates that the conditions for successful inter-organisational ambidexterity do not exist a priori. The success of a partnership rather relies on a continuous translation process creating the convergence between the parties involved. [less ▲]

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See detailcontroversies of inter-organizational ambidexterity
Degré, Julie ULg; Antoine, Mélanie ULg

Conference (2009, June)

Generally conceptualized at an intra-organizational level, ambidexterity can also appear at an inter-organizational level when organizations decide to collaborate and distribute activities of exploration ... [more ▼]

Generally conceptualized at an intra-organizational level, ambidexterity can also appear at an inter-organizational level when organizations decide to collaborate and distribute activities of exploration and activities of exploitation according to their specialty. In this paper, we investigate these collaborations, often presented as win-win solutions. On the basis of two case studies of R&D partnerships benefiting from regional subsidies, we show the tensions which cross these alliances and the controversies which divide the partners. Our analysis, based on actor-network theory, indicates that the conditions of a successful inter-organizational ambidexterity do not exist a priori. The success of the partnership rather rests on a continuous translation process creating the convergence between the stakeholders. [less ▲]

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See detailInter-organizational innovation projects developed within the framework of a public policy - Discussion and observations about the nature of innovations, cooperation practices and their interrelationships
Antoine, Mélanie ULg

Conference (2008, May)

In recent years, the promotion of R&D partnerships between universities, research labs and companies has become a key feature of innovation and development public policies. However, these collaborations ... [more ▼]

In recent years, the promotion of R&D partnerships between universities, research labs and companies has become a key feature of innovation and development public policies. However, these collaborations turn out to be fragile and their management very complex. In our literature review, the congruence between the nature of innovations (i.e. their radicalness) and the cooperation practices appears as a potentially powerful explanatory factor of interfirm innovation project’s outcome. Following this hypothesis, we explore, on two case studies of projects subsidized by the Walloon Competitive Clusters program, the way actors innovate and organize their actions. Though they face similar constraints, these projects illustrate diverse configurations, not only as to the nature of innovations but also as to cooperation practices. Besides, the analysis reveals that the criteria used to characterize the nature of innovations do not necessarily form a homogeneous set of factors. Considering these observations, we try to identify the main challenges faced by both projects’ partners. [less ▲]

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See detailObservations and comments on the Walloon Competitive Clusters
Antoine, Mélanie ULg

Conference (2008, January)

In recent years, the promotion of R&D partnerships between universities, research labs and companies has become a key feature of innovation and development public policies. However, these collaborations ... [more ▼]

In recent years, the promotion of R&D partnerships between universities, research labs and companies has become a key feature of innovation and development public policies. However, these collaborations turn out to be fragile and their management very complex. In our literature review, the congruence between the nature of innovations (i.e. their radicalness) and the cooperation practices appears as a potentially powerful explanatory factor of interfirm innovation project’s outcome. Following this hypothesis, we explore, on two case studies of projects subsidized by the Walloon Competitive Clusters program, the way actors innovate and organize their actions. Though they face similar constraints, these projects illustrate diverse configurations, not only as to the nature of innovations but also as to cooperation practices. Besides, the analysis reveals that the criteria used to characterize the nature of innovations do not necessarily form a homogeneous set of factors. Considering these observations, we try to identify the main challenges faced by both projects’ partners. [less ▲]

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See detailRestructuring and territorial governance: the contribution of actor-network theory
Antoine, Mélanie ULg; Dalon, Gelica

Conference (2007, May)

The aim of this paper is to shed light, in an exploratory manner, on the role of the choices made in terms of governance in reorganisation projects initiated on territories affected by companies ... [more ▼]

The aim of this paper is to shed light, in an exploratory manner, on the role of the choices made in terms of governance in reorganisation projects initiated on territories affected by companies' restructuring. Actor-network theory is used to analyse the dynamics present on three territories concerned by the restructuring of a same company. It allows to identify the strengths and weaknesses of the territorial reorganisation's modes of management and to highlight their decisive influence on the evolution of the projects. [less ▲]

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See detailFaut-il brûler la gestion des compétences? Une exploration des pratiques en entreprise
Pichault, François ULg; Antoine, Mélanie ULg; Deflandre, Dimitri ULg et al

Book published by De Boeck (2006)

