Integrated backscatter for the in vivo quantification of supraphysiological vitamin D(3)-induced cardiovascular calcifications in rats.
; ; et al
in Cardiovascular Toxicology (2011), 11(3), 244-52
Cardiovascular calcifications are frequently found in the aging population and are independent predictors of future cardiovascular events. Integrated backscatter (IB) of ultrasound reflectivity can easily ... [more ▼]
Cardiovascular calcifications are frequently found in the aging population and are independent predictors of future cardiovascular events. Integrated backscatter (IB) of ultrasound reflectivity can easily quantify calcifications. For this purpose, 30 male Wistar rats received 25,000 IU/kg/day of vitamin D(3) (group 1, n = 8), 18,800 IU/kg/day (group 2, n = 8), or injections with the vehicle only (group 3, n = 14), for 10 weeks. Echocardiographic calibrated IB (cIB) was measured and calculated at baseline and after 10 weeks, followed by ex vivo micro-CT and histopathology of the aortic valve, ascending aorta, and myocardium. After 10 weeks, the mean cIB value of the aortic valve was significantly higher for vitamin D(3)-dosed animals compared to controls. The mean cIB value of the ascending aorta and the myocardium was also significantly higher in group 1 compared to group 3. In vivo IB results were confirmed by ex vivo micro-CT and histopathology. In conclusion, IB is a non-ionizing, feasible, and reproducible tool to quantify cardiovascular calcifications in an in vivo rat model. The integration of IB in the standard echocardiographic examination for the quantification of cardiovascular calcifications could be useful for serial evaluation of treatment efficacy and for prognosis assessment. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 12 (3 ULg)
Social family allowances in Belgium. The impact of potential reforms on child poverty
; Perelman, Sergio ; Tarantchenko, Ekaterina et al
Report (2010)Detailed reference viewed: 14 (3 ULg)
Analysis of regional wall motion during contrast-enhanced dobutamine stress echocardiography: effect of contrast imaging settings.
; ; et al
in European Journal of Echocardiography (2009), 10(8), 956-60
Aims: Myocardial contrast perfusion echocardiography (MCE) allows simultaneous assessment of perfusion and function. However, low frame rate during MCE may reduce the viewer's ability to discern ... [more ▼]
Aims: Myocardial contrast perfusion echocardiography (MCE) allows simultaneous assessment of perfusion and function. However, low frame rate during MCE may reduce the viewer's ability to discern contractile dysfunction. This study sought to compare MCE and left ventricular opacification (LVO) settings with regard to wall motion abnormalities (WMA) at rest and during dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE). Methods and results: In 50 patients scheduled for coronary angiography and with poor baseline image quality, MCE and LVO were performed during DSE. Regional wall motion was assessed and inter-observer agreement was determined for each imaging modality. The endocardial border score index was similar for both modalities. The wall motion score index (WMSCI) at peak stress using MCE was well correlated with WMSCI obtained with LVO (r2 = 0.9, P < 0.001). However, WMSCI at peak stress was underestimated by MCE (1.66 ± 0.58 with DSE-LVO vs. 1.535 ± 0.50 with DSE-MCE; P < 0.001). Inter-observer agreement on the presence of WMA was 0.65 for MCE and 0.67 for LVO at peak stress. Conclusion: Myocardial contrast perfusion echocardiography provides equal endocardial border delineation compared with LVO modality. Although the inter-observer agreement is slightly higher with LVO compared with MCE, it is not significantly different with MCE at peak stress. Despite the similar improvement in endocardial border delineation, LVO settings allow the detection of more WMA than MCE at peak stress, leading to a significantly higher accuracy for the detection of ischaemia in patients suspected of coronary artery disease when only wall motion is taken into account. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 32 (4 ULg)
Safety of ultrasound contrast agents: "Primum non nocere"?
; ; et al
in Acta Cardiologica (2009), 64(4), 547-52Detailed reference viewed: 2 (0 ULg)
Belgian Society of Cardiology position paper on heart centres in Belgium.
; ; et al
in Acta Cardiologica (2009), 64(4), 537-9Detailed reference viewed: 6 (1 ULg)
Effects of valve replacement for aortic stenosis on mitral regurgitation.
; ; et al
in American Journal of Cardiology (2008), 102(10), 1378-82
We aimed to prospectively and quantitatively assess the effects of aortic valve replacement (AVR) for aortic stenosis (AS) on mitral regurgitation (MR) and to examine the determinants of the changes in MR ... [more ▼]
We aimed to prospectively and quantitatively assess the effects of aortic valve replacement (AVR) for aortic stenosis (AS) on mitral regurgitation (MR) and to examine the determinants of the changes in MR. Fifty-two patients with AS scheduled for AVR were included if holosystolic MR not being considered for replacement or repair was detected. MR was quantified using the proximal isovelocity surface area method before and 8 +/- 4 days after surgery. Mitral valvular deformation parameters did not change significantly, but the mitral effective regurgitant orifice (ERO) and regurgitant volume decreased from 11 +/- 6 mm(2) to 8 +/- 6 mm(2) and from 20 +/- 10 ml to 11 +/- 9 ml, respectively (both p <0.0001). Using multiple linear regression analysis, preoperative severity of MR, mitral leaflet coaptation height, and end-diastolic volume decrease were independently associated with postoperative reduction in MR, whereas changes in mitral valve morphology after surgery were not. MR etiology did not predict the reduction in MR. In conclusion, the decrease in MR observed in most patients after AVR is associated with the magnitude of acute left ventricular reverse remodeling. As the reduction in left ventricular systolic pressure contributes to the decrease in regurgitant volume, the preoperative quantitative assessment of MR should best be performed by measurement of the ERO. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 34 (3 ULg)
Head to head comparison of transesophageal and transthoracic contrast-enhanced echocardiography during dobutamine administration for the detection of coronary artery disease.
