References of "Stoll, Jean"
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See detailPrediction of cow pregnancy status using conventional and novel mid-infrared predicted milk traits
Hammami, Hedi ULg; Bastin, Catherine ULg; Gillon, Alain et al

in Book of Abstracts of the 62nd Annual Meeting of the European Association for Animal Production (2011, August)

The objective of this study was to determine the ability of conventional milk cow characteristics and novel traits predicted by mid infrared (MIR) obtained from milk recording to predict the pregnancy ... [more ▼]

The objective of this study was to determine the ability of conventional milk cow characteristics and novel traits predicted by mid infrared (MIR) obtained from milk recording to predict the pregnancy status once the cow was inseminated. Conventional milk recording, spectral, and reproductive data collected in Luxembourg Hoslteins between 2008 and 2010 were used. Cows were defined as pregnant if they were positively checked and calved between 267 and 295 d later after the last AI or if they had calved between the later intervals when no checks were recorded. Pregnant or not within 3 intervals after last AI (<=35 d, 45-60 d, and 60-90 d) was modeled using logistic regression models firstly as a function of conventional cow milk characteristics and extended to fatty acids as novel traits predicted by MIR in a second step. The lactation curve characteristics for milk, fat, protein, and lactose yields were estimated using modified best prediction method. Test-day fatty acid contents were estimated from collected MIR spectra using an appropriate calibration equation. Two third proportion and one third of the whole data set were randomly selected for calibration and validation models respectively. The relation between the predicted and observed probabilities of cow pregnancy was approximately linear for calibration and validation models. The sensitivity-specificity combination for cow pregnancy increased when fatty acids were added to conventional milk characteristics as inputs to the different models (from 78 to 85% for sensitivity and from 40 to 52% for specificity). Results based on those models showed that it would be possible to help breeders to manage cow fertility using such tool implemented in the milk recording organizations. [less ▲]

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See detailManageMilk - Création d'outils de management innovatifs et pratiques en vue d'améliorer la durabilité de la production laitière et de la qualité des produits laitiers: présentation du projet.
Arnould, Valérie ULg; Soyeurt, Hélène ULg; Stoll, Jean et al

in 16ième Carrefour des Prodcutions animales: La filière laitière bovine européenne est-elle durable? (2011, March 02)

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See detailSustainable dairy farming - A case study of Holsteins in a developed and an emerging country
Hammami, Hedi ULg; Rekik, Boulbaba; Bormann, Jeanne et al

Conference (2009, September 23)

Sustainability of breeding programs under the flow of exchange among various environments are conditioned by the ability of genotypes to adjust sufficiently their phenotypes in response to changes in ... [more ▼]

Sustainability of breeding programs under the flow of exchange among various environments are conditioned by the ability of genotypes to adjust sufficiently their phenotypes in response to changes in their new bio-physical conditions, and also by the capabilities of farmers to balance between environmental, ethical, social. and economic aspects. The objective of this paper was to quantify the effectiveness of genetic responses from indirect selection in high- and low- to medium- input systems using Luxembourg and Tunisian Hoisteins. The magnitude of genotype-by-environment interaction (GxE) for production traits was firstly investigated based on the country border delimitation as environmental character state. Secondly, three herd management levels reflecting feeding and management intensity were identified in each country and GxE was investigated within and across country environments. Significant GxE was detected for milk yield and persistency with large differences in genetic and permanent environmental variances between the 2 countries. Genetic correlations for 305-d milk yield and persistency between Luxembourg and Tunisia were 0.60 and 0.36. Low rank correlations obtained between estimated breeding values of common sires translated a significant re-ranking between the 2 countries. Within-country environments analysis show that the magnitude of GxE varied from only scaling effects resulting from heterogeneous variances in high-input systems to considerable re-ranking of common sires under limited feeding resources, low management care, and stressful conditions in low-input systems. Overall, this study shows that substantial differences exist between Hoisteins in terms of their sensitivity to production environ ment suspecting the sustainability of the dairying system. In high-input systems, GxE effects are expected to be easily managed but harmful effects of intensive dairy systems should be considered. Selection of breeds under less intensive production systems respecting the ruminant's specificities should be encouraged. In law-input systems, selection for adaptive traits under their specifie conditions and improvement of management conditions and husbandry practices are needed. [less ▲]

