Effects of polyadenylation inhibition on meiosis progression in relation to the polyadenylation status of cyclins A2 and B1 during in vitro maturation of bovine oocytes.
; ; Lequarré, Anne-Sophie
in Molecular Reproduction and Development (2005), 71(1), 107-14
The control of protein synthesis during maturation in oocytes is mainly exerted through cytoplasmic polyadenylation of stored mRNAs. We first analyzed the polyadenylation status of cyclins A2 and B1 ... [more ▼]
The control of protein synthesis during maturation in oocytes is mainly exerted through cytoplasmic polyadenylation of stored mRNAs. We first analyzed the polyadenylation status of cyclins A2 and B1 during in vitro maturation (IVM) of bovine oocytes, using Rapid Amplification of cDNA Ends-Polyadenylation Technique (RACE-PAT). An inconstant elongation of the poly(A) tail was observed for cyclin A2 transcripts after maturation, while a constant lengthening was observed for cyclin B1, occurring during the first 12 hr of incubation. We then evaluated the effects of the polyadenylation inhibitor 3'-deoxyadenosine (3'-dA), on polyadenylation and nuclear maturation. The presence of 0.02 mM 3'-dA during the whole incubation period or from 6 hr after its beginning completely prevented meiosis progression in 100% of the oocytes. Polyadenylation of cyclin B1 was also completely prevented when 3'-dA was added at 0 hr, and greatly reduced when added at 6 hr. When 3'-dA was added at 12 hr, around metaphase I (MI), 46.9% of the oocytes have reached metaphase II (MII, vs. 78.8% in the control group) at 24 hr. The use of the same concentration of 3'-deoxyguanosine (3'-dG), that impairs transcription but not polyadenylation, did not affect cyclins polyadenylation, nor nuclear maturation, whatever was the timing of addition. These results suggest that the polyadenylation of cyclin B1 could be related to the first peak of activity of MPF, occurring around MI (10-12 hr after the onset of the maturation period). They also show that, in our culture conditions, inhibition of polyadenylation prevents meiosis progression, especially up to the MI stage, while inhibition of transcription does not. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 15 (1 ULg)
Poly(A) RNA is reduced by half during bovine oocyte maturation but increases when meiotic arrest is maintained with CDK inhibitors.
Lequarré, Anne-Sophie ; ; et al
in Biology of Reproduction (2004), 71(2), 425-31
Variations in the amount of different RNA species were investigated during in vitro maturation of bovine oocytes. Total RNA content was estimated to be 2 ng before meiosis, and after meiosis resumption ... [more ▼]
Variations in the amount of different RNA species were investigated during in vitro maturation of bovine oocytes. Total RNA content was estimated to be 2 ng before meiosis, and after meiosis resumption, no decrease was observed. Ribosomal RNA did not appear to be degraded either, whereas poly(A) RNA was reduced by half after meiosis resumption, from 53 pg to 25 pg per oocyte. Real-time polymerase chain reaction was performed on growth and differentiation factor-9 (GDF-9), on cyclin B1, and on two genes implicated in the resistance to oxidative stress, glucose-6-phosphate-dehydrogenase (G6PD) and peroxiredoxin-6 (PRDX6). When these transcripts were reverse-transcribed with hexamers, the amplification results were not different before or after in vitro maturation. But when reverse transcription was performed with oligo(dT), amplification was dramatically reduced after maturation, except for cyclin B1 mRNA, implying deadenylation without degradation of three transcripts. Although calf oocytes have a lower developmental competence, their poly(A) RNA contents were not different from that of cow oocytes, nor were they differently affected during maturation. When bovine oocytes were maintained in vitro under meiotic arrest with CDK inhibitors, their poly(A) RNA amount increased, but this rise did not change the poly(A) RNA level once maturation was achieved. The increase could not be observed under transcription inhibition and, when impeding transcription and adenylation, the poly(A) RNA decreased to a level normally observed after maturation, in spite of the maintenance of meiotic arrest. These results demonstrate the importance of adenylation and deadenylation processes during in vitro maturation of bovine oocytes. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 18 (3 ULg)