References of "Andre, Géraldine"
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See detailChild labour, Agency and Family dynamics: The Case of Mining in Katanga (DRC)
Andre, Géraldine ULg; Godin, Marie

in Childhood (in press)

In the last three decades, the development of the artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM) sector has been increasing in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), bringing more and more urban families into ... [more ▼]

In the last three decades, the development of the artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM) sector has been increasing in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), bringing more and more urban families into this flourishing business sector, and among them, children. At first glance, one could see children in the mining sector mainly as victims entangled in the flows of raw materials of unbridled capitalism. But this paper aims to look at the often unconceivable, and as a result neglected, social agency of children even when they are involved in stigmatized and prohibited types of child labour. To do so, it relies on the results of a socio-anthropological collective research project on children’s mining activities which was carried out in a small locality called La Ruashi in the city of Lubumbashi (Province of Katanga). The article aims to provide a more comprehensive understanding of what is often normatively only labelled as ‘child labour’ by looking at different spheres of social relations within which children are embedded. Examining the set of social interactions that children have with their families, the broader community and their ‘peers’, several ‘family portraits’ are offered, highlighting a heterogeneity of social interpretations regarding this ‘new’ form of child work. It will be shown that for families from middle-class background, this kind of work is often socially disruptive, at the forefront of inter-generational conflict. As for families from lower classes, social changes induced by children’s mining activities are often better incorporated into the family habitus. Common social changes encountered in all families irrespective of class belonging will also be portrayed, showing the transversal societal impact these ‘new’ forms of child economic activities can provoke at a micro level. [less ▲]

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See detailPosition in the Field and Production of Judgment. Case Study of School Guidance Counseling
Andre, Géraldine ULg; Hilgers, Mathieu

in Hilgers, Mathieu; Mangez, Eric (Eds.) Social Field Theory. Concept and applications (in press)

This text focuses on how teachers and other institutional actors (such as headmasters, psychologists and social workers) offer guidance to pupils in secondary schools. It stresses the epistemological and ... [more ▼]

This text focuses on how teachers and other institutional actors (such as headmasters, psychologists and social workers) offer guidance to pupils in secondary schools. It stresses the epistemological and empirical challenges inherent in a study of decisionmaking in school guidance as used by teachers, based on field theory. The text begins with a presentation of several sociological studies of how teachers construct their judgments about pupils. It emphasizes the strength of the concept of field as a key to understanding the role played by teachers in the formal process of educational (school) guidance, specifically in the case of the French "Grandes Ecoles". This section goes on to show that, with the weakening of the autonomy of (the) educational institutions, (the) French sociology of education moved away from (the) Bourdieu’s perspective, (and) to focus(ed) on the moral pluralism inherent in education and the ethical tensions that institutional actors face. The second part of the text discusses the findings of socioanthropological fieldwork undertaken in secondary schools in the French Community of Belgium. This section argues that the dynamics of judgments made by teachers today canbest be understood through their structural linkages with the structure of the field of secondary education. [less ▲]

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See detailHéritage colonial et appropriation du pouvoir d’éduquer. Approche socio-historique du champ de l'éducation primaire en RDC
Andre, Géraldine ULg; Poncelet, Marc ULg

in Cahiers de la Recherche sur l'Education et les Savoirs (2013), 12

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See detailChild labour in small-scale artisanal mining in different African mining towns
Andre, Géraldine ULg

Scientific conference (2012, November 07)

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See detailChildhood and Work at the Neoliberal Age: Ethnography of Child Work in Artisanal and Small-scale Mining in the Katanga province (DRC)
Andre, Géraldine ULg; Godin, Marie

Conference (2012, October 26)

This paper aims at analyzing the work activities carried out by children in artisanal and small-scale mining in Katanga, DRC, in the wake of the evolution of representations of work, masculinity, family ... [more ▼]

This paper aims at analyzing the work activities carried out by children in artisanal and small-scale mining in Katanga, DRC, in the wake of the evolution of representations of work, masculinity, family and childhood since the reforms of the Congolese mining sector promoted by the institutions of Bretton Woods. Katanga has been the industrial flagship of the Belgian Congo organized around the mining town of Lubumbashi during the colonial period and also after the independence of the country. The “union minière du Haut-Katanga” created by Belgians and nationalized after with the name of “Gécamines” has had a decisive impact on the structuration of the collective imagination on work, masculinity, family and childhood in this area of the country, which contains an infinite geologic potential and, as such, is strongly connected to global flows of raw materials exploitation. What is the impact of the reforms of the mining sector encouraged by the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund according to the ideals of schooling, nuclear family and father as the main breadwinner, the ones that have been promoted by the Gecamines during several decades? More specifically, what are the effects of these measures on socialization processes of youth and what are the consequences of those transformations on intergenerational dynamics? These questions that deal with the evolution of representations of childhood, work and family will be the main focus of our paper, which presents the results of a collective socio-anthropological research about child work in artisanal and small scale-mining in the Democratic Republic of Congo (Katanga province). [less ▲]

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See detailL'orientation scolaire. Héritages sociaux et jugements professoraux
Andre, Géraldine ULg

Book published by Presses Universitaires de France - 1ère éd. (2012)

Pourquoi, au sein de sociétés démocratiques et de systèmes éducatifs ouverts, les jeunes de milieux populaires se retrouvent-ils souvent dans des filières et des formes d’enseignement peu valorisées dans ... [more ▼]