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See detailVariability of major fatty acid contents in Luxembourg dairy cattle
Soyeurt, Hélène ULg; Arnould, Valérie ULg; Dardenne, Pierre et al

in Book of Abstracts of the 60th Annual Meeting of the European Association for Animal Production (2009)

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See detailEnvironmental sensitivity for milk yield in Luxembourg and Tunisian Holsteins by herd management level.
Hammami, Hedi ULg; Rekik, Boulbaba; Bastin, Catherine ULg et al

in Journal of Dairy Science (2009), 92(9), 4604-12

Milk production data of Luxembourg and Tunisian Holstein cows were analyzed using herd management (HM) level. Herds in each country were clustered into high, medium, and low HM levels based on solutions ... [more ▼]

Milk production data of Luxembourg and Tunisian Holstein cows were analyzed using herd management (HM) level. Herds in each country were clustered into high, medium, and low HM levels based on solutions of herd-test-date and herd-year of calving effects from national evaluations. Data from both populations included 730,810 test-day (TD) milk yield records from 87,734 first-lactation cows. A multi-trait, random regression TD model was used to estimate (co)variance components for milk yield within and across country HM levels. Additive genetic and permanent environmental variances of TD milk yields varied with management level in Tunisia and Luxembourg. Additive variances were smaller across HM levels in Tunisia than in Luxembourg, whereas permanent environmental variances were larger in Tunisian HM levels. Highest heritability estimates of 305-d milk yield (0.41 and 0.21) were found in high HM levels, whereas lowest estimates (0.31 and 0.12, respectively) were associated with low HM levels in both countries. Genetic correlations among Luxembourg HM levels were >0.96, whereas those among Tunisian HM levels were below 0.80. Respective rank orders of sires ranged from 0.73 to 0.83 across Luxembourg environments and from 0.33 to 0.42 across Tunisian HM levels indicating high re-ranking of sires in Tunisia and only a scaling effect in Luxembourg. Across-country environment analysis showed that estimates of genetic variance in the high, medium, and low classes of Tunisian environments were 45, 69, and 81% lower, respectively, than the estimate found in the high Luxembourg HM level. Genetic correlations among 305-d milk yields in Tunisian and Luxembourg HM environments ranged from 0.39 to 0.79. The largest estimated genetic correlation was found between the medium Luxembourg and high Tunisian HM levels. Rank correlations for common sires' estimated breeding values among HM environments were low and ranged from 0.19 to 0.39, implying the existence of genotype by environment interaction. These results indicate that daughters of superior sires in Luxembourg have their genetic expression for milk production limited under Tunisian environments. Milk production of cows in the medium and low Luxembourg environments were good predictors of that of their paternal half-sisters in the high Tunisian HM level. Breeding decisions in low-input Tunisian environment should utilize semen from sires with daughters in similar production environments rather than semen of bulls proven in higher management levels. [less ▲]

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See detailAccessing genotype by environment interaction using within- and across-country test-day random regression sire models
Hammami, Hedi ULg; Rekik, Boulbaba; Soyeurt, Hélène ULg et al

in Journal of Animal Breeding & Genetics (2009), 126(5), 366-377

First-lactation test-day (TD) milk records of Luxembourg and Tunisian Holsteins were analysed for evidence of genotype by environment interaction (G · E). The joint data included 730 810 TD records of 87 ... [more ▼]

First-lactation test-day (TD) milk records of Luxembourg and Tunisian Holsteins were analysed for evidence of genotype by environment interaction (G · E). The joint data included 730 810 TD records of 87 734 cows and 231 common sires. Random regression TD sire models with fourth-order Legendre polynomials were used to estimate genetic parameters via within- and across-country analyses. Daily heritability estimates of milk yield from within-country analysis were between 0.11 and 0.32, and 0.03 and 0.13 in Luxembourg and Tunisia, respectively. Heritability estimates for 305-day milk yield and persistency (defined as the breeding value for milk yield on DIM 280 minus the breeding value on DIM 80) were lower for Tunisian Holsteins compared with the Luxembourg population. Specifically, heritability for 305-day milk yield was 0.16 for within- and 0.11 for across-country analyses for Tunisian Holsteins and 0.38 for within- and 0.40 for across-country analyses for Luxembourg Holsteins. Heritability for apparent persistency was 0.02 for both within and across-country analyses for Tunisian Holsteins and 0.08 for within and 0.09 for across-country analyses for Luxembourg Holsteins. Genetic correlations between the two countries were 0.50 for 305-day milk yield and 0.43 for apparent persistency. Moreover, rank correlations between the estimated breeding values of common sires for 305-day milk yield and persistency, estimated separately in each country, were low. Low genetic correlations are evidence for G · E for milk yield production while low rank correlations suggest different rankings of sires in both environments. Results from this study indicate that milk production of daughters of the same sires depends greatly on the production environment and that importing high merit semen for limited input systems might not be an effective strategy to improve milk production. [less ▲]

