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See detailEffect of iron nanoparticles synthesized by a sol-gel process on Rhodococcus erythropolis T902.1 for biphenyl degradation
Wannoussa, Wissal ULg; Masy, Thibaut ULg; Lambert, Stéphanie ULg et al

in Journal of Water Resource and Protection (2015), 7

Nanoparticles (NPS) are considered as a new generation of compounds to improve environmental remediation and biological processes. The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of iron NPS ... [more ▼]

Nanoparticles (NPS) are considered as a new generation of compounds to improve environmental remediation and biological processes. The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of iron NPS encapsulated in porous silica (SiO2) on the biphenyl biodegradation by Rhodococcus erythropolis T902.1 (RT902.1). The iron NPS (major iron oxide FexOy form) were dispersed in the porosity of a SiO2 support synthesized by sol-gel process. These Fe/SiO2 NPS offer a stimulating effect on the biodegradation rate of biphenyl, an organic pollutant that is very stable and water-insoluble. This positive impact of NPS on the microbial biodegradation was found to be dependent on the NPS concentration ranging from 10−6 M to 10−4 M. After 18 days of incubation the cultures containing NPS at a concentration of 10−4 M of iron improved RT902.1 growth and degraded 35% more biphenyl than those without NPS (positive control) or with the sole SiO2 particles. Though the microorganism could not interact directly with the insoluble iron NPS, the results show that about 10% and 35% of the initial 10−4 M iron NPS encapsulated in the SiO2 matrix would be incorporated inside or adsorbed on the cell surface respectively and 35% would be released in the supernatant. These results suggest that RT902.1 would produce siderophore-like molecules to attract iron from the porous silica matrix. [less ▲]

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See detailAmélioration de la biodégradation du biphényle par Rhodococcus erythropolis t902.1 en présence de Fe2O3 et de nanoparticules de fer encapsulées dans un xérogel de silice
wanoussa; Hiligsmann, Serge ULg; Tasseroul, Ludivine ULg et al

in Déchets Sciences et Techniques (2015), 69

In this work, the effect of iron oxide particles Fe2O3 and iron nanoparticles encapsulated in a porous silica matrix (xerogel Fe/SiO2) was investigated on biphenyl biodegradation by the strain Rhodococcus ... [more ▼]

In this work, the effect of iron oxide particles Fe2O3 and iron nanoparticles encapsulated in a porous silica matrix (xerogel Fe/SiO2) was investigated on biphenyl biodegradation by the strain Rhodococcus erythropolis T902.1. After 18 days of incubation biodegradation yields of 75% and 85% were achieved respectively in presence of non-autoclaved or autoclaved xerogel Fe/SiO2 at 10-5 M iron. These results are 42 and 60 % higher than in standard conditions without nanoparticles. They suggest that the autoclave procedure lead to the release of some iron less anchored in the silica matrix. This study highlights that siderophore production by Rhodococcus erythropolis T902.1 would be related to the presence of iron nanoparticles in the culture. It suggests that the production of these strong chelating compounds decreases with increase of iron release from xerogel Fe/SiO2. Moreover, most of the surfactants synthesized by Rhodococcus erythropolis T902.1 which are glycolipids containing trehalose (hexose), would be linked to cell surface and not excreted in the culture medium; the biomass hexose content also increased by 85% in presence of iron nanoparticles. [less ▲]

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See detailEffect of metal ions and metal nanoparticles encapsulated in porous silica on biphenyl biodegradation by Rhodococcus erythropolis T902.1
Wannoussa, Wissal ULg; Hiligsmann, Serge ULg; Tasseroul, Ludivine ULg et al

in Journal of Sol-Gel Science and Technology (2015)

Biodegradation of biphenyl was carried out by Rhodococcus erythropolis T902.1 in presence ofnanometer-sized metallic (Co, Pd, Ag and Cu) nanoparticles (NPS) synthesized by the sol-gel process. In order to ... [more ▼]

