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See detailFull-electrochemical preparation of conducting/insulating binary polymer films
Jérôme, Christine ULg; Geskin, V.; Lazzaroni, Roberto et al

in Chemistry of Materials (2001), 13(5), 1656-1664

Binary polymer films consisting of an insulating polymer and a conducting polymer have been successfully prepared by sequential electropolymerization of the parent monomers. The insulating polymer ... [more ▼]

Binary polymer films consisting of an insulating polymer and a conducting polymer have been successfully prepared by sequential electropolymerization of the parent monomers. The insulating polymer (polyacrylonitrile or polyethylacrylate) is formed under cathodic polarization in a potential range where the growing chains are chemically grafted onto the nickel or carbon electrode. The conducting polymer (polybithiophene or polypyrrole) is formed by electrooxidation of the parent monomer. The electrochemical reactions and the electrochemical properties of the films have been analyzed by cyclic voltammetry and chronoamperometry. The influence of the main experimental parameters on the composition and morphology of the films has been investigated by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and atomic force microscopy. This approach strongly improves the adhesion of the conducting polymer as a result of its combination with the grafted polyacrylonitrile. This combination of insulating and conducting polymers is a way to tune the electroactivity of the conjugated chains. [less ▲]

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See detailAdsorption of Poly(vinylpyrrolidone)/Surfactant(s) mixtures at the silica/water interface: a calorimetric investigation
Thibaut, Anne; Misselyn-Bauduin, Anne-Marie; Broze, Guy ULg et al

in Langmuir (2000), 16(25), 9841-9849

The adsorption of binary mixtures of poly(vinylpyrrolidone) (PVP) and sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) and of ternary mixture of PVP, SDS, and pentaethylene glycol monodecyl ether (C10E5) onto silica has been ... [more ▼]

The adsorption of binary mixtures of poly(vinylpyrrolidone) (PVP) and sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) and of ternary mixture of PVP, SDS, and pentaethylene glycol monodecyl ether (C10E5) onto silica has been studied by the measurements of the adsorbed amount of PVP and the heat of adsorption. The amount of PVP adsorbed from the binary mixtures decreases as the SDS concentration is increased, whereas the enthalpy change passes through a maximum at SDS concentration of ca. 4 g/L. The chain conformation of PVP adsorbed on silica has been estimated from the adsorption data in relation to the surfactant concentration. It changes from loops and tails to trains upon increasing SDS concentration. At SDS concentrations higher than 4 g/L, a comblike conformation is observed. The adsorption of PVP/SDS/C10E5 ternary mixtures depends on the polymer concentration regime. [less ▲]

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See detailAdsorption of an aqueous mixture of surfactants on silica
Thibaut, Anne; Misselyn-Bauduin, Anne-Marie; Grandjean, Jean ULg et al

in Langmuir (2000), 16(24), 9192-9198

The behavior of mixtures of a nonionic surfactant, pentaethylene glycol monodecyl ether (C10E5), and an anionic surfactant, sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS), was studied at the water−silica interface. In ... [more ▼]

The behavior of mixtures of a nonionic surfactant, pentaethylene glycol monodecyl ether (C10E5), and an anionic surfactant, sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS), was studied at the water−silica interface. In contrast to the C10E5 surfactant, which is adsorbed at the silica−water interface at pH 6, the adsorption of the anionic surfactant is not observed. In the presence of SDS, the adsorption of C10E5 is severely restricted as result of the formation of mixed micelles in solution. This behavior is consistent with the adsorption free energy, ΔGads, of C10E5 and the free energy of mixed micellization, ΔGmix.mic, of SDS and C10E5. Flow microcalorimetry (FMC) results showed that the addition of C10E5/SDS mixtures to silica precoated with C10E5 resulted in the release of the preadsorbed nonionic surfactant; the whole phenomenon is exothermic. Combination of calorimetric data (FMC and isothermal titration calorimetry), self-diffusion coefficients, and the regular solution theory led to the conclusion that the main driving force for the C10E5 desorption was the formation of mixed micelles by unimeric SDS and the released nonionic surfactant. [less ▲]

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See detailMixed micelles of anionic-nonionic and anionic-zwitterionic surfactants analyzed by pulsed field gradient NMR
Misselyn-Bauduin, Anne-Marie; Thibaut, Anne; Grandjean, Jean ULg et al

in Langmuir (2000), 16(10), 4430-4435

The micellar composition of two binary surfactant systems, that is, sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS)/pentaethylene glycol monodecyl ether (C10E5) and SDS/lauryl amido propyl betaine (LAPB), has been analyzed ... [more ▼]

The micellar composition of two binary surfactant systems, that is, sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS)/pentaethylene glycol monodecyl ether (C10E5) and SDS/lauryl amido propyl betaine (LAPB), has been analyzed by pulsed gradient spin−echo NMR (FT-PGSE NMR). The experimental data have been compared to theoretical predictions based on the regular solution theory that takes into account the nonideal mixing of the surfactant pairs. Although good agreement between experiment and theory is observed for the SDS/C10E5 pair, some discrepancy is noted for the LAPB/SDS system, particularly at a high molar fraction of SDS. [less ▲]

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