References of "Vanderheyden, Vincent"
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See detailReflexive Loops on Scaling issues in Landscape Quality Assessment
Schmitz, Serge ULg; Vanderheyden, Vincent ULg

in Land Use Policy (2016), 53

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See detailAssessing the ability of rural agrarian areas to provide culturalecosystem services (CES): A multi scale social indicator framework(MSIF)
Carvalho-Ribeiro, Sónia; Pinto Correia, Teresa; Paracchini, Maria Luisa et al

in Land Use Policy (2016), 53

Assessing the ways in which rural agrarian areas provide Cultural Ecosystem Services (CES) is provingdifficult to achieve. This research has developed an innovative methodological approach named as ... [more ▼]

Assessing the ways in which rural agrarian areas provide Cultural Ecosystem Services (CES) is provingdifficult to achieve. This research has developed an innovative methodological approach named as MultiScale Indicator Framework (MSIF) for capturing the CES embedded into the rural agrarian areas. Thisframework reconciles a literature review with a transdisciplinary participatory workshop. Both of thesesources reveal that societal preferences diverge upon judgemental criteria which in turn relate to differentvisual concepts that can be drawn from analyzing attributes, elements, features and characteristics of ruralareas. We contend that it is now possible to list a group of possible multi scale indicators for stewardship,diversity and aesthetics. These results might also be of use for improving any existing European indicatorsframeworks by also including CES. This research carries major implications for policy at different levels ofgovernance, as it makes possible to target and monitor policy instruments to the physical rural settingsso that cultural dimensions are adequately considered. There is still work to be developed on regionalspecific values and thresholds for each criteria and its indicator set. In practical terms, by developing theconceptual design within a common framework as described in this paper, a considerable step forwardtoward the inclusion of the cultural dimension in European wide assessments can be made. [less ▲]

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See detailHabitants des petites villes et des villages face à la nature dans les paysages ordinaires
Vanderheyden, Vincent ULg

Conference (2015, September 25)

La recherche sur les perceptions paysagères dénigre souvent les paysages ordinaires, ces paysages modifiés par l’homme qui n’appellent pas à la protection. Pourtant, dans les régions de forte densité de ... [more ▼]

La recherche sur les perceptions paysagères dénigre souvent les paysages ordinaires, ces paysages modifiés par l’homme qui n’appellent pas à la protection. Pourtant, dans les régions de forte densité de population comme la Belgique, les paysages naturels sont rares ou inexistants, sans pour autant que la nature ait disparu des paysages ordinaires. Il est donc intéressant de se poser la question de la nature dans de tels paysages : à partir de quand un paysage est-il perçu comme naturel par ceux qui l’observent ou y vivent ? Les critères dépendent-ils du mode d’habiter (petite ville, village périurbain ou village rural) ou d’autres facteurs liés à la trajectoire biographique des gens ? Trois terrains d’études ont été retenus pour la recherche : la Wallonie picarde, l’Entre-Sambre et Meuse et l’Ardenne. Ces terrains offrent des paysages ruraux assez typés et suffisamment différenciés et éloignés des grandes agglomérations urbaines, hormis Tournai, ville d’envergure régionale. La Wallonie picarde présente des paysages de vastes plateaux agricoles limoneux au relief plan et peu élevé, occasionnellement surplombé de petites collines. L’Entre-Sambre-et-Meuse offre des paysages mixtes, alternant cultures, prairies et boisement dans un relief plus accidenté d’altitude moyenne. Enfin, l’Ardenne, troisième terrain, montre des paysages de hauts plateaux disséqués, dominés par les massifs forestiers et les pâturages. Ces terrains offrent un bel aperçu du continuum urbain-rural belge : de la petite ville en milieu rural au semis d’habitat très lâche du village ardennais, loin de l’habituelle dichotomie ville - campagne. Dans ces terrains, une approche empirique a été privilégiée. Nous y avons interviewé trois groupes de neuf étudiants (18-25 ans) d’un niveau d’éducation moyen (Bac +1 à Bac +3), non spécialistes en analyse du paysage, habitant dans de petites villes ou villages et un de leurs parents. Durant l’enquête, les personnes devaient classer des photos de paysages ruraux belges plus ou moins impactés par la présence de l’homme (habitat, cultures, éoliennes, pylônes, zones périurbaines) puis devaient motiver leur classement. Les entretiens ont été enregistrés, retranscrits et codés à l’aide d’un logiciel d’analyse qualitative. L’analyse de contenu montre des résultats contrastés. Un certain consensus indépendant du mode d’habiter semble se dégager concernant la présence d’éléments anthropiques récents, tels quel les éoliennes, les zones industrielles ou les pylônes électriques : cela participe à la dénaturation d’un paysage, avec une subtile nuance pour les éoliennes, où la symbolique positive écologique peut pour certains contrebalancer la perte de naturalité induite. Chez des personnes vivant dans un milieu plus urbanisé, le paysage naturel attire, car il change des habitudes de vie. Certains n’hésitent pas à qualifier un paysage de naturel pour peu qu’il contienne suffisamment de végétation, fusse une vaste étendue agricole dédiée à la monoculture. Chez des personnes vivant dans des milieux très ruraux par contre, on ne constate pas toujours la tendance inverse : même la petite ville voisine semble parfois trop urbanisée à leurs yeux pour y vivre. A leurs yeux, les paysages deviennent moins attractifs au fur et à mesure que la densité du bâti devient perceptible. Plus qu’une analyse du visuel, cette recherche montre également que les gens s’imaginent être dans le paysage, entendant les bruits ou ressentant une perte de convivialité à mesure que le paysage s’industrialise ou se remplit de maisons. [less ▲]