Biodegradation of biphenyl was carried out by Rhodococcus erythropolis T902.1 in presence ofnanometer-sized metallic (Co, Pd, Ag and Cu) nanoparticles (NPS) synthesized by the sol-gel process. In order to prevent their agglomeration, the metallic NPs (1-2 nm diameter) were anchored inside microporous silica crystallites and named Co/SiO2, Pd/SiO2, Ag/SiO2 and Cu/SiO2 samples respectively. They were added at low concentrations of 10-6 M, 10-5 M and 10-4 M of metal in the culture medium and their impact was compared with that of the simple metal ions added as cobalt, palladium, silver or copper salts. The cultures containing Pd/SiO2 or Co/SiO2 samples at 10-4 M of metal achieved a 50% higher biphenyl degradation yield after 18 days of incubation and improved Rhodococcus erythropolis T902.1 growth compared with those without (positive control) or with silica particles only. The highest biodegradation performance, i.e. 107 ±3 ppm/day, which was about 85% higher than in control conditions without NPs, was recorded in 250 ml baffled flasks stirred at 150 rpm with Co/SiO2 sample at 10-4 M Co. Furthermore, the stimulating effect of NPs on biphenyl biodegradation seems to also depend on the thermal treatment conditions applied to NPs since the experimental results indicated that, after calcination, the cobalt oxide NPs at a concentration of 10-4 M were more effective than the reduced cobalt NPs with a degradation yield of 81 ±1% and 77 ±2% respectively after 18 days. On the other hand, the results showed that the addition of 10-4 M of Cu2+ or Ag+ ions or the addition of Cu/SiO2 or Ag/SiO2 samples at 10-4 M of metal have an inhibitory effect on biphenyl biodegradation. However, Cu2+ and Ag+ ions were more toxic to the Rhodococcus erythropolis T902.1 bacteria than the respective Cu or Ag NPS anchored inside silica particles. Moreover, this work showed that in these conditions, the activity of catechol 1, 2-dioxygenase (a critical enzyme in aromatic biodegradation pathway) was severely inhibited, whereas the presence of 10-4 M of Co2+ ions or Co/SiO2 sample stimulated the enzyme activity compared to the conditions without NPs. [less ▲]

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See detailHighly dispersed iron xerogel catalysts for p-nitrophenol degradation by photo-Fenton effects
Mahy, Julien ULg; Tasseroul, Ludivine ULg; Zubiaur, Anthony ULg et al

in Microporous and Mesoporous Materials (2014), 197

Several iron xerogel catalysts were synthesized by hydrolysis and condensation of tetraethoxysilane (TEOS) and 3-(2-aminoethylamino)propyltrimethoxysilane (EDAS) which is able to form a chelate with iron ... [more ▼]

Several iron xerogel catalysts were synthesized by hydrolysis and condensation of tetraethoxysilane (TEOS) and 3-(2-aminoethylamino)propyltrimethoxysilane (EDAS) which is able to form a chelate with iron ions. The EDAS/TEOS ratio strongly influences the texture of xerogel catalysts. The specific surface area and the micro- and mesoporous volume increase with this ratio. It seems that EDAS plays a nucleating agent role for silica particles and allows to anchor Fe-based moieties inside the silica network. Iron oxide nanoparticles of diameter 1-1.5 nm and Fe3+ ions result, encapsulated in silica particles with sizes of about 10-30 nm in diameter. The iron species was determined by Mössbauer spectroscopy and magnetometry measurements and only Fe3+ species were observed in xerogel catalysts. The Fenton and photo-Fenton effect of these catalysts were evaluated on the degradation of p-nitrophenol in aqueous media under different conditions. Results show that in the presence of H2O2, iron xerogel catalysts present a photo-Fenton effect, reaching 99 % of degradation after 24 h. [less ▲]

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See detailHighly dispersed iron xerogel catalysts for p-nitrophenol degradation by photo-Fenton effects
Mahy, Julien ULg; Tasseroul, Ludivine ULg; Zubiaur, Anthony ULg et al

Poster (2014, July)

Since the beginning of the industrial era, the various human activities have increased steadily, leading to a rapid technological development and a high population growth. Thus, the expansion of the ... [more ▼]

