References of "Tourqui, Soraya"
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See detailLow T-cell chimerism is not followed by graft rejection after nonmyeloablative stem cell transplantation (NMSCT) with CD34-selected PBSC.
Baron, Frédéric ULg; Baudoux, Etienne ULg; Frere, Pascale ULg et al

in Bone Marrow Transplantation (2003), 32(8), 829-34

We investigate the feasibility of CD34-selected peripheral blood stem cell (PBSC) transplantation followed by pre-emptive CD8-depleted donor lymphocyte infusions (DLI) after a minimal conditioning regimen ... [more ▼]

We investigate the feasibility of CD34-selected peripheral blood stem cell (PBSC) transplantation followed by pre-emptive CD8-depleted donor lymphocyte infusions (DLI) after a minimal conditioning regimen. Six patients with advanced hematological malignancies ineligible for a conventional myeloablative transplant (n=5) or metastatic renal cell carcinoma (n=1), and with an HLA-identical (n=4) or alternative (n=2) donor were included. The nonmyeloablative conditioning regimen consisted in 2 Gy TBI alone (n=4), 2 Gy TBI and fludarabine (RCC patient, n=1) or cyclophosphamide and fludarabine (patient who had previously received 12 Gy TBI, n=1). Post transplant immunosuppression was carried out with cyclosporin (CyA) and mycophenolate mofetil (MMF). Initial engraftment was achieved in all patients. One out of six patients (17%) experienced grade > or =2 acute GVHD only after abrupt cyclosporin discontinuation and alpha interferon therapy for life-threatening tumor progression. T-cell chimerism was 23% (19-30) on day 28, 32% (10-35) on day 100, 78% (49-95) on day 180 and 99.5% (99-100) on day 365. Three out of four patients who had measurable disease before the transplant experienced a complete response. We conclude that CD34-selected NMSCT followed by CD8-depleted DLI is feasible and preserves engraftment and apparently also the graft-versus-leukemia (GVL) effect. Further studies are needed to confirm this encouraging preliminary report. [less ▲]

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See detailNonmyeloablative stem cell transplantation with CD8-depleted or CD34-selected peripheral blood stem cells.
Baron, Frédéric ULg; Baudoux, Etienne ULg; Frere, Pascale ULg et al

in Journal of Hematotherapy & Stem Cell Research (2002), 11(2), 301-14

To decrease the incidence of graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) observed after nonmyeloablative stem cell transplantation (NMSCT), we studied the feasibility of CD8-depleted or CD34-selected NMSCT followed ... [more ▼]

To decrease the incidence of graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) observed after nonmyeloablative stem cell transplantation (NMSCT), we studied the feasibility of CD8-depleted or CD34-selected NMSCT followed by CD8-depleted preemptive donor lymphocyte infusion (DLI) given in incremental doses on days 40 and 80. Fourteen patients with high-risk malignancies and an HLA-identical sibling (n = 8) or alternative donor (n = 6) but ineligible for a conventional transplant were included. Nonmyeloablative conditioning regimen consisted in 2 Gy total body irradiation (TBI) alone, 2 Gy TBI and fludarabine (previously untreated patients) or cyclophosphamide and fludarabine (patients who had previously received > or =12 Gy TBI). Patients 1-4 (controls) received unmanipulated peripheral blood stem cells (PBSC) and DLI and patients 5-14 CD8-depleted or CD34-selected PBSC followed by CD8-depleted DLI. Post-transplant immunosuppression was carried out with cyclosporine A (CsA) and mycophenolate mofetil (MMF). Initial engraftment was seen in all patients, but 1 patient (7%) later rejected her graft. The actuarial 180-day incidence of grades II-IV acute GVHD was 75% for patients 1-4 versus 0% for patients 5-14 (p = 0.0019). Five of 14 patients were in complete remission (CR) 180 days after the transplant and 6/14 had partial responses. The 1-year survival rate was 69%, and nonrelapse and relapse mortality rates were 16 and 18%, respectively. We conclude that CD8-depleted or CD34-selected NMSCT followed by CD8-depleted DLI is feasible and considerably decreases the incidence of acute GVHD while preserving engraftment and apparently also the graft-versus-leukemia (GVL) effect. Further studies are needed to confirm this encouraging preliminary report. [less ▲]

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