Vitamin D supplementation in elderly or postmenopausal women: a 2013 update of the 2008 recommendations from the European Society for Clinical and Economic Aspects of Osteoporosis and Osteoarthritis (ESCEO).
; ; et al
in Current Medical Research & Opinion (2013), 29(4), 305-13
Abstract Background: Vitamin D insufficiency has deleterious consequences on health outcomes. In elderly or postmenopausal women, it may exacerbate osteoporosis. Scope: There is currently no clear ... [more ▼]
Abstract Background: Vitamin D insufficiency has deleterious consequences on health outcomes. In elderly or postmenopausal women, it may exacerbate osteoporosis. Scope: There is currently no clear consensus on definitions of vitamin D insufficiency or minimal targets for vitamin D concentrations and proposed targets vary with the population. In view of the potential confusion for practitioners on when to treat and what to achieve, the European Society for Clinical and Economic Aspects of Osteoporosis and Osteoarthritis (ESCEO) convened a meeting to provide recommendations for clinical practice, to ensure the optimal management of elderly and postmenopausal women with regard to vitamin D supplementation. Findings: Vitamin D has both skeletal and extra-skeletal benefits. Patients with serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25-(OH)D) levels <50 nmol/L have increased bone turnover, bone loss, and possibly mineralization defects compared with patients with levels >50 nmol/L. Similar relationships have been reported for frailty, nonvertebral and hip fracture, and all-cause mortality, with poorer outcomes at <50 nmol/L. Conclusion: The ESCEO recommends that 50 nmol/L (i.e. 20 ng/mL) should be the minimal serum 25-(OH)D concentration at the population level and in patients with osteoporosis to ensure optimal bone health. Below this threshold, supplementation is recommended at 800 to 1000 IU/day. Vitamin D supplementation is safe up to 10,000 IU/day (upper limit of safety) resulting in an upper limit of adequacy of 125 nmol/L 25-(OH)D. Daily consumption of calcium- and vitamin-D-fortified food products (e.g. yoghurt or milk) can help improve vitamin D intake. Above the threshold of 50 nmol/L, there is no clear evidence for additional benefits of supplementation. On the other hand, in fragile elderly subjects who are at elevated risk for falls and fracture, the ESCEO recommends a minimal serum 25-(OH)D level of 75 nmol/L (i.e. 30 ng/mL), for the greatest impact on fracture. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 18 (11 ULg)
Treatment of osteoporosis in men.
; Reginster, Jean-Yves ; et al
in BONE (2013), 53(1), 134-44
SUMMARY: Aspects of osteoporosis in men, such as screening and identification strategies, definitions of diagnosis and intervention thresholds, and treatment options (both approved and in the pipeline ... [more ▼]
SUMMARY: Aspects of osteoporosis in men, such as screening and identification strategies, definitions of diagnosis and intervention thresholds, and treatment options (both approved and in the pipeline) are discussed. INTRODUCTION: Awareness of osteoporosis in men is improving, although it remains under-diagnosed and under-treated. A European Society for Clinical and Economic Aspects of Osteoporosis and Osteoarthritis (ESCEO) workshop was convened to discuss osteoporosis in men and to provide a report by a panel of experts (the authors). METHODS: A debate with an expert panel on preselected topics was conducted. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: Although additional fracture data are needed to endorse the clinical care of osteoporosis in men, consensus views were reached on diagnostic criteria and intervention thresholds. Empirical data in men display similarities with data acquired in women, despite pathophysiological differences, which may not be clinically relevant. Men should receive treatment at a similar 10-year fracture probability as in women. The design of mixed studies may reduce the lag between comparable treatments for osteoporosis in women becoming available in men. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 12 (3 ULg)
Faut-il rechercher des anomalies génétiques constitutionnelles des gènes AIP et MEN1 chez un sujet jeune atteint d'adénome hypophysaire isolé sporadique ?
; ; et al
in Annales d'Endocrinologie - 28ème congrès de la société Française d'Endocrinologie (2011)Detailed reference viewed: 8 (0 ULg)
Assessment of determinants for osteoporosis in elderly men.
Scholtissen, Sophie ; ; Bruyère, Olivier et al
in Osteoporosis International (2009), 20(7), 1157-66
SUMMARY: The aim of this cross-sectional study was to determine and quantify some determinants associated to low bone mineral density (BMD) in elderly men. This study showed that ageing, a lower body mass ... [more ▼]
SUMMARY: The aim of this cross-sectional study was to determine and quantify some determinants associated to low bone mineral density (BMD) in elderly men. This study showed that ageing, a lower body mass index (BMI), a higher blood level of C-terminal cross-linking telopeptides of type I collagen (CTX-1), family history of osteoporosis, and/or fracture and prior fracture were associated with bone mineral density. INTRODUCTION: Our aims were to identify some determinants associated to low bone mineral density in men and to develop a simple algorithm to predict osteoporosis. METHODS: A sample of 1,004 men aged 60 years and older was recruited. Biometrical, serological, clinical, and lifestyle determinants were collected. Univariate, multivariate, and logistic regression analyses were performed. Receiver operating characteristic analysis was used to assess the discriminant performance of the algorithm. RESULTS: In the multiple regression analysis, only age, BMI, CTX-1, and family history of osteoporosis and/or fracture were able to predict the femoral neck T-score. When running the procedure with the total hip T-score, prior fracture also appeared to be significant. With the lumbar spine T-score, only age, BMI, and CTX-1 were retained. The best algorithm was based on age, BMI, family history, and CTX-1. A cut-off point of 0.25 yielded a sensibility of 78%, a specificity of 59% with an area under the curve of 0.73 in the development and validation cohorts. CONCLUSION: Ageing, a lower BMI, higher CTX-1, family history, and prior fracture were associated with T-score. Our algorithm is a simple approach to identify men at risk for osteoporosis. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 70 (7 ULg)
Strontium ranelate réduit le risque de fracture vertébrale chez des patientes traitées 3 ans pour ostéoporose postménopausique
; ; et al
in Revue du Rhumatisme (2002), 69Detailed reference viewed: 7 (2 ULg)
Do estrogens effectively prevent osteoporosis-related fractures?
Reginster, Jean-Yves ; Bruyère, Olivier ; et al
in Calcified Tissue International (2000), 67Detailed reference viewed: 12 (6 ULg)