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See detailDimerization and DNA binding properties of the Bacillus licheniformis 749/I BlaI repressor
Filée, Patrice ULg; Vreuls, Christelle ULg; Herman, Raphaël ULg et al

in Journal of Biological Chemistry (2003), 278(19), 16482-16487

In the absence of penicillin, the beta-lactamase encoding gene blaP of Bacillus licheniformis 749/I is negatively regulated by the transcriptional repressor BlaI. Three palindromic operator regions are ... [more ▼]

In the absence of penicillin, the beta-lactamase encoding gene blaP of Bacillus licheniformis 749/I is negatively regulated by the transcriptional repressor BlaI. Three palindromic operator regions are recognized by BlaI: two in the blaP promoter (OP1 and OP2) and one (OP3) in the promoter of the blaI-blaR1 operon. In this study, the dissociation constant of the purified BlaI dimer was estimated at 25 muM by equilibrium ultracentrifugation. Quantitative Western blot analysis indicates that the intracellular concentrations of BlaI in B. licheniformis 749/I and Bacillus subtilis transformed by a multicopy plasmid harboring the beta-lactamase locus (blaP-blaI-blaR1) were lower than (1.9 muM) or in the same range as (75 muM) the dissociation constant, respectively. This suggests that BlaI is partially dimeric in the cytoplasm of these strains and interacts in vivo with its operators as a preformed dimer. This hypothesis is supported by band shift assays on an operator containing a randomized half-operator sequence. The global dissociation constants of the operator-BlaI dimer complexes were measured by band shift assays and estimated as K-dOP1=1.7+/-0.5 10(-15) M-2, K-dOP2=3.3+/-0.9 10(-15) M-2, and K-dOP3=10.5+/-2.5 10(-15) M-2. The role of the DNA binding properties of BlaI on the beta-lactamase regulation is discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Penicillin Resistance of Enterococcus Faecalis Jh2-2r Results from an Overproduction of the Low-Affinity Penicillin-Binding Protein Pbp4 and Does Not Involve a Psr-Like Gene
Duez, Colette ULg; Zorzi, Willy ULg; Sapunaric, Frédéric ULg et al

in Microbiology (2001), 147(Pt 9), 2561-9

A penicillin-resistant mutant, JH2-2r (MIC 75 microg ml(-1)), was isolated from Enterococcus faecalis JH2-2 (MIC 5 microg ml(-1)) by successive passages on plates containing increasing concentrations of ... [more ▼]

A penicillin-resistant mutant, JH2-2r (MIC 75 microg ml(-1)), was isolated from Enterococcus faecalis JH2-2 (MIC 5 microg ml(-1)) by successive passages on plates containing increasing concentrations of benzylpenicillin. A comparison of the penicillin-binding protein (PBP) profiles in the two strains revealed a more intensely labelled PBP4 in JH2-2r. Because the sequences of the JH2-2 and JH2-2r pbp4 genes were strictly identical, even in their promoter regions, this intensive labelling could only be associated with an overproduction of the low-affinity PBP4. No psr gene analogous to that proposed to act as a regulator of PBP5 synthesis in Enterococcus hirae and Enterococcus faecium could be identified in the vicinity of pbp4 in E. faecalis JH2-2 and JH2-2r. However, a psr-like gene distant from pbp4 was identified. The cloning and sequencing of that psr-like gene from both E. faecalis strains indicated that they were identical. It is therefore postulated that the PBP4 overproduction in E. faecalis JH2-2r results from the modification of an as yet unidentified factor. [less ▲]

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See detailUse of an Alfexpress DNA Sequencer to Analyze Protein-Nucleic Acid Interactions by Band Shift Assay
Filée, Patrice ULg; Delmarcelle, Michaël ULg; Thamm, Iris ULg et al

in BioTechniques (2001), 30(5), 1044-81050-1

Gel retardation analysis, or band shift assay, is technically the simplest method to investigate protein-nucleic acid interactions. In this report, we describe a nonradioactive band shift assay using a ... [more ▼]