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See detailChanging public viewpoints on wind energy development in Belgium
Vanderheyden, Vincent ULg; Schmitz, Serge ULg

in Abstracts. Energy Landscapes: Perception, Planning, Participation and Power. European Conference of the Landscape Research Group, Dresden, 16‐18 September 2015 (2015, September)

The amount of wind turbines has increased exponentially in Belgium in the last eight years (175 in 2007, 771 in 2015). During this period, especially in the last two years, critics of this energy have ... [more ▼]

The amount of wind turbines has increased exponentially in Belgium in the last eight years (175 in 2007, 771 in 2015). During this period, especially in the last two years, critics of this energy have become more organised, virulent, and active in delaying or stopping many projects. The landscape impact of wind energy is central to their arguments. We wonder if people’s attitudes towards wind turbines and landscape changed in the last years in Belgium and how they changed. This paper compares public perception of wind energy in two researches about landscape perception. The two studies used slightly different methodologies but with similarities in the designs, allowing some comparisons. The first research (2007‐2009) aimed to study the perceived landscape impact and the social acceptance of wind turbines in Belgium. 1542 Belgians were surveyed about their landscape preferences using a photo‐questionnaire, including some pictures with wind turbines. 75 stakeholders of wind energy projects were also interviewed. The second research (2012‐2014) aimed to examine deeper the landscape preferences among 54 residents in three areas in Wallonia where wind turbines are present, using the previous photographs. During the conduct of the first research, changing attitudes were already observed. People had become more familiar with wind turbines and were less reluctant. The symbolic positive aspect of wind energy was highlighted seven years ago. This view continues. However, people seem more categorical in their viewpoint. All respondents have now been confronted to wind energy, which was not the case seven years ago. Some persons are not against wind farms but their increase in number start to overwhelm them. Others point they get used to the turbines, as long as they are not too many and too close. The huge increase in wind farms in the last seven years has changed the acceptance of wind energy. Some doubts about the real efficiency of this energy also shaped the attitudes. [less ▲]

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See detailAre there different analysis paterns when people assess rural landscapes?
Vanderheyden, Vincent ULg; Schmitz, Serge ULg

in Firmino, Ana (Ed.) Book of Abstracts and Programme: 23rd Annual Colloquium on Sustainable Rural Systems: Smart Answers for a smiling future (2015, July)

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See detailQu'entend-on par paysage de qualité? Résultats d'une enquête auprès d'experts roumains et wallons
Schmitz, Serge ULg; Vanderheyden, Vincent ULg; Teleuca, Alexandra et al

in Kim, Doo-Chul; Viegas Firmino, Ana Maria; Ichikawa, Yasuo (Eds.) Globalization and New Challenges of Agricultural and Rural Systems (2014)

The European Landscape Convention stresses that “the landscape has an important public interest role in the cultural, ecological, environmental and social fields, and constitutes a resource favourable to ... [more ▼]

