References of "Trinchieri, G"
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See detailThe XMM-LSS survey: the Class 1 cluster sample over the initial 5 deg(2) and its cosmological modelling
Pacaud, F.; Pierre, M.; Adami, C. et al

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society (2007), 382(3), 1289-1308

We present a sample of 29 galaxy clusters from the XMM-LSS survey over an area of some 5 deg(2) out to a redshift of z = 1.05. The sample clusters, which represent about half of the X-ray clusters ... [more ▼]

We present a sample of 29 galaxy clusters from the XMM-LSS survey over an area of some 5 deg(2) out to a redshift of z = 1.05. The sample clusters, which represent about half of the X-ray clusters identified in the region, follow well-defined X-ray selection criteria and are all spectroscopically confirmed. For all clusters, we provide X-ray luminosities and temperatures as well as masses, obtained from dedicated spatial and spectral fitting. The cluster distribution peaks around z = 0.3 and T = 1.5 keV, half of the objects being groups with a temperature below 2 keV. Our L-X-T(z) relation points towards self-similar evolution, but does not exclude other physically plausible models. Assuming that cluster scaling laws follow self-similar evolution, our number density estimates up to z = 1 are compatible with the predictions of the concordance cosmology and with the findings of previous ROSAT surveys. Our well-monitored selection function allowed us to demonstrate that the inclusion of selection effects is essential for the correct determination of the evolution of the L-X-T relation, which may explain the contradictory results from previous studies. Extensive simulations show that extending the survey area to 10 deg(2) has the potential to exclude the non-evolution hypothesis, but those constraints on more refined intracluster medium models will probably be limited by the large intrinsic dispersion of the L-X-T relation, whatever be the sample size. We further demonstrate that increasing the dispersion in the scaling laws increases the number of detectable clusters, hence generating further degeneracy [in addition to sigma(8), Omega(m), L-X-T(z)] in the cosmological interpretation of the cluster number counts. We provide useful empirical formulae for the cluster mass-flux and mass-count rate relations as well as a comparison between the XMM-LSS mass sensitivity and that of forthcoming Sunyaev-Zel'dovich surveys. [less ▲]

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See detailThe XMM-Large scale structure catalogue: X-ray sources and associated optical data. Version I
Pierre, M.; Chiappetti, L.; Pacaud, F. et al

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society (2007), 382(1), 279-290

Following the presentation of the XMM-Large Scale Structure (XMM-LSS) survey X-ray source detection package by Pacaud et al., we provide the source lists for the first surveyed 5.5 deg(2). The catalogues ... [more ▼]

Following the presentation of the XMM-Large Scale Structure (XMM-LSS) survey X-ray source detection package by Pacaud et al., we provide the source lists for the first surveyed 5.5 deg(2). The catalogues pertain to the [0.5-2] and [2-10] keV bands and contain in total 3385 pointlike or extended sources above a detection likelihood of 15 in either band. The agreement with deep log N-log S is excellent. The main parameters considered are position, count rate, source extent with associated likelihood values. A set of additional quantities such as astrometric corrections and fluxes are further calculated while errors on the position and count rate are deduced from simulations. We describe the construction of the band-merged catalogue allowing rapid subsample selection and easy cross-correlation with external multiwavelength catalogues. A small optical Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope Legacy Survey multiband subset of objects are associated with each source along with an X-ray/optical overlay. We make the full X-ray images available in FITS format. The data are available at the Centre de Donnees de Strasbourg and, in a more extended form, at the Milan XMM-LSS survey data base. [less ▲]

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See detailXMM-LSS catalogue. Version I. (Pierre+, 2007)
Pierre, M.; Chiappetti, L.; Pacaud, F. et al

Textual, factual or bibliographical database (2007)

We provide the source list for the first 5.5 surveyed square degrees of the XMM-LSS, with a total of 3385 point-like or extended sources above a detection likelihood of 15 in either 0.5-2 or 2-10keV bands ... [more ▼]

We provide the source list for the first 5.5 surveyed square degrees of the XMM-LSS, with a total of 3385 point-like or extended sources above a detection likelihood of 15 in either 0.5-2 or 2-10keV bands. The table at CDS contains the main parameters, while further parameters and data products (X-ray images and optical thumbnails) are available in the Milan XMM-LSS database site. (1 data file). [less ▲]

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See detail3{sigma} hard sample of XMDS survey (Tajer+, 2007)
Tajer, M.; Polletta, M.; Chiappetti, L. et al

