References of "Weber, T"
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See detailProspective randomised controlled study of use of intrapulmonary percussive ventilation with chest physiotherapy after cardiac surgery
Fraipont, V.; Kellens, Isabelle ULg; Weber, T. et al

in Critical Care (2004), 8(Suppl 1), 15

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See detailImpact du Percussionaire® et de la kinésithérapie respiratoire conventionnelle après chirurgie cardiaque : étude randomisée contrôlée
Kellens, Isabelle ULg; Fraipont, V.; Weber, T. et al

in Réanimation (2003, December), 12(suppl 3), 243

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See detailBronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia and ulcerative colitis after allogeneic bone marrow transplantation.
Baron, Frédéric ULg; Hermanne, Jean-Philippe; Dowlati, A. et al

in Bone Marrow Transplantation (1998), 21(9), 951-4

A 37-year-old man with acute myeloblastic leukemia in first remission developed ulcerative colitis and bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia (BOOP) 7 months after bone marrow transplantation (BMT ... [more ▼]

A 37-year-old man with acute myeloblastic leukemia in first remission developed ulcerative colitis and bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia (BOOP) 7 months after bone marrow transplantation (BMT) from an HLA-matched brother who suffered from severe Crohn's disease. BOOP occurred 20 days after idiopathic interstitial pneumonia, in the context of severe ulcerative colitis. Lung and colon biopsies showed no signs of CMV infection or GVHD. The patient was treated with oral methylprednisolone 1 mg/kg/day and his clinical status and chest X-ray improved slowly. Remarkably, the symptoms of colitis also resolved with prednisone therapy and he is now symptom-free. We hypothesize that ulcerative colitis may have been transmitted from donor to recipient (adoptive autoimmunity) and that it was complicated by BOOP. However, other factors such as CMV may have contributed to the occurrence of BOOP. [less ▲]

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See detailLe syndrome hépato-pulmonaire
Lamproye, Anne ULg; Weber, T.; Delwaide, Jean ULg et al

in Médecine & Chirurgie Digestives (1998)

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See detailUsefulness of Induced Sputum Analysis in Pulmonary Diseases
Kayembe, J. M.; Louis, Renaud ULg; Corhay, Jean-Louis ULg et al

in Acta Clinica Belgica (1997), 52(2), 106-11

In this study, we analysed the cellular component of induced sputum in healthy control subjects (n = 30), asthmatics (n = 44), patients suffering from COPD (n = 15), pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) (n = 14 ... [more ▼]

In this study, we analysed the cellular component of induced sputum in healthy control subjects (n = 30), asthmatics (n = 44), patients suffering from COPD (n = 15), pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) (n = 14) and healthy steel workers (HSW) (n = 14). [less ▲]

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See detailLe syndrome hépato-pulmonaire
Lamproye, Anne ULg; Weber, T.; Delwaide, Jean ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (1997), 52(10), 666-670

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See detailStaging of the Mediastinum: Value of Positron Emission Tomography Imaging in Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer
Bury, Thierry ULg; Paulus, P.; Dowlati, A. et al

in European Respiratory Journal : Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology (1996), 9(12), 2560-4

Recent studies have shown limitations of morphological imaging in staging mediastinal lymph node involvement in lung cancer. In contrast to computed tomography (CT), which depends primarily on anatomical ... [more ▼]

Recent studies have shown limitations of morphological imaging in staging mediastinal lymph node involvement in lung cancer. In contrast to computed tomography (CT), which depends primarily on anatomical imaging features, positron emission tomography (PET) with 18-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) depends mainly on the metabolic characteristics of a tissue for the diagnosis of disease. We have performed a prospective study comparing FDG-PET and CT of the thorax in the presurgical assessment of the mediastinum in 50 patients with newly diagnosed non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). CT and PET scans were interpreted separately, and results were compared to pathological staging obtained during thoracotomy. Hilar or mediastinal lymph node involvement was present in 58%. In staging for lymph node involvement, CT had a sensitivity of 72% and specificity of 81%, whereas PET had a sensitivity and specificity of 90% and 86%, respectively. When the PET study was compared to histological results, there were four cases showing more advanced mediastinal involvement with PET and four cases showing less involvement with PET. From our preliminary results, we conclude that positron emission tomography with 18-fluorodeoxyglucose is significantly more accurate than computed tomography in the mediastinal staging of non-small cell lung cancer. [less ▲]

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See detailTraitement du cancer broncho-pulmonaire par carboplatine/etoposide : étude de survie
Skaventzos, I.; Weber, T.; Bury, Thierry ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (1996), 51(11), 718-20

