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See detailLamost Observations in the Kepler Field. I. Database of Low-resolution Spectra
De Cat, P.; Fu, J. N.; Ren, A. B. et al

in Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series (2015), 220

The nearly continuous light curves with micromagnitude precision provided by the space mission Kepler are revolutionizing our view of pulsating stars. They have revealed a vast sea of low-amplitude ... [more ▼]

The nearly continuous light curves with micromagnitude precision provided by the space mission Kepler are revolutionizing our view of pulsating stars. They have revealed a vast sea of low-amplitude pulsation modes that were undetectable from Earth. The long time base of Kepler light curves allows for the accurate determination of the frequencies and amplitudes of pulsation modes needed for in-depth asteroseismic modeling. However, for an asteroseismic study to be successful, the first estimates of stellar parameters need to be known and they cannot be derived from the Kepler photometry itself. The Kepler Input Catalog provides values for the effective temperature, surface gravity, and metallicity, but not always with sufficient accuracy. Moreover, information on the chemical composition and rotation rate is lacking. We are collecting low-resolution spectra for objects in the Kepler field of view with the Large Sky Area Multi-Object Fiber Spectroscopic Telescope (lamost, Xinglong observatory, China). All of the requested fields have now been observed at least once. In this paper, we describe those observations and provide a useful database for the whole astronomical community. ) located at the Xinglong observatory, China. [less ▲]

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See detailAnionic polymerization of (meth)acrylic monomers. 22. Anionic polymerization of tert-butyl methacrylate in toluene/THF mixtures : a preliminary approach to the role of solvation/ligation equilibria
Wang, Jin-Shan; Zhang, Hong ULg; Jérôme, Robert ULg et al

in Macromolecules (1995), 28(6), 1758-1764

Although the anionic polymerization of tert-butyl methacrylate (tBMA) induces a narrow and unimodal molecular weight distribution (MWD) when performed in either pure THF or pure toluene at -78 degrees C ... [more ▼]

Although the anionic polymerization of tert-butyl methacrylate (tBMA) induces a narrow and unimodal molecular weight distribution (MWD) when performed in either pure THF or pure toluene at -78 degrees C in the presence of a Lithium counterion, that in THF/toluene mixtures, keeping other conditions unchanged, surprisingly gives rise to broad bi- and even multimodal MWD's. Moreover, with increasing polymerization temperature from -78 to 0 degrees C, that multimodal MWD gets narrower, atypical of termination reactions, and indeed at 0 degrees C, a very narrow unimodal MWD is again obtained. These results have been satisfactorily interpreted in terms of a multiple solvation equilibria mechanism: there coexist several types of THF-solvated and nonsolvated active species and the exchange among them is slow at -78 degrees C but fast at 0 degrees C compared to the monomer propagation rate, thus resulting in a multimodal MWD in the former case and a narrow one in the latter. Furthermore, this solvation mechanism also dominates the stereoregulation of the tBuMA polymerization in mixed solvent. It has indeed been demonstrated that addition of various types of ligands, i.e., lithium chloride (LiCl) and lithium tert-butoxide (LiOtBu) (both mu-ligands), 12-crown-4 (12CE4) and cryptand 211 (K211) (both sigma-chelating ligands), and Lithium 2-(2-methoxyethoxy)ethoxide (LiOE(2)M) (a mu/sigma dual type of ligand), affects the tBMA anionic polymerization in a way which can be accounted for by these so-called solvation/ligation multiple equilibria among THF-nonsolvated, THF-solvated, and Ligated ion pairs. Once again, the fact that, in comparison with 12CE4 and LiOtBu, such ligands as LiOE(2)M, K211, and LiCl can effectively promote a much narrower MWD is nicely related to their high propensity to coordinate with a lithium ester enolate and at the same time to either promote a fast-exchanging ligation equilibrium or form a single type of active complex, in good agreement with the NMR investigation of corresponding model systems as previously reported by us. [less ▲]

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