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See detailA search for pulsations in the HgMn star HD 45975 with CoRoT photometry and ground-based spectroscopy
Morel, Thierry ULg; Briquet, Maryline ULg; Auvergne, M. et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2014), 561

The existence of pulsations in HgMn stars is still being debated. To provide the first unambiguous observational detection of pulsations in this class of chemically peculiar objects, the bright star HD ... [more ▼]

The existence of pulsations in HgMn stars is still being debated. To provide the first unambiguous observational detection of pulsations in this class of chemically peculiar objects, the bright star HD 45975 was monitored for nearly two months by the CoRoT satellite. Independent analyses of the light curve provide evidence of monoperiodic variations with a frequency of 0.7572 d[SUP]-1[/SUP] and a peak-to-peak amplitude of ~2800 ppm. Multisite, ground-based spectroscopic observations overlapping the CoRoT observations show the star to be a long-period, single-lined binary. Furthermore, with the notable exception of mercury, they reveal the same periodicity as in photometry in the line moments of chemical species exhibiting strong overabundances (e.g., Mn and Y). In contrast, lines of other elements do not show significant variations. As found in otherHgMn stars, the pattern of variability consists in an absorption bump moving redwards across the line profiles. We argue that the photometric and spectroscopic changes are more consistent with an interpretation in terms of rotational modulation of spots at the stellar surface. In this framework, the existence of pulsations producing photometric variations above the ~50 ppm level is unlikely in HD 45975. This provides strong constraints on the excitation/damping of pulsation modes in this HgMn star. The CoRoT space mission was developed and is operated by the French space agency CNES, with participation of ESA's RSSD and Science Programmes, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Germany, and Spain. This work is based on observations collected at La Silla and Paranal Observatories, ESO (Chile), with the HARPS and UVES spectrographs at the 3.6-m and very large telescopes, under programmes LP185.D-0056 and 287.D-5066. It is also based on observations made with the Mercator Telescope, operated on the island of La Palma by the Flemish Community, at the Spanish Observatorio del Roque de los Muchachos of the Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias. Based on observations obtained with the HERMES spectrograph, which is supported by the Fund for Scientific Research of Flanders (FWO), Belgium, the Research Council of K.U. Leuven, Belgium, the Fonds National de la Recherche Scientifique (FNRS), Belgium, the Royal Observatory of Belgium, the Observatoire de Genève, Switzerland, and the Thüringer Landessternwarte Tautenburg, Germany. [less ▲]

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See detailMESS (Mass-loss of Evolved StarS), a Herschel Key Program
Groenewegen, M. A. T.; Waelkens, C.; Barlow, M. J. et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2011), 526

MESS (Mass-loss of Evolved StarS) is a Guaranteed Time Key Program that uses the PACS and SPIRE instruments on board the Herschel Space Observatory to observe a representative sample of evolved stars ... [more ▼]

MESS (Mass-loss of Evolved StarS) is a Guaranteed Time Key Program that uses the PACS and SPIRE instruments on board the Herschel Space Observatory to observe a representative sample of evolved stars, that include asymptotic giant branch (AGB) and post-AGB stars, planetary nebulae and red supergiants, as well as luminous blue variables, Wolf-Rayet stars and supernova remnants. In total, of order 150 objects are observed in imaging and about 50 objects in spectroscopy. This paper describes the target selection and target list, and the observing strategy. Key science projects are described, and illustrated using results obtained during Herschel's science demonstration phase. Aperture photometry is given for the 70 AGB and post-AGB stars observed up to October 17, 2010, which constitutes the largest single uniform database of far-IR and sub-mm fluxes for late-type stars. [less ▲]

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See detailResults from the Herschel Key Program MESS
Groenewegen, M. A. T.; Waelkens, C.; Barlow, M. J. et al

in Kerschbaum, F.; Lebzelter, T.; Wing, R. F. (Eds.) Why Galaxies Care about AGB Stars II: Shining Examples and Common Inhabitants. ASPC 445 (2011)

