References of "Wertz, Céline"
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See detailL’influence du passé d’agression sexuelle sur le sentiment de compétence parentale : analyse qualitative et quantitative.
Blavier, Adelaïde ULg; Fivet, Marie; Thiltges, Esther ULg et al

Conference (2013, May 15)

L’objectif de cette présentation est d’étudier le sentiment de compétence parentale chez des mères qui ont été victimes d’agressions sexuelles pendant leur enfance (entre 0 et 16 ans) et de mettre en ... [more ▼]

L’objectif de cette présentation est d’étudier le sentiment de compétence parentale chez des mères qui ont été victimes d’agressions sexuelles pendant leur enfance (entre 0 et 16 ans) et de mettre en évidence les facteurs qui affectent cette image chez ces mères. Afin de tenir compte de la complexité du phénomène, nous avons examiné diverses caractéristiques relatives à l’agression sexuelle (durée, âge lors des premiers faits, force et menace, intensité du traumatisme subi, avoir suivi une thérapie ou non, divers troubles encore présents actuellement). En outre, nous avons pris en considération la présence d’autres maltraitances infantiles survenues durant l’enfance et/ou l’adolescence. Les outils utilisés pour la récolte des données sont le questionnaire d’autoévaluation de la compétence parentale (QAECP), le TraumaQ et un entretien semi-structuré réalisé suite à une revue de la littérature. Nous avons rencontré 11 mères victimes d’agression et 11 mères non victimes (groupe contrôle apparié). Suite à la récolte de ces données, des analyses qualitatives et quantitatives ont été réalisées. Celles-ci montrent que le sentiment de compétence parentale est inférieur chez les mères qui ont été agressées sexuellement et que plus le traumatisme psychologique est intense, plus le sentiment de compétence parentale est faible. On remarque également que ces mères victimes d’agression sexuelle perçoivent leurs parents comme étant moins compétents que les mères contrôles. De plus, lorsqu’il y a eu d’autres maltraitances infantiles, les mères se sentent encore moins compétentes. Nos résultats montrent en outre l’influence d’autres caractéristiques sur le sentiment de compétence parentale, telles que l’âge au début des faits, le statut de l’agresseur, les troubles dépressifs et les troubles du sommeil. L’ensemble de ces facteurs et leurs conséquences illustre la complexité individuelle mais aussi intergénérationnelle de cette problématique. Les résultats seront discutés à la lumière des théories scientifiques dans ce domaine. Nous terminerons l’exposé par les pistes thérapeutiques mises en place pour restaurer l’image parentale auprès de ces mères afin d’améliorer les relations qu’elles entretiennent avec leur(s) enfant(s) en vue notamment de prévenir les risques de maltraitance infantile (négligence, violence) ou la mise en place d’un cycle intergénérationnel de l’abus. [less ▲]

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See detailLes contenus anatomiques au test de Rorschach : comparaison des réponses de sujets infirmiers à une population contrôle.
Englebert, Jérôme ULg; Thiltges, Esther ULg; Wertz, Céline ULg et al

in Encéphale (L') (2013), 39(2), 94-100

Introduction: The study of answer contents at Rorschach test leads to numerous debates and controversies. On a pragmatic point of view, the recurrent question is to understand the meaning of a content (or ... [more ▼]

Introduction: The study of answer contents at Rorschach test leads to numerous debates and controversies. On a pragmatic point of view, the recurrent question is to understand the meaning of a content (or its repetition) in a protocol. On a discursive and perceptive point of view, it is hazardous to give an interpretation other than descriptive and contextual. Indeed, no one interpretative theory or analysis method is able to determine with certainty and rigour a strict correlation between people’s psychological functioning and the contents they perceive. Methods: In this empirical context, we studied the “anatomy” answers (frequencies and formal qualities) in a nurse population (N=38) matched with a control group (non medical subjects, N=38). The Rorschach test was administrated according to the recommendations of Integrated System. Results: The average of An+Xy answers was clearly and significantly higher in nurse population (3.58) than in the control group (0.89) and than in the three comparative norms that we selected (from 0.96 to 1.83). Concerning the formal quality, the repeated-measures analysis of variance showed a significant interaction effect: although subjects in the control group gave a similar number of ordinary, unusual and minus forms for An+Xy answers, the nurses gave more wrong (minus) forms (1.79) than unusual forms (1.21) and finally than ordinary forms (0.58). un nombre significativement plus élevé de mauvaises formes (1.79) que de formes inhabituelles (1.21) et finalement que de formes ordinaires (0.58). Discussion: Two hypotheses may be suggested in order to explain our findings. From one part, there is highly probable that our results are linked to the everyday body confrontation in nurse job. From another part, we suggest that by giving An+Xy answers, nurses tend to reveal some idiosyncratic characteristics in order to show their own identity. Indeed, our nurse subjects were selected because of their job and then they complied with the social identity that was implicitly expected. This is congruent with the complex functioning in social reality: in a social group, people will not verbalize all of their perceptions, they will preferentially verbalize perceptions that define their social identity. On the contrary, if some perceptions do not comply with subject’s identity, these perceptions will be less frequently verbalized despite the fact that they were perceived. Concerning the second main finding, the inadequate formal quality of answers given by nurses emphasizes a visual misrepresentation conditioning by one’s job. This effect is interesting on a psychological point of view because it suggests that this tendency to perceive more anatomical contents arises to the detriment of the “reality”. Finally, our findings allowed us to suggest hypothesis on the role of identity on answer contents at Rorschach test according to the context and to formulate some recommendations about the content use in the Rorschach interpretation. [less ▲]

