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See detailThe effect of collagenated space filling materials in sinus bone augmentation: a study in rabbits
LAMBERT, France ULg; Léonard, Angélique ULg; Drion, Pierre ULg et al

in Clinical Oral Implants Research (2013), 24(5),

Aim: The inclusion of biomaterial particles used for alveolar bone regeneration in a carrier or in binding agents such as collagen gel or fibers is of interest as a means to help with surgical handling ... [more ▼]

Aim: The inclusion of biomaterial particles used for alveolar bone regeneration in a carrier or in binding agents such as collagen gel or fibers is of interest as a means to help with surgical handling. However, the possible influence of collagen on bone tissue response to biomaterials is poorly studied. The objective of the present study was to investigate, in a sub-sinus bone augmentation model in rabbits, the effect of collagen at different stages of the osteogenesis process. Histologic, histomorphometric and volumetric analyses were performed. Materials and methods: Rabbits underwent a double sinus lift procedure using bovine hydroxyapatite (BHA), collagenated bovine hydroxyapatite (BHAColl), and prehydrated and collagenated porcine hydroxyapatite (PHAColl). Animals were sacrificed at 1 week, 5 weeks or 6 months. Samples were subjected to X-ray micro-tomography and histology. Qualitative analysis was performed on the non-decalcified sections and quantitative histomorphometric analyses were conducted using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Volume variations of bone augmentations were calculated at different time points. Results: The three biomaterials allowed an optimal bone formation and were able to equally withstand sinusal reexpansion. A comparable percentage of new bone, as well as 3D volume stability, was found between the groups at each time point. However, the PHAColl resorption rate was significantly higher than the rates in other groups (P = 0.0003), with only 3.6% of the particles remaining at 6 months. At 1 week, both collagenated groups displayed the presence of inflammatory cells although BHA did not show any sign of inflammation. At 5 weeks and 6 months, the inflammatory process had disappeared completely in the BHAColl groups, whereas some inflammatory-like cells could still be observed around the remaining particles of PHAColl. Conclusions and clinical implications: Within the limitations of this study in rabbits, the findings showed the presence of inflammatory-like cells at the early stage of bone regeneration when collagenated xenogenic biomaterials were used compared to xenogenic granules alone. Nevertheless, similar bone formation occurred and comparable 3D volumes were found at 6 months in the different groups. [less ▲]

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See detailBone Regeneration Using Porous Titanium Particles versus Bovine Hydroxyapatite: A Sinus Lift Study in Rabbits.
LAMBERT, France ULg; LECLOUX, Geoffrey ULg; Léonard, Angélique ULg et al

in Clinical Implant Dentistry & Related Research (2013), 15(3),

Aim: The first objective of this study was to qualitatively and quantitatively assess the bone formation process, particularly the long-term behavior and three-dimensional volume stability of subsinusal ... [more ▼]

Aim: The first objective of this study was to qualitatively and quantitatively assess the bone formation process, particularly the long-term behavior and three-dimensional volume stability of subsinusal bone regeneration, using titanium (Ti) or bovine hydroxyapatite (BHA) granules, in a rabbit model. The second objective was to evaluate the effect of the hydration of the BHA particles with a therapeutic concentration of doxycycline solution on the osteogenesis and biomaterial resorption. Materials and Methods: Rabbits underwent a double sinus lift procedure using one of three materials: grade 1 porous Ti particles, BHA, or BHA hydrated with doxycycline solution (0.1 mg/ml) (BHATTC). Animals were sacrificed after 1 week, 5 weeks, or 6 months. Samples were analyzed using µCT and nondecalcified histology. Results: The materials used in each of the three groups allowed an optimal bone formation; bone quantities and densities were not statistically different between the three groups. At 6 months, more stable three-dimensional volume stability was found with Ti and BHATTC (p = .0033). At 5 weeks and 6 months, bone to material contact corroborating osteoconduction was significantly higher with BHA and BHATTC than with Ti (p < .0001). Conclusions and Clinical Implications: Even though the studied biomaterials displayed different architectures, they are relevant candidates for sinus lift bone augmentation prior to dental implants because they allow adequate three-dimensional stability and osteogenesis. However, to recommend the clinical use of Ti, both an observation on the drilling effects of Ti particles and clinical trials are needed. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence of space-filling materials in subantral bone augmentation: blood clot vs. autogenous bone chips vs. bovine hydroxyapatite
Lambert, France ULg; Léonard, Angélique ULg; Drion, Pierre ULg et al

in Clinical Oral Implants Research (2011), 22(5), 538-545

Aim: The first objective of the present study was to compare the short- and long-term 3D volume stability of sub-sinusal bone regeneration in rabbits using different space fillers. The second objective ... [more ▼]

Aim: The first objective of the present study was to compare the short- and long-term 3D volume stability of sub-sinusal bone regeneration in rabbits using different space fillers. The second objective was to assess qualitatively and quantitatively the early bone formation process and long-term behavior of the regenerated bone. Materials and methods: Fifteen rabbits underwent a double sinus lift procedure using: blood clot (Clot), autogenous bone chips (Auto) and bovine hydroxyapatite (BHA). Animals were euthanized at 1 week, 5 weeks and 6 months. Samples were subjected to X-ray microtomography and histology. Variations in the volume of bone augmentations were calculated at different time points. Qualitative analysis was performed using 7 μm sections and quantitative histomorphometric analyses were carried out using scanning electron microscopy. Results: From baseline (100%) to 5 weeks, the augmented volumes declined to 17.3% (Clot), 57.6% (Auto) and 90.6% (BHA). After 6 months, only 19.4% (Clot) and 31.4% (Auto) of initial volumes were found, while it remained more stable in the BHA group (84%). At 1 week, an initial osteogenesis process could be observed in the three groups along the bone walls. At 5 weeks, despite a significant decline in the volume, newly formed bone density was higher with Clot and Auto than with BHA. At 6 months, bone densities were statistically similar in the three groups. However, after 6 months, the surface invaded by newly formed bone (regenerated area) was significantly higher when BHA was used as space filler. In the BHA group, the biomaterial area slightly decreased from 42.7% (1 week) to 40% (5 weeks) and 34.9% (6 months) and the density of the composite regenerated tissue (bone+BHA) reached >50% at 6 months. Conclusions and clinical implications: The three space fillers allowed bone formation to occur. Nevertheless, augmented volumes declined in the Clot and Auto groups, while they remained stable with BHA. A slowly resorbable biomaterial might be suitable in sub-sinusal bone augmentation for preventing the re-expansion process and for augmenting the density of the regenerated tissues. [less ▲]

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