Textual, factual or bibliographical database (2007)

Our goal is to probe the populations of obscured and unobscured AGN investigating their optical-IR and X-ray properties as a function of X-ray flux, luminosity and redshift within a hard X-ray selected ... [more ▼]

Our goal is to probe the populations of obscured and unobscured AGN investigating their optical-IR and X-ray properties as a function of X-ray flux, luminosity and redshift within a hard X-ray selected sample with wide multiwavelength coverage. We selected a sample of 136 X-ray sources detected at a significance of >=3{sigma} in the 2-10keV band (F[SUB]2-10[/SUB]>~10[SUP]-14[/SUP]erg/cm[SUP]2[/SUP]/s) in a ~1deg[SUP]2[/SUP] area in the XMM Medium Deep Survey (XMDS, Cat. ). The XMDS area is covered with optical photometry from the VVDS and CFHTLS surveys and infrared Spitzer data from the SWIRE survey. Based on the X-ray luminosity and X-ray to optical ratio, 132 sources are likely AGN, of which 122 have unambiguous optical - IR identification. The observed optical and IR spectral energy distributions of all identified sources are fitted with AGN/galaxy templates in order to classify them and compute photometric redshifts. X-ray spectral analysis is performed individually for sources with a sufficient number of counts and using a stacking technique for subsamples of sources at different flux levels. Hardness ratios are used to estimate X-ray absorption in individual weak sources. (1 data file). [less ▲]

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See detailObscured and unobscured AGN populations in a hard-X-ray selected sample of the XMDS survey
Tajer, M.; Polletta, M.; Chiappetti, L. et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2007), 467(1), 73-91

Aims. Our goal is to probe the populations of obscured and unobscured AGN investigating their optical-IR and X-ray properties as a function of X-ray flux, luminosity and redshift within a hard X-ray ... [more ▼]

Aims. Our goal is to probe the populations of obscured and unobscured AGN investigating their optical-IR and X-ray properties as a function of X-ray flux, luminosity and redshift within a hard X-ray selected sample with wide multiwavelength coverage. Methods. We selected a sample of 136 X-ray sources detected at a significance of >= 3 sigma in the 2-10 keV band (F2-10 greater than or similar to 10(-1)4 erg cm(-2) s(-1)) in a similar to 1 deg(2) area in the XMM Medium Deep Survey (XMDS). The XMDS area is covered with optical photometry from the VVDS and CFHTLS surveys and infrared Spitzer data from the SWIRE survey. Based on the X-ray luminosity and X-ray to optical ratio, 132 sources are likely AGN, of which 122 have unambiguous optical - IR identification. The observed optical and IR spectral energy distributions of all identified sources are fitted with AGN/galaxy templates in order to classify them and compute photometric redshifts. X-ray spectral analysis is performed individually for sources with a sufficient number of counts and using a stacking technique for subsamples of sources at different flux levels. Hardness ratios are used to estimate X-ray absorption in individual weak sources. Results. 70% of the AGN are fitted by a type 2 AGN or a star forming galaxy template. We group them together in a single class of "optically obscured" AGN. These have "red" optical colors and in about 60% of cases show significant X-ray absorption (N-H > 10(22) cm(-2)). Sources with SEDs typical of type 1 AGN have "blue" optical colors and exhibit X-ray absorption in about 30% of cases. The stacked X-ray spectrum of obscured AGN is flatter than that of type 1 AGN and has an average spectral slope of Gamma = 1.6. The subsample of objects fitted by a star forming galaxy template has an even harder stacked spectrum, with Gamma similar to 1.2-1.3. The obscured fraction is larger at lower fluxes, lower redshifts and lower luminosities. X-ray absorption is less common than "optical" obscuration and its incidence is nearly constant with redshift and luminosity. This implies that at high luminosities X-ray absorption is not necessarily related to optical obscuration. The estimated surface densities of obscured, unobscured AGN and type 2 QSOs are respectively 138, 59 and 35 deg(-2) at F > 10-14 erg cm(-2) s(-1). [less ▲]

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See detailSpectral Energy Distributions of Hard X-Ray Selected Active Galactic Nuclei in the XMM-Newton Medium Deep Survey
Polletta, M.; Tajer, M.; Maraschi, L. et al

in Astrophysical Journal (2007), 663

We present the SEDs of a hard X-ray selected sample containing 136 sources with F[SUB]2-10keV[/SUB]>10[SUP]-14[/SUP] erg cm[SUP]-2[/SUP] s[SUP]-1[/SUP] 132 are AGNs. The sources are detected in a 1 deg ... [more ▼]

