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See detailIsolation and Identification of Steroid and Flavonoid Glycosides from the Flowers of Allium gramineum
Mskhiladze, Lasha; Chincharadze, David; St-Gelais, Alexis et al

in International Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Drug Research (2016), 8(4), 240-243

The isolation and identification of β-sitosterol 3-O-β-glucopyranoside, quercetin 3-O-β-glucopyranoside, isorhamnetin 3,4'-di-O-β-glucopyranosideand isorhamnetin 3,7-di-O-β-glucopyranosidefrom the flowers ... [more ▼]

The isolation and identification of β-sitosterol 3-O-β-glucopyranoside, quercetin 3-O-β-glucopyranoside, isorhamnetin 3,4'-di-O-β-glucopyranosideand isorhamnetin 3,7-di-O-β-glucopyranosidefrom the flowers of Allium gramineumthat growsin Georgia.The structures of isolated compounds havebeen determined by 1H and 13C nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) Isolation and Identification of Steroid and Flavonoid Glycosides from the Flowers of Allium gramineum. Available from: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/305851744_Isolation_and_Identification_of_Steroid_and_Flavonoid_Glycosides_from_the_Flowers_of_Allium_gramineum [accessed Aug 5, 2016]. [less ▲]

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See detailFingerprinting and validation of a LC-DAD method for the analysis of biflavanones in Garcinia kola-based antimalarial improved traditional medicines
Tshisekedi Tshibangu, Pascal ULg; Mutwale Kapepula, Paulin ULg; Kabongo Kapinga, Marie Josée et al

in Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis (2016), 128(2016), 382-390

African populations use traditional medicines in their initial attempt to treat a range of diseases. Nevertheless, accurate knowledge of the composition of these drugs remains a challenge in terms of ... [more ▼]

African populations use traditional medicines in their initial attempt to treat a range of diseases. Nevertheless, accurate knowledge of the composition of these drugs remains a challenge in terms of ensuring the health of population and in order to advance towards improved traditional medicines (ITMs). In this paper chromatographic methods were developed for qualitative and quantitative analyses of a per os antimalarial ITM containing Garcinia kola. The identified analytical markers were used to establish TLC and HPLC fingerprints. G. kola seeds were analysed by HPLC to confirm the identity of the extract used by the Congolese manufacturer in the ITM. The main compounds (GB1, GB2, GB-1a and Kolaflavanone) were isolated by preparative TLC and identified by UPLC–MS and NMR. For the quantification of the major compound GB1, a simple and rapid experimental design was applied to develop an LC method, and then its validation was demonstrated using the total error strategy with the accuracy profile as a decision tool. The accurate results were observed within 0.14–0.45 mg/mL range of GB1 expressed as naringenin. The extracts used in several batches of the analysed oral solutions contained GB1 (expressed as naringenin) within 2.04–2.43%. Both the fingerprints and the validated LC-DAD were found suitable for the quality control of G. kolabased raw material and finished products, respectively. [less ▲]

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See detailBRYONIA ALBA L. AND ECBALLIUM ELATERIUM (L.) A. RICH. - TWO RELATED SPECIES OF THE CUCURBITACEAE FAMILY WITH IMPORTANT PHARMACEUTICAL POTENTIAL
Ielciu, Irina-Ioana ULg; Frederich, Michel ULg; Tits, Monique ULg et al

in Farmacia (2016), 64(3), 323-332

The importance of the Cucurbitaceae family consists not only in the species that are widely known for various economically important human uses, but also in the species that have proven an important and ... [more ▼]

The importance of the Cucurbitaceae family consists not only in the species that are widely known for various economically important human uses, but also in the species that have proven an important and promising potential concerning their biological activities. Bryonia alba L. and Ecballium elaterium (L.) A. Rich. are two species belonging to this family, that are known since ancient times for their homeopathic or traditional use in the treatment of numerous disorders. There is clear evidence that links between the two species are not only related to family morphological characters, but also to a certain degree to the sexual system and, most importantly, to the active principle content or to potential medicinal uses. All these elements helped to include both species in the same tribe and may result in important reasons for heading future studies towards the elucidation of their complete phytochemical composition and mechanisms of the biological activities. The present study aims to review the existing scientific literature on the two species and to offer sufficient evidence in order to justify a most detailed study of their pharmaceutical potential. [less ▲]