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See detailTomographie a emission de positons dans l'evaluation de l'extension ganglionnaire intrathoracique du cancer bronchique non petites cellules. Etude preliminaire chez 30 patients.
Bury, Thierry ULg; CORHAY, Jean-Louis ULg; Paulus, P et al

in Revue des Maladies Respiratoires (1996), 13(3), 281-286

Current methods for evaluating the mediastinum include chest radiography, computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance (MR) imaging and mediastinoscopy. Despite advances in morphologic imaging, some ... [more ▼]

Current methods for evaluating the mediastinum include chest radiography, computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance (MR) imaging and mediastinoscopy. Despite advances in morphologic imaging, some lung cancer patients are found to have unresectable disease at surgery. In contrast to CT scan or MR imaging, which depend primarily on anatomic and morphological criteria, positron emission tomography (PET) with 18fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) depends mainly of the metabolic characteristics of a tissue for the diagnosis of disease. We perform a prospective study to compare FDG-PET and CT of the thorax in the presurgical assessment of the mediastinum in patients with newly diagnosed non-small cell lung cancer. Thirty patients have been included. CT and PET-scans were interpreted separately and results were compared to surgical staging during thoracotomy. In assessing mediastinal involvement, CT scan had a sensitivity of 56% and a specificity of 64%. For diagnosis mediastinal nodal disease, FDG-PET was 87% sensitive and 78% specific. Its positive predictive value was 82%, and the negative value was 83%. In conclusion, our preliminary results show that FDG-PET appears more accurate than CT in staging of mediastinal non-small cell lung cancer. [less ▲]

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See detailHigh neuron specific enolase levels in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid of patients with lung carcinoma: diagnostic value, relation to serum neuron specific enolase, and staging.
Dowlati, A; Bury, Thierry ULg; CORHAY, Jean-Louis ULg et al

in Cancer (1996), 77(10), 2039-43

BACKGROUND: High levels of neuron specific enolase (NSE) have recently been described in the bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid of patients with lung carcinoma. Although its value in serum has been ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: High levels of neuron specific enolase (NSE) have recently been described in the bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid of patients with lung carcinoma. Although its value in serum has been extensively studied, its diagnostic value in BAL fluid in terms of sensitivity, specificity, and predictive value have not been evaluated. In addition, its value in staging and relation to serum NSE are yet unknown. METHODS: NSE levels were determined on the same day in the BAL fluid and the sera of two groups of patients: those with newly diagnosed lung carcinoma and those with smoking related chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Clinical TNM staging was also performed. Levels of NSE in BAL fluid were expressed as nanograms per 100 international units of lactate dehydrogenase. BAL fluid NSE levels of the two groups were compared with staging and serum NSE. RESULTS: A highly significant difference exists in BAL NSE in the two groups. For diagnostic purposes, the simultaneous measurements of serum NSE increases its sensitivity, but specificity remains unchanged. No correlation exists between BAL NSE and serum NSE, tumor size, nodal status, or the presence of metastases. BAL NSE is a better predictor of malignancy than serum NSE. CONCLUSION: BAL fluid measurements of NSE may have diagnostic value, specially if it is simultaneously measured in the serum. However, our study does not show any value for this technique in staging of lung carcinoma. Also it has no correlation with serum NSE. Studies will have to be performed to determine if BAL NSE can predict chemotherapeutic sensitivity. [less ▲]

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See detailGastrin levels in serum and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid of patients with lung cancer: comparison with patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
Dowlati, A; Bury, Thierry ULg; CORHAY, Jean-Louis ULg et al

in Thorax (1996), 51(12), 1270-2

BACKGROUND: The gastrin gene is known to be expressed in all classes of bronchogenic carcinomas. Furthermore, high levels of gastrin have been reported in both the bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid and ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: The gastrin gene is known to be expressed in all classes of bronchogenic carcinomas. Furthermore, high levels of gastrin have been reported in both the bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid and serum of patients with lung cancer. Based on these preliminary data a study was conducted to evaluate the usefulness of gastrin measurements in the diagnosis and staging of lung cancer. METHODS: Thirty-five patients with lung cancer (26 non-small cell (NSCLC) and nine small cell (SCLC)) and 25 patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease underwent fibreoptic bronchoscopy and BAL. Gastrin levels were determined in both BAL fluid and the serum and compared with each other and with staging. RESULTS: No difference was found between the gastrin levels in the BAL fluid or serum of the study groups. There was no correlation with the stage in NSCLC and no correlation was found between the gastrin levels in the serum and the BAL fluid. A significant difference was seen in gastrin levels in BAL fluid between extensive and limited SCLC (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: There is no evidence of clinical usefulness for gastrin measurements in lung cancer. [less ▲]