We present the SEDs of a hard X-ray selected sample containing 136 sources with F[SUB]2-10keV[/SUB]>10[SUP]-14[/SUP] erg cm[SUP]-2[/SUP] s[SUP]-1[/SUP] 132 are AGNs. The sources are detected in a 1 deg[SUP]2[/SUP] area of the XMM-Newton Medium Deep Survey where optical data from the VVDS and CFHTLS and infrared data from the SWIRE survey are available. Based on a SED fitting technique we derive photometric redshifts with sigma(1+z)=0.11 and 6% of outliers and identify AGN signatures in 83% of the objects. This fraction is higher than derived when a spectroscopic classification is available. The remaining 17[SUP]+9[/SUP][SUB]-6[/SUB]% of AGNs show star-forming galaxy SEDs (SF class). The sources with AGN signatures are divided in two classes, AGN1 (33[SUP]+6[/SUP][SUB]-1[/SUB]%) and AGN2 (50[SUP]+6[/SUP][SUB]-11[/SUB]%). The AGN1 and AGN2 classes include sources whose SEDs are fitted by type 1 and type 2 AGN templates, respectively. On average, AGN1s show soft X-ray spectra, consistent with being unabsorbed, while AGN2s and SFs show hard X-ray spectra, consistent with being absorbed. The analysis of the average SEDs as a function of X-ray luminosity shows a reddening of the infrared SEDs, consistent with a decreasing contribution from the host galaxy at higher luminosities. The AGNs in the SF classes are likely obscured in the mid-infrared, as suggested by their low L[SUB]3-20mum[/SUB]/L[SUP]corr[/SUP][SUB]0.5-10keV[/SUB] ratios. We confirm the previously found correlation for AGNs between the radio luminosity and the X-ray and the mid-infrared luminosities. The X-ray-radio correlation can be used to identify heavily absorbed AGNs. However, the estimated radio fluxes for the missing AGN population responsible for the bulk of the background at E>10 keV are too faint to be detected even in the deepest current radio surveys. [less ▲]

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See detailThe XMM-LSS survey - The XMDS/VVDS 4 sigma catalogue
Chiappetti, L.; Tajer, M.; Trinchieri, G. et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2005), 439(1), 413-425

We present a first catalogue of X-ray sources resulting from the central area of the XMM-LSS (Large Scale Structure survey). We describe the reduction procedures and the database tools we developed and ... [more ▼]

We present a first catalogue of X-ray sources resulting from the central area of the XMM-LSS (Large Scale Structure survey). We describe the reduction procedures and the database tools we developed and used to derive a well defined catalogue of X-ray sources. The present catalogue is limited to a sub-sample of 286 sources detected at 4 sigma in the 1 deg(2) area covered by the photometric VVDS (VIRMOS VLT Deep Survey), which allows us to provide optical and radio identifications. We also discuss the X-ray properties of a larger X-ray sample of 536 sources detected at > 4 sigma in the full 3 deg(2) area of the XMM Medium Deep Survey (XMDS) independently of the optical identification. We also derive the log N - log S relationship for a sample of more than one thousand sources that we discuss in the context of other surveys at similar fluxes. [less ▲]

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See detailXMDS/VVDS 4{sigma} catalogue (Chiappetti+, 2005)
Chiappetti, L.; Tajer, M.; Trinchieri, G. et al

Textual, factual or bibliographical database (2005)

We present a catalogue of 286 X-ray sources with their optical identification taken from the XMDS survey (using the XMM-Newton EPIC instrument). This first version is limited to sources detected at 4 ... [more ▼]

We present a catalogue of 286 X-ray sources with their optical identification taken from the XMDS survey (using the XMM-Newton EPIC instrument). This first version is limited to sources detected at 4{sigma} at least in one energy band, AND falling in the area covered by the optical VVDS survey. (1 data file). [less ▲]

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See detailPreliminary Results from the XMM Medium Deep Survey
Maraschi, L.; Tajer, M.; Trinchieri, G. et al

in Mújica, Raúl; Maiolino, Roberto (Eds.) Multiwavelength AGN Surveys, Proceedings of the Guillermo Haro Conference (2004, January 01)

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