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See detailPHYTOCHEMICAL ANALYSIS OF FUMARIA OFFICINALIS L. (FUMARIACEAE)
Paltinean, Ramona; Toiu, Anca; Wauters, Jean-Noël ULg et al

in Farmacia (2016), 64(3), 409-413

The present study describes the investigation of active compounds from several samples of Fumaria officinalis L. (Fumariaceae). The identification of the isoquinoline alkaloids (allocryptopine ... [more ▼]

The present study describes the investigation of active compounds from several samples of Fumaria officinalis L. (Fumariaceae). The identification of the isoquinoline alkaloids (allocryptopine, chelidonine, protopine, bicuculline, sanguinarine, cheleritrine, stylopine and hydrastine) was performed by comparison with reference standards using an HPLC-DAD method, and their quantification by LC-DAD and spectrophotometric methods. The presence of polyphenolic compounds was simultaneously assessed by HPLC. Protopine and sanguinarine were identified in all extracts. The major alkaloids were protopine and chelidonine (258.3 mg/100 g and respectively 94.13 mg/100 g). The spectrophotometric determinations of alkaloids showed minor differences between commercial samples and those harvested from spontaneous flora. The concentration of isoquinoline alkaloids expressed in chelidonine was between 0.69 and 0.76% in all samples. The pattern of phenol carboxylic acids showed the presence of cynarin, chlorogenic, isochlorogenic and ferulic acids. The flavonoids isovitexin, rutin, isoquercitrin and quercitrin were found in all assessed samples of Fumaria officinalis aerial parts. [less ▲]

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See detailHPLC-DAD IDENTIFICATION OF SOME FLAVONOIDS FROM THE LEAVES AND AERIAL PARTS OF BRYONIA ALBA L. SPECIES SPONTANEOUS IN THE ROMANIAN FLORA
Ielciu, Irina-Ioana ULg; Păltinean, Ramona; Cieckiewicz, Ewa ULg et al

Poster (2015, October 14)

Bryonia alba L. is a climbing species, spontaneous in the Romanian flora, which can be found throughout the whole country [1]. It is known for its cytotoxic, analgesic, antipyretic, anti-inflammatory ... [more ▼]

Bryonia alba L. is a climbing species, spontaneous in the Romanian flora, which can be found throughout the whole country [1]. It is known for its cytotoxic, analgesic, antipyretic, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, anti-rheumatic, laxative-purgative and smooth muscle relaxant proprieties, being used both in traditional medicine and in homeopathy [2]. The main objective of this study consists in the evaluation of the flavonoid profile of this species. The vegetal material was harvested from the spontaneous flora of Cluj county (Romania). The vegetal extracts were obtained by ultrasonication, in methanol. Analysis of flavonoids was performed by a HPLC-DAD method and revealed mainly the presence of C-glycosides, of which saponarine was found as the main compound. Quantification of saponarin was also performed, using the HPLC method, on samples collected at different periods of time. Variation of the quantity of saponarine according to harvested samples was determined. Further analysis are under process in order to investigate the structure of these flavonoids and the pharmacological effects of the Bryonia alba L. plant extracts. References: 1. *** Flora Europea, vol. 2, Cambridge, Univ. Press. Cambridge London-New York Melbourne, 1979, p. 298-299 2. Demarque D, Jouanny J, Poitevin B, Saint Jean Y. Pharmacologie et matière médicale homéopathique, 3ième edition, France, CEDH, 2007. [less ▲]

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See detailMetabolomics analysis of Galium odoratum (L.) Scop.: impact of the plant population origin and growth conditions.
Ledoux, Allison ULg; Martin, Bertrand; De Tullio, Pascal ULg et al

Poster (2015, July 16)

