References of "Swings, Jean-Pierre"
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See detailX-raying the winds of the evolved massive binary HDE228766
Rauw, Grégor ULg; Mahy, Laurent; Nazé, Yaël ULg et al

Poster (2014, August)

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See detailX-ray emission from magnetic massive stars
Nazé, Yaël ULg; Petit, Véronique; Rindbrand, Mélanie et al

Poster (2014, August)

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See detailThe International Liquid Mirror Telescope (ILMT) as a Variability Time Machine
Poels, Joël ULg; Borra, Ermanno; Hickson, Paul et al

in Griffin, Elisabeth (Ed.) New Horizons In Time-Domain Astronomy, IAU Symposium No. 285, 2011 (2011)

During the year 2012 the International Liquid Mirror Telescope (a collaboration between astronomical institutions in Belgium, Canada, India and Poland) will see first light. The instrument will provide ... [more ▼]

During the year 2012 the International Liquid Mirror Telescope (a collaboration between astronomical institutions in Belgium, Canada, India and Poland) will see first light. The instrument will provide substantial, in-depth sky coverage and make an unprecedented number of nightly observations. [less ▲]

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See detailOn the nature of the hard X-ray source IGR J2018+4043
Bykov, Andrei Mikhailovich; Krassilchtchikov, Alexandre Mikhailovich; Uvarov, Yuri Alexandrovich et al

in Astrophysical Journal (2006), 649(1, Part 2), 21-24

We found a very likely counterpart to the recently discovered hard X-ray source IGR J2018 + 4043 in the multiwavelength observations of the source field. The source, originally discovered in the 20-40 keV ... [more ▼]

We found a very likely counterpart to the recently discovered hard X-ray source IGR J2018 + 4043 in the multiwavelength observations of the source field. The source, originally discovered in the 20-40 keV band, is now confidently detected also in the 40-80 keV band, with a flux of (1.4 +/- 0.4) x 10(-11) ergs cm(-2) s(-1). A 5 ks Swift observation of the IGR J2018 + 4043 field revealed a hard pointlike source with an observed 0.5-10 keV flux of 3.4(-0.8)(+0.7) x 10(-12) ergs cm(-2) s(-1) (90% confidence level) at alpha = 20(h)18(m)38(s).55, delta = +40 degrees 41'00.4" (with a 4".2 uncertainty). The combined Swift-INTEGRAL spectrum can be described by an absorbed power-law model with photon index Gamma = 1.3 +/- 0.2 and N-H = 6.1(-2.2)(+3.3) x 10(22) cm(-2). In archival optical and infrared data we found a slightly extended and highly absorbed object at the Swift source position. There is also an extended VLA 1.4 GHz source peaked at a beamwidth distance from the optical and X-ray positions. The observed morphology and multiwavelength spectra of IGR J2018 + 4043 are consistent with those expected for an obscured accreting object, i.e., an AGN or a Galactic X-ray binary. The identification suggests possible connection of IGR J2018 + 4043 to the bright gamma-ray source GEV J2020 + 4023 detected by COS B and CGRO EGRET. [less ▲]

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See detailThe 4m international liquid mirror telescope (ILMT)
Surdej, Jean ULg; Absil, Olivier ULg; Bartczak, Przemyslaw ULg et al

in Stepp, Larry (Ed.) Ground-based and Airborne Telescopes (2006, July 01)

The entire funding has recently been obtained in Belgium for the construction of a 4m Liquid Mirror Telescope. Its prime focus will be equipped with a semi-conventional glass corrector allowing to correct ... [more ▼]

The entire funding has recently been obtained in Belgium for the construction of a 4m Liquid Mirror Telescope. Its prime focus will be equipped with a semi-conventional glass corrector allowing to correct for the TDI effect and a thinned, high quantum efficiency, 4K × 4K pixel equivalent CCD camera. It will be capable of subarcsecond imaging in the i'(760 nm) and possibly r', g' band(s) over a field of ~ 30' in diameter. This facility will be entirely dedicated to a deep photometric and astrometric variability survey over a period of ~ 5 years. In this paper, the working principle of liquid mirror telescopes is first recalled, along with the advantages and disadvantages of the latter over classical telescopes. Several science cases are described. For a good access to one of the galactic poles, the best image quality sites for the ILMT are located either in Northern Chile (latitude near -29°30') or in North-East India (Nainital Hills, latitude near +29°30'). At those geographic latitudes, a deep (i' = 22.5 mag.) survey will approximately cover 90 square degrees at high galactic latitude, which is very useful for gravitational lensing studies as well as for the identification of various classes of interesting galactic and extragalactic objects (cf. microlensed stars, supernovae, clusters, etc.). A description of the telescope, its instrumentation and the handling of the data is also presented. [less ▲]

