References of "Stassart, Pierre M"
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See detailFrom local initiatives to territorial transition project: case study of a grassroots food belt project in Liège (Belgium)
Feyereisen, Marlène ULg; Stassart, Pierre M ULg; Jonet, Christian

Conference (2017, June 28)

This study analyses a local food initiatives in Liege (Belgium) linked to the Transition Network movement: Ceinture Aliment-Terre Liégeoise (CATL). The study aims to analyse how CATL evolved from a ... [more ▼]

This study analyses a local food initiatives in Liege (Belgium) linked to the Transition Network movement: Ceinture Aliment-Terre Liégeoise (CATL). The study aims to analyse how CATL evolved from a marginal grassroots movement, to a project of transition of the agri-food system which is considered exemplary by Belgian institutional actors. [less ▲]

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See detailL’agroécologie, vers la concrétisation d’une utopie ?
Bindelle, Jérôme ULg; De Schutter, Olivier; Dufrêne, Marc ULg et al

Article for general public (2017)

L’agroécologie prône une vision plus responsable de l’agriculture, plus respectueuse de la Terre et de l’Homme. Elle trouve une résonance croissante chez nous, tant dans la société que dans le monde ... [more ▼]

L’agroécologie prône une vision plus responsable de l’agriculture, plus respectueuse de la Terre et de l’Homme. Elle trouve une résonance croissante chez nous, tant dans la société que dans le monde agricole. Quels sont les enjeux de l’agriculture de demain auquel tente de répondre ce modèle alternatif ? Comment creuse-t-il son sillon dans notre paysage agricole ? Quels sont les principes, freins et leviers pour sa mise en oeuvre et sa pérennisation ? [less ▲]

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See detailShort-Term Local Adaptation of Historical Common Bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) Varieties and Implications for In Situ Management of Bean Diversity
Klaedtke, Stephanie ULg; Caproni, Leonardo; Klauck, Julia et al

in International Journal of Molecular Sciences (2017), 18

Recognizing both the stakes of traditional European common bean diversity and the role farmers’ and gardeners’ networks play in maintaining this diversity, the present study examines the role that local ... [more ▼]

Recognizing both the stakes of traditional European common bean diversity and the role farmers’ and gardeners’ networks play in maintaining this diversity, the present study examines the role that local adaptation plays for the management of common bean diversity in situ. To the purpose, four historical bean varieties and one modern control were multiplied on two organic farms for three growing seasons. The fifteen resulting populations, the initial ones and two populations of each variety obtained after the three years of multiplication, were then grown in a common garden. Twenty-two Simple Sequence Repeat (SSR) markers and 13 phenotypic traits were assessed. In total, 68.2% of tested markers were polymorphic and a total of 66 different alleles were identified. FST analysis showed that the genetic composition of two varieties multiplied in different environments changed. At the phenotypic level, differences were observed in flowering date and leaf length. Results indicate that three years of multiplication suffice for local adaptation to occur. The spatial dynamics of genetic and phenotypic bean diversity imply that the maintenance of diversity should be considered at the scale of the network, rather than individual farms and gardens. The microevolution of bean populations within networks of gardens and farms emerges as a research perspective. [less ▲]

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See detailLa Ceinture Aliment-Terre Liégeoise : des initiatives locales au projet de transition territoriale
Feyereisen, Marlène ULg; Stassart, Pierre M ULg

E-print/Working paper (2017)

Depuis une dizaine d’années, des initiatives qui cherchent à territorialiser la production et la consommation de produits alimentaires se développent dans le paysage agroalimentaire wallon. Parmi celles ... [more ▼]

Depuis une dizaine d’années, des initiatives qui cherchent à territorialiser la production et la consommation de produits alimentaires se développent dans le paysage agroalimentaire wallon. Parmi celles-ci, la Ceinture aliment-terre liégeoise (CATL) est une dynamique qui s’est construite autour d’un diagnostic du système agroalimentaire conventionnel et propose des alternatives en région liégeoise. La CATL a pour caractéristique principale de constituer un « mouvement citoyen », c’est-à-dire qu’elle mobilise les citoyens dans la transformation du système agroalimentaire. Pour analyser cette initiative, nous allons retracer la trajectoire de la CATL depuis sa naissance jusqu’à aujourd’hui, ainsi que les dilemmes et questionnements auxquels elle a dû faire face tout au long de son évolution et comment elle propose d’y répondre. Cette analyse permet de comprendre que le potentiel de transformation de la CATL pour la transition réside surtout dans sa capacité à intégrer une série d’initiatives du territoire dans une vision commune pour construire une « niche globale territoriale » plus à même d’influencer le régime et d’engager une transition du système agroalimentaire liégeois et wallon. [less ▲]