The European Landscape Convention stresses that “the landscape has an important public interest role in the cultural, ecological, environmental and social fields, and constitutes a resource favourable to economic activity”. Among other recommendations, signatory countries are committed to assess their landscapes, “taking into account the particular values assigned to them by the interested parties and the population concerned” (Council of Europe 2000). However, assessing landscapes out of a specific framework is not an easy task due to the multiple functions that landscapes perform. Brandt, Tress and Tress (2000) pointed five basic functions: ecological, economic, sociocultural, historical and aesthetic. Relating to these multiple functions, stakeholders may have different points of view on the quality of landscape. In a current bilateral research project funded by Wallonie Bruxelles International and the Romanian Academy, the authors exchange practices concerning landscape monitoring in high value rural landscapes. The paper presents the results of a survey among landscape experts in both countries. Forty-two landscape experts, from Wallonia and Romania, had to specify their level of agreement on fifty-two Likert items regarding landscape quality indicators. A consensus appears about an idyllic landscape characterised by a small human influence. Experts point unanimously the absence of pollution, sustainable farming, the awareness of the inhabitants about landscape, and the aesthetic value as necessary characteristics. Even if the consensus is weaker, both landscape connectivity and regional heritage seem to be other important indicators to assess landscape quality. At the opposite end, the species rarity, the hilliness, a mention in tourist guides, or the presence in the art matter little. The survey stresses also that experts’ advice differs concerning biodiversity indicators, economic potential, and the presence of modern items in the landscape. Generally, Romanian experts stress more the biocentric approach of landscape while Walloon experts may assign importance to urban or industrial landscapes. Finally, the paper suggests nine features worth to be considered when assessing landscapes. [less ▲]

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See detailPerceiving the ordinary : a study of everyday landscapes in Belgium
Vanderheyden, Vincent ULg; van der Horst; Van Rompaey, Anton et al

in Tijdschrift voor Economische en Sociale Geografie = Journal of Economic & Social Geography (2014), 115(5), 591-603

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See detailOppositions et arguments paysagers dans le projet éolien en Wallonie
Vanderheyden, Vincent ULg; Schmitz, Serge ULg

Conference (2013, December 09)

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See detailLandscape Quality Assessment: from place to utopia
Vanderheyden, Vincent ULg; Schmitz, Serge ULg

in Changing European Landscapes. Landscape ecology, local to global. Proceedings. (2013, September 11)

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See detailMultiple Viewpoints on Landscape Quality Assessment: some evidence from a survey in Wallonia and Romania
Schmitz, Serge ULg; Vanderheyden, Vincent ULg; Teleuca, Alexandra et al

in Morimoto, Takehiro; Ichikawa, Yasuo; Kim, Doo-Chul (Eds.) Globalization and New Challenges of Agricultural and Rural Systems (2013, July)

Actually assessing landscapes out of a specific framework is not an easy task due to the multiple functions that landscapes perform.The paper presents the result of a survey among landscape experts in ... [more ▼]

Actually assessing landscapes out of a specific framework is not an easy task due to the multiple functions that landscapes perform.The paper presents the result of a survey among landscape experts in Romania and Wallonia. Expert had to specify their level of agreement on 52 Likert items regarding landscape quality indicators [less ▲]

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See detailBelgium’s ordinary landscapes seen by Belgians
Vanderheyden, Vincent ULg

Conference (2013, May 24)

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See detailBelgian Rural Ordinary Landscapes Seen By Belgians
Vanderheyden, Vincent ULg; Schmitz, Serge ULg

in Van Der Vaart, Jacob; Palang, Hannes (Eds.) Reflection on Landscape Change: The European Perspective (2012, August)

The paper questions the diversity of perceiving Belgian landscapes. It investigates whether hypotheses deducted from a broad national survey could be further clarified and validated by means of ... [more ▼]

The paper questions the diversity of perceiving Belgian landscapes. It investigates whether hypotheses deducted from a broad national survey could be further clarified and validated by means of qualitative research. The research also lays the foundations of a new typology of Belgian ordinary landscapes. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Shaping of Social attitudes toward Energy-Parks in the Belgian Countryside
Schmitz, Serge ULg; Vanderheyden, Vincent ULg; Vanden Broucke, Steven et al

in Horizons in geography (2012), 81-82

Due to recent evolutions- increases in global raw material prices and the growing awareness of global warming, several countries have embraced the development of renewable power production. Because these ... [more ▼]