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See detailINTEGRAL detection of hard X-rays from NGC 6334: nonthermal emission from colliding winds or an AGN?
Bykov, A. M.; Krassilchtchikov, A. M.; Uvarov, Y. A. et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2006), 449(3), 917-923

Aims. We report the detection of hard X-ray emission from the field of the star-forming region NGC 6334 with the International Gamma-Ray Astrophysics Laboratory INTEGRAL. Methods. The JEM-X monitor and ... [more ▼]

Aims. We report the detection of hard X-ray emission from the field of the star-forming region NGC 6334 with the International Gamma-Ray Astrophysics Laboratory INTEGRAL. Methods. The JEM-X monitor and ISGRI imager aboard INTEGRAL and Chandra ACIS imager were used to construct 3-80 keV images and spectra of NGC 6334. Results. The 3-10 keV and 10-35 keV images made with JEM-X show a complex structure of extended emission from NGC 6334. The ISGRI source detected in the energy ranges 20-40 keV, 40-80 keV, and 20-60 keV coincides with the NGC 6334 ridge. The 20-60 keV flux from the source is (1.8 +/- 0.37) x 10(-11) erg cm(-2) s(-1). Spectral analysis of the source revealed a hard power-law component with a photon index about 1. The observed X-ray fluxes are in agreement with extrapolations of X-ray imaging observations of NGC 6334 by Chandra ACIS and ASCAGIS. Conclusions. The X-ray data are consistent with two very different physical models. A probable scenario is emission from a heavily absorbed, compact and hard Chandra source that is associated with the AGN candidate radio source NGC 6334B. Another possible model is the extended Chandra source of nonthermal emission from NGC 6334 that can also account for the hard X-ray emission observed by INTEGRAL. The origin of the emission in this scenario is due to electron acceleration in energetic outflows from massive early type stars. The possibility of emission from a young supernova remnant, as suggested by earlier infrared observations of NGC 6334, is constrained by the non-detection of Ti-44 lines. [less ▲]

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See detailAstrobiology in Belgium. Extension workshop of the Joined European and National Astronomy Meeting (JENAM) in Liège, 4-8th July 2005.
Javaux, Emmanuelle ULg; Swings, Jean-Pierre ULg; Surdej, Jean ULg

Book (2005)

Astrobiology in Belgium. Extension workshop of the Joined European and National Astronomy Meeting (JENAM) in Liège, 4-8th July 2005.

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See detailOn the multiplicity of the O-star Cyg OB2#8a and its contribution to the gamma-ray source 3EG J2033+4118
De Becker, Michaël ULg; Rauw, Grégor ULg; Swings, Jean-Pierre ULg

in Astrophysics & Space Science (2005), 297(1-4), 291-298

We present the results of an intensive spectroscopic campaign in the optical waveband revealing that Cyg OB2 # 8A is an O6+ O5.5 binary system with a period of about 21.9 days. Cyg OB2 # 8A is a bright X ... [more ▼]

We present the results of an intensive spectroscopic campaign in the optical waveband revealing that Cyg OB2 # 8A is an O6+ O5.5 binary system with a period of about 21.9 days. Cyg OB2 # 8A is a bright X-ray source, as well as a non-thermal radio emitter. We discuss the binarity of this star in the framework of a campaign devoted to the study of non-thermal emitters, from the radio waveband to gamma-rays. In this context, we attribute the non-thermal radio emission from this star to a population of relativistic electrons, accelerated by the shock of the wind-wind collision. These relativistic electrons could also be responsible for a putative gamma-ray emission through inverse Compton scattering of photospheric UV photons, thus contributing to the yet unidentified EGRET source 3EG J2033+ 4118. [less ▲]

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See detailHard X-ray emission clumps in the gamma-Cygni supernova remnant: An INTEGRAL-ISGRI view
Bykov, A. M.; Krassilchtchikov, A. M.; Uvarov, Y. A. et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2004), 427(3), 21-24

Spatially resolved images of the galactic supernova remnant G78.2+2.1 (gamma-Cygni) in hard X-ray energy bands from 25 keV to 120 keV are obtained with the IBIS-ISGRI imager aboard the International Gamma ... [more ▼]