; LANCELLOTTI, Patrizio ; et al
in International Journal of Cardiology (2008), 129(1), 105-10
Dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) has been shown to be a very useful non-invasive technique for the detection of coronary artery disease. However, inadequate transthoracic images preclude the use ... [more ▼]
Dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) has been shown to be a very useful non-invasive technique for the detection of coronary artery disease. However, inadequate transthoracic images preclude the use of DSE in a significant proportion of patients. Transesophageal (TEE) or transthoracic contrast echocardiography (CE) can however overcome this limitation. The comparison between the two techniques has never been investigated during a stress test. Therefore, we designed a prospective study to compare DSE-CE and DSE-TEE for the detection of coronary artery disease in patients with poor echo image quality. We studied 42 patients scheduled for quantitative coronary angiography. Prospective DSE-CE and DSE-TEE with maximum one day interval were performed in a random order. Significant coronary artery disease was detected in 30 patients, nine with single vessel disease and 21 with multivessel disease. Sensitivity of DSE was higher with CE than with TEE (90% vs 87%, p=NS). There was no significant difference with respect to specificity in both groups (100% vs 92%, p=NS). The diagnostic accuracy was similar in both groups (93% vs 88%, NS). The kappa value for identical interpretation of a stress echocardiography study was nearly identical with both modalities 0.75 to 0.78. In poorly echogenic patients, DSE-CE is a valuable alternative for the detection of myocardial ischemia in comparison with DSE-TEE. Because DSE-CE is more comfortable than TEE, it should be used in patients with suboptimal transthoracic echocardiograms for the evaluation of coronary artery disease during DSE. [less ▲]
Importance of left ventricular longitudinal function and functional reserve in patients with degenerative mitral regurgitation: assessment by two-dimensional speckle tracking.
Lancellotti, Patrizio ; ; et al
in Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography (2008), 21(12), 1331-6
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine whether two-dimensional speckle tracking of longitudinal myocardial deformation can detect limited contractile reserve during exercise in patients with ... [more ▼]
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine whether two-dimensional speckle tracking of longitudinal myocardial deformation can detect limited contractile reserve during exercise in patients with asymptomatic degenerative mitral regurgitation (MR). METHODS: Seventy-one patients with degenerative MR and normal left ventricular (LV) ejection fractions underwent quantitative exercise echocardiography. RESULTS: Compared with 23 normal subjects matched for age and sex, LV volumes were greater in patients with MR. At rest, global longitudinal strain (GLS) was lower in patients, indicating subclinical LV dysfunction. During exercise, the extent and the magnitude of changes in GLS were larger in controls than in patients with MR. On multivariate regression analysis, left atrial volume at rest and changes in GLS at peak exercise were independently associated with changes in LV ejection fraction. CONCLUSION: In asymptomatic patients with degenerative MR, subnormal LV function can be reliably identified by two-dimensional strain imaging. Limited exercise LV longitudinal contractile recruitment during exercise predicts postoperative LV dysfunction. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 4 (1 ULg)
Valorisation of Microsimulation Model for Social Security Mimosis
; ; Paszukiewicz, Alexis et al
This report is part of the output of the project AG/01/116. The main objectives of project AG/01/116 were to further refine and validate the microsimulation model for social security, MIMOSIS, both by ... [more ▼]
This report is part of the output of the project AG/01/116. The main objectives of project AG/01/116 were to further refine and validate the microsimulation model for social security, MIMOSIS, both by extending the data coverage and refining the modules as through a comparative study of how MIMOSIS is positioned in an international perspective and also by use of MIMOSIS for evaluation of (hypothetical) policy reforms. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 17 (1 ULg)
Effects of surgery on ischaemic mitral regurgitation: a prospective multicentre registry (SIMRAM registry).
Lancellotti, Patrizio ; ; et al
in European Journal of Echocardiography (2008), 9(1), 26-30
AIMS: Functional ischaemic mitral regurgitation (IMR) is common in patients with ischaemic left ventricular dysfunction undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery. Although the presence of IMR negatively ... [more ▼]
AIMS: Functional ischaemic mitral regurgitation (IMR) is common in patients with ischaemic left ventricular dysfunction undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery. Although the presence of IMR negatively affects prognosis, the additional benefit of valve repair is debated, particularly with mild IMR at rest. Exercise echocardiography may help identify a subset of patients at higher risk of cardiovascular events by revealing the dynamic component of IMR. METHODS: A large prospective, multicentre, non-randomized registry is designed to evaluate the effects of surgery on IMR at rest and on its dynamic component at exercise (z). SIMRAM will enrol approximately 550 patients with IMR in up to 17 centres with clinical and exercise follow-up for 1 year. Three sets of outcomes will be prospectively assessed and several hypotheses will be tested including determinants of adverse outcome and progressive left ventricular remodeling, efficacy of treatment and role of ischaemia on the dynamic consequences of IMR. Enrolment began in November 2006 and is expected to end by early 2008. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 12 (3 ULg)