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See detailNéphropathie tubulo-interstitielle aigue avec uvéite: à propos d'un cas
Weber, T.; Beckers, C.; Kaye, O. et al

in Acta Clinica Belgica (1996), 51(1), 53-56

We report another case of acute interstitial nephritis with uveitis (TINU syndrome) in a 35-year-old woman. About thirty cases were described since the first ones 20 years ago. We discuss the assessment ... [more ▼]

We report another case of acute interstitial nephritis with uveitis (TINU syndrome) in a 35-year-old woman. About thirty cases were described since the first ones 20 years ago. We discuss the assessment needed to reach the diagnosis. The evolution is unusually favourable with steroid therapy. [less ▲]

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See detailIntérêt de l'étude de l'expectoration induite en pathologie pulmonaire
Kayembe, J. M.; Louis, Renaud ULg; Bury, Thierry ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (1995), 50(5), 209-12

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See detailRegulation of Histamine Release from Human Bronchoalveolar Lavage Mast Cells by Stem Cell Factor in Several Respiratory Diseases
Louis, Renaud ULg; Tilkin, P.; Poncelet, M. et al

in Allergy (1995), 50(4), 340-8

We investigated the effects of stem cell factor (SCF) on histamine release (HR) from human bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) mast cells. BAL cells were recovered from lavage performed in patients undergoing ... [more ▼]

We investigated the effects of stem cell factor (SCF) on histamine release (HR) from human bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) mast cells. BAL cells were recovered from lavage performed in patients undergoing clinical bronchoscopy. SCF (0.02-20 ng/ml), which is by itself a poor secretagogue (mean +/- SEM HR: 3.7 +/- 0.9%; n = 27), strongly enhanced HR induced by anti-IgE in a concentration-related manner. Significant potentiation began at 0.2 ng/ml (30 +/- 10%; p < 0.05; n = 12) and reached a plateau at 2 ng/ml (40 +/- 10%; P < 0.01 at 2 ng/ml and 45 +/- 10%; P < 0.01 at 20 ng/ml; n = 12). In contrast, SCF failed to enhance HR induced by calcium ionophore A23187. Among the BAL cell samples initially unresponsive to anti-IgE (55% of samples), 36% (10/28) were converted to responders if the cells were shortly preincubated with SCF. In 25% of samples (7/27), SCF (20 ng/ml) caused direct HR of 10 +/- 2.1%. The mast cells which released histamine when challenged with SCF also secreted higher levels of histamine in response to anti-IgE and calcium ionophore than those nonresponsive to SCF. While interleukin (IL)-3 and IL-5 (20 ng/ml) were unable to modulate immunologic HR, GM-CSF (20 ng/ml) produced significant potentiation (P < 0.05), which was, however, smaller than that observed with SCF.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) [less ▲]

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See detailLe BOOP: bronchiolitis obliterans and organising pneumonia, mythe ou réalité?
Weber, T.; Louis, Renaud ULg; Bury, Thierry ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (1995), 50(3), 108-9

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See detailIntérêt de la cyclosporine et du méthotrexate dans le traitement de l'asthme.
weber, T.; Skaventos, I.; Kayembe, J. et al

in Médecine et Hygiène (1995), 53

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See detailCytokine Modulation of Basophil Histamine Release in Wasp-Venom Allergy
Radermecker, Maurice ULg; Louis, Renaud ULg; leclercq, M. et al

in Allergy (1994), 49(8), 641-4

We report the effect of interleukin-3 (IL-3) and of other cytokines on antigen-induced basophil histamine release in wasp-venom-allergic subjects. Leukocytes from 12 patients with documented anaphylactic ... [more ▼]

We report the effect of interleukin-3 (IL-3) and of other cytokines on antigen-induced basophil histamine release in wasp-venom-allergic subjects. Leukocytes from 12 patients with documented anaphylactic sensitivity to wasp venom were preincubated in the presence or absence of IL-3, granulocyte/macrophage-colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF), IL-5, IL-8, or stem cell factor (SCF). Washed cells were then exposed to venom and to other secretagogues, and histamine release in the supernatant was measured fluorometrically. Preincubation of leukocytes with IL-3, GM-CSF, or IL-5 (0.02-2 ng/ml), but not with IL-8 and SCF, caused a dose-dependent enhancement of antigen-induced basophilic histamine release in all subjects tested. Mean maximum increase was about 100% for IL-3, IL-5, and GM-CSF. The priming effect of IL-3 was rapid, persisted up to 12 h, and was not accompanied by a change in cellular histamine. IL-3 had a comparable enhancing effect when basophils were triggered with anti-IgE or N-formylmethionylphenylalanine (FMP). By contrast, IL-3 had no effect on substance-P-induced histamine release. The significant enhancement of basophil releasability to antigen in wasp-venom allergy by very low concentrations of IL-3, GM-CSF, and IL-5 suggests that cytokines in the basophil (mast-cell?) microenvironment could be critical factors in determining the variability of sting reactions in Hymenoptera-venom-allergic subjects. [less ▲]