Galium odoratum is a plant used in traditional medicine and to prepare beverages. This work aimed at studying the impact of plant origin and growth conditions on the metabolite content of the plant ... [more ▼]

Galium odoratum is a plant used in traditional medicine and to prepare beverages. This work aimed at studying the impact of plant origin and growth conditions on the metabolite content of the plant. Material and methods- Aerial biomass of Galium odoratum was collected from five natural populations (in situ conditions) and from controlled environment (ex situ conditions). Results- Quantitative analysis of selected phytochemicals including phenylpropranoids and iridoids showed clear differences between the plants from nature and those of controlled growth conditions as well as internal variation within the group. The metabolomic approach emphasized the decrease of the secondary metabolites pool paralleled by an increase of the carbohydrates in ex situ conditions. Conclusion- Metabolomics approaches using 1H-NMR and HPLC is worth to consider for studying the impact of climate factors on the regulation of the phytochemical profile in relation to the origin of the plant material. [less ▲]

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See detailIdentification of Cytotoxic and Antioxidant Compounds from Allium gramineum Flowers
Mskhiladze, Lasha; Chincharadze, David; Tits, Monique ULg et al

in International Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Drug Research (2015), 7

The present study evaluates the in vitro anticancer, antiplasmodial and antioxidant activity of the ethanolic crude extract from the flowers of Allium gramineum growing in Georgia and of one flavonol and ... [more ▼]

The present study evaluates the in vitro anticancer, antiplasmodial and antioxidant activity of the ethanolic crude extract from the flowers of Allium gramineum growing in Georgia and of one flavonol and two steroidal glycosides which were isolated from this plant. The flowers were extracted with ethanol and this total extract was subjected to successive bioguided fractionations to provide glycosides 1-3. Their structures were elucidated on the basis of NMR and ESI-MS spectrometric data in comparison with the existing literature and have been identified as: isorhamnetin-3-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (1), diosgenin-3-O-α-rhamnopyranosyl-(1→2)-β-D-glucopyranoside (Prosapogenin A of dioscin) (2), diosgenin-3-O-α-rhamnopyranosyl-(1→2)-[β-D-glucopyranosyl-(1→4)-]-β-D-glucopyranoside (Deltonine) (3). The ethanolic extract has been shown to strongly inhibit the growth of breast adenocarcinoma cell lines, with an IC50 of 4.5 ± 0.7μg/mL for MDAMB-231 and 4.8 ± 0.9μg/mL for MCF-7 cells. The cytotoxic activity was related to 2 and 3 which exhibited potent cytotoxicity, with an IC50 of ± 3μM. Concerning antiplasmodial activities, only weak activities were observed using the ethanolic extract and the two saponins. The flavonoid was almost inactive. Finally, the radical-scavenging activity of the ethanolic extract was tested in presence of ABTS·+ solution. A decrease of the absorbance intensity was observed, with an IC50 value of 22.1 ± 0.6μg/mLwhile trolox, used as Standard drug, showed a pronounced activity (IC50 = 12.7±0.5μM). The glycoside 1 showed the lowest IC50 value of 20.1 ± 0.8μM while both 2 and 3 exhibited very weak radical scavenging activity. [less ▲]

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See detailINVESTIGATION OF TWO IMPROVED TRADITIONAL MEDICINES: DEVELOPMENT AND VALIDATION OF A LC-UV METHOD FOR THE DOSAGE OF A TRACER COMPOUND
Tshisekedi Tshibangu, Pascal; Kalenda Dibungi, Pascal; Rozet, Eric ULg et al

Poster (2014, June)

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See detailPhytochemical analysis of Tetraclinis articula in relation to its vasorelaxant property.
zidane, Ahlam; Tits, Monique ULg; Angenot, Luc ULg et al

in Journal of Materials and Environmental Science (2014), 5(5), 1368-1375

Tetraclinis articulata (Cupressaceae), a traditional Moroccan herbal drug is used in oriental Morocco to treat diabetes and arterial hypertension. In a previous study we showed that the crude aqueous ... [more ▼]

