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See detailAmphetamine-Induced Conditioned Activity and Sensitization: The Role of Habituation to the Test Context and the Involvement of Pavlovian Processes
Tirelli, Ezio ULg; Terry, P.

in Behavioural Pharmacology (1998, September), 9(5-6), 409

Behaviours associated with drug action can sometimes be elicited, in the absence of drug, by exposure to stimuli that were present during drug administration. Such a finding is usually interpreted as a ... [more ▼]

Behaviours associated with drug action can sometimes be elicited, in the absence of drug, by exposure to stimuli that were present during drug administration. Such a finding is usually interpreted as a conditioned drug effect. Often, however, the outcome could arise if drug administration in a particular environment retarded behavioural habituation to that environment. To test the 'habituation hypothesis' of conditioned drug effects, mice received 10 daily injections of d-amphetamine ('paired' group) or saline ('unpaired') in test boxes, and the converse injections in the colony room. Another group received saline in both environments. The apparatus and procedures yielded minimal habituation of behaviours (ambulation and rearing) over sessions. Only the paired group demonstrated behavioural sensitization, indicating environment-specific sensitization. The paired group also showed more ambulation and rearing than the others on the critical test of conditioning (saline injection in test box); moreover, their conditioning test scores were higher than those of the other groups on their first exposure to the test boxes, contradicting the habituation hypothesis. Further supporting the involvement of Pavlovian conditioning, levels of ambulation and rearing measured for 10 min before each injection increased in the paired group, relative to the unpaired groups, over successive pairing sessions. Tests controlling for differential handling/injection experience produced results consistent with those previously obtained. Together, the findings are incompatible with the habituation hypothesis, and further support the role of Pavlovian conditioning. [less ▲]

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See detailConditioned sensitization to the behavioural effects of amphetamine and habituation to the testing context
Tirelli, Ezio ULg; Terry, P.

in Behavioural Pharmacology (1998), 10

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See detailDopamine 'D2-like' receptor agonists in combination with cocaine: absence of interactive effects on locomotor activity.
Tirelli, Ezio ULg; Reggers, Jean ULg; Terry, P.

in Behavioural Pharmacology (1997), 8(2-3), 147-59

This study examined interactions between cocaine and drugs that act as direct agonists at subtypes of "D2-like" dopamine receptors. The drugs 7-OH-DPAT, quinpirole and RU24213 were studied alone and in ... [more ▼]

This study examined interactions between cocaine and drugs that act as direct agonists at subtypes of "D2-like" dopamine receptors. The drugs 7-OH-DPAT, quinpirole and RU24213 were studied alone and in combination with cocaine for their effects on locomotor activity in non-habituated mice. Locomotor activity was measured by photobeam crossings over 140 min. At the doses given (7-OH-DPAT: 0.006-6.4 mg/kg; quinpirole: 0.001-1 mg/kg; RU24213: 0.008-8 mg/kg) all three direct agonists dose-dependently reduced locomotor activity throughout the test, whereas cocaine (0.6-20 mg/kg) produced dose-related hyperactivity. Next, for each direct agonist, a series of doses was selected (up to threshold behaviourally-active doses) as pretreatments to a sub-maximally stimulant dose of cocaine (15 mg/kg). 7-OH-DPAT and quinpirole did not modulate the effects of cocaine; RU24213 produced, at best, a very modest attenuation of the effects of cocaine. Finally, a series of cocaine doses (below stimulant threshold) was given before a single dose of each direct agonist (the lowest dose to reduce activity significantly). Cocaine did not reliably alter the hypoactivity produced by any of the D2-like agonists. By demonstrating negligible interactions between cocaine and D2-like agonists, the results fail to demonstrate any necessary involvement of D2-like receptors in one of the behavioural effects of cocaine. [less ▲]

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See detailDifferential effects of cocaine and dopaminergic agonists on hypokinesia induced by dopaminergic antagonists
Terry, P.; Tirelli, Ezio ULg

in National Institute on Drug Abuse Research Monograph Series (1996), 142

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See detailBiphasic locomotor effects of the dopamine D-sub-1 agonist SKF 38393 and their attenuation in non-habituated mice
Tirelli, Ezio ULg; Terry, P.

in Psychopharmacology (1993), 110(1-2), 69-75

Examined the locomotor stimulatory effects of the dopamine D-sub-1 receptor partial agonist SKF 38393 in male C57B1/6J mice. Non-habituated mice showed marked dose-related (3-300 mg/kg, subcutaneously ... [more ▼]

Examined the locomotor stimulatory effects of the dopamine D-sub-1 receptor partial agonist SKF 38393 in male C57B1/6J mice. Non-habituated mice showed marked dose-related (3-300 mg/kg, subcutaneously) locomotor stimulation. The time-course effect was biphasic at very high doses (100-300 mg/kg), with dose-related locomotor depression followed by dose-related long-term hyperlocomotion. For all doses, locomotor effects were detectable throughout the 4-hr test period. To determine whether these effects were mediated by D-sub-1 receptor stimulation, effects of SKF 38393 were assessed in combination with behaviorally inactive and active doses (0.1 and 0.2 mg/kg, respectively) of the selective D-sub-1 receptor antagonist SCH 39166. Both doses of SCH 39166 attenuated the hyperlocomotion induced by 30 mg/kg of the agonist to a similar degree. However, neither dose was able to reverse either the depressant or the stimulatory effects of 300 mg/kg SKF 38393. ((c) 1997 APA/PsycINFO, all rights reserved) [less ▲]

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See detailConditioned amphetamine effects and habituation in mice
Tirelli, Ezio ULg; Terry, P.

in National Institute on Drug Abuse Research Monograph Series (1992), 119

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