Spatially resolved images of the galactic supernova remnant G78.2+2.1 (gamma-Cygni) in hard X-ray energy bands from 25 keV to 120 keV are obtained with the IBIS-ISGRI imager aboard the International Gamma-Ray Astrophysics Laboratory INTEGRAL. The images are dominated by localized clumps of about ten arcmin in size. The flux of the most prominent North-Western (NW) clump is (1.7+/-0.4)x10(-11) erg cm(-2) s(-1) in the 25-40 keV band. The observed X-ray fluxes are in agreement with extrapolations of soft X-ray imaging observations of gamma-Cyg by ASCA GIS and spatially unresolved RXTE PCA data. The positions of the hard X-ray clumps correlate with bright patches of optical line emission, possibly indicating the presence of radiative shock waves in a shocked cloud. The observed spatial structure and spectra are consistent with model predictions of hard X-ray emission from nonthermal electrons accelerated by a radiative shock in a supernova interacting with an interstellar cloud, but the powerful stellar wind of the O9V star HD 193322 is a plausible candidate for the NW source as well. [less ▲]

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See detailOMC: An Optical Monitoring Camera for INTEGRAL - Instrument description and performance
Mas-Hesse, J. M.; Gimenez, A.; Culhane, J. L. et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2003), 411(1), 261-268

The Optical Monitoring Camera (OMC) will observe the optical emission from the prime targets of the gammaray instruments onboard the ESA mission INTEGRAL, with the support of the JEM-X monitor in the X ... [more ▼]

The Optical Monitoring Camera (OMC) will observe the optical emission from the prime targets of the gammaray instruments onboard the ESA mission INTEGRAL, with the support of the JEM-X monitor in the X-ray domain. This capability will provide invaluable diagnostic information on the nature and the physics of the sources over a broad wavelength range. Its main scientific objectives are: ( 1) to monitor the optical emission from the sources observed by the gamma- and X-ray instruments, measuring the time and intensity structure of the optical emission for comparison with variability at high energies, and ( 2) to provide the brightness and position of the optical counterpart of any gamma- or X-ray transient taking place within its field of view. The OMC is based on a refractive optics with an aperture of 50 mm focused onto a large format CCD (1024 x 2048 pixels) working in frame transfer mode (1024 x 1024 pixels imaging area). With a field of view of 5degrees x 5degrees it will be able to monitor sources down to magnitude V = 18. Typical observations will perform a sequence of different integration times, allowing for photometric uncertainties below 0.1 mag for objects with V less than or equal to 16. [less ▲]

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See detailThe 4-m International Liquid Mirror Telescope Project (ILMT) (poster)
Poels, Joël ULg; Borra, E.; Claeskens, Jean-François ULg et al

in Harnden, F. R.; Primini, F. A.; Payne, H. E. (Eds.) Astronomical Data Analysis Software & Systems X Conference (2001)

The working principle of liquid mirror telescopes (LMTs) is first reviewed along with their advantages and disadvantages over classical telescopes. For several reasons (access to regions near the south ... [more ▼]

The working principle of liquid mirror telescopes (LMTs) is first reviewed along with their advantages and disadvantages over classical telescopes. For several reasons (access to regions near the south galactic pole, galactic center, good image quality, etc.), an excellent site for such an LMT is the Atacama desert. A deep (B~24 mag) LMT survey at latitudes near -22deg -- -29deg will cover ~90 square degrees at high galactic latitude and be especially useful for gravitational lensing studies, for the identification of various classes of interesting extragalactic objects (cf. clusters, supernovae, etc. at high redshift) and for subsequent follow-up observations with 8 m-class telescopes. A short description of the handling of data products is also presented. [less ▲]

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See detailSurveys with the 4-m International Liquid Mirror Telescope
Poels, Joël ULg; Moreau, O.; Manfroid, Jean ULg et al

in Mining the Sky (2001)

The working principle of liquid mirror telescopes (LMTs) is first reminded as well as their advantages and disadvantages over classical telescopes. For several obvious reasons (access to regions near the ... [more ▼]

The working principle of liquid mirror telescopes (LMTs) is first reminded as well as their advantages and disadvantages over classical telescopes. For several obvious reasons (access to regions near the south galactic pole, galactic center, good image quality, ...), a best site location for such a LMT is somewhere in the Atacama desert. At latitudes near -22 - -29 degree, a deep (B = 24 mag.) LMT survey will approximately cover 90 square degrees at high galactic latitude, specially useful for gravitational lensing studies, for the identification of various classes of interesting extragalactic objects (cf. clusters, supernovae, etc. at high redshift) and subsequent follow-up observations with 8m-class telescopes. A short description of the handling of data products is also presented. [less ▲]