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See detailFair Trade Milk Initiative in Belgium: Bricolage as an Empowering Strategy for Change
Feyereisen, Marlène ULg; Stassart, Pierre M ULg; Melard, François ULg

in Sociologia Ruralis (2017), 57(3), 297-315

In a context of multiple crises, dairy farmers struggle to receive a fair remuneration for their work. This situation led to the creation of fair milk projects in Europe. But fair trade projects often ... [more ▼]

In a context of multiple crises, dairy farmers struggle to receive a fair remuneration for their work. This situation led to the creation of fair milk projects in Europe. But fair trade projects often suffer from ambiguous interpretations that place them simultaneously in and against the market. This study focuses on a Belgian milk label in order to analyse how dairy farmers developed a particular strategy to create their own fair milk. Based on semi-structured interviews and using the multi-level perspective, we propose that articulating the concepts of lock-ins, bricolage and ambiguity enables us to analyse the potential of this innovation for the transition of the Belgian dairy system. The study shows that fairness is often a matter of divergent interpretations, and its final actualisation is the product of emergent and negotiated relations. By using bricolage practices, the stakeholders reinforced their capacity to gain market power and act within the system they want to change. [less ▲]

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See detailWhen farmers learn through dialog with their practices: A proposal for a theory of action for agricultural trajectories
Brédart, David ULg; Stassart, Pierre M ULg

in Journal of Rural Studies (2017), 53(C), 1-13

Using pragmatic sociology, we studied feed autonomy in mixed livestock-crop farming in the western region of Belgium (Hainaut Province). In this paper we first describe feed autonomy as an innovation ... [more ▼]

Using pragmatic sociology, we studied feed autonomy in mixed livestock-crop farming in the western region of Belgium (Hainaut Province). In this paper we first describe feed autonomy as an innovation structured around the withdrawal of soybeans and corn from cattle rations. In so doing, we approach feed autonomy as an opportunity for farmers to change their relationships with the soil, plants, animals, and other human beings and reconnect harmful situations to their courses of action. We then show (1) how this withdrawal is accompanied by adaptation in breeding practices (through reconfigurations of cognitive processes and practices) and (2) how events that interrupt the farmer's normal course of action require the farmers to develop their attentiveness to, i.e., their abilities to heed various elements to allow for variability and guide their actions. We therefore propose a theory of action in which learning is the result of surprises, of what destabilizes the farmer and raises doubt in her/his mind about her/his practices. To do that, we take inspiration from John Dewey's work and his notion of experience. Our results question the conceptualization of the trajectory that represents the process of change as a series of sequences with the event as a trigger. Indeed, we understand change to be a constant process of adjusting goals and means that is punctuated by events that become events only when attention is given to them. So, the event itself is no longer the trigger, and understanding adaptation in a trajectory's direction hinges more on the attention that is paid to the event. [less ▲]

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See detailVerrouillage et euristique des transitions agroécologiques
Stassart, Pierre M ULg

Scientific conference (2017)

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See detailThe diplomacy of practitioners: for an ecology of practices about the problem of the coexistence of wind farms and red kites
Melard, François ULg; Stassart, Pierre M ULg

in Environmental Education Research (2017)

Gathering information, comparing points of view, and designing actions in and about problematic situations are no longer purely academic activities. Learning about complex state of a airs is becoming an ... [more ▼]

Gathering information, comparing points of view, and designing actions in and about problematic situations are no longer purely academic activities. Learning about complex state of a airs is becoming an increasingly widely- distributed necessity and practice, including within civil society. We propose to give rst-hand information – as practitioners and members of a citizens’ wind energy co-operative in Belgium – about the problematic and highly controversial coexistence between wind farms and red kite (Milvus milvus). Will be reported the implementation of a community-based management scheme involving active, original practices of collaboration between citizens with local knowledge and skills and experts or scientists in order to produce research and intervention questions, methods, and results that are claimed to be more sustainable. The sustainability challenges are to design and set up in context a local space for collaboration and learning that departs from traditional public regulatory procedures (i.e. impact studies, public information meetings, etc.). However, the outcomes of this collaborative approach remain fragile. We shall argue in this regard that both the Transdisciplinary Environmental Research and the art of diplomacy may be central to the emergence of re exive governance within transition processes that strive to be sustainable. [less ▲]

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See detail“Avoiding disease has never favoured health”: Governance of plant health and management of crop diversity -the case of bean health management among members of the association Croqueurs de Carottes
Klaedtke, Stephanie ULg; Chable, Véronique; Stassart, Pierre M ULg

Conference (2016, October 06)

In 2010, a hot debate on bean seed quality in the framework of a European Research project led a French-speaking association of artisan seed companies to challenge EU "quarantine" measures on the ... [more ▼]