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See detailTroubles réactionnels de l’attachement et compétences émotionnelles chez l’enfant âgé de cinq à huit ans
Wertz, Céline ULg; Gauthier, Jean-Marie ULg; Blavier, Adelaïde ULg

in Neuropsychiatrie de l'Enfance et de l'Adolescence (2012), 60(7-8), 492504

Background The quality of interactions experienced with primary attachment figures influences the development of emotional skills. On the other hand, we know how emotions fill a critical adaptive role for ... [more ▼]

Background The quality of interactions experienced with primary attachment figures influences the development of emotional skills. On the other hand, we know how emotions fill a critical adaptive role for the social adjustment, in that they assume both a communicative function and an informative value. In this paper, we were particularly interested in how children's patterns of attachment were expressed in terms of ability to understand other's emotions. According to Laible & Thompson's observations (1998), we tested the following hypothesis: insecure attachment representations are associated with a poverty of skills in decoding emotional signals. They especially would affect the perception of negative emotional expressions, because of their threatening nature. Method We tested this hypothesis by the meeting of four children of primary school age (5 to 8 years old) with a reactive attachment disorder, and four peer controls, matched for gender and age. At first, the Attachment Story Completion Task (Bretherton et al., 1990) allowed us to specify the type of attachment disorder for each child of the clinical group. Secondly, inspired by Pollak et al.’s study, we proposed to all subjects a recognition task of facial emotional expressions. Results We observed in the clinical group low average rates of identification of basic and primary negative emotions. But if the accuracy of judgments is a function of emotion's valence, it actually seems more especially dependent of the child's attachment pattern. More specifically, whereas some of them tend to avoid dealing with negative emotions (desactivation of attachment strategy), others fit into an opposite pattern of hypersensitivity to these emotions (hyperactivation). Particular ways of emotional perception finally appear typical of specific patterns of attachment. Moreover, the finding of specific patterns of errors, and particularly the central role of sadness in these confusions would demonstrate an immaturity of empathic and symbolic skills in children suffering from this kind of disorder. Conclusion These results, although obtained from a small sample of children, nevertheless open interesting perspectives for research, both theoretical and methodological level. They especially concern difficulties experienced by these children to consider emotion to a symbolic level and the various defenses set up in front of emotional life, prevent their access to others’ point of view. This seems causing many social dysregulations tending to increase, in turn, their deficiencies in the affective area. [less ▲]

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See detailMalingering in expertise context: How to better understand the victimology process?
Blavier, Adelaïde ULg; Thiltges, Esther ULg; Wertz, Céline ULg

Conference (2012, May 11)

In forensic context, the psychological or psychiatric assessment occurs in a particular and different way than the usual practice in psychotherapy, and malingering has a specific dimension in this context ... [more ▼]

In forensic context, the psychological or psychiatric assessment occurs in a particular and different way than the usual practice in psychotherapy, and malingering has a specific dimension in this context. This article focuses on malingering in situations of damages compensations. We analyse this behaviour through the study of the victimisation process, the family influence, the existent psychological tests and the examiner’s role. The injured persons are placed or place their-self in a victim position that seems to be a factor involved in their reconstruction process and by this way, in the use of malingering. The family has also a strong influence on the management of the traumatic incident and by this way, on the (conscious or unconscious) choice of malingering, particularly for children (by example, in the Munchausen by proxy syndrome). Finally, our study shows how the examiner’s role and attitude are central in the functioning and the interaction of the two mechanisms (management of the event/reconstruction by the victim and malingering). Although psychological tests can be used in order to discover malingering, a meticulous assessment, empathy, and neutral and benevolent attention are indispensable elements in order to assure authentic complaints and thus to prevent malingering. [less ▲]

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See detailReactive Attachment Disorder and socio-emotional development in childhood: Clinical review.
Wertz, Céline ULg; Gauthier, Jean-Marie ULg; Blavier, Adelaïde ULg

Poster (2011, May 27)

The quality of interactions experienced with primary attachment figures influence the development of emotional skills. On the other hand, we know how emotions fill a critical adaptive role for the social ... [more ▼]

The quality of interactions experienced with primary attachment figures influence the development of emotional skills. On the other hand, we know how emotions fill a critical adaptive role for the social adjustment, in that they assume both a communicative function and an informative value. In this research, we were particularly interested in how children’s patterns of attachment were expressed in terms of emotional regulation abilities. According to Laible & Thompson’s observations (1998), we tested the following hypothesis: insecure attachment representations are associated with a poverty of skills in decoding emotional signals. They especially would affect the perception of negative emotional expressions. We tested this hypothesis by the meeting of five children of primary school age (5 to 8 years old) with a reactive attachment disorder and through the establishment of two methodological tools. At first, the Attachment Story Completion Task (Bretherton et al., 1990) allowed us to identify attachment representations for each child. Secondly, inspired by Pollak & al.’s study, we developed a recognition task of facial emotional expressions. We observed in these children low average rates of identification of basic and primary emotions. Especially, the accuracy of judgments was not only a function of emotion’s valence, but was also dependant of the child’s attachment pattern. Finally, this research confirmed the observations, already showed in previous studies, that interpersonal difficulties presented by these children could be explained specifically by their inefficiency in interpreting social cues surrounding emotional events (Crick & Dodge, 1994). [less ▲]

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