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See detailCryo-optical testing of large aspheric reflectors operating in the sub mm range
Roose, Stéphane ULg; Houbrechts, Yvette ULg; Mazzoli, Alexandra ULg et al

in Zhang, Y.; Jiang, W.; Cho, M. (Eds.) Proceedings of the 2nd SPIE symposium on Advanced Optical Manufacturing and Testing Technologies (2005, August)

The cryo-optical testing of the PLANCK primary reflector (elliptical off-axis CFRP reflector of 1550 mm x 1890 mm) is one of the major issue in the payload development program. It is requested to measure ... [more ▼]

The cryo-optical testing of the PLANCK primary reflector (elliptical off-axis CFRP reflector of 1550 mm x 1890 mm) is one of the major issue in the payload development program. It is requested to measure the changes of the Surface Figure Error (SFE) with respect to the best ellipsoid, between 293 K and 50 K, with a 1 μm RMS accuracy. To achieve this, Infra Red interferometry has been used and a dedicated thermo mechanical set-up has been constructed. This paper summarises the test activities, the test methods and results on the PLANCK Primary Reflector - Flight Model (PRFM) achieved in FOCAL 6.5 at Centre Spatial de Liege (CSL). Here, the Wave Front Error (WFE) will be considered, the SFE can be derived from the WFE measurement. After a brief introduction, the first part deals with the general test description. The thermo-elastic deformations will be addressed: the surface deformation in the medium frequency range (spatial wavelength down to 60 mm) and core-cell dimpling. [less ▲]

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See detailDesign of the cryo-optical test of the PLANCK reflectors
Roose, Stéphane ULg; Cucchiaro, Antonio ULg; De Chambure, Daniel

Conference (2003, March 18)

PLANCK is the third Medium size mission of the ESA long-term scientific plan Horizon 2000. This paper present the current design status of the design of the cryo-optical test for the Planck primary ... [more ▼]

PLANCK is the third Medium size mission of the ESA long-term scientific plan Horizon 2000. This paper present the current design status of the design of the cryo-optical test for the Planck primary reflector and Planck secondary reflector [less ▲]

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See detailDevelopment of a metrology and figuring machine for large X-ray mirror
Gailly, Patrick ULg; de Chambure, Daniel; Collette, Jean Paul et al

Conference (2003, February 20)

To improve the image quality of X-ray replicated mirror, A new metrology machine has been built link to a ion beam figuring machine. The first one allows to accurately measure the shape of replicated X ... [more ▼]

To improve the image quality of X-ray replicated mirror, A new metrology machine has been built link to a ion beam figuring machine. The first one allows to accurately measure the shape of replicated X-ray mirrors. The machine is dedicated to cylindrical mirrors shape whose dimensions can vary from 50 to 800 mm in height and 600 to 800 mm in diameter. The present contribution will sum up the results achieved with this machine on an actual mirror. The machine calibration results and the data analysis to obtain the mirror final shape will be detailed. The final results are compared with other measurements performed by a traditional 3-D machine. The second one is a dedicated ion figuring machine dedicated for the figuring of the X-ray mirrors. The preliminary tests were undertaken to evaluate the ion figuring process on Nickel replicated surfaces. Those results were used to improve the design of the figuring machine, a detailed description of that machine follows. The reliability of the ion figuring process is shown through an actual problem. Finally, some leading remarks about the improvements of the ion figuring ion machine and the ion figuring process in general are drawn. [less ▲]

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See detailNew process for X-ray mirror image quality improvement
Gailly, Patrick ULg; de Chambure, Daniel; Collette, Jean-Paul et al

in Freund, Andreas K. (Ed.) X-Ray Mirrors, Crystals, and Multilayers II (Proceedings Volume) (2002, December 24)

A new technique to improve the image quality of Ni replicated X-ray mirror is presented. During the manufacturing of XMM Mirror Module between 1994 to 1999, the classical manufacturing process showed its ... [more ▼]

A new technique to improve the image quality of Ni replicated X-ray mirror is presented. During the manufacturing of XMM Mirror Module between 1994 to 1999, the classical manufacturing process showed its limits. In 1995, the XMM Mirror Module Qualification Model HEW was around 20 arcsec. In 1998, the fifth Flight Model Mirror Module reached 11 arcsec HEW, with a single mirror shell achieving 8 arcsec HEW. The performance of this technology is namely limited by the integration process of the shells. The new technique is based on the following philosophy : • Firstly, an accurate measurement of each mirror shell after integration. A dedicated metrology system has been built and allows a precise metrology of the actual surface. • Secondly, a modification of the mirror shell and of the support to transfer the stress to a non optical active area. • Finally, an ion figuring run to correct the residual shape error of the mirror. The control and evaluation of the process is assured by EUV PSF assessment achieved in the FOCAL X facility developed for XMM. The advantages of this new process are to shape the mirrors in their final hardware configuration and the versality of the process enabling improvement of other kinds of high accuracy mirrors. [less ▲]

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