Lung inflammation and thrombogenic responses in a time course study of Csb mice exposed to ozone.
; Frederix, Kim ; et al
in Journal of Applied Toxicology (2008), 28(6), 779-87
Ozone is a well-known oxidant air pollutant, inhalation of which can result in oxidative stress, and lead to pulmonary inflammation. The aim of this study was to evaluate the time-course events after a ... [more ▼]
Ozone is a well-known oxidant air pollutant, inhalation of which can result in oxidative stress, and lead to pulmonary inflammation. The aim of this study was to evaluate the time-course events after a single ozone exposure in transcription-coupled repair defective Csb and wild type mice. Mice were exposed for 3 h to 2 ppm ozone and biological parameters related to oxidative stress and inflammation were examined in the lungs at 0, 4, 9, 24 and 48 h after exposure. In addition the procoagulant and thrombomodulin activities were explored by a combination of assays for tissue factor and thrombin generation.This study revealed a significant biological response to ozone, for both Csb and wild type mice. The onset of inflammation in Csb mice, as indicated by an increase in interleukin-6, tumor necrosis factor-alpha and total cell influx, occurred earlier compared with those seen in wild type mice. On the other hand, Csb mice showed a delayed antioxidant reaction compared with wild type mice. Both genotypes developed a procoagulant reaction characterized by a stably increased tissue factor activity and a progressive increase in thrombin generation after 2 days.These experiments have shown that ozone, a well-known toxic substance from the environment, induces not only inflammation, but also procoagulant reactions in the lungs of mice. These results have implications for understanding the systemic effects induced by oxidant air pollutants. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 85 (0 ULg)
Platelet adhesion receptors do not modulate infarct volume after a photochemically induced stroke in mice.
Frederix, Kim ; ; et al
in Brain Research (2007), 1185
Photochemically induced cerebral infarction has been considered a clinically relevant model for ischemic stroke. We evaluated various transgenic mice to study the role of platelet adhesion molecules in ... [more ▼]
Photochemically induced cerebral infarction has been considered a clinically relevant model for ischemic stroke. We evaluated various transgenic mice to study the role of platelet adhesion molecules in this model. Infarction to the sensorimotoric cortex was induced by erythrosin B and laser light. Infarct volumes were calculated from triphenyltetrazolium chloride stained brain slices. Thrombus formation and vessel leakage were observed in vivo by multiphoton microscopy. Mice mutant in VWF, GPIbalpha, beta3 integrin, and P-selectin did not show any significant differences in infarct volume compared to wild type (WT). This is in contrast to the intraluminal middle cerebral artery occlusion model in which alphaIIbbeta3 integrin, GPIbalpha, and P-selectin are known to modulate infarct size. Multiphoton microscopy showed that small, non-occlusive embolizing platelet thrombi formed in the photochemically injured brains. Massive vessel leakage was observed within 25 min of laser injury. Interestingly, we observed a significant increase in infarct size with aging, accordant with heightened fragility of the blood brain barrier (BBB) in older mice. This model of photochemically induced stroke is closer to a BBB injury model than a thrombotic stroke model in which platelets and their adhesion molecules are crucial. This model will be useful to study mechanisms regulating BBB permeability. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 25 (1 ULg)