References of "Van Hoef, Berthe"
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See detailNutritionally induced obesity is attenuated in transgenic mice overexpressing plasminogen activator inhibitor-1
Lijnen, Roger; Maquoi, Erik ULg; Morange, Pierre et al

in Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology (2003), 23(1), 78-84

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate the role of plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) in adipose tissue development in vivo. METHODS AND RESULTS: Transgenic (Tg) mice ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate the role of plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) in adipose tissue development in vivo. METHODS AND RESULTS: Transgenic (Tg) mice overexpressing murine PAI-1 under control of the adipocyte promoter aP2 and wild-type (WT) controls were kept on standard food (SFD) or on high-fat diet (HFD) for 15 weeks. The body weight and the weight of the isolated subcutaneous and gonadal fat deposits of the Tg mice kept on the HFD were significantly lower than those of the WT mice. The number of adipocytes in the adipose tissue was similar for Tg and WT mice on the HFD, but adipocyte hypotrophy and a significantly lower ratio of stroma cells/adipocytes were observed in the Tg mice. A significant negative correlation (P<0.01) was observed between expression of preadipocyte factor-1, which blocks adipocyte differentiation, and adipose tissue weight. Fasting insulin and total cholesterol levels on the HFD were lower in Tg than in WT mice. CONCLUSIONS: High circulating PAI-1 levels attenuate nutritionally induced obesity. This may be related to modifications in adipose tissue cellularity affecting weight and plasma metabolic parameters. [less ▲]

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See detailModulation of fibrinolytic and gelatinolytic activity during adipose tissue development in a mouse model of nutritionally induced obesity
Lijnen, Roger; Maquoi, Erik ULg; Demeulemeester, Désiré et al

in Thrombosis and Haemostasis (2002), 88(2), 345-353

A nutritionally induced obesity model was used to investigate the modulation of fibrinolytic and gelatinolytic activity during the development of adipose tissue. Five week old male mice were fed a ... [more ▼]

A nutritionally induced obesity model was used to investigate the modulation of fibrinolytic and gelatinolytic activity during the development of adipose tissue. Five week old male mice were fed a standard fat diet (SFD, 13% kcal as fat) or a high fat diet (HFD, 42% kcal as fat) for up to 15 weeks. The HFD resulted in body weights of 31 +/- 0.9 g, 38 +/- 2.0 g and 47 +/- 1.9 g at 5, 10 and 15 weeks, respectively; corresponding values for mice on the SFD were 26 +/- 0.6 g, 31 +/- 0.9 g and 31 +/- 1.2 g (all p < 0.001). The weight of the isolated subcutaneous (s.c.) or gonadal (GON) fat after 15 weeks of HFD was 1,870 +/- 180 mg or 1,470 +/- 160 mg, as compared to 250 +/- 58 mg or 350 +/- 71 mg for the SFD (p < 0.001). The HFD induced marked time-dependent hyperglycemia and elevated levels of triglycerides and total cholesterol. The HFD diet also induced a marked hypertrophy of the adipocytes as compared to the SFD, e.g. diameter of 83 +/- 3.0 microns versus 52 +/- 4.2 microns for GON adipocytes at 15 weeks (p < 0.005). Plasma plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) levels were higher in mice on the HFD as compared to the SFD; they were comparable in extracts of s.c. or GON adipose tissue, whereas at different time points tissue-type (t-PA) and urokinase-type (u-PA) plasminogen activator activity was somewhat lower in the adipose tissues of mice on HFD. Gelatinolytic activity (mainly MMP-2) was detected in s.c. but not in GON adipose tissue of mice on SFD, and decreased on the HFD. In situ zymography on cryosections did not reveal different fibrinolytic activities in s.c. or GON adipose tissues of the HFD as compared to the SFD groups, whereas significantly lower gelatinolytic and higher caseinolytic activities were detected in s.c. and GON tissues of mice on the HFD (p < or = 0.05). The fibrillar collagen content was lower in adipose tissue of mice on HFD. Thus, in this model time-dependent development of adipose tissue appears to be associated with modulation of proteolytic activity. [less ▲]

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See detailMatrix metalloproteinase inhibition impairs adipose tissue development in mice
Lijnen, Roger; Maquoi, Erik ULg; Hansen, L. B. et al

in Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology (2002), 22(3), 374-379

The effect of galardin, a broad-spectrum matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) inhibitor, was studied in mice kept on a high fat diet (HFD). Five-week-old male wild-type mice were fed the HFD (42% fat) for up to ... [more ▼]

The effect of galardin, a broad-spectrum matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) inhibitor, was studied in mice kept on a high fat diet (HFD). Five-week-old male wild-type mice were fed the HFD (42% fat) for up to 12 weeks and were daily injected intraperitoneally with the inhibitor (100 mg/kg) or with vehicle. After 12 weeks of the HFD, the body weights of both groups were comparable, but the weight of the isolated subcutaneous (SC) or gonadal (GON) fat deposits was significantly lower in the inhibitor-treated group than in the control group (88 +/- 11 versus 251 +/- 66 mg, respectively, for SC fat [P<0.05]; 90 +/- 24 versus 217 +/- 30 mg, respectively, for GON fat [P<0.02]). The number of adipocytes was somewhat higher and the diameter was somewhat smaller (but not significantly) in adipose tissues of the inhibitor-treated group. Adipose tissue of the inhibitor-treated mice contained more collagen than did that of the vehicle-treated mice (Sirius red-stained area of 42 +/- 2.6% versus 22 +/- 4.4%, respectively, for SC fat [P<0.05]; 21 +/- 5.1% versus 4.7 +/- 0.92%, respectively, for GON fat [P<0.01]); a distinct collagen-rich cap was formed around the inhibitor-treated tissue. In situ zymography with casein- or gelatin-containing gels confirmed a reduced MMP activity in SC and GON adipose tissues of inhibitor-treated mice. Thus, in this model, growth and development of adipose tissue appears to be limited by the formation of a collagen-rich matrix cap around the inhibitor-treated tissue. These data suggest a functional role for MMPs in the development of adipose tissue. [less ▲]

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