References of "Wilkin, J. M"
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See detailOverexpression, purification and characterization of Mycobacterium bovis BCG alcohol dehydrogenase.
Wilkin, J. M.; Soetaert, K.; Stelandre, M. et al

in European Journal of Biochemistry (1999), 262(2), 299-307

A previous study of the effect of zinc deprivation on Mycobacterium bovis BCG pointed out the potential importance of an alcohol dehydrogenase for maintaining the hydrophobic character of the cell ... [more ▼]

A previous study of the effect of zinc deprivation on Mycobacterium bovis BCG pointed out the potential importance of an alcohol dehydrogenase for maintaining the hydrophobic character of the cell envelope. In this report, the effect of the overexpression of the M. bovis BCG alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) in Mycobacterium smegmatis and M. bovis BCG is described. The purification of the enzyme was performed to apparent homogeneity from overexpressing M. bovis BCG cells and its kinetic parameters were determined. The enzyme showed a strong preference for both aromatic and aliphatic aldehydes while the corresponding alcohols were processed 100-1000-fold less efficiently. The best kcat/Km values were found with benzaldehyde > 3-methoxybenzaldehyde > octanal > coniferaldehyde. A phylogenetic analysis clearly revealed that the M. bovis BCG ADH together with the ADHs from Bacillus subtilis and Helicobacter pylori formed a sister group of the class C medium-chain alcohol dehydrogenases, the plant cinnamyl alcohol dehydrogenases (CADs). Comparison of the kinetic properties of our ADH with some related class C enzymes indicated that the mycobacterial enzyme substrate profile resembled that of the CADs involved in plant defence rather than those implicated in lignification. A possible role for the M. bovis BCG ADH in the biosynthesis of the lipids composing the mycobacterial cell envelope is proposed. [less ▲]

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See detailThe mechanism of action of DD-peptidases: the role of Threonine-299 and -301 in the Streptomyces R61 DD-peptidase.
Wilkin, J M; Dubus, Alice ULg; Joris, Bernard ULg et al

in Biochemical Journal (1994), 301 ( Pt 2)

The side chains of residues Thr299 and Thr301 in the Streptomyces R61 DD-peptidase have been modified by site-directed mutagenesis. These amino acids are part of a beta-strand which forms a wall of the ... [more ▼]

The side chains of residues Thr299 and Thr301 in the Streptomyces R61 DD-peptidase have been modified by site-directed mutagenesis. These amino acids are part of a beta-strand which forms a wall of the active-site cavity. Thr299 corresponds to the second residue of the Lys-Thr(Ser)-Gly triad, highly conserved in active-site beta-lactamases and penicillin-binding proteins (PBPs). Modification of Thr301 resulted only in minor alterations of the catalytic and penicillin-binding properties of the enzyme. No selective decrease of the rate of acylation was observed for any particular class of compounds. By contrast, the loss of the hydroxy group of the residue in position 299 yielded a seriously impaired enzyme. The rates of inactivation by penicillins were decreased 30-50-fold, whereas the reactions with cephalosporins were even more affected. The efficiency of hydrolysis against the peptide substrate was also seriously decreased. More surprisingly, the mutant was completely unable to catalyse transpeptidation reactions. The conservation of an hydroxylated residue in this position in PBPs is thus easily explained by these results. [less ▲]

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See detailMechanism of action of DD-peptidases: role of asparagine-161 in the Streptomyces R61 DD-peptidase.
Wilkin, J M; Jamin, M; Joris, Bernard ULg et al

in Biochemical Journal (1993), 293 ( Pt 1)

The role of residue Asn-161 in the interaction between the Streptomyces R61 DD-peptidase and various substrates or beta-lactam inactivators was probed by site-directed mutagenesis. The residue was ... [more ▼]

The role of residue Asn-161 in the interaction between the Streptomyces R61 DD-peptidase and various substrates or beta-lactam inactivators was probed by site-directed mutagenesis. The residue was successively replaced by serine and alanine. In the first case, acylation rates were mainly affected with the peptide and ester substrates but not with the thiol-ester substrates and beta-lactams. However, the deacylation rates were decreased 10-30-fold with the substrates yielding benzoylglycyl and benzoylalanyl adducts. The Asn161Ala mutant was more generally affected, although the acylation rates with cefuroxime and cefotaxime remained similar to those observed with the wild-type enzyme. Surprisingly, the deacylation rates of the benzoylglycyl and benzoylalanyl adducts were very close to those observed with the wild-type enzyme. The results also indicate that the interaction with the peptide substrate and the transpeptidation reaction were more sensitive to the mutations than the other reactions studied. The results are discussed and compared with those obtained with the Asn-132 mutants of a class A beta-lactamase. [less ▲]

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