Ouvrage - Après plus d'une décennie de discours promotionnels sur la gestion des compétences, censée renouveler le mode de fonctionnement des organisations, l'ouvrage entend lever le voile sur les ... [more ▼]

Ouvrage - Après plus d'une décennie de discours promotionnels sur la gestion des compétences, censée renouveler le mode de fonctionnement des organisations, l'ouvrage entend lever le voile sur les pratiques que l'on peut observer en la matière. Dans quelle mesure la gestion des compétences contribue-t-elle à modifier effectivement la relation de travail ? Peut-on vraiment y voir l'esquisse d'un nouveau mode de gouvernance des organisations contemporaines ? Ou faut-il au contraire la brûler sur le même bûcher que d'autres modes managériales ? A partir de l'exposé détaillé de quatre cas relevant à la fois de l'industrie et des services, l'ouvrage aboutit à montrer que la gestion des compétences peut prendre des formes concrètes très diverses. En s'écartant d'une certaine image d'Epinal véhiculée par la littérature gestionnaire, les auteurs proposent une typologie de situations parfois surprenantes qui établit l'influence prépondérante des contextes d'émergence et du processus d'introduction de la gestion des compétences. L'ouvrage s'adresse aux chercheurs, formateurs et étudiants de 2e et 3e cycles en gestion, en économie et en sociologie, désireux de découvrir la gestion des compétences par le prisme d'études de cas en entreprise et de se familiariser avec la façon dont la gestion des démarches compétences est mise en oeuvre dans les entreprises. [less ▲]

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See detailLes paradoxes de la multicompétence
Antoine, Mélanie ULg; Pichault, François ULg; Renier, Nathalie ULg

in Revue de Gestion des Ressources Humaines (2006), 61(juillet/août/septembre), 22-33

La question que nous discutons dans ce papier est de savoir si cette nouvelle forme de division du travail parvient conjointement à améliorer le fonctionnement de l’organisation, tout en favorisant, comme ... [more ▼]

La question que nous discutons dans ce papier est de savoir si cette nouvelle forme de division du travail parvient conjointement à améliorer le fonctionnement de l’organisation, tout en favorisant, comme l’affirme une partie importante de la littérature en GRH, l’employabilité des collaborateurs. Nous montrerons, à l’aide d’études de cas, que cette relation semble rarement vérifiée. Quand la multicompétence reste inscrite dans une logique de poste, les résultats en termes d’employabilité ne sont guère probants, conduisant alors à des problèmes concrets de qualité. Si elle s’inscrit davantage dans une logique de développement individuel, la contribution à l’employabilité se renforce mais en générant de sérieux dysfonctionnements organisationnels. [less ▲]

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See detailGestion des compétences, impératifs économiques et préoccupations sociales: un mariage forcé
Antoine, Mélanie ULg; Deflandre, Dimitri; Pichault, François ULg

Conference (2005, September)

Cette communication entend faire le point sur les modalités d’introduction d’une démarche compétences, à l’aide d’un cadre d’analyse contextualiste. Nous essayons de montrer que, contrairement aux ... [more ▼]

Cette communication entend faire le point sur les modalités d’introduction d’une démarche compétences, à l’aide d’un cadre d’analyse contextualiste. Nous essayons de montrer que, contrairement aux présupposés d’une certaine littérature normative, la démarche compétences ne contribue pas nécessairement à l’articulation harmonieuse des logiques économiques et sociales : elle peut parfois s’opérer dans une logique purement économique, en-dehors de toute considération sociale. La discussion proposée est menée à partir de deux études de cas dans le secteur de la sidérurgie et de la banque. On y mesure l’influence des différences de contexte, aboutissant à des contenus radicalement opposés : dans le premier cas, l’adoption d’une stratégie de rationalisation et de leadership des coûts, pour faire face à la crise du secteur, conduit à privilégier une approche principalement centrée sur les exigences de la production ; dans le second cas, la préférence accordée à une stratégie de différenciation, dans le cadre d’une fusion entre deux entreprises, semble bel et bien favoriser les possibilités de développement personnel des collaborateurs. Néanmoins, au-delà des différences de contexte, c’est le processus d’introduction de la démarche compétences qui semble compter avant tout: même avec une finalité purement économique dans le premier cas, le processus a été géré de manière prudente, dans le respect des positions syndicales, et avec un évident souci de maintenir un climat social relativement serein. [less ▲]

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