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See detailThe relevance of HST observations for studies of quasars, gravitational lenses and intervening gas clouds "
Surdej, Jean ULg; Claeskens, Jean-François ULg; Jean, C. et al

in Space Sciences, Vol. II, Part 1: Space Scientific Research in Belgium (2001)

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See detailTwo new very close pairs of quasars with discordant redshifts and a gravitational lens candidate.
Surdej, Jean ULg; Remy, M.; Smette, A. et al

in Surdej, Jean; Fraipont-Caro, D.; Gosset, Eric (Eds.) et al Gravitational Lenses in the Universe (1993)

Not Available

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See detailESO key programme, gravitational lensing: quasars and radio galaxies; a status report
Surdej, Jean ULg; Angonin, M. C.; Arnaud, J. et al

in Distribution of Matter in the Universe (1992, December 01)

The scientific background and objectives of our ESO Key Programme are first recalled. A brief account of our research activities (observing runs at ESO and elsewhere, meetings, etc.) is then given ... [more ▼]

The scientific background and objectives of our ESO Key Programme are first recalled. A brief account of our research activities (observing runs at ESO and elsewhere, meetings, etc.) is then given. Preliminary scientific results are presented concerning 1) our observational database for highly luminous quasars and distant powerful radiogalaxies; 2) speckle observations of highly luminous quasars; 3) the photometric monitoring and 4) detailed studies of several known gravitational lenses; 5) optical observations of 3C and 4C radio galaxies and 6) of the well known Einstein ring MG 1131+0456. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Liege GRISM search for quasars
Gosset, Eric ULg; Surdej, Jean ULg; Cheng, F. H. et al

in Crampton, David (Ed.) Proceedings of a workshop "The Space Distribution of Quasars", ASP Conference Series, Vol. 21 (1991)

We report on an on-going grism survey in which nine fields, one degree in diameter, have been searched for quasar-candidates. The selection techniques, the different calibrations, as well as the ... [more ▼]

We report on an on-going grism survey in which nine fields, one degree in diameter, have been searched for quasar-candidates. The selection techniques, the different calibrations, as well as the spectroscopic follow-up are briefly described. [less ▲]

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See detailA search for quasars in a field around NGC 520
Gosset, Eric ULg; Clowes, R. G.; Surdej, Jean ULg et al

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society (1990), 245

An objective-prism search for quasars was performed in a field around the galaxy NGC 520. The automated quasar detection software has been applied, and a sample of 175 highly rated quasar candidates has ... [more ▼]

An objective-prism search for quasars was performed in a field around the galaxy NGC 520. The automated quasar detection software has been applied, and a sample of 175 highly rated quasar candidates has been selected. The two- and three-dimensional distributions of the candidates have been analyzed. The distribution on the celestial sphere turns out to be nonrandom. The deviations from randomness are both a tendency to exhibit anticorrelation at the scale of a few arcmin and a significant excess of objects at separations of about 20 arcmin. Finally, in order to test the claims by Arp and Duhalde (1985) that an excess of quasars exists near NGC 520 and that there is a preferential NE-SW alignment of bright quasars across this amorphous galaxy, various statistical analyses of the distribution of the high-grade quasar candidates with respect to NGC 520 were performed. No sign of any possible relation is present in the data. [less ▲]

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See detailA search for gravitational lensing among highly luminous quasars - Observational strategy and survey
Swings, Jean-Pierre ULg; Magain, Pierre ULg; Remy, M. et al

in Soucail, G.; Mellier, Y.; Fort, B. (Eds.) Gravitational Lensing (1990)

The observational techniques employed to search for gravitational lensing effects in highly luminous quasars (HLQs) are given, along with results of the observations. The program, begun in 1986, considers ... [more ▼]

The observational techniques employed to search for gravitational lensing effects in highly luminous quasars (HLQs) are given, along with results of the observations. The program, begun in 1986, considers the visible and dark matter distributions at different scales in the universe to determine which extragalactic objects are gravitationally lensed. The Hubble parameter and galaxy masses are determined from the observations, and observations of microlensing effects provide data on HLQ size and structures. The redshifts are found to be between 1 and 3.6, with apparent visual magnitudes 16-18.5 and absolute visual magnitudes between -29 and -30.6. About one quarter of the images exhibit either multiple components, elongated structures, jetlike features, or faint nearby galaxies. The double quasar UM 673 and its 'overlying' lens galaxy is given as a prime example of an HLQ that is gravitationally lensed. It is theorized many more HLQs are gravitationally lensed, and specific future observations are recommended. [less ▲]

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