Due to recent evolutions- increases in global raw material prices and the growing awareness of global warming, several countries have embraced the development of renewable power production. Because these facilities often require a lot of space, they are located in the countryside. This paper focuses on wind energy development in the Belgian countryside, a densely populated area in Western Europe. It presents the results of the Lacsawep research project that examined how Belgian citizens in different contexts perceive wind farm projects. Attitudes toward wind farms in Belgium are based on several sources of information: word of mouth; public announcements by local government and project managers; and the regional, national, or international media. Citizens hardly analyse the mishmash of pro- and contra- information. The discourses shaping attitudes toward wind farms are a compendium of physical annoyances, economic arguments, symbolic preferences, and critiques of decision-making processes. [less ▲]

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See detailVariations in Landscape Sensitivity towards Wind Energy in Belgium
Vanderheyden, Vincent ULg; Schmitz, Serge ULg

in Bruce, Jones; Bojie, Fu (Eds.) Proceedings. The 8th IALE World Congress : Landscape Ecology for Sustainable Environment and Culture (2011, August)

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See detailLandscape Capacity and Social Attitudes towards Wind Energy Projects in Belgium
Van Rompaey, Anton; Schmitz, Serge ULg; Kesteloot, Chris et al

Book published by Belgian Science Policy (2011)

The present energy crisis and the awareness of the human impact on climate change have boosted the public debate on the accelerated deployment of renewable energy sources. The objective of this research ... [more ▼]

The present energy crisis and the awareness of the human impact on climate change have boosted the public debate on the accelerated deployment of renewable energy sources. The objective of this research project is to analyse and assess the landscape capacity and social attitudes towards wind energy parks in Belgium, especially in non-urban and non-industrial sites. This research project starts from the observation that a sustainable production of energy, relying on renewable resources, should go hand in hand with a sustainable societal support for the use of these renewable sources. Experiences from neighbouring countries showed that the societal support depends of the regional landscape capacity and the social attitudes towards wind energy parks. In this research project both quantitative and qualitative research techniques will be used to: (1) measure the landscape capacity in relation to the location of wind energy parks in Belgium, (2) to gain insight in the way attitudes towards wind energy parks are socially constructed and reproduced. [less ▲]

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See detailLong-term bedload mobility in gravel-bed rivers using iron slag as a tracer
Houbrechts, Geoffrey ULg; Levecq, Yannick ULg; Vanderheyden, Vincent ULg et al

in Geomorphology (2011), 126

Bedload dispersion is evaluated in gravel-bed rivers using slag elements from ironworks established along rivers in the Ardenne region, between the fourteenth and the nineteenth centuries. Large ... [more ▼]

Bedload dispersion is evaluated in gravel-bed rivers using slag elements from ironworks established along rivers in the Ardenne region, between the fourteenth and the nineteenth centuries. Large quantities of slag were dumped close to these rivers or even directly into the channels. For centuries, slag elements were dispersed in the bedload and transported by floods of varying importance. Consequently, slag may be considered as a reliable tracer to analyze bedload dispersion over several centuries. The size of slag elements was studied along 16 Ardenne rivers. The longitudinal size trend of the largest slag particles allows the effective competence of these rivers to be determined (between 19 and 129 mm for rivers where specific stream power for the bankfull discharge ranges between 20 and 134 W/m²). A direct relationship doesn’t exist between these two parameters as the size of slag elements must be considered with regard to the D50 of the bed. Selective transport was analyzed directly downstream of the input sites. The sorting distance varies from river to river and depends on the velocity of the coarse elements introduced into the river since the inception of the iron industry. Downstream of two metallurgic sites, the slag propagation fronts were located. As the periods of activity at these sites are known from historical studies, the virtual velocity of bedload movement in these rivers was estimated to be 2-4 km/century. [less ▲]

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See detailDoes the local embeddedness of energy production contribute to sustainable rural development? Some evidence and propositions concerning the spreading of wind energy parks in Belgium
Schmitz, Serge ULg; Vanderheyden, Vincent ULg

in Ecological and Social innovation - 9th International conference of territorial intelligence, ENTI, Strasbourg 2010., Strasbourg : France (2010) - (2010, November)

Parce que l’énergie éolienne prend place à l’échelle locale, il semble important de penser aussi son développement à ce niveau. Quand le développement éolien est globalement perçu comme positif, des ... [more ▼]