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See detailModulation of Immunological Histamine Release from Human Lung Fragments by Stem Cell Factor, Il-3, Il-5 and Gm-Csf: Comparison with Human Leukocytes
Louis, Renaud ULg; Dowlati, A.; Weber, T. et al

in International Archives of Allergy & Immunology (1994), 105(1), 18-25

Because of the importance of cytokines in the regulation of allergic inflammation, we investigated the effects of SCF, IL-3, IL-5 and GM-CSF on immunological histamine release from sensitized human lung ... [more ▼]

Because of the importance of cytokines in the regulation of allergic inflammation, we investigated the effects of SCF, IL-3, IL-5 and GM-CSF on immunological histamine release from sensitized human lung fragments as well as human leukocytes. SCF (0.2-20 ng/ml) caused a concentration-related enhancement of anti-IgE (1/100) induced histamine release from lung fragments reaching maximally 64% at 20 ng/ml. In contrast, enhancement produced by IL-5, IL-3 and GM-CSF (0.2-20 ng/ml) was quite marginal and reached at best around 20% at the higher concentration, IL-5 being slightly more effective than IL-3 and GM-CSF. Further, SCF potentiated histamine release whatever the level of immunological control whereas potentiation by IL-5 primarily occurred when the amount of histamine release induced by the immunological control ranged between 5 and 10%. SCF acted synergistically with IL-5, producing a greater enhancement of histamine release than the sum of each cytokine used alone. Both SCF and, to a lesser extent, IL-5 potentiated anti-IgE-mediated histamine release regardless of passive sensitization of lung fragments. Unlike what was observed with lung fragments, IL-3, GM-CSF and to a lesser extent IL-5, were potent enhancing agents of anti-IgE (1/2,000)-induced histamine release from leukocytes. Maximal enhancement produced by IL-3 (20 ng/ml), GM-CSF (2 ng/ml) and IL-5 (20 ng/ml) reached 92%, 78% and 61%, respectively. By contrast, SCF (0.2-20 ng/ml) was ineffective on human leukocytes.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) [less ▲]

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See detailTgf Beta 1 Expression Is Initiated in Adult Auditory Neurons by Sectioning of the Auditory Nerve
Lefebvre, P. P.; Martin, Didier ULg; Staecker, H. et al

in Neuroreport (1992), 3(4), 295-8

Neuronotrophic factors (e.g. basic fibroblast growth factor, bFGF and nerve growth factor, NGF) have been demonstrated to respectively promote survival and neuritogenesis in cultures of dissociated adult ... [more ▼]

Neuronotrophic factors (e.g. basic fibroblast growth factor, bFGF and nerve growth factor, NGF) have been demonstrated to respectively promote survival and neuritogenesis in cultures of dissociated adult rat spiral ganglia. Transforming growth factor beta (TGF beta 1) has been shown to modulate the response of cultured auditory neurons to bFGF through the induction of high affinity receptors for bFGF in the neurons. In this study, we show that TGF beta is expressed in situ by adult auditory neurons in response to traumatic injury (i.e. transection of the eighth cranial nerve). Based on these in vivo results and on the results from our previous in vitro studies, we propose that TFG beta 1 acts as an early autocrine signal involved in the response to injury by neurons of the peripheral auditor system. [less ▲]

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See detailGrowth Factor Interactions in Cultures of Dissociated Adult Acoustic Ganglia: Neuronotrophic Effects
Lefebvre, P. P.; Van de Water, T. R.; Weber, T. et al

in Brain Research (1991), 567(2), 306-12

Auditory neurons cultured from adult rat acoustic ganglia require for survival either a substrate bound factor(s) present in astrocyte conditioned medium or substrate bound basic fibroblast growth factor ... [more ▼]

Auditory neurons cultured from adult rat acoustic ganglia require for survival either a substrate bound factor(s) present in astrocyte conditioned medium or substrate bound basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF). Nerve growth factor (NGF) is not a survival factor for these neurons in vitro, but when used in combination with substrate bound bFGF, NGF does vigorously stimulate a neuritogenesis response by these neurons. Transforming growth factor beta (TGF beta 1) enhances the survival effect that bFGF has on these adult auditory neurons but does not by itself promote their survival in dissociated acoustic ganglion cultures. We propose that there may be complex interactions and synergy exerted by these growth factors (i.e. bFGF, NGF, TGF beta 1) during injury to the inner ear. [less ▲]

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