Since the beginning of the industrial era, the various human activities have increased steadily, leading to a rapid technological development and a high population growth. Thus, the expansion of the industry has heavily polluted the atmosphere, soil and water with negative consequences for humans and environment [1]. To decrease this pollution, it exists various treatment methods: chemical, physical and biological [2,3]. Among all these methods, a recent way of treatment is the degradation of pollutants in soils or waters by Fenton and photo-Fenton reactions [3] which use H2O2, iron-based compounds and UV light. In this way, several Fe2O3/SiO2 xerogel catalysts were synthesized by cogelation method by hydrolysis and condensation of tetraethoxysilane (TEOS) and 3-(2-aminoethylamino)propyltrimethoxysilane (EDAS) which is able to form a chelate with iron ions [4]. Five samples were synthesized: four samples with different percentage of iron (0.5, 1, 1.5 and 2.5 theoretical wt% confirmed by ICP-AES measurements), and a sample of pure silica. TEM pictures, nitrogen adsorption-desorption and mercury porosimetry measurements have established that EDAS plays a role of nucleating agent of silica particles [5,6] and allows to anchor iron particles inside silica network [4]. Indeed, it results iron nanoparticles of diameter 1-1.5 nm encapsulated in silica particles with sizes of about 10-30 nm in diameter. The species of iron was determined by Mössbauer spectroscopy and only Fe3+ ions were observed in xerogel catalysts. Then, the Fenton and photo-Fenton effect of these catalysts were evaluated on the degradation of p-nitrophenol (PNP) in aqueous medium in different conditions. Results show that Fe2O3/SiO2 xerogels present a photo-Fenton effect with H2O2, reaching with a sample 99 % of degradation after 24 h. [1] M. A. Khan, A. M. Ghouri, Environmental pollution: its effects on life and its remedies, Journal of Arts, Science & Commerce (Vol. 2), 2011, pg 276-285. [2] M. S. Kuyukina , I. B. Ivshina, Biology of rhodococcus: chapter 9, Springer, 2010, pg 232-256. [3] J. J. Pignatello, E. Oliveros, A. MacKay, Advanced Oxidation Processes for Organic Contaminant Destruction Based on the Fenton Reaction and Related Chemistry, Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology (Vol. 36), 2006, pg 1-84. [4] B. Heinrichs, L. Rebbouh, J.W. Geus, S. Lambert, H.C.L. Abbenhuis, F. Grandjean, G.J. Long, J.-P. Pirard, R.A. van Santen, Iron (III) species dispersed in porous silica through sol-gel chemistry, Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids (Vol. 354), 2008, pg 665-672. [5] S. Lambert, C. Alié, J.-P. Pirard, B. Heinrichs, Study of textural properties and nucleation phenomenon in Pd/SiO2 , Ag/SiO2 and Cu/SiO2 cogelled xerogel catalysts, Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids (Vol. 342), 2004, pg 70-81. [6] B. Heinrichs, S. Lambert , N. Job , J.-P. Pirard, in "Catalyst Preparation: Science and Engineering, J. R. Regalbuto (Ed.)", CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group, Boca Raton, 2007, p. 163-208. [less ▲]

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See detailEffect of encapsulated nanoparticles on thermophillic anaerobic digestion
Al-Ahmad, Alaa Eddin ULg; Hiligsmann, Serge ULg; Lambert, Stéphanie ULg et al

Poster (2014, February 07)

Recently, enormous interest has been focused on biological applications of metal nanoparticles NPs due to their small size, high specified surface and their great potential in application to many science ... [more ▼]

Recently, enormous interest has been focused on biological applications of metal nanoparticles NPs due to their small size, high specified surface and their great potential in application to many science fields. The most studied process concerns zero valent palladium and iron NPs improving anaerobic biodegradation of chlorinated hydrocarbons (Windt et al., 2005). Moreover, investigation carried out in our lab showed that iron NPs encapsulated in silicate matrix may enhance hydrogen production by Clostridium butyricum (Beckers et al., 2013). Nevertheless the influences of metal NPs on methane producing anaerobic digestion have seldom been investigated. The present work investigates the enhancement effect of seven different metal NPs on methane production during the thermophilic anaerobic digestion. NPs of Cu, Pd, Pt, Ni, Co, Ag and Fe encapsulated in porous silica (SiO2) to prevent their coagulation and agglomeration, were added at concentration of 10-5mol/L in batch test (125ml serum bottles containing 70mL culture medium with 5g/L acetate monohydrate as the sole carbon substrate). Nickel, cobalt and iron NPs improved methane production from acetate. To confirm the previous results, the NPs were tested at different concentrations (10-4, 10-5, and 10-6 mol/L) with starch and glucose substrates. The results show that the impact increases with the increase of NPs concentrations up to 10-4 mol/L. The modified Gompertz equation was applied to describe the effect of NPs on anaerobic digestion. According to this model, the kinetic of methane production was particularly affected by nanoparticles addition. The values of the maximum methane production rate MPR (ml/day) was significantly higher 72.5% with nickel NPs at a concentration of 10-4 mol/L than the control without NPs. [less ▲]

