References of "Thiltges, Esther"
     in
Bookmark and Share    
Peer Reviewed
See detailL’influence du passé d’agression sexuelle sur le sentiment de compétence parentale : analyse qualitative et quantitative.
Blavier, Adelaïde ULg; Fivet, Marie; Thiltges, Esther ULg et al

Conference (2013, May 15)

L’objectif de cette présentation est d’étudier le sentiment de compétence parentale chez des mères qui ont été victimes d’agressions sexuelles pendant leur enfance (entre 0 et 16 ans) et de mettre en ... [more ▼]

L’objectif de cette présentation est d’étudier le sentiment de compétence parentale chez des mères qui ont été victimes d’agressions sexuelles pendant leur enfance (entre 0 et 16 ans) et de mettre en évidence les facteurs qui affectent cette image chez ces mères. Afin de tenir compte de la complexité du phénomène, nous avons examiné diverses caractéristiques relatives à l’agression sexuelle (durée, âge lors des premiers faits, force et menace, intensité du traumatisme subi, avoir suivi une thérapie ou non, divers troubles encore présents actuellement). En outre, nous avons pris en considération la présence d’autres maltraitances infantiles survenues durant l’enfance et/ou l’adolescence. Les outils utilisés pour la récolte des données sont le questionnaire d’autoévaluation de la compétence parentale (QAECP), le TraumaQ et un entretien semi-structuré réalisé suite à une revue de la littérature. Nous avons rencontré 11 mères victimes d’agression et 11 mères non victimes (groupe contrôle apparié). Suite à la récolte de ces données, des analyses qualitatives et quantitatives ont été réalisées. Celles-ci montrent que le sentiment de compétence parentale est inférieur chez les mères qui ont été agressées sexuellement et que plus le traumatisme psychologique est intense, plus le sentiment de compétence parentale est faible. On remarque également que ces mères victimes d’agression sexuelle perçoivent leurs parents comme étant moins compétents que les mères contrôles. De plus, lorsqu’il y a eu d’autres maltraitances infantiles, les mères se sentent encore moins compétentes. Nos résultats montrent en outre l’influence d’autres caractéristiques sur le sentiment de compétence parentale, telles que l’âge au début des faits, le statut de l’agresseur, les troubles dépressifs et les troubles du sommeil. L’ensemble de ces facteurs et leurs conséquences illustre la complexité individuelle mais aussi intergénérationnelle de cette problématique. Les résultats seront discutés à la lumière des théories scientifiques dans ce domaine. Nous terminerons l’exposé par les pistes thérapeutiques mises en place pour restaurer l’image parentale auprès de ces mères afin d’améliorer les relations qu’elles entretiennent avec leur(s) enfant(s) en vue notamment de prévenir les risques de maltraitance infantile (négligence, violence) ou la mise en place d’un cycle intergénérationnel de l’abus. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 56 (10 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailLes contenus anatomiques au test de Rorschach : comparaison des réponses de sujets infirmiers à une population contrôle.
Englebert, Jérôme ULg; Thiltges, Esther ULg; Wertz, Céline ULg et al

in Encéphale (L') (2013), 39(2), 94-100

Introduction: The study of answer contents at Rorschach test leads to numerous debates and controversies. On a pragmatic point of view, the recurrent question is to understand the meaning of a content (or ... [more ▼]

