References of "Suleau, Marie"
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See detailCarbon balance of crops: overview of 7 years of investigation
Moureaux, Christine ULg; Dufranne, Delphine ULg; Suleau, Marie ULg et al

in Geophysical Research Abstracts (2011, April 08), 13

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See detailRespiration of three Belgian crops: Partitioning of total ecosystem respiration in its heterotrophic, above- and below-ground autotrophic components
Suleau, Marie ULg; Moureaux, Christine ULg; Dufranne, Delphine ULg et al

in Agricultural and Forest Meteorology (2011), (151), 633-643

An experimental system combining an eddy covariance system, a micrometeorological station and soil chambers placed in planted areas and in root exclusion zones was installed during three successive years ... [more ▼]

An experimental system combining an eddy covariance system, a micrometeorological station and soil chambers placed in planted areas and in root exclusion zones was installed during three successive years in a production crop managed in a traditional way at the Lonzée experimental site (Belgium). Measurements were made successively on seed potato, winter wheat and sugar beet. The general objectives of the study were, first to evaluate the relative contributions to total ecosystem respiration (TER) of heterotrophic, above ground autotrophic and below ground autotrophic respiration over a succession of three agricultural crops (seed potato, winter wheat and sugar beet) cultivated on successive years at the same location and, secondly, to identify the driving variables of these contributions. Results showed that, during the observation periods, TER was dominated by autotrophic respiration (AR) (60–90%) and that AR was dominated by its above ground component (60–80%). HR was found to increase with temperature and to be independent of Gross Primary Production (GPP), whereas AR was driven by GPP and was mostly independent of temperature. The AR response to GPP was specific to the crop: not only AR intensity but also AR distribution between its above- (ARa) and below- (ARb) ground components were found to differ from one crop to another and, in the winter wheat, from one development stage to another. Generally, ARb contribution to AR was found larger when carbon allocation towards roots was more important. An uncertainty analysis was made and showed that the main sources of uncertainties on the estimates were the spatial variability for soil chamber measurements and uncertainties linked to the data gap filling method for eddy covariance measurements. [less ▲]

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See detailCO2 fluxes exchanged by a 4-year crop rotation cycle
Aubinet, Marc ULg; Moureaux, Christine ULg; Bodson, Bernard ULg et al

Poster (2009, April)

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See detailCarbon sequestration by a crop during a four year rotational cycle
Aubinet, Marc ULg; Moureaux, Christine ULg; Bodson, Bernard ULg et al

in Agricultural and Forest Meteorology (2009), 149

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See detailWind velocity perturbation of soil respiration measurements using closed dynamic chambers
Suleau, Marie ULg; Debacq, Alain ULg; Dehaes, V. et al

in European Journal of Soil Science (2009), 60(4), 515-524

P>Soil respiration measurements performed with closed dynamic chambers are very sensitive to pressure differences inside and outside the chamber: differences as small as 1 Pa can induce errors that are of ... [more ▼]

P>Soil respiration measurements performed with closed dynamic chambers are very sensitive to pressure differences inside and outside the chamber: differences as small as 1 Pa can induce errors that are of the same magnitude as the flux itself. The problem is usually solved by adding a vent to the experimental set-up. However, although this may give acceptable results in most cases, it is not effective at sites that are very exposed to wind. At the CarboEurope-IP agricultural site of Lonzee (Belgium), on bare soil, we used a vent composed of a vertical tube whose upper end was placed between two horizontal plates. Whilst this system worked properly in low-wind conditions, it led to a significant flux over-estimation (up to 300%) under strong wind conditions. We analysed the causes of this error and attributed it to a dynamic pressure effect at the vent, leading to air aspiration from within the chamber. We suggest that this is because the wind at the vent level was not the same as that experienced in the chamber, because of the large vertical wind speed gradient close to the soil. Another vent geometry was then proposed that positioned the vent at the chamber level. This new design was tested on both manual and automatically operated chambers. It was found to be efficient in windy conditions as most of the artificial correlation between soil respiration measurements and wind speed had disappeared. [less ▲]

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See detailModelling soil heterotrophic respiration in an agricultural soil: Model structure and first comparison with experimental data.
Buysse, Pauline ULg; Le Dantec, Valérie; Sagnier, Charlotte et al

Poster (2008, November 17)

Ce travail visait à adapter un modèle de respiration hétérotrophe du sol à un site agricole situé en Hesbaye (Belgique) et cultivé avec une rotation betterave sucrière / blé d’hiver / pomme de terre / blé ... [more ▼]

Ce travail visait à adapter un modèle de respiration hétérotrophe du sol à un site agricole situé en Hesbaye (Belgique) et cultivé avec une rotation betterave sucrière / blé d’hiver / pomme de terre / blé d’hiver. A long terme, ce modèle fera partie intégrante d’un modèle plus important qui décrira la respiration totale du sol et l’évolution du contenu en carbone du sol dans les cultures. Le modèle utilisé dans ce travail est dérivé du modèle Century, possède un pas de temps journalier et couvre une échelle spatiale de l’ordre de l’écosystème. La paramétrisation du modèle a été réalisée sur base d’une recherche bibliographique et de données collectées sur le site Carbo-Europe de Lonzée. Les caractéristiques du sol sont issues d’analyses réalisées sur des sols limoneux, typiques de la région de Hesbaye. Les variables conductrices (variables météorologiques et apports de litière) furent obtenues suite à une campagne de mesures de 4 ans réalisée sur le site expérimental de Lonzée. Les paramètres biochimiques du blé, de la pomme de terre et de la betterave furent tirés de la littérature. Une analyse de sensibilité fut réalisée en vue de classer les différents paramètres par rapport à leur impact sur le taux de respiration et les contenus en carbone de chaque pool. Les paramètres les plus importants étaient ceux contrôlant la réponse à la température, l’apport de litière et les teneurs en lignine et en azote. Des différences d’impact à court et long terme ont aussi été mises en évidence, notamment à cause de la dynamique de stabilisation des pools et des types de résidus de culture. Finalement, cette analyse nous a permis de définir de futures expériences qui seraient nécessaires pour améliorer l’ajustement du modèle sur des données expérimentales. [less ▲]

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See detailCarbon balance assessment of a Belgian winter wheat crop
Moureaux, Christine ULg; Debacq, Alain ULg; Hoyaux, Julien et al

in Global Change Biology (2008), 14(6), 1353-1366

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See detailResponse of autotrophic and heterotrophic respiration to biotic and abiotic factors over a cropland
Suleau, Marie ULg; Debacq, Alain ULg; Moureaux, Christine ULg et al

in Final conference of the programme "The role of soils in the terrestrial carbon balance", European Science Foundation (2007)

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See detailTowards a carbon balance at the Lonzée crop site
Moureaux, Christine ULg; Debacq, Alain ULg; Suleau, Marie ULg et al

Conference (2007)

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See detailCarbon balance of two Belgian crops
Moureaux, Christine ULg; Debacq, Alain ULg; Vilret, Amélie et al

in Open conference on the GHG cycle in the Northern Hemisphere (2006)

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See detailCarbon balance of two Belgian crops
Moureaux, Christine ULg; Debacq, Alain ULg; Vilret, Amélie et al

in Geophysical Research Abstracts (2006), 8(1),

Detailed reference viewed: 29 (3 ULg)