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See detailP-doped titania xerogels as efficient UV-visible photocatalysts
Bodson, Céline ULg; Pirard, Sophie ULg; PIRARD, Arlette ULg et al

in Journal of Materials Science and Chemical Engineering (2014), 2

In the present study, sol-gel process is used to synthesize P-doped TiO2 xerogels by the cogelation method of a functionalized P alkoxide, (NH2-(CH2)2-NH-(CH2)2-P(O)-(OC2H5)2) with Ti(OC3H7)4 in either 2 ... [more ▼]

In the present study, sol-gel process is used to synthesize P-doped TiO2 xerogels by the cogelation method of a functionalized P alkoxide, (NH2-(CH2)2-NH-(CH2)2-P(O)-(OC2H5)2) with Ti(OC3H7)4 in either 2-methoxyethanol or isopropanol. The phosphorus-doping improved the thermal stability of titania and decreased the phase transformation of anatase into rutile. This modification by phosphorus shifted the absorption edge of titania to the visible region as proved by Diffuse reflectance measurements, and thus offers the possibility to produce visible light effective TiO2 photocatalyst. The excellent photocatalytic activity of P-doped TiO2 xerogels compared to pure TiO2 could be explained by its high surface area and small TiO2-anatase crystallite size. From these results, it was proved by using three different models that phosphorus intrinsically influences the photocatalytic activity. [less ▲]

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See detailPhotocatalytic degradation of water pollutants with visible light-sensitized TiO2 xerogels
Tasseroul, Ludivine ULg; Pirard, Sophie ULg; Lambert, Stéphanie ULg et al

in Récents Progrès en Génie des Procédés (2014), 106

To extend its photocatalytic activity to visible light, TiO2 has been doped in situ through the cogelation sol-gel proces with two dyes : free metal tetra(4-carboxyphenyl)porphyrin and nickel tetra(4 ... [more ▼]

To extend its photocatalytic activity to visible light, TiO2 has been doped in situ through the cogelation sol-gel proces with two dyes : free metal tetra(4-carboxyphenyl)porphyrin and nickel tetra(4-carboxyphenyl)porphyrin. DR and FT-IR spectroscopies have been performed to determine the interaction between porphyrins and TiO2. Cristallinity and specific surface area have been measured by XRD and N2 adsorption. The photoactivity of the doped TiO2 xerogels has been evaluated for p-nitrophenol (a model water pollutant) degradation under visible light and a kinetic study has been performed. The samples allow the degradation of 40% of p-nitrophenol in 6 h which makes them very promising for water decontamination under natural light. A kinetic study of p-nitrophenol degradation with the Ni-doped catalyst has shown that the best kinetic model involves one type of active site corresponding to the hole h+ of electron-hole pairs created at the TiO2 surface by light. The rate determining step consists of the surface reaction between adsorbed p-nitrophenol and adsorbed OH• radicals. [less ▲]

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See detailSol-gel preparation and characterisation of SnO<inf>2</inf>powders employed as catalyst for phenol photodegradation
Benhebal, H.; Chaib, M.; Léonard, Angélique ULg et al

in Scientia Iranica (2013), 20(6), 1891-1898

Crystallized pure SnO<inf>2</inf>powders were prepared by the sol-gel process, and were used as photocatalyst for the degradation of phenol under UV light at pH 6.5 and a temperature of 20°C. The physical ... [more ▼]

Crystallized pure SnO<inf>2</inf>powders were prepared by the sol-gel process, and were used as photocatalyst for the degradation of phenol under UV light at pH 6.5 and a temperature of 20°C. The physical properties of photocatalyst were characterized by X-ray diffraction, Scanning Electron Microscopy, nitrogen adsorption-desorption and Ultravioletvisible diffuse reectance spectroscopy. The inuences of different operating variables, such as the pH, the photocatalyst loading, and the initial concentration of phenol, were studied to improve the efficiency of phenol degradation. © 2013 Sharif University of Technology. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailSol-gel preparation and characterisation of SnO2 powders employed as catalyst for phenol photodegradation
Benhebal, Hadj; Chaib, Messaoud; Léonard, Angélique ULg et al

in Scientia Iranica (2013), 20(6), 1891-1898

Crystallized pure SnO2 powders were prepared by the sol-gel process and were used as photocatalyst for the degradation of phenol under UV light at pH 6.5 and a temperature of 20°C. The physical properties ... [more ▼]