Tetraclinis articulata (Cupressaceae), a traditional Moroccan herbal drug is used in oriental Morocco to treat diabetes and arterial hypertension. In a previous study we showed that the crude aqueous extract of T. articulata induces endotheliumdependent relaxation ... [less ▲]

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See detailIn Vitro and In Vivo Antiplasmodial Activity of Three Rwandan Medicinal Plants and Identification of Their Active Compounds
Muganga, Raymond; Angenot, Luc ULg; Tits, Monique ULg et al

in Planta Medica (2014), 80(6), 482-489

In our previous study, we reported the interesting in vitro antiplasmodial activity of some Rwandan plant extracts. This gave rise to the need for these extracts to also be evaluated in vivo and to ... [more ▼]

In our previous study, we reported the interesting in vitro antiplasmodial activity of some Rwandan plant extracts. This gave rise to the need for these extracts to also be evaluated in vivo and to identify the compounds responsible for their antiplasmodial activity. The aim of our study was, on the one hand, to evaluate the antiplasmodial activity in vivo and the safety of the selected Rwandan medicinal plants used in the treatment of malaria, with the objective of promoting the development of improved traditional medicines and, on the other hand, to identify the active ingredients in the plants. Plant extracts were selected according to their selectivity index. The in vivo antiplasmodial activity of aqueous, methanolic, and dichloromethane extracts was then evaluated using the classical 4-day suppressive test on Plasmodium berghei infected mice. The activity of the plant extracts was estimated by measuring the percentage of parasitemia reduction, and the survival of the experimental animals was recorded. A bioguided fractionation was performed for the most promising plants, in terms of antiplasmodial activity, in order to isolate active compounds identified by means of spectroscopic and spectrometric methods. The highest level of antiplasmodial activity was observed with the methanolic extract of Fuerstia africana (> 70 %) on days 4 and 7 post-treatment after intraperitoneal injection and on day 7 using oral administration. After oral administration, the level of parasitemia reduction observed on day 4 post-infection was 44 % and 37 % with the aqueous extract of Terminalia mollis and Zanthoxylum chalybeum, respectively. However, the Z. chalybeum extract presented a high level of toxicity after intraperitoneal injection, with no animals surviving on day 1 post-treatment. F. africana, on the other hand, was safer with 40 % mouse survival on day 20 post-treatment. Ferruginol is already known as the active ingredient in F. Africana, and ellagic acid (IC50 = 175 ng/mL) and nitidine (IC50 = 77.5 ng/mL) were identified as the main active constituents of T. mollis and Z. chalybeum, respectively. F. africana presented very promising antiplasmodial activity in vivo. Although most of the plants tested showed some level of antiplasmodial activity, some of these plants may be toxic. This study revealed for the first time the role of ellagic acid and nitidine as the main antimalarial compounds in T. mollis and Z. chalybeum, respectively. [less ▲]

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See detailStrychnobaillonine, an Unsymmetrical Bisindole Alkaloid with an Unprecedented Skeleton from Strychnos icaja Baill. Roots
Tchinda Tiabou, Alembert ULg; Jansen, Olivia ULg; Nyemb, Jean-Noel et al

in Journal of Natural Products (2014), 77

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See detailSome natural products from aerial parts of Scrophularia imerethica
Getia, M; Mshvildadze, V; Dekanosidze, G et al

Poster (2013, June 17)

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See detailUnusual Amino Acids and Monofluoroacetate from Dichapetalum michelsonii (Umutambasha), a Toxic Plant from Rwanda
Esters, Virginie ULg; Karangwa, Charles; Tits, Monique ULg et al

in Planta Medica (2013), 79

In the course of our investigations on Umutambasha in order to identify its convulsant principles, small quantities of monofluoroacetate were observed in stem bark, leaves, and fruits of this plant newly ... [more ▼]

