Deep sequencing reveals abundant non-canonical retroviral microRNAs in B-cell leukemia/lymphoma
; Momont, Mélanie ; Durkin, Keith et al
in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (2013)
Viral tumor models have significantly contributed to our understanding of oncogenic mechanisms. How transforming delta-retroviruses induce malignancy however remains poorly understood, especially as viral ... [more ▼]
Viral tumor models have significantly contributed to our understanding of oncogenic mechanisms. How transforming delta-retroviruses induce malignancy however remains poorly understood, especially as viral mRNA/protein are tightly silenced in tumors. Here, using deep sequencing of broad windows of small RNA sizes in the Bovine Leukemia Virus ovine model of leukemia/lymphoma, we provide in vivo evidence of the production of non-canonical Pol IIItranscribed viral microRNAs in leukemic B-cells in the complete absence of Pol II 5’ LTR-driven transcriptional activity. Processed from a cluster of five independent self-sufficient transcriptional units located in a proviral region dispensable for in vivo infectivity, BLV microRNAs represent ~ 40 % of all microRNAs in both experimental and natural malignancy. They are subject to strong purifying selection and associate with Argonautes, consistent with a critical function in silencing of important cellular and/or viral targets. BLV microRNAs are strongly expressed in preleukemic and malignant cells in which structural and regulatory gene expression is repressed, suggesting a key role in tumor onset and progression. Understanding how Pol III-dependent microRNAs subvert cellular and viral pathways will contribute in deciphering the intricate perturbations that underlie malignant transformation. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 98 (26 ULg)
Viral expression in bovine leukemia virus-induced tumor cells.
; ; Portetelle, Daniel et al
in Developments in Biological Standardization (1990), 72Detailed reference viewed: 4 (0 ULg)
Even transcriptionally competent proviruses are silent in bovine leukemia virus-induced sheep tumor cells.
; ; et al
in Modern trends in human leukemia VIII (R. Neth., ed.), Springer Verlag, Berlin (1989)Detailed reference viewed: 4 (0 ULg)