Gel retardation analysis, or band shift assay, is technically the simplest method to investigate protein-nucleic acid interactions. In this report, we describe a nonradioactive band shift assay using a fluorescent DNA target and an ALFexpress automatic DNA sequencer in place of the current method that utilizes radioactively end-labeled DNA target and a standard electrophoresis unit. In our study, the dsDNA targets were obtained by annealing two synthetic oligonucleotides or by PCR. In both cases, a molecule of indodicarbocyanine (CY5) was attached at the 5' OH end of one of the two synthetic oligonucleotides, with a ratio of one molecule of fluorescent dye per molecule of dsDNA. To demonstrate the feasibility of this new band shift assay method, the DNA-binding proteins selected as models were the BlaI and AmpR repressors, which are involved in the induction of the Bacillus licheniformis 749/I and Citrobacter freundii beta-lactamases, respectively. The results show that the use of an automatic DNA sequencer allows easy gel retardation analysis and provides a fast, sensitive, and quantitative method. The ALFexpress DNA sequencer has the same limit of detection as a laser fluorescence scanner and can be used instead of a FluorImager or a Molecular Imager. [less ▲]

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See detailTwo new aminopeptidases from Ochrobactrum anthropi active on D-alanyl-p-nitroanilide.
Fanuel, L; Thamm, Iris ULg; Kostanjevecki, V et al

in Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences : CMLS (1999), 55(5), 812-8

Two new enzymes which hydrolyse D-alanyl-p-nitroanilide have been detected in Ochrobactrum anthropi LMG7991 extracts. The first enzyme, DmpB, was purified to homogeneity and found to be homologous to the ... [more ▼]

Two new enzymes which hydrolyse D-alanyl-p-nitroanilide have been detected in Ochrobactrum anthropi LMG7991 extracts. The first enzyme, DmpB, was purified to homogeneity and found to be homologous to the Dap protein produced by O. anthropi SCRC C1-38 (ATCC49237). The second enzyme, DmpA, exhibits a similar substrate profile when tested on p-nitroanilide derivatives of glycine and L/D-alanine, but the amounts produced by the Ochrobactrum strain were not sufficient to allow complete purification. Interestingly, the DmpA preparation also exhibited an L-aminopeptidase activity on the tripeptide L-Ala-Gly-Gly but it was not possible to be certain that the same protein was responsible for both p-nitroanilide and peptide hydrolysing activities. The gene encoding the DmpA protein was cloned and sequenced. The deduced protein sequence exhibits varying degrees of similarity with those corresponding to several open reading frames found in the genomes of other prokaryotic organisms, including Mycobacteria. None of these gene products has been isolated or characterised, but a tentative relationship can be proposed with the NylC amidase from Flavobacterium sp. K172. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Division and Cell Wall Gene Cluster of Enterococcus Hirae S185
Duez, Colette ULg; Thamm, Iris ULg; Sapunaric, Frédéric ULg et al

in DNA Sequence : The Journal of DNA Sequencing & Mapping (1998), 9(3), 149-161

A chromosomal 10355-bp segment of Enterococcus hirae S185 contains nine orfs which occur in the same order as the MraW-, FtsL-, PBP3-, MraY-, MurD-, MurG-, FtsQ-, FtsA- and FtsZ-encoding genes of the ... [more ▼]

A chromosomal 10355-bp segment of Enterococcus hirae S185 contains nine orfs which occur in the same order as the MraW-, FtsL-, PBP3-, MraY-, MurD-, MurG-, FtsQ-, FtsA- and FtsZ-encoding genes of the division and cell wall clusters of Escherichia coli and Bacillus subtilis. The E. hirae DNA segment lacks the genes which in E. coli encode the ligases Ddl, MurC, MurE and MurF and the integral membrane protein FtsW. The encoded E. hirae and E. coli proteins share 25% to 50% identity except FtsL and FtsQ (approximately = 14% identity). [less ▲]

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See detailUse of an Automatic DNA Sequencer for S1 Mapping: Transcriptional Analysis of the Streptomyces Coelicolor A3(2) Dnak Operon
Brans, Alain ULg; Loriaux, Axelle; Thamm, Iris ULg et al

in FEMS Microbiology Letters (1997), 149(2), 189-94

The transcription start point of the dnaK operon of Streptomyces coelicolor A3(2) has been determined by S1 mapping, using the EMBL automated fluorescent DNA sequencer. The -35 and -10 hexamers correspond ... [more ▼]

The transcription start point of the dnaK operon of Streptomyces coelicolor A3(2) has been determined by S1 mapping, using the EMBL automated fluorescent DNA sequencer. The -35 and -10 hexamers correspond to a sigma 70-type promoter. This promoter responds to heat shock and involves an inverted repeat different from the CIRCE sequence characteristic of the Gram-positive heat-shock promoters. [less ▲]