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See detailGenotype x environment interaction for milk yield in Holsteins using Luxembourg and Tunisian populations.
Hammami, Hedi ULg; Rekik, Boulbaba; Soyeurt, Hélène ULg et al

in Journal of Dairy Science (2008), 91(9), 3661-71

Test-day (TD) milk yield records of first-lactation Holstein cows in Luxembourg and Tunisia were analyzed using within-and between-country random regression TD models. Edited data used for within-country ... [more ▼]

Test-day (TD) milk yield records of first-lactation Holstein cows in Luxembourg and Tunisia were analyzed using within-and between-country random regression TD models. Edited data used for within-country analysis included 661,453 and 281,913 TD records in Luxembourg and Tunisia, respectively. The joint data included 730,810 TD records of 87,734 cows and 231 common sires. Both data sets covered calving years 1995 to 2006. Fourth-order Legendre polynomials for random effects and a Gibbs sampling method were used to estimate variance components of lactation curve parameters in separate and joint analyses. Genetic variances of the first 3 coefficients from Luxembourg data were 46 to 69% larger than corresponding estimates from the Tunisian data. Inversely, the Tunisian permanent environment variances for the same coefficients were 52 to 65% larger than the Luxembourg ones. Posterior mean heritabilities of 305-d milk yield and persistency, defined as estimated breeding values (EBV) at 280 days in milk-EBV at 80 days in milk, from between-country analysis were 0.42 and 0.12 and 0.19 and 0.08 in Luxembourg and Tunisia, respectively. Heritability estimates for the same traits from within-country analyses, mainly from the Tunisian data, were lower than those from the joint analysis. Genetic correlations for 305-d milk yield and persistency between countries were 0.60 and 0.36. Product moment and rank correlations between EBV of common sires for 305-d milk yield and persistency from within-country analyses were 0.38 and 0.41 and 0.27 and 0.26, respectively. Differences between genetic variances found in both countries reflect different milk production levels. Moreover, low genetic and rank correlations suggest different ranking of sires in the 2 environments, which implies the existence of a genotype x environment interaction for milk yield in Holsteins. [less ▲]

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See detailGenetic diversity and joint-pedigree analysis of two importing Holstein populations.
Hammami, Hedi ULg; Croquet, Coraline; Stoll, Jean et al

in Journal of Dairy Science (2007), 90(7), 3530-41

Genetic diversity and relatedness between 2 geographically distant Holstein populations (in Luxembourg and Tunisia) were studied by pedigree analysis. These 2 populations have similar sizes and structures ... [more ▼]

Genetic diversity and relatedness between 2 geographically distant Holstein populations (in Luxembourg and Tunisia) were studied by pedigree analysis. These 2 populations have similar sizes and structures and are essentially importing populations. Edited pedigrees included 140,392 and 151,381 animals for Tunisia and Luxembourg, respectively. To partially account for pedigree completeness levels, a modified algorithm was used to compute inbreeding. The effective numbers of ancestors were derived from probabilities of gene origin for the 2 populations of cows born between 1990 and 2000. The 10 ancestors with the highest contributions to genetic diversity in the cow populations accounted for more than 32% of the genes. Eight of these 10 ancestors were the same in both populations. The rates of inbreeding were different in the 2 populations but were generally comparable to those found in the literature for the Holstein breed. Average inbreeding coefficients per year, estimated from the data, ranged from 0.91 and 0.50 in 1990 to 3.10 and 2.12 in 2000 for the Tunisian and Luxembourg populations, respectively. Genetic links have also strengthened with time. Average additive relationships between the 2 populations were as high as 2.2% in 2000. Results suggest that it would be possible to investigate genotype by environment interactions for milk traits using the Tunisian and Luxembourg dairy populations. [less ▲]

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See detailInvestigation on genotype by environment interaction for milk yield of Holstein cows in Luxembourg and Tunisia
Hammami, Hedi ULg; Croquet, Coraline; Soyeurt, Hélène ULg et al

in INTERBULL Bulletin (2006), 35

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