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See detailPotentiation of the Pro-Inflammatory Effects of Bradykinin by Inhibition of Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme and Aminopeptidase P in Rat Paws
Damas, Jacques ULg; Liégeois, Jean-François ULg; Simmons, W. H.

in Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology (1996), 354(5), 670-6

The influence of some peptidase inhibitors on oedema and plasma extravasation induced by bradykinin and carrageenan in rat paw was evaluate. Bradykinin-induced oedema in normal rats was increased by o ... [more ▼]

The influence of some peptidase inhibitors on oedema and plasma extravasation induced by bradykinin and carrageenan in rat paw was evaluate. Bradykinin-induced oedema in normal rats was increased by o-phenanthroline (3.10(-2) M), by captopril (10(-6) M to 10(-4) M), by lisinopril (10(-6) M to 10(-4), or by lisinopril (10(-5) M) in combination with apstatin (8.10(-5) M or 1.4 10(-4) M). It was not modified by phosphoramidon (10(-6) M to 10(-5) M) and by diprotin A (10(-3) M). It was increased by mergepta at high concentrations (2.10(-4) M). Mergepta did not increase the potentiating effect of captopril. Carrageenan-oedema in normal rats was increased by captopril (10(-5) M), lisinopril (10(-5) M) and apstatin (1.4 10(-4) M. It was not modified by mergepta (10(-4) M), phosphoramidon (10 (-5) M) and diprotin A (109-3) M). Des-Arg1-bradykinin and Des-Arg9-bradykinin have low oedema-promoting effects. Captopril (10(-5) M) increased the effects of bradykinin but not those of carrageenan in kininogen-deficit Brown Norway rats. Angiotensin-converting enzyme and aminopeptidase P appear to be main kinin-inactivating enzymes in rat paws. Carboxypeptidase N, neutral endopeptidase 24.11 and dipeptidyl(amino)peptidase IV do not play a significant role in this inactivation. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence of Several Peptidase Inhibitors on the Pro-Inflammatory Effects of Substance P, Capsaicin and Collagenase
Damas, Jacques ULg; Bourdon, V.; Liégeois, Jean-François ULg et al

in Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology (1996), 354(5), 662-9

Injection of substance P (SP) in a rat hindpaw induced extravasation of 125I-labelled albumin in both hindpaws and salivation. Intravenous injection of SP dose-dependently increased vascular permeability ... [more ▼]

Injection of substance P (SP) in a rat hindpaw induced extravasation of 125I-labelled albumin in both hindpaws and salivation. Intravenous injection of SP dose-dependently increased vascular permeability. This latter effect was increased in rat paws by captopril, an inhibitor of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE), administered locally in combination with diprotin A, an inhibitor of an dipeptidyl(amino)peptidase IV (DAP IV) or phosphoramidon, an inhibitor of neutral endopeptidase (NEP). The increase in permeability induced by SP was inhibited by RP 67580, a NK-1-receptor antagonist. Intravenous injection of capsaicin induced labelled albumin extravasation in rat paws. This effect was increased by combination of captopril with diprotin A or phosphoramidon, but not by captopril associated with amastatin, an inhibitor of aminopeptidase M (AmM). It was suppressed by RP 67580. Injection of collagenase in rat paws triggered a swelling and a local plasma exudation. These responses were reduced by RP 67580 but not by RP 68651, its inactive enantiomer. They were increased by combination of captopril with diprotin A or phosphoramidon in normal rats. The potentiating effects of captopril and diprotin A were suppressed by RP 67580 in normal rats but did not develop in kininogen-deficient rats. The oedema induced by collagenase was also increased by lisinopril, another ACE inhibitor, administered locally in combination with apstatin, an inhibitor of aminopeptidase P (AmP). In rats pretreated by methysergide, collagenase-induced oedema was reduced and can be increased by captopril, by lisinopril, administered alone or by lisinopril associated with apstatin. It is concluded that SP is mainly inactivated in rat paws by ACE, DAP IV and NEP. In collagenase-induced oedema, a low amount of SP would be released from afferent nerve terminals by bradykinin formed in low amounts. Bradykinin is inactivated in rat paws by ACE and AmP. In collagenase-oedema, the pro-inflammatory effects of bradykinin are concealed by the effects of the other mediators. [less ▲]

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