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See detailMobility and distribution of lead, cadmium, copper and zinc in soil profiles in the peri-urban market garden of Kunming, Yunnan Province, China
Zu, Yanqun; Bock, Laurent ULg; Schvartz, Christian et al

in Archives of Agronomy and Soil Science (2013)

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See detailAvailability of Trace Elements for Chinese Cabbage Amended with Lime in a Periurban Market Garden in Yunnan Province, China
Zu, Yanqun; Bock, Laurent ULg; Schvartz, Christian et al

in Communications in Soil Science & Plant Analysis (2011)

Pot experiments were conducted in the laboratory with lime applications to decrease trace elements in Chinese cabbage produced on soils contaminated by trace ele- ments in the intensive periurban area in ... [more ▼]

Pot experiments were conducted in the laboratory with lime applications to decrease trace elements in Chinese cabbage produced on soils contaminated by trace ele- ments in the intensive periurban area in Chenggong County, Yunnan Province, China. Soil was an acidic loam developed from lacustrine-alluvial deposits. Results showed the following: (1) soil pH increased from 5.3 to 6.5, and acetic-acid-extractable trace-element contents and ratio of acetic-acid-extractable trace-element contents in treatments relative to those in the control (RRCT) decreased with increased rate of lime application. (2) Chinese cabbage more easily absorbed acetic-acid-extractable trace elements. Enrichment coefficients related to trace-element availability (AEC) of lead (Pb; mean: 3.3) and zinc (Zn; mean: 5.8) were stable, and the AEC of cadmium (Cd) was 1.8–2.0 with increased lime application rate. (3) Trace-element contents in Chinese cabbage decreased, and biomass of Chinese cabbage increased, with lime application rate. Trace-element contents in soil solution and acetic-acid-extractable trace-element contents can predict trace-element contents in Chinese cabbage, especially for soil solution. Lime quality and trace-element accumulation in Chinese cabbage should be taken into account when amendment is added to in situ soil contaminated with trace elements. [less ▲]

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See detailFactors affecting trace element content in periurban market garden subsoil in Yunnan Province, China
Zu, Yanqun; Bock, Laurent ULg; Schvartz, Christian et al

in Journal of Environmental Sciences (China) (2011), 23(3), 488-496

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See detailSoil affects on the cadmium and zinc contents of Chinese cabbage in Yunnan province, China
Zu, Yanqun; Li, yuan; Bock, Laurent ULg et al

in Archives of Agronomy and Soil Science (2009), 56(1), 107-117

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See detailInteractions Between Heavy Metals and Nitrogen and Their Ecological Effects.
Zu, Yanqun; Li, Yuan; Bock, Laurent ULg et al

in Journal of Agro-Environment Science (2008), 27(1), 7-17

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See detailManagement of soils polluted by heavy metals in cultivated areas : which kind of bioremediation ?
Schvartz, Christian; Zu, Yanqun; Douay, Francis et al

Conference (2006)

Within the periurban areas of big cities, soils are often contaminated by heavy metals spread by human activity: atmospheric fallouts due to industry and traffic, recycling of urban wastes (directly or ... [more ▼]

Within the periurban areas of big cities, soils are often contaminated by heavy metals spread by human activity: atmospheric fallouts due to industry and traffic, recycling of urban wastes (directly or after water treatment), fertilizers and pesticides used in agriculture… This is, among others, verified in the surroundings of Kunming (Yunnan, PR China) and Lille (Nord-Pas de Calais, France), areas with high density of population and traditional metallurgical industries. These areas have also intensive agricultural activities characterized by important vegetable productions, and are generally known as the "green belts" of the cities. These cultures, with short vegetative period, need high biodisponibility of nutrients, biodisponibility which may also occur for other unwanted elements existing in the soil, such as heavy metals. For evident human health reasons the quality of the crops must be ensured and their heavy metal content kept as low as possible, at least under the values of relevant legal thresholds. Thus, vegetables are particularly sensitive to the presence of heavy metals in the soils where they are growing. It is therefore necessary to manage these soils in order to preserve public health or, more basically, the income of the farmers, as contaminated vegetables would not be marketable. Thus, for these large areas contaminated by diffuse pollution, bioremediation looks to be appropriate. But the kind of the bioremediation which will be applied has to be adapted to the severity of the soil pollution and to the intended land use. In this project, we have assessed the contents of Pb, Cd, Zn and Cu of soils and vegetables within the Chenggong county (near Kunming), and compared the results to the already known situation of the surroundings of two lead and zinc smelters located close to Lille. Then goals and ways of bioremediation have been discussed and the first steps of implementation experimented. [less ▲]

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