MESS (Mass loss of Evolved StarS) is a Herschel Guaranteed Time Key Program that will image about 100, and do spectroscopy of about 50, post-main-sequence objects of all flavours: AGB stars, post-AGB ... [more ▼]

MESS (Mass loss of Evolved StarS) is a Herschel Guaranteed Time Key Program that will image about 100, and do spectroscopy of about 50, post-main-sequence objects of all flavours: AGB stars, post-AGB stars, planetary nebulae, luminous blue variables, Wolf-Rayet stars, and supernova remnants. In this review the implementation and current status of MESS is outlined, and first results are presented. [less ▲]

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See detailTransition probabilities in singly ionized promethium and the identification of PmII lines in Przybylski's star and HR 465
Fivet, V.; Quinet, Pascal ULg; Biémont, Emile ULg et al

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society (2007), 380(2), 771-780

The first theoretical transition probabilities are obtained for a set of 46 Pm ii transitions of astrophysical interest. These data fill in a gap in astrophysics and will allow to establish, on a firmer ... [more ▼]

The first theoretical transition probabilities are obtained for a set of 46 Pm ii transitions of astrophysical interest. These data fill in a gap in astrophysics and will allow to establish, on a firmer basis, the presence of some lines of this radioactive element in the spectra of chemically peculiar stars and, consequently, a quantitative investigation of the stellar Pm abundance. A search for Pm ii lines in Przybylski's star (HD 101065) and in HR 465 is reported and discussed, supporting the detection of this ion. A more detailed quantitative analysis is awaiting the availability of dedicated model atmospheres for these stars. [less ▲]

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See detailRadiative decay of the 4d(5)(S-6)5p z(5,7)P(o) states in TcII: comparison along the homologous and isoelectronic sequences. Application to astrophysics
Palmeri, P.; Quinet, Pascal ULg; Biémont, Emile ULg et al

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society (2007), 374(1), 63-71

Using three independent theoretical approaches (CA, HFR+CP, AUTOSTRUCTURE), oscillator strengths have been calculated for a set of Tc II transitions of astrophysical interest and the reliability of their ... [more ▼]

Using three independent theoretical approaches (CA, HFR+CP, AUTOSTRUCTURE), oscillator strengths have been calculated for a set of Tc II transitions of astrophysical interest and the reliability of their absolute scale has been assessed. The examination of the spectra emitted by some Ap stars has allowed the identification of Tc II transitions in HD 125248. This Tc II detection should however await confirmation from spectral synthesis relying on dedicated model atmospheres. New partition functions are also provided for Tc I, TcII and Tc III for temperatures ranging between 4000 and 13 000 K. [less ▲]

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See detailTransition probabilities and lifetimes in neutral and singly ionized osmium and the Solar osmium abundance
Quinet, Pascal ULg; Palmeri, P.; Biémont, Emile ULg et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2006), 448(3), 1207-93

Radiative lifetime measurements have been performed, with a time-resolved laser-induced fluorescence technique, for 12 levels of Os I and for 9 levels of Os II. For 9 levels of Os I and 4 levels of Os II ... [more ▼]

Radiative lifetime measurements have been performed, with a time-resolved laser-induced fluorescence technique, for 12 levels of Os I and for 9 levels of Os II. For 9 levels of Os I and 4 levels of Os II, there were no previous experimental data available. From a comparison with new theoretical calculations, taking configuration interactions and core-polarization effects into account, it has been possible to deduce oscillator strengths for 129 transitions of Os I and 137 transitions of Os II of astrophysical interest appearing in the wavelength range 180.0-870.0 nm. These results have allowed us to revise the abundance of osmium in the solar photosphere (log epsilon(Os) = 1.25 +/- 0.11). The newly derived oscillator strengths have been applied as well to derive the osmium abundance in the carbon-rich metal-poor star HD 187861. [less ▲]

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