In 2010, a hot debate on bean seed quality in the framework of a European Research project led a French-speaking association of artisan seed companies to challenge EU "quarantine" measures on the bacterial agents of Common Bacterial Blight (CBB), a seedborne disease of common bean. The artisan seed companies (artisans semenciers) forming the association Croqueurs de Carottes are small enterprises producing and marketing seed of open-pollinated vegetable varieties from the public domain, based on networks of organic seed growing farmers. In doing so, the artisan seed companies contribute to the dynamic conservation of crop diversity and to making this diversity accessible to home and market gardeners. For the Croqueurs as member of the French Réseau Semences Paysannes (peasant seed network), this commercial activity also forms part of a wider movement of seed re-appropriation. The research presented here departs from the hypothesis that the dispute on the CBB "quarantine" measures reveals a more general discrepancy: The rationale behind the plant health management practices of the seed artisans differs from the rationale behind the quarantine measures which they face in the form of phytosanitary inspections. In the aim of specifying the plant health management practices of the artisan seed companies, these practices and the rationale behind it will be unfolded as an actor-network. In terms of actor network theory (ANT), the contestation of quarantine measures on common bean by the Croqueurs in France reveals the actor-network behind their bean health management. Disturbed by the quarantine measures, the network becomes apparent in a process of reassemblage. The network behind this particular plant health management will be unfolded by taking controversial elements of the implementation of quarantine measures as a starting point, such as the official protocol for the detection of bacterial pathogens on seeds and the competences of inspectors in charge of phytosanitary seed inspections. The description of the plant health management by artisanal seed companies will be based on the practices of the Croqueurs in France and Belgium, but also on the practices of two artisanal seed companies in Germany. By contrast, discrepancies with the dominant plant health management rationale will appear. Whereas the "quarantine" measures aim at eradicating CBB in the EU by admitting only CBB-free bean seed on the seed market, the artisan seed companies rather seek to live with plant diseases and integrate plant pathogens in their production systems. For the latter, managing crop and seed health also goes through managing sound environments. In the framework of evolving EU plant regulations and a reorganisation of phytosanitary seed inspections in France, the debates on plant health management in artisanal seed companies persist. Although much has been written and publically debated by non-profit organizations, small-scale seed companies and researchers concerning EU seed legislations, but the role of phytosanitary regulations in the dynamic conservation of crop biodiversity has received little attention. The research presented here represents a first step in addressing this question in the scientific arena. [less ▲]

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See detailHistoire et tensions autour de l'agroécologie
Stassart, Pierre M ULg

Scientific conference (2016)

première proposition analytique sur les dynamiques et tensions à l'oeuvre autour du développement de l'agroécologie en Europe

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See detailThe transition to conservation agriculture : an insularization process towards sustainability
Vankeerberghen, Audrey ULg; Stassart, Pierre M ULg

in International Journal of Agricultural Sustainability (2016), 14(4), 392-407

Part of the Sustainability Transition Studies, this work addresses the question of the relationship between niches and regimes by examining the transition to conservation agriculture. It seeks to ... [more ▼]

Part of the Sustainability Transition Studies, this work addresses the question of the relationship between niches and regimes by examining the transition to conservation agriculture. It seeks to understand how farmers' transition to conservation agriculture can contribute to a better understanding of the transition of agro-food systems towards sustainability. Based on an analysis of farmers' trajectories in the Walloon region in Belgium, the paper develops the notion of insularization in order to characterize the emergence of conservation agriculture as a niche that is a dynamic process, growing from within and progressively detaching itself from the conventional agricultural regime. The analysis of farmers' transition shows how, after an initial phase of destabilization of the conventional ploughing regime, learning and experiencing processes can lead to a transformation in soil and soil quality management perceptions. Our hypothesis is that this cognitive transformation constitutes a tipping point in the insularization process because of its effects on agricultural practices, which increase the detachment of conservation agriculture from the regime and thus embed the irreversibility and sustainability of the transition. The term insularization is used to describe an ecologization pathway of agricultural practices endogenous to the regime that can not only lead to adaptive changes on the periphery of the system, but might also induce a deep and systemic transformation of conventional agricultural practices. [less ▲]

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See detailTowards sustainable food systems: the concept of agroecology and how it questions current research practices. A review
Hatt, Séverin ULg; Artru, Sidonie ULg; Brédart, David ULg et al

in Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement = Biotechnology, Agronomy, Society and Environment (2016), 20(Special issue 1), 215-224

Introduction. Multiple environmental and socio-economic indicators show that our current agriculture and the organization of the food system need to be revised. Agroecology has been proposed as a ... [more ▼]