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See detailUnexpected Influence of a C-Terminal-Fused His-Tag on the Processing of an Enzyme and on the Kinetic and Folding Parameters
Ledent, Philippe; Duez, Colette ULg; Vanhove, Marc et al

in FEBS Letters (1997), 413(2), 194-196

The addition of a poly-His C-terminal extension, designed to facilitate the purification of the protein, to the beta-lactamase of a thermophilic Bacillus licheniformis strain modified the site of action ... [more ▼]

The addition of a poly-His C-terminal extension, designed to facilitate the purification of the protein, to the beta-lactamase of a thermophilic Bacillus licheniformis strain modified the site of action of the signal peptidase. This resulted in the secretion of a protein with a different N-terminus, showing that this type of protein engineering might not always be as 'neutral' as generally assumed. (C) 1997 Federation of European Biochemical Societies. [less ▲]

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See detailSaturation of Penicillin-Binding Protein 1 by Beta-Lactam Antibiotics in Growing Cells of Bacillus Licheniformis
Lepage, Sylvie ULg; Lakaye, Bernard ULg; Galleni, Moreno ULg et al

in Molecular Microbiology (1995), 16(2), 365-72

With the help of a new highly sensitive method allowing the quantification of free penicillin-binding proteins (PBPs) and of an integrated mathematical model, the progressive saturation of PBP1 by various ... [more ▼]

With the help of a new highly sensitive method allowing the quantification of free penicillin-binding proteins (PBPs) and of an integrated mathematical model, the progressive saturation of PBP1 by various beta-lactam antibiotics in growing cells of Bacillus licheniformis was studied. Although the results confirmed PBP1 as a major lethal target for these compounds, they also underlined several weaknesses in our present understanding of this phenomenon. In growing cells, but not in resting cells, the penicillin target(s) appeared to be somewhat protected from the action of the inactivators. In vitro experiments indicated that amino acids, peptides and depsipeptides mimicking the peptide moiety of the nascent peptidoglycan significantly interfered with the acylation of PBP1 by the antibiotics. In addition, the level of PBP1 saturation at antibiotic concentrations corresponding to the minimum inhibitory concentrations was not constant, suggesting that additional, presently undiscovered, factors might be necessary to account for the experimental observations. [less ▲]

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See detailKinetic properties of the Bacillus licheniformis Penicillin-binding proteins
Lepage, Sophie; Galleni, Moreno ULg; Lakaye, Bernard ULg et al

in Biochemical Journal (1995), 309

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See detailA New, Highly Sensitive Method for the Detection and Quantification of Penicillin-Binding Proteins
Galleni, Moreno ULg; Lakaye, Bernard ULg; Lepage, Sophie et al

in Biochemical Journal (1993), 291((Pt 1)), 19-21

A new method for the identification and quantification of penicillin-binding proteins is described which uses fluorescein-coupled penicillins. It allows the rapid detection of 0.2 pmol with the naked eye ... [more ▼]

A new method for the identification and quantification of penicillin-binding proteins is described which uses fluorescein-coupled penicillins. It allows the rapid detection of 0.2 pmol with the naked eye and 2 fmol with the help of an A.L.F. automatic DNA sequencer. Direct labelling can also be performed on whole bacterial cells. [less ▲]

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See detailSequence of a gene encoding a (poly ManA) alginate lyase active on Pseudomonas aeruginosa alginate
Malissard, Martine; Duez, Colette ULg; Guinand, Micheline et al

in FEMS Microbiology Letters (1993), 110(1), 101-106

The recombinant plasmid pAL-A3 bears a (poly ManA) alginate lyase-encoding gene that originates from the marine bacterium ATCC 433367 (Brown et al., Appl. Environ. Microbiol. (1991) 57, 1870-1872). The ... [more ▼]

The recombinant plasmid pAL-A3 bears a (poly ManA) alginate lyase-encoding gene that originates from the marine bacterium ATCC 433367 (Brown et al., Appl. Environ. Microbiol. (1991) 57, 1870-1872). The alginate lyase produced by Escherichia coli TC4 harbouring pAL-A3 was purified to protein homogeneity and the corresponding gene sequenced, giving access to the first known primary structure of an alginate lyase. The 265-amino acid residue alginate lyase showed lytic activity on a Pseudomonas aeruginosa alginate isolated from a cystic fibrosis patient. Unexpectedly, the alginate lyase thus characterized differed from that isolated from the culture medium of the bacterium ATCC 433367 (Romeo and Preston, Biochemistry (1986) 25, 8385-8391). [less ▲]

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