Parce que l’énergie éolienne prend place à l’échelle locale, il semble important de penser aussi son développement à ce niveau. Quand le développement éolien est globalement perçu comme positif, des problèmes apparaissent au niveau local. Basée sur une revue de la littérature et sur cinq études de cas en Belgique, la communication souligne la transition spatiale de la production d’énergie suite à la multiplication des sites éoliens. Elle propose des pistes afin de mieux inclure la société locale dans le développement éolien [less ▲]

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See detailSocial Attitudes and Landscape Capacity towards Wind energy Parks in the Belgian Countryside
Schmitz, Serge ULg; Vanderheyden, Vincent ULg; Vanden Broeck, Steven et al

in Amit-Cohen, Irit (Ed.) Sustainability in Transition and the Changing Faces of Rural Areas: Enviuronmental, Social, Cultural and Economic Dimensions (2010, July)

Due to the recent changes at the world scale like the increase in raw material prices and the awareness of the global warming, several countries experience development of renewable power production. These ... [more ▼]

Due to the recent changes at the world scale like the increase in raw material prices and the awareness of the global warming, several countries experience development of renewable power production. These renewable productions often need a lot of place and they are localized in the countryside. This is the come back of the energy production in the rural system after fifty years of concentration of the production in towns, in nuclear power stations, and in large hydropower units. The paper focuses on the wind energy parks development in Belgium countryside, a high-populated area in northwestern Europe. From the experiences in the neighbouring countries, it transpired that social (residents’ reactions) and environmental (landscape impact) aspects are worthy of attention. The paper presents the results of Lacsawep, a two-year federal research project (www.belspo.be/ssd/), that examines which landscapes are adapted to wind energy in Belgium and how Belgian citizens in different contexts perceive those projects. The attitude toward wind energy parks in Belgium is based on information coming from several levels: the mouth to ear, the municipality’s, communication and project leader’s communication, the regional, national, and international Medias. The citizens difficultly analyse the mishmash of pro- and contra- information. The discourses and the bases of attitudes toward wind energy parks are a complex of physical annoyances, economic arguments, symbolic arguments, and type of decision-making process. Last but not least, these attitudes may change quickly due to the international concerns and the upsurge of wind energy parks. In Belgium, it was noticed that during the research project, the attitude toward wind energy parks changed positively. [less ▲]

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See detailMonde rural : cadre de vie et de récréation.
Schmitz, Serge ULg; Vanderheyden, Vincent ULg; Brück, Laurent ULg et al

in Van Hecke, Etienne; Antrop, Marc; Schmitz, Serge (Eds.) et al Paysage, monde rural et agriculture (2010)

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See detailAtlas des Paysages de Wallonie 3. Le Plateau condrusien
Castiau, Etienne; Neuray, Claire; Nielsen, Marc et al

Book published by CPDT - L’Atlas des Paysages de Wallonie est une publication de la Conférence Permanente du Développement Territorial (2010)

Nos paysages évoluent. Ces changements sont souvent ressentis par la population comme une menace pour leur identité culturelle et territoriale. Aujourd’hui, nous sommes de plus en plus nombreux à ... [more ▼]

Nos paysages évoluent. Ces changements sont souvent ressentis par la population comme une menace pour leur identité culturelle et territoriale. Aujourd’hui, nous sommes de plus en plus nombreux à considérer le paysage comme un patrimoine commun, une composante essentielle de notre qualité de vie et comme un véritable facteur d’attractivité sociale et économique des territoires. Les pouvoirs publics ont pris conscience de la valeur de nos paysages et des menaces qui pèsent sur leur évolution. C’est ainsi que la Convention européenne du paysage, adoptée à Florence en 2000 et ratifiée par la Région wallonne en 2001, vise à protéger, aménager et gérer les paysages européens. Pour ce faire, divers outils et recommandations sont proposés. Parmi ceux-ci, on peut relever la nécessité de connaître et de sensibiliser aux paysages. C’est l’objectif qui traverse cet Atlas du Plateau condrusien, troisième tome d’une collection qui à terme couvrira toute la Wallonie. Ces Atlas des Paysages de Wallonie sont conçus comme des outils de connaissance, de sensibilisation et de gestion. Abondamment illustrés, ils sont accessibles à un large public, depuis le simple citoyen curieux ou amoureux de sa région jusqu’aux décideurs politiques, en passant par les acteurs associatifs. [less ▲]

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