Introduction. Multiple environmental and socio-economic indicators show that our current agriculture and the organization of the food system need to be revised. Agroecology has been proposed as a promising concept for achieving greater sustainability. This paper offers an overview and discussion of the concept based on existing literature and case studies, and explores the way it questions our current research approaches and education paradigms. Literature. In order to improve the sustainability of agriculture, the use of external and chemical inputs needs to be minimized. Agroecological farming practices seek to optimize ecological processes, thus minimizing the need for external inputs by providing an array of ecosystem services. Implementing such practices challenges the current structure of the food system, which has been criticized for its lack of social relevance and economic viability. An agroecological approach includes all stakeholders, from field to fork, in the discussion, design and development of future food systems. This inclusion of various disciplines and stakeholders raises issues about scientists and their research practices, as well as about the education of the next generation of scientists. Conclusions. Agroecology is based on the concept that agricultural practices and food systems cannot be dissociated because they belong to the same natural and socio-economic context. Clearly, agroecology is not a silver-bullet, but its principles can serve as avenues for rethinking the current approaches towards achieving greater sustainability. Adapting research approaches in line with indicators that promote inter- and transdisciplinary research is essential if progress is to be made. [less ▲]

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See detailLes races hyperspécialisées entre verrouillage et ancrage local, l’exemple du Texel Belge
Lauvie, Anne; Stassart, Pierre M ULg

in Cahiers Agricultures (2016), 25(4),

Le cas de la race bovine hyperspécialisée Blanc Bleu Belge illustre de façon emblématique la notion de verrouillage en élevage. Cet article étudie la situation d’une autre race hyperspécialisée ... [more ▼]

Le cas de la race bovine hyperspécialisée Blanc Bleu Belge illustre de façon emblématique la notion de verrouillage en élevage. Cet article étudie la situation d’une autre race hyperspécialisée, le mouton Texel Belge, à partir de laquelle nous requestionnons un dispositif de gestion d’une ressource génétique animale en croisant une approche par les régimes socio-techniques et les verrouillages et une approche par l’ancrage local. Après avoir montré en quoi le Blanc Bleu Belge fait figure de modèle pour les sélectionneurs de Texel Belge, et bien que les formes de verrouillage associées ne soient pas entièrement similaires, nous discutons de l’adaptation et des capacités adaptatives des races locales, mais aussi de la nécessité de questionner, dans les dispositifs de gestion des ressources génétiques, quel est le « local » qui fait sens pour les acteurs impliqués car celui-ci peut prendre de multiples formes. [less ▲]

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See detailParlement Citoyen Climat en Province de Luxembourg
Stassart, Pierre M ULg

Report (2016)

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See detailTransitions agroécologiques : quelques réflexions
Stassart, Pierre M ULg

Scientific conference (2016)

I Diagnostic : knowledge mode of production Mode 1-Mode 2, Lock-in, II Heuristique : Multi Level Perspective, III Equipment : insularization, bricolage, ESR

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See detailClarifying the Socio-Economic Dimensions of Agroecology: Between Principles and Practices
Dumont, Antoinette M.; Vanloqueren, Gaëtan; Stassart, Pierre M ULg et al

in Agroecology and Sustainable Food Systems (2016), 1(1), 24-47

AbstractThe concept of agroecology is being mobilized increasingly. However, its socio-economic dimensions receive little attention from academia. This study helps to clarify the socio-economic principles ... [more ▼]

AbstractThe concept of agroecology is being mobilized increasingly. However, its socio-economic dimensions receive little attention from academia. This study helps to clarify the socio-economic principles of agroecology by first identifying a list of principles in popular and scientific literature and, as a second step, by putting the principles to the test of a qualitative study of two Belgian organizations. Agribio is a grain cooperative, and Les Grosses L√©gumes is a network of consumers, farmers, and the members of an association set up to organize the production and distribution of vegetable boxes. Semi-directed interviews of the various actors linked to these organizations were conducted and then analyzed through an approach inspired by the convention theory in order to reveal the principles that the stakeholders have adopted. The main findings are then made explicit by analysis of four strong agreements (which concern the two organizations? marketing schemes, a Participatory Guarantee System set up by Les Grosses L√©gumes and Agribio?s flour mill). The two case studies show the gap that exists between the principles that describe the horizon of agroecology and the principles that are actually put into practice by the parties in the field through various transition pathways. [less ▲]

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See detailLe défi climatique, être citoyen co-responsable pour la société de demain? L’expérience du Parlement Citoyen Climat en province de Luxembourg
Stassart, Pierre M ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2016)

Présentation de l'expérience de parlement climat citoyen en province de Luxembourg qui s'est déroulée de septembre à novembre 2015. La triple innovation sociale autour du tirage au sort, du choix des ... [more ▼]

Présentation de l'expérience de parlement climat citoyen en province de Luxembourg qui s'est déroulée de septembre à novembre 2015. La triple innovation sociale autour du tirage au sort, du choix des experts et de la remise de l'avis au conseil provincial. Bilan provisoire [less ▲]

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