Introduction: The study of answer contents at Rorschach test leads to numerous debates and controversies. On a pragmatic point of view, the recurrent question is to understand the meaning of a content (or its repetition) in a protocol. On a discursive and perceptive point of view, it is hazardous to give an interpretation other than descriptive and contextual. Indeed, no one interpretative theory or analysis method is able to determine with certainty and rigour a strict correlation between people’s psychological functioning and the contents they perceive. Methods: In this empirical context, we studied the “anatomy” answers (frequencies and formal qualities) in a nurse population (N=38) matched with a control group (non medical subjects, N=38). The Rorschach test was administrated according to the recommendations of Integrated System. Results: The average of An+Xy answers was clearly and significantly higher in nurse population (3.58) than in the control group (0.89) and than in the three comparative norms that we selected (from 0.96 to 1.83). Concerning the formal quality, the repeated-measures analysis of variance showed a significant interaction effect: although subjects in the control group gave a similar number of ordinary, unusual and minus forms for An+Xy answers, the nurses gave more wrong (minus) forms (1.79) than unusual forms (1.21) and finally than ordinary forms (0.58). un nombre significativement plus élevé de mauvaises formes (1.79) que de formes inhabituelles (1.21) et finalement que de formes ordinaires (0.58). Discussion: Two hypotheses may be suggested in order to explain our findings. From one part, there is highly probable that our results are linked to the everyday body confrontation in nurse job. From another part, we suggest that by giving An+Xy answers, nurses tend to reveal some idiosyncratic characteristics in order to show their own identity. Indeed, our nurse subjects were selected because of their job and then they complied with the social identity that was implicitly expected. This is congruent with the complex functioning in social reality: in a social group, people will not verbalize all of their perceptions, they will preferentially verbalize perceptions that define their social identity. On the contrary, if some perceptions do not comply with subject’s identity, these perceptions will be less frequently verbalized despite the fact that they were perceived. Concerning the second main finding, the inadequate formal quality of answers given by nurses emphasizes a visual misrepresentation conditioning by one’s job. This effect is interesting on a psychological point of view because it suggests that this tendency to perceive more anatomical contents arises to the detriment of the “reality”. Finally, our findings allowed us to suggest hypothesis on the role of identity on answer contents at Rorschach test according to the context and to formulate some recommendations about the content use in the Rorschach interpretation. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 262 (34 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailMalingering in expertise context: How to better understand the victimology process?
Blavier, Adelaïde ULg; Thiltges, Esther ULg; Wertz, Céline ULg

Conference (2012, May 11)

In forensic context, the psychological or psychiatric assessment occurs in a particular and different way than the usual practice in psychotherapy, and malingering has a specific dimension in this context ... [more ▼]

In forensic context, the psychological or psychiatric assessment occurs in a particular and different way than the usual practice in psychotherapy, and malingering has a specific dimension in this context. This article focuses on malingering in situations of damages compensations. We analyse this behaviour through the study of the victimisation process, the family influence, the existent psychological tests and the examiner’s role. The injured persons are placed or place their-self in a victim position that seems to be a factor involved in their reconstruction process and by this way, in the use of malingering. The family has also a strong influence on the management of the traumatic incident and by this way, on the (conscious or unconscious) choice of malingering, particularly for children (by example, in the Munchausen by proxy syndrome). Finally, our study shows how the examiner’s role and attitude are central in the functioning and the interaction of the two mechanisms (management of the event/reconstruction by the victim and malingering). Although psychological tests can be used in order to discover malingering, a meticulous assessment, empathy, and neutral and benevolent attention are indispensable elements in order to assure authentic complaints and thus to prevent malingering. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 58 (6 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailPsychology of migration and losses: Mourning process in families native from Democratic Republic of Congo
Thiltges, Esther ULg; D'Amore, Salvatore ULg; Blavier, Adelaïde ULg

Poster (2011, May 27)

Migration constitutes a potentially traumatic event along with cultural losses and psychic reorganizations (Moro, 1994, 1998). The lost object is physically absent but psychologically present and this ... [more ▼]

Migration constitutes a potentially traumatic event along with cultural losses and psychic reorganizations (Moro, 1994, 1998). The lost object is physically absent but psychologically present and this ambiguity precludes the mourning process (Boss, 1999). Indeed migration losses are unclear, incomplete and potentially retrievable (ex: return in the country, Falicov, 2003). The mourning process cannot be achieved because the object (country, family, cultural and social environments) is still existing (Aouattah, 2003). Nevertheless, exile does not have to be seen only as traumatizing but also as a potentially creative experience (Douville, 2001). Therefore, we also took into account benefits of the migration and individual resources. We analyzed a sample of five families from the Democratic Republic of Congo – with open questions during two meetings – and we tested the following hypothesis: "the mourning process is the result of the dynamic interactions between losses, resources and benefits ". We defined these dynamics through three steps: association and confusion; dissociation and identification; integration and achievement of the mourning process. We tested our hypothesis using Alceste – which is a statistical tool for discourse analysis – and the results confirmed it. We can state our conclusions as follows. At the first stage of the process, there exists confusion between losses, resources and benefits. At the second stage, the persons can differentiate and separate these three elements. And at the last step, people can achieve the mourning process, live with their losses and launch themselves into the future. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 67 (11 ULg)