Crystallized pure SnO2 powders were prepared by the sol-gel process and were used as photocatalyst for the degradation of phenol under UV light at pH 6.5 and a temperature of 20°C. The physical properties of photocatalyst were characterized by X-ray diffraction, Scanning Electron Microscopy, nitrogen adsorption-desorption and Ultraviolet-visible diffuse reflectance spectroscopy. The influences of different operating variables such as the pH, the photocatalyst loading, the initial concentration of phenol, were studied to improve the efficiency of phenol degradation. [less ▲]

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See detailDegradation of p-nitrophenol and bacteria with TiO2 xerogels sensitized in situ with tetra(4-carboxyphenyl)porphyrins
Tasseroul, Ludivine ULg; Lambert, Stéphanie ULg; Eskenazi, David ULg et al

in Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A : Chemistry (2013), 272

TiO2-based materials doped with porphyrins have been prepared using a sol-gel process. To stabilize the TiO2-dye interactions, free metal tetra(4-carboxyphenyl)porphyrin and nickel tetra(4-carboxyphenyl ... [more ▼]

TiO2-based materials doped with porphyrins have been prepared using a sol-gel process. To stabilize the TiO2-dye interactions, free metal tetra(4-carboxyphenyl)porphyrin and nickel tetra(4-carboxyphenyl) porphyrin were introduced in situ into the TiO2 matrix during the sol-gel process rather than by grafting. Samples were thoroughly characterized by TEM, X-ray diffraction, FT-IR, DR-UV/vis and their texture has been examined by nitrogen adsorption-desorption at 77 K. The low thermal treatment allows obtaining anatase-TiO2 particles with high specific surface area without porphyrin degradation. A significant improvement of the photoactivity under visible light of porphyrin doped-TiO2 xerogels was observed for p-nitrophenol and for bacterial degradation. © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailDéveloppement d'un photocatalyseur à base d'oxyde de titane pour l'élimination de polluants et de bactéries en milieu aqueux
Tasseroul, Ludivine ULg

Doctoral thesis (2012)

Dans le cadre de la réutilisation des eaux usées et de l’accès limité à l’eau potable dans certaines régions du globe, de nouvelles techniques d’épuration nécessitant de faibles consommations d’énergie ... [more ▼]

Dans le cadre de la réutilisation des eaux usées et de l’accès limité à l’eau potable dans certaines régions du globe, de nouvelles techniques d’épuration nécessitant de faibles consommations d’énergie sont étudiées. Parmi ces nouvelles techniques, la photocatalyse hétérogène utilise des réactions d’oxydation et de réduction pour la dégradation de polluants organiques et de micro-organismes. Le photocatalyseur le plus employé est le TiO2. Lorsqu’il est illuminé par un rayonnement UV, des paires électron/trou sont générées et réagissent avec l’eau et l’oxygène pour former des radicaux libres qui vont dégrader les polluants. Le procédé sol-gel permet de contrôler facilement la texture, la cristallinité, l’introduction de dopants et la mise en forme de matériaux. Il a été utilisé dans ce travail pour la synthèse de photocatalyseurs à base de TiO2, (xérogels). À partir de sols en cours de gélification, des films de TiO2 ont été déposés par spin-coating. Après calcination, ces films sont actifs pour la dégradation du bleu de méthylène sous UV-A. Afin d’améliorer l’activité photocatalytique de xérogels de TiO2, des particules d’argent ont été introduites dans la matrice par cogélification. Ces particules d’argent améliorent l’activité du TiO2 pour la dégradation du bleu de méthylène sous UV-A. En plus de l’amélioration de l’activité photocatalytique, l’extension de l’activation du TiO2 au domaine visible du spectre solaire a été étudiée par sensibilisation avec des porphyrines. Ces porphyrines sont introduites d’une part, par greffage sur le catalyseur Degussa P25 et d’autre part, in situ dans la matrice de xérogels de TiO2. Le greffage des porphyrines ne permet pas l’activation du catalyseur Degussa P25 sous lumière halogène. Par contre, l’introduction in situ des porphyrines permet l’activation du TiO2 avec des longueurs d’onde du domaine visible et améliore ainsi l’activité des xérogels sous lumière halogène pour la dégradation du p-nitrophénol. L’activité antibactérienne de plusieurs catalyseurs préparés au cours de la thèse a également été évaluée pour la dégradation de deux espèces de bactéries : Escherichia coli et Lactobacillus rhamnosus. Cette activité antibactérienne est corrélée à l’activité dépolluante des photocatalyseurs. L’étude cinétique de la dégradation du p-nitrophénol sur un xérogel de TiO2 dopé in situ avec une porphyrine a été réalisée. Cette étude montre que la dégradation implique un type de site actif correspondant aux trous h+ créés lorsque le TiO2 est exposé à la lumière. L’étape limitante correspond à la réaction de surface entre le p-nitrophénol adsorbé et les radicaux OH• adsorbés. Cette étude cinétique utilise une loi sigmoïdale plutôt que linéaire pour modéliser les courbes de dégradation du p-nitrophénol. [less ▲]

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See detailKinetic study of p-nitrophenol photodegradation with modified TiO2 xerogels
Tasseroul, Ludivine ULg; Pirard, Sophie ULg; Lambert, Stéphanie ULg et al

in Chemical Engineering Journal (2012), 191

TiO2 xerogels were sensitized in one step by the in situ introduction of nickel (II) tetra(4-carboxyphenyl)porphyrin (TCPPNi) into the TiO2 matrix during sol–gel synthesis. Crystalline photoactive phase ... [more ▼]

TiO2 xerogels were sensitized in one step by the in situ introduction of nickel (II) tetra(4-carboxyphenyl)porphyrin (TCPPNi) into the TiO2 matrix during sol–gel synthesis. Crystalline photoactive phase TiO2-anatase was obtained without high thermal treatments and was determined by X-ray diffraction. The presence of TCPPNi in TiO2 xerogels was established by DR-UV/Vis and FT-IR spectroscopy. The introduction of porphyrin led to a diminution of the specific surface area of TiO2 xerogels, and this diminution was analyzed by nitrogen adsorption–desorption. The particle size was estimated by SEM. The xerogel surface charge state, which influences the interactions between pollutant and TiO2, was determined by measurement of the point of zero charge. The photoactivity of xerogels was evaluated for p-nitrophenol degradation in aqueous medium at 20 ◦C. Results showed that porphyrin doped TiO2 degraded more than 40% of the p-nitrophenol whereas non doped TiO2 xerogel degraded only 10% of the compound. Moreover, porphyrin was found to improve the photoactivity of TiO2 xerogels in a similar way to UV-A pretreatment. A kinetic study of p-nitrophenol degradation was then performed. Results showed that one type of active site corresponding to the hole of electron–hole pairs was created at the TiO2 surface by light and that the rate determining step was the reaction between the adsorbed p-nitrophenol molecule and the adsorbed OH• radical. The apparent activation energy was found to be equal to 12 kJ mol−1. [less ▲]

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See detailSynthesis by the sol-gel process of visible light sensitive-TiO2 for the degradation of pollutants and microorganisms
Tasseroul, Ludivine ULg; Lambert, Stéphanie ULg; Páez Martínez, Carlos ULg et al

in Récents Progrès en Génie des Procédés, Lavoisier Technique et Documentation, Volume 101, 6 p. (CD-ROM) (2011, November 29)

To stabilize the TiO2-dye interaction, free metal tetra(4-carboxyphenyl)porphyrin and nickel tetra(4-carboxyphenyl)porphyrin were introduced into the TiO2 matrix by cogelation rather than by grafting. DR ... [more ▼]

To stabilize the TiO2-dye interaction, free metal tetra(4-carboxyphenyl)porphyrin and nickel tetra(4-carboxyphenyl)porphyrin were introduced into the TiO2 matrix by cogelation rather than by grafting. DR and FT-IR spectroscopies were performed to establish the interaction between porphyrins and TiO2. Cristallinity and specific surface area were performed by XRD and nitrogen adsorption-desorption measurements. The photoactivity of doped-TiO2 xerogels was evaluated for p-nitrophenol and Escherichia coli degradation. Under visible light, the samples allowed the degradation of 40% of p-nitrophenol in 6 h and the elimination of 108 CFU/mL of E. coli in 48 h. [less ▲]

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