In the course of our investigations on Umutambasha in order to identify its convulsant principles, small quantities of monofluoroacetate were observed in stem bark, leaves, and fruits of this plant newly identified as Dichapetalum michelsonii Hauman. Conclusive evidence for a monofluoroacetate presence came from its isolation from the freeze-dried extract of stem bark. Three free unusual amino acids, named N-methyl-α-alanine, N-methyl-β-alanine, and 2,7-diaminooctan-1,8-dioic acid, described for the first time in a plant, and known trigonelline were also isolated from the stem bark of D. michelsonii. Structure elucidations were mainly achieved by spectroscopic methods (1H-NMR, 2D-NMR, MS) and by comparison with authentic references. These unusual amino acids were detected by a fast, reliable TLC analysis in all our batches of Umutambasha, suggesting that they could be used for identification purposes in case of human or livestock intoxications. Finally, EEG recordings and behavioural observations performed in mice suggested that the convulsive patterns produced by Umutambasha are the consequence of monofluoroacetate presence in D. michelsonii. [less ▲]

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See detailIsolation, pharmacological activity and structure determination of physalin B and 5[beta],6[beta]-ep­oxy­physalin B isolated from Congolese Physalis angulata L.
Mangwala Kimpende, P.; Lusakibanza, M.; Mesia, K. et al

in Acta Crystallographica Section C-Crystal Structure Communications (2013), C69

Physalis angulata L., an annual herb from the Solanaceae family, is widely used in popular medicine in tropical countries to treat a variety of diseases. Two products, (X) and (Y), were isolated from a ... [more ▼]

Physalis angulata L., an annual herb from the Solanaceae family, is widely used in popular medicine in tropical countries to treat a variety of diseases. Two products, (X) and (Y), were isolated from a crude CH2Cl2 extract of dried Congolese Physalis angulata L. plants and crystallized from acetone for structure elucidation. Compound (X) corresponds to a physalin B dimer acetone solvate hydrate (2C28H30O9·C3H6O·0.22H2O), while compound (Y) crystallizes as a mixed crystal containing two physalin B mol­ecules which overlap with 5[beta],6[beta]-ep­oxy­physalin B, also known as physalin F, and one acetone mol­ecule in the asymmetric unit (1.332C28H30O9·0.668C28H30O10·C3H6O). Anti­­plasmodial activity, cytotoxic activity and selectivity indices were determined for crude extracts and the two isolated products (X) and (Y). [less ▲]

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See detailPhenolic acid-rich extract of sweet basil restores cholesterol and triglycerides metabolism in high fat diet-fed mice: A comparison with fenofibrate
Harnafi, H.; Ramchoun, M.; Tits, Monique ULg et al

in Biomedicine & Preventive Nutrition (2013), 3(4), 393-397

Many spices are often added to foods as additives to enhance organoleptic qualities, such as flavor, aroma and color. Sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) family of Lamiaceae is widely used in cooking for ... [more ▼]

Many spices are often added to foods as additives to enhance organoleptic qualities, such as flavor, aroma and color. Sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) family of Lamiaceae is widely used in cooking for its culinary attributes. In this study, we aimed at the investigation of the hypocholesterolemic and hypotriglyceridemic activities of the basil phenolic acid-rich extract in high fat diet-induced hyperlipemic mice. Hyperlipemia was developed by a high fat diet containing cholesterol, lard and cholic acid. At the beginning of the experiment, animals were divided into three groups, one of them served as normolipidemic control group (NCG), the second hyperlipidemic control group (HCG) and the third basil-treated group (BTG). After 5 weeks of treatment, basil phenolic acid-rich extract significantly decreased plasma total cholesterol, triglycerides and LDL-cholesterol (-42%,-42% and -86%, respectively, P < 0.001). However, HDL-cholesterol was increased (+79%, P < 0.001). The extract reduced the atherogenic index and LDL/HDL-C ratio (-88% and -94%, respectively, P < 0.001). The reductions of liver total cholesterol and triglycerides were of -50% (P < 0.01) and -58% (P < 0.01), respectively. The hypolipemic effect of the phenolic acid-rich extract is comparable to that exerted by fenofibrate. This drug significantly reduced plasma total cholesterol, triglycerides and LDL-cholesterol (-25.5%, -51%, and -83.5%, respectively, P < 0.001) and increased plasma HDL-cholesterol (+136%, P < 0.001). On the other hand, fenofibrate significantly decreased atherogenic index and LDL/HDL-cholesterol ratio (-91% and -93%, respectively, P < 0.001). The fenofibrate decreased hepatic total cholesterol by 59.5% and triglycerides by 72%, respectively (P < 0.01). HPLC analysis led to identify four major compounds: caftaric acid, cafeic acid, chicoric acid and rosmarinic acid. In conclusion, the Sweet basil contains phenolic products that are able to lower hyperlipidemia and prevent atherosclerosis. © 2013 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailIdentification and Quantification of the Main Active Anticancer Alkaloids from the Root of Glaucium flavum
bournine, Lamine; Bensalem, Sihem; Wauters, Jean-Noël ULg et al

in International Journal of Molecular Sciences (2013), 14

Glaucium flavum is used in Algerian folk medicine to remove warts (benign tumors). Its local appellations are Cheqiq el-asfar and Qarn el-djedyane. We have recently reported the anti-tumoral activity of ... [more ▼]

Glaucium flavum is used in Algerian folk medicine to remove warts (benign tumors). Its local appellations are Cheqiq el-asfar and Qarn el-djedyane. We have recently reported the anti-tumoral activity of Glaucium flavum root alkaloid extract against human cancer cells, in vitro and in vivo. The principal identified alkaloid in the extract was protopine. This study aims to determine which component(s) of Glaucium flavum root extract might possess potent antitumor activity on human cancer cells. Quantitative estimation of Glaucium flavum alkaloids was realized by HPLC-DAD. Glaucium flavum effect on human normal and cancer cell viability was determined using WST-1 assay. Quantification of alkaloids in Glaucium flavum revealed that the dried root part contained 0.84% of protopine and 0.07% of bocconoline (w/w), while the dried aerial part contained only 0.08% of protopine, glaucine as the main alkaloid, and no bocconoline. In vitro evaluation of the growth inhibitory activity on breast cancer and normal cells demonstrated that purified protopine did not reproduce the full cytotoxic activity of the alkaloid root extract on cancer cell lines. On the other hand, bocconoline inhibited strongly the viability of cancer cells with an IC50 of 7.8 µM and only a low cytotoxic effect was observed against normal human cells. Our results showed for the first time that protopine is the major root alkaloid of Glaucium flavum. Finally, we are the first to demonstrate a specific anticancer effect of Glaucium flavum root extract against breast cancer cells, which can be attributed, at least in part, to bocconoline. [less ▲]

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See detailIdentification and determination of alkaloids in Fumaria Species from Romania
Paltinean, Ramona; Toju, A; Wauters, Jean-Noël ULg et al

in Digest Journal of Nanomaterials & Biostructures [=DJNB] (2013), 8(2), 817-824

Four Fumaria species (F. vaillantii Loisel, F. parviflora Lam., F. rostellata Knaf and F. jankae Hausskn.) were analysed in order to determine the presence of the isoquinoline alkaloids allocryptopine ... [more ▼]

Four Fumaria species (F. vaillantii Loisel, F. parviflora Lam., F. rostellata Knaf and F. jankae Hausskn.) were analysed in order to determine the presence of the isoquinoline alkaloids allocryptopine, chelidonine, protopine, bicuculline, sanguinarine, cheleritrine, stylopine, and hydrastine through an HPLC-DAD method. Protopine and sanguinarine were present in all extracts. Bicuculline and stylopine were found in F. vaillantii and F. parviflora, whilst chelidonine was identified only in F. vaillantii and hydrastine in F. jankae, so they represent potential taxonomic markers that differentiate the four plants. The richest species in isoquinoline alkaloids was F. parviflora. Our study showed significant differences between the four Fumaria species, both qualitative and quantitative. [less ▲]

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See detailComparative morphological studies on some species of the genus Fumaria
Paltinean, Ramona; Wauters, Jean-Noël ULg; Tits, Monique ULg et al

in Farmacia (2013), 61(2), 371-377

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