Pourquoi, au sein de sociétés démocratiques et de systèmes éducatifs ouverts, les jeunes de milieux populaires se retrouvent-ils souvent dans des filières et des formes d’enseignement peu valorisées dans la hiérarchie scolaire ? À partir d’une enquête qualitative de longue durée, cet ouvrage propose une relecture de la sociologie de l’éducation en confrontant les interprétations de l’orientation à un corpus empirique inédit. Une immersion prolongée dans les familles, les lieux de sociabilité d’élèves de l’enseignement professionnel, les séances d’orientation et les conseils de classe donne à ce livre l’épaisseur ethnographique nécessaire pour saisir les réalités scolaires. Au-delà des processus de relégation, cet ouvrage donne à voir les pratiques et les représentations des acteurs qui façonnent les trajectoires. En choisissant une région postindustrielle comme principal terrain d’enquête, c’est aussi la question de la transformation des classes sociales qui est posée. Les cultures de classe demeurent-elles le facteur clé pour expliquer les mécanismes de l’orientation ? L’analyse du processus d’orientation vers l’enseignement de type professionnel nous plonge ainsi dans un débat plus vaste sur la reproduction culturelle et le changement social. [less ▲]

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See detailEducational orientation and social heritage. The choice of working-class students
Andre, Géraldine ULg

Conference (2012, February 01)

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See detailLe travail des enfants dans les mines artisanales du Katanga (RDC). Interdépendances et capacité d’action
Andre, Géraldine ULg; Godin, Marie

in Tsantsa (2012), 17

How can one understand that Sub-Saharan African children are currently devoting themselves to dangerous and tenuous activities, such as artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM)? Could child miners be ... [more ▼]

How can one understand that Sub-Saharan African children are currently devoting themselves to dangerous and tenuous activities, such as artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM)? Could child miners be considered as victims, entangled in the neoliberal flow of raw materials or could their trajectories result from choices progressively made? Children’s agency will be the main focus of this article which presents the results of a collective socio-anthropological research about «child labour» in artisanal and small scale-mining in the Democratic Republic of Congo (Katanga province). This paper aims to grasp the mining activities of children at the crossroad of different spheres of social relations in which the children are included (relationships at work, with the family, with the development world, and with the local community). From this viewpoint, the article describes how children mining activities can contribute to collective dynamics or if on the contrary, they overcome them. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Justification for Pillage: Human Resources Management in a Gold Mining Multinational (Ghana)
Andre, Géraldine ULg; Hilgers, Mathieu

Scientific conference (2011, June)

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See detailLes tensions du jugement professoral. Ethnographie des décisions d’orientation scolaire dans les conseils de classe
Andre, Géraldine ULg

in Education et Formation (2011), 295

L’enseignement technique, d’une manière relative, et l’enseignement professionnel, d’une manière absolue, sont décriés en Communauté française de Belgique comme des filières de relégation. Non seulement ... [more ▼]

L’enseignement technique, d’une manière relative, et l’enseignement professionnel, d’une manière absolue, sont décriés en Communauté française de Belgique comme des filières de relégation. Non seulement, les élèves y aboutiraient au terme de trajectoires d’échecs, sans avoir posé de choix personnel. Mais surtout la contribution des acteurs institutionnels (enseignants, agents des CPMS et directeurs) serait essentielle à ce processus à travers leurs décisions dans les conseils de classe. Au-delà de cette lecture, ce texte vise à comprendre la manière dont les acteurs institutionnels pratiquent l’orientation scolaire en saisissant par l’ethnographie leurs catégories et leurs préoccupations. En analysant leurs pratiques d’orientation, d’une part, en fonction de leurs représentations sur les différentes filières de l’enseignement secondaire, et, d’autre part, selon leur inscription dans un champ scolaire, ce texte vise à souligner les tensions éthiques rencontrées par les acteurs institutionnels pour établir leurs décisions dans les conseils de classe. En se centrant sur les propriétés distinctives des établissements scolaires, ce texte indique également que la position de ceux-ci dans le champ scolaire peut aviver ou stabiliser les questionnements éthiques des acteurs institutionnels. [less ▲]

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See detailL’école primaire congolaise entre héritage, hybridité et résilience
Andre, Géraldine ULg; De Herdt, Tom; Poncelet, Marc ULg

in De Herdt, Tom (Ed.) A la recherche de l’Etat en R-D Congo. Acteurs et enjeux autour d’une reconstruction post-conflit (2011)

This contribution attempts to grasp the mechanisms that explain the resilience of the Congolese primary education despite the thirty-five years crisis that continues to affect the Democratic Republic of ... [more ▼]

This contribution attempts to grasp the mechanisms that explain the resilience of the Congolese primary education despite the thirty-five years crisis that continues to affect the Democratic Republic of Congo and the almost complete lack of public investment in this sector since the early eighties. The central argument stresses the need to explain such mechanisms beyond the effects of privatization only. It particularly emphasizes the arrangements made within the education system, documenting their historical roots, and arguing that they are ultimately founded on the “concessionary” state structure that prevailed in colonial times. [less ▲]

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See detailRacism as a Tool in a Neoliberal Age. Mining in South African Companies in Ghana
Andre, Géraldine ULg; Hilgers